2019 Code of Alabama
Title 17 - Elections.
Chapter 2 - Help America Vote Act (Hava).
Section 17-2-4 - Voting system requirements; vote standards; uniform polling system; purchase of equipment.
(a) On or before January 1, 2005, each voting system used in an election shall meet the following requirements:
(1) The voting system shall:
a. Permit the voter to verify, in a private and independent manner, the votes selected by the voter on the ballot before the ballot is cast and counted.
b. Provide the voter with the opportunity, in a private and independent manner, to change the ballot or correct any error before the ballot is cast and counted, including the opportunity to correct the error through the issuance of a replacement ballot if the voter was otherwise unable to change the ballot or correct any error.
c. If the voter selects votes for more than one candidate for a single office:
1. Notify the voter that the voter has selected more than one candidate for a single office on the ballot.
2. Notify the voter before the ballot is cast and counted of the effect of casting multiple votes for the office.
3. Provide the voter with the opportunity to correct the ballot before the ballot is cast and counted.
(2) A voting system may meet the requirements of paragraph c. of subdivision (1) by:
a. Establishing a voter education program specific to that voting system that notifies each voter of the effect of casting multiple votes for an office.
b. Providing the voter with instructions on how to correct the ballot before it is cast and counted, including instructions on how to correct the error through the issuance of a replacement ballot if the voter was otherwise unable to change the ballot or correct any error.
(3) The voting system shall ensure that any notification required under this section preserves the privacy of the voter and the confidentiality of the ballot.
(b)(1) The voting system shall produce a record with an audit capacity for such system.
(2)a. The voting system shall produce a permanent paper record with a manual audit capacity for such system.
b. The voting system shall provide the voter with an opportunity to change the ballot or correct any error before the permanent paper record is produced.
c. The paper record produced under paragraph a. shall be available as an official record for any recount conducted with respect to any election in which the system is used.
(c) The voting system shall:
(1) Be accessible for individuals with disabilities, including nonvisual accessibility for the blind and visually impaired, in a manner that provides the same opportunity for access and participation, including privacy and independence, as for other voters.
(2) Satisfy the requirement of subdivision (1) through the use of at least one direct recording electronic voting system or other voting system equipped for individuals with disabilities at each polling place.
(d) The voting system shall provide alternative language accessibility pursuant to the requirements of Section 203 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 1973aa-1a).
(e) The error rate of the voting system in counting ballots, determined by taking into account only those errors which are attributable to the voting system and not attributable to an act of the voter, shall comply with the error rate standards established under Section 3.2.1 of the voting systems standards issued by the Federal Elections Commission which are in effect on June 19, 2003.
(f) The Secretary of State by administrative rule shall adopt uniform and nondiscriminatory standards that define what constitutes a vote and what will be counted as a vote for each category of voting system used in the state.
(g) The Secretary of State shall recommend to the Legislature on or before January 1, 2005, a uniform polling system, which includes machine capabilities to count each ballot at the polling place, a uniform ballot, and prepare necessary legislation for implementation.
(h) Purchases of voting equipment made by a county in order to comply with the voting system guidelines established by the Secretary of State and the committee established in Section 17-2-2 shall be approved for reimbursement from the Help America Vote Fund created in Section 17-2-1 by the Secretary of State.(Act 2003-313, p. 733, §10; §17-25-4; amended and renumbered by Act 2006-570, p. 1331, §4.)