2022 Code of Alabama
Title 8 - Commercial Law and Consumer Protection.
Chapter 20 - Dealings by Motor Vehicle Manufacturers, Wholesalers, etc., With Motor Vehicle Dealers.
Section 8-20-7.1 - Compensation of Dealers for Recall Repairs.
Compensation of dealers for recall repairs.
(a) For the purposes of this section, the following words have the following meanings:
(1) MANUFACTURER. A manufacturer, distributor or wholesaler, factory branch, or distributor branch.
(2) STOP-SALE ORDER. A notification issued by a manufacturer to its franchised new motor vehicle dealers stating that certain used vehicles in inventory shall not be sold or leased, at either retail or wholesale, due to a federal safety recall for a defect or a noncompliance, or a federal emissions recall.
(b) A manufacturer shall compensate its new motor vehicle dealers for all labor and parts required by the manufacturer to perform recall repairs. Compensation for recall repairs shall be reasonable. If parts or a remedy are not reasonably available to perform a recall service or repair on a used vehicle held for sale by a dealer authorized to sell and service new vehicles of the same line-make within 30 days of the manufacturer issuing the initial notice of recall, and the manufacturer has issued a Stop-Sale or Do-Not-Drive order on the vehicle, the manufacturer shall compensate the dealer at a prorated rate of at least one percent of the value of the vehicle per month beginning on the date that is 30 days after the date on which the Stop-Sale or Do-Not-Drive order was provided to the dealer until the earlier of either of the following:
(1) The date the recall or remedy parts are made available.
(2) The date the dealer sells, trades, or otherwise disposes of the affected used motor vehicle.
(c) The value of a used vehicle shall be the average trade-in value for used vehicles as indicated in an independent third party guide for the year, make, and model of the recalled vehicle.
(d) This section shall apply only to used vehicles subject to safety or emissions recalls pursuant to and recalled in accordance with federal law and regulations adopted thereunder and where a Stop-Sale or Do-Not-Drive order has been issued and repair parts or remedy remain unavailable for 30 days or longer. This section further shall apply only to new motor vehicle dealers holding an affected used vehicle for sale:
(1) In inventory at the time the Stop-Sale or Do-Not-Drive order was issued; or
(2) Which was taken in the used vehicle inventory of the dealer as a consumer trade-in incident to the purchase of a new vehicle from the dealer after the Stop-Sale or Do-Not-Drive order was issued; and
(3) That is a line-make that the dealer is franchised to sell or on which the dealer is authorized to perform recall repairs.
(e) Subject to the audit provisions of subsection (d) of Section 8-20-7, it shall be a violation of this section for a manufacturer to reduce the amount of compensation otherwise owed to an individual new motor vehicle dealer, whether through a chargeback, removal of the individual dealer from an incentive program, or reduction in amount owed under an incentive program solely because the new motor vehicle dealer has submitted a claim for reimbursement under this section. This subsection shall not apply to an action by a manufacturer that is applied uniformly among all dealers of the same line-make in the state.
(f) All reimbursement claims made by new motor vehicle dealers pursuant to this section for recall remedies or repairs, or for compensation where no part or repair is reasonably available and the vehicle is subject to a Stop-Sale or Do-Not-Drive order, shall be subject to the same limitations and requirements as a warranty reimbursement claim made under subsection (d) of Section 8-20-7. In the alternative, a manufacturer may compensate its franchised dealers under a national recall compensation program, provided the compensation under the program is equal to or greater than that provided under subsection (b) or as the manufacturer and dealer otherwise agree.
(g) A manufacturer may direct the manner and method in which a dealer must demonstrate the inventory status of an affected used motor vehicle to determine eligibility under this section, provided that the manner and method may not be unduly burdensome and may not require information that is unduly burdensome to provide.
(h) Nothing in this section shall require a manufacturer to provide total compensation to a dealer which would exceed the total average trade-in value of the affected used motor vehicle as originally determined under subsection (c).
(i) Any remedy provided to a dealer under this section is exclusive and may not be combined with any other state or federal recall compensation remedy.
(Act 2017-148, §1.)