2019 Alaska Statutes
Title 45. Trade and Commerce
Chapter 08. Investment Securities
Article 1. Short Title and General Matters.
Sec. 45.08.102. Definitions.

Universal Citation: AK Stat § 45.08.102 (2019)

(a) In this chapter,

(1) “adverse claim” means a claim that a claimant has a property interest in a financial asset and that it is a violation of the rights of the claimant for another person to hold, transfer, or deal with the financial asset;

(2) “bearer form,” as applied to a certificated security, means a form in which the security is payable to the bearer of the security certificate according to its terms but not by reason of an endorsement;

(3) “broker” means a person defined as a broker or dealer under the federal securities laws, but without excluding a bank acting in that capacity;

(4) “certificated security” means a security that is represented by a certificate;

(5) “clearing corporation” means

(A) a person who is registered as a “clearing agency” under the federal securities laws;

(B) a federal reserve bank; or

(C) any other person who provides clearance or settlement services with respect to financial assets that would require it to register as a clearing agency under the federal securities laws but for an exclusion or exemption from the registration requirement, if its activities as a clearing corporation, including promulgation of rules, are subject to regulation by a federal or state governmental authority;

(6) “communicate” means to

(A) send a signed writing; or

(B) transmit information by any mechanism agreed upon by the persons transmitting and receiving the information;

(7) “endorsement” means a signature that alone or accompanied by other words is made on a security certificate in registered form or on a separate document for the purpose of assigning, transferring, or redeeming the security or granting a power to assign, transfer, or redeem it;

(8) “entitlement holder” means a person identified in the records of a securities intermediary as the person having a security entitlement against the securities intermediary; if a person acquires a security entitlement by virtue of AS 45.08.501(a)(2) or (3), that person is the entitlement holder;

(9) “entitlement order” means a notification communicated to a securities intermediary directing transfer or redemption of a financial asset to which the entitlement holder has a security entitlement;

(10) “financial asset,” except as otherwise provided in AS 45.08.103, means

(A) a security;

(B) an obligation of a person or a share, participation, or other interest in a person or in property or an enterprise of a person, that is, or is of a type, dealt in or traded on financial markets, or that is recognized in any area in which it is issued or dealt in as a medium for investment; or

(C) any property that is held by a securities intermediary for another person in a securities account if the securities intermediary has expressly agreed with the other person that the property is to be treated as a financial asset under this chapter; as context requires, the term means either the interest itself or the means by which a person's claim to it is evidenced, including a certificated or uncertificated security, a security certificate, or a security entitlement;

(11) [Repealed, § 113 ch 44 SLA 2009.]

(12) “instruction” means a notification communicated to the issuer of an uncertificated security that directs that the transfer of the security be registered or that the security be redeemed;

(13) “registered form,” as applied to a certificated security, means a form in which

(A) the security certificate specifies a person entitled to the security; and

(B) a transfer of the security may be registered upon books maintained for that purpose by or on behalf of the issuer, or the security certificate states that a transfer of the security may be registered upon books maintained for that purpose by or on behalf of the issuer;

(14) “securities intermediary” means

(A) a clearing corporation; or

(B) a person, including a bank or broker, that in the ordinary course of its business maintains securities accounts for others and is acting in that capacity;

(15) “security,” except as otherwise provided in AS 45.08.103, means an obligation of an issuer or a share, participation, or other interest in an issuer or in property or an enterprise of an issuer, if the obligation, share, participation, or interest

(A) is represented by a security certificate in bearer or registered form, or if the transfer of the obligation, share, participation, or interest may be registered upon books maintained for that purpose by or on behalf of the issuer;

(B) is one of a class or series or by its terms is divisible into a class or series of shares, participations, obligations, or interests; and

(C) is, or is of a type, dealt in or traded on securities exchanges or securities markets, or is a medium for investment and the terms of the obligation, share, participation, or interest expressly provide that the obligation, share, participation, or interest is a security governed by this chapter;

(16) “security certificate” means a certificate representing a security;

(17) “security entitlement” means the rights and property interest of an entitlement holder with respect to a financial asset specified in AS 45.08.501 - 45.08.511;

(18) “uncertificated security” means a security that is not represented by a certificate.

(b) Other definitions applying to this chapter and the sections in which they appear are

(1) “appropriate person” (AS 45.08.107);

(2) “control” (AS 45.08.106);

(3) “delivery” (AS 45.08.301);

(4) “investment company security” (AS 45.08.103);

(5) “issuer” (AS 45.08.201);

(6) “overissue” (AS 45.08.210);

(7) “protected purchaser” (AS 45.08.303);

(8) “securities account” (AS 45.08.501).

(c) In addition, AS 45.01 contains general definitions and principles of construction and interpretation applicable throughout this chapter.

(d) The characterization of a person, business, or transaction for purposes of this chapter does not determine the characterization of the person, business, or transaction for purposes of another law, regulation, or rule.

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