2010 Arkansas Code
Title 21 - Public Officers and Employees
Chapter 8 - Ethics and Conflicts of Interest
Subchapter 4 - Disclosure by Lobbyists and State and Local Officials -- General Provisions
§ 21-8-402 - Definitions.
As used in this subchapter and 21-8-601 et seq., 21-8-701 et seq., and 21-8-801 et seq., unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) (A) "Administrative action" means any decision on, or proposal, consideration, or making of any rule, regulation, ratemaking proceeding, or policy action by a governmental body.
(B) "Administrative action" does not include ministerial action;
(2) "Business" means any corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship, firm, enterprise, franchise, association, organization, self-employed individual, receivership, trust, or any legal entity through which business is conducted;
(3) "County government" means any office, department, commission, council, board, bureau, committee, legislative body, agency, or other establishment of a county;
(4) "Family" means an individual's spouse, children of that individual or his or her spouse, or brothers, sisters, or parents of the individual or his or her spouse;
(5) (A) "Gift" means any payment, entertainment, advance, services, or anything of value, unless consideration of equal or greater value has been given therefor.
(B) The term "gift" does not include:
(i) (a) Informational material such as books, reports, pamphlets, calendars, or periodicals informing a public servant regarding his or her official duties.
(b) Payments for travel or reimbursement for any expenses are not informational material;
(ii) The giving or receiving of food, lodging, or travel which bears a relationship to the public servant's office and when appearing in an official capacity;
(iii) Gifts which are not used and which, within thirty (30) days after receipt, are returned to the donor;
(iv) Gifts from an individual's spouse, child, parent, grandparent, grandchild, brother, sister, parent-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, nephew, niece, aunt, uncle, or first cousin, or the spouse of any of these persons, unless the person is acting as an agent or intermediary for any person not covered by this subdivision (5)(B)(iv);
(v) Campaign contributions;
(vi) Any devise or inheritance;
(vii) (a) Anything with a value of one hundred dollars ($100) or less.
(b) The value of an item shall be considered to be less than one hundred dollars ($100) if the public servant reimburses the person from whom the item was received any amount over one hundred dollars ($100) and the reimbursement occurs within ten (10) days from the date the item was received;
(viii) Wedding presents and engagement gifts;
(ix) A monetary or other award presented to an employee of a public school district, the Arkansas School for the Blind, the Arkansas School for the Deaf, the Arkansas School for Mathematics, Science, and the Arts, a university, a college, a technical college, a technical institute, a comprehensive life-long learning center, or a community college in recognition of the employee's contribution to education;
(x) Tickets to charitable fund-raising events held within this state by a nonprofit organization which is exempt from taxation under 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code;
(xi) A personalized award, plaque, or trophy with a value of one hundred and fifty dollars ($150) or less;
(xii) An item which appointed or elected members of a specific governmental body purchase with their own personal funds and present to a fellow member of that governmental body in recognition of public service;
(xiii) Food or beverages provided at a conference-scheduled event that is part of the program of the conference;
(xiv) Food or beverages provided in return for participation in a bona fide panel, seminar, or speaking engagement at which the audience is a civic, social, or cultural organization or group; and
(xv) (a) A monetary or other award publicly presented to an employee of state government in recognition of his or her contributions to the community and State of Arkansas when the presentation is made by the employee's supervisors or peers, individually or through a nonprofit organization which is exempt from taxation under 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, and the employee's receipt of the award would not result in or create the appearance of the employee using his or her position for private gain, giving preferential treatment to any person, or losing independence or impartiality.
(b) The exception in subdivision (5)(B)(xv)(a) of this section shall not apply to an award presented to an employee of state government by a person having economic interests which may be affected by the performance or nonperformance of the employee's duties or responsibilities.
(6) "Governmental body" means any office, department, commission, council, board, committee, legislative body, agency, or other establishment of the executive, judicial, or legislative branch of the state, municipality, county, school district, improvement district, or any political district or subdivision thereof;
(7) (A) "Income" or "compensation" means any money or anything of value received or to be received as a claim for future services, whether in the form of a retainer, fee, salary, expense, allowance, forbearance, forgiveness, interest, dividend, royalty, rent, or any other form of recompense or any combination thereof. It includes a payment made under obligation for services or other value received.
(B) The term "compensation" does not include anything of value presented to an employee of a public school district, the Arkansas School for the Blind, the Arkansas School for the Deaf, the Arkansas School for Mathematics and Sciences, a university, a college, a technical college, a technical institute, a comprehensive life-long learning center, or a community college in recognition of the employee's contribution to education;
(8) "Legislative action" means introduction, sponsorship, consideration, debate, amendment, passage, defeat, approval, veto, or any other official action or nonaction on any bill, ordinance, law, resolution, amendment, nomination, appointment, report, or other matter pending or proposed before a committee or house of the General Assembly, a quorum court, or a city council or board of directors of a municipality;
(9) "Legislator" means any person who is a member of the General Assembly, a quorum court of any county, or the city council or board of directors of any municipality;
(10) "Lobbying" means communicating directly or soliciting others to communicate with any public servant with the purpose of influencing legislative action or administrative action;
(11) "Lobbyist" means a person who:
(A) Receives income or reimbursement in a combined amount of four hundred dollars ($400) or more in a calendar quarter for lobbying one (1) or more governmental bodies;
(B) Expends four hundred dollars ($400) or more in a calendar quarter for lobbying one (1) or more governmental bodies, excluding the cost of personal travel, lodging, meals, or dues; or
(C) Expends four hundred dollars ($400) or more in a calendar quarter, including postage, for the express purpose of soliciting others to communicate with any public servant to influence any legislative action or administrative action of one (1) or more governmental bodies unless the communication has been filed with the Secretary of State or the communication has been published in the news media. If the communication is filed with the Secretary of State, the filing shall include the approximate number of recipients;
(12) "Municipal government" means any office, department, commission, council, board, bureau, committee, legislative body, agency, or other establishment of a municipality;
(13) "Official capacity" means activities which:
(A) Arise solely because of the position held by the public servant;
(B) Would be subject to expense reimbursement by the agency with which the public servant is associated; and
(C) Involve matters which fall within the official responsibility of the public servant;
(14) "Person" means a business, individual, corporation, union, association, firm, partnership, committee, club, or other organization or group of persons;
(15) (A) "Public appointee" means an individual who is appointed to a governmental body.
(B) "Public appointee" shall not include an individual appointed to an elective office;
(16) (A) "Public employee" means an individual who is employed by a governmental body or who is appointed to serve a governmental body.
(B) "Public employee" shall not include public officials or public appointees;
(17) "Public official" means a legislator or any other person holding an elective office of any governmental body, whether elected or appointed to the office, and shall include such persons during the time period between the date they were elected and the date they took office;
(18) "Public servant" means all public officials, public employees, and public appointees;
(19) "Registered lobbyist" means a lobbyist registered pursuant to the provisions of this subchapter and 21-8-601 et seq., 21-8-701 et seq., and 21-8-801 et seq.;
(20) "Special event" means a planned activity to which a specific governmental body or indentifiable group of public servants is invited; and
(21) "State government" means any office, department, commission, council, board, bureau, committee, legislative body, agency, or other establishment of the State of Arkansas.
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