2020 Code of Alabama
Title 38 - Public Welfare.
Chapter 9A - In-Home Services and Equipment for Persons With Developmental Disability.
Section 38-9A-1 - Definitions.

Universal Citation: AL Code § 38-9A-1 (2020)

Section 38-9A-1


As used in this chapter, the following definitions shall have the following meanings, respectively, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

(a) ADULT. An individual 18 years of age or older with a developmental disability.

(b) AGENCY. Any public state agency, including, but not limited to, the Department of Mental Health, Department of Public Health, and Department of Education.

(c) CHILD. An individual under the age of 18 who has a developmental disability or who is at risk for a developmental disability. A child under the age of six is considered at risk for a developmental disability if the child has substantial developmental delay or specific congenital or acquired condition that has a high probability of resulting in a developmental disability if services are not provided.

(d) COMMUNITY COUNCIL. A local council composed of people with a developmental disability and their family members who supervise the implementation of the program in its designated community consistently with the policies and procedures of the regional council.

(e) DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITY. A severe chronic disability of a person that:

(1) Is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or a combination of mental and physical impairments.

(2) Is manifested before the person attains the age of 22, except in the case of traumatic brain injury in which age is not a factor.

(3) Is likely to continue indefinitely.

(4) Results in a substantial functional limitation in three or more of the following major life activities:

a. Capacity for independent living.

b. Economic self-sufficiency.

c. Learning.

d. Mobility.

e. Receptive and expressive language.

f. Self care.

g. Self-direction.

(5) Reflects a need of the person for a combination and sequence of special, interdisciplinary, or generic care, treatment, or other services that are of lifelong or extended durations and are individually planned and coordinated.

(f) FAMILY. The person or persons with whom the person with a developmental disability resides and who is primarily responsible for the physical care, health, and nurturing of the individual with a developmental disability. The term does not include hospitals, sanitariums, nursing homes, group homes, or any other similar institution.

(g) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE. A monetary payment to an eligible person with a developmental disability and the family of a child with a developmental disability needed to defray the cost of social services related to the disability. Financial assistance includes, but is not limited to, cash subsidies, cash allowances, cash vouchers, or reimbursement to enable eligible persons to acquire social services or medical services.

(h) INDIVIDUAL AND FAMILY SUPPORTS. Goods, services, and financial assistance to an individual with a developmental disability or the family of such an individual that are provided to meet the goals of: (i) Providing a quality of life comparable to the extent practicable, to that of similarly situated individuals not having a developmental disability and families not having an individual with a developmental disability; and (ii) preventing premature or inappropriate out-of-home placement. Individual and family support includes, but is not limited to, the following:

(1) Communication services.

(2) Counseling services.

(3) Crisis intervention.

(4) Day care.

(5) Dental and medical care that are not otherwise covered.

(6) Equipment and supplies.

(7) Financial assistance.

(8) Home and vehicle modifications.

(9) Home health services.

(10) Homemaker services.

(11) Parent education and training.

(12) Personal assistance services.

(13) Recreation.

(14) Respite care.

(15) Self-advocacy training.

(16) Service coordination.

(17) Specialized diagnosis and evaluation.

(18) Specialized nutrition and clothing.

(19) Specified utility costs.

(20) Therapeutic and nursing services.

(21) Transportation.

(22) Vocational and employment supports.

(i) MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING. A document which establishes or clarifies the specific details of an agreement between two or more parties.

(j) PROGRAM. The Individual and Family Support Program created in Section 38-9A-2.

(k) REGIONAL SUPPORT COUNCIL. A regional council composed of people with developmental disability and their family members that supervise the implementation of the program in its designated region.

(Acts 1993, No. 93-334, p. 507, §1; Acts 1997, No. 97-421, p. 709, §1.)

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