2021 Code of Alabama
Title 30 - Marital and Domestic Relations.
Chapter 3 - Child Custody and Support.
Article 9 - Alabama Child Support Reform Act of 1997.
Section 30-3-191 - Definitions.

Universal Citation: AL Code § 30-3-191 (2021)

Section 30-3-191

Definitions.

When used in Sections 30-3-191 to 30-3-199, inclusive, the following words shall have the following meanings:

(1) ACCOUNT. A demand deposit account, checking or negotiable withdrawal order account, savings account, time deposit account, or money-market mutual fund account.

(2) BUSINESS DAY. A day on which state offices are open for regular business.

(3) COMMERCIAL DRIVER LICENSE. A license issued to an individual that authorizes the individual to drive a motor vehicle as part of conducting business.

(4) CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION. Information provided by a service applicant or recipient or obtained from other sources about him or her which may be released only as required by court order or state or federal law.

(5) COURT. A court of competent jurisdiction or administrative agency having the authority to issue and enforce support orders.

(6) DATA MATCH. An automated process of matching specified information from the financial records of financial institutions with records of the state Title IV-D agency.

(7) DELINQUENT or DELINQUENCY. A support debt or support obligation due and unpaid in an amount equal to or greater than six months support payments as of the date of service of a notice of intent to withhold, restrict use of, suspend, or revoke a license.

(8) DEPARTMENT. The Alabama Department of Human Resources, including the county departments of human resources.

(9) FAILURE TO COMPLY. Failure, after receiving appropriate notice, to comply with subpoenas or warrants relating to paternity or child support proceedings.

(10) FINANCIAL INSTITUTION. A depository institution, as defined in Section 3(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, 12 U.S.C. §1813(c); an institution-affiliated party, as defined in Section 3(u) of 12 U.S.C. §1813(u); and any federal credit union or state credit union, as defined in Section 101 of the Federal Credit Union Act, 12 U.S.C. §1752, including an institution-affiliated party of a credit union, as defined in Section 206(r) of the Federal Credit Union Act, 12 U.S.C. §1786(r); and any benefit association, insurance company, safe deposit company, money market mutual fund, or similar entity authorized to do business in the state.

(11) FINANCIAL RECORD. As defined in Section 1101 of the Right to Financial Privacy Act of 1978, 12 U.S.C. §3401.

(12) NONCUSTODIAL PARENT. A parent who does not have the child in his or her care and is responsible for paying support. The term includes an obligor.

(13) NOTICE OF LIEN OR LEVY. An official notice from the state Title IV-D agency of a judicial or administrative lien or levy against a noncustodial parent and requesting that funds of a noncustodial parent be surrendered or transferred to the state Title IV-D agency.

(14) OBLIGEE. Either of the following:

a. A person to whom support benefits are ordered by the court.

b. A public agency of this or another state that has the right to receive support payments or otherwise is providing support enforcement services under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act. The term includes the department.

(15) OBLIGOR. A person ordered by a court to make periodic payments for the benefit and support of another person or the parent or alleged parent named in a paternity action.

(16) PROTECTIVE ORDER. Any order issued by a court of this state, a court of another state, or an administrative agency of another state for the purpose of preventing acts of abuse against one party by the other party. The term refers to both ex parte and final orders issued by the court or administrative agency whether obtained by filing an independent action or as a pendente lite order in another proceeding against another party or children of the parties.

(17) RECORDS. Any official document, file, or information system that verifies and records the existence of a divorce decree, support order, paternity order, birth, marriage, or death.

(18) STATE TITLE IV-D AGENCY. The state agency designated to administer the statewide child support program authorized under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act.

(19) SUPPORT or SUPPORT ORDER. Support of a minor child and spousal support when the spousal support is collected pursuant to the requirements of Title IV-D of the Social Security Act. Support order shall mean any order, decree, or judgment for the support of a child, or in the case of an order being enforced pursuant to the requirements of Title IV-D of the Social Security Act, a spouse or former spouse, issued by a court or other entity authorized to issue orders.

(20) UNAUTHORIZED USE OR DISCLOSURE. The release or sharing of information by an employee of the state Title IV-D agency without actual, implied, or apparent authority.

(Acts 1997, No. 97-447, p. 772, §2.)

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