2020 Alaska Statutes
Title 45. Trade and Commerce
Chapter 45. Trade Practices
Article 6. Motor Vehicle Warranties.
Sec. 45.45.360. Definitions.

Universal Citation: AK Stat § 45.45.360 (2020)

In AS 45.45.300 - 45.45.360,

(1) “dealer” means a person who has obtained a franchise from, or is authorized by, a motor vehicle manufacturer to engage in the retail sale and warranty repair of the manufacturer's new motor vehicles in the state;

(2) “distributor” means a person who is authorized by a manufacturer to engage in the wholesale distribution of the manufacturer's new motor vehicles in the state;

(3) “express warranty” or “warranty” means an express written warranty provided by the manufacturer of a new motor vehicle;

(4) “full purchase price” means the total price paid for a motor vehicle by the original owner, including costs added to the retail price, such as original registration fees, transportation fees, dealer preparation, and dealer installed options;

(5) “manufacturer” means a person who by labor transforms raw materials and component parts into motor vehicles for wholesale or retail sale;

(6) “motor vehicle” or “vehicle” means a land vehicle having four or more wheels, that is self-propelled by a motor, is normally used for personal, family, or household purposes, and is required to be registered under AS 28.10, but does not include a tractor, farm vehicle, or a vehicle designed primarily for off-road use;

(7) “nonconformity” means a defect or condition in a motor vehicle caused by a manufacturer, distributor, dealer, or repairing agent that substantially impairs the use or market value of a vehicle;

(8) “owner” means a purchaser, other than for resale, of a new motor vehicle, and a person to whom ownership of the motor vehicle is transferred in conformity with AS 28;

(9) “reasonable allowance” means an amount attributable to an owner's use of a motor vehicle; a “reasonable allowance” may not exceed an amount equal to the depreciation in value of the vehicle for the period during which the vehicle is available for use by the owner, calculated by a straight line depreciation method over seven years, plus an amount equal to the depreciation in value of the vehicle that is caused by

(A) any neglect or abuse by the owner; or

(B) body damage not caused by a nonconformity;

(10) “repairing agent” means a person who has been specifically authorized by a motor vehicle manufacturer or distributor to perform warranty repairs in the state on one or more of the manufacturer's or distributor's motor vehicles;

(11) “substantially impairs the market value” means a nonconformity that substantially decreases the dollar value of a vehicle to the owner when compared to the dollar value of a similar vehicle that does not have the nonconformity;

(12) “substantially impairs the use” means a nonconformity that prevents a motor vehicle from being operated or makes the vehicle unsafe to operate.

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