2016 Code of Alabama
Title 20 - FOOD, DRUGS AND COSMETICS.
Chapter 2 - CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES.
Article 1 - General Provisions.
Section 20-2-2 - Definitions.
When used in this chapter, the following words and phrases shall have the following meanings, respectively, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
(1) ADMINISTER. The direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by:
a. A practitioner or, in his or her presence, his or her authorized agent.
b. The patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner.
(2) AGENT. An authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser. Such term does not include a common or contract carrier, public warehouseman, or employee of the carrier or warehouseman.
(3) CERTIFYING BOARDS. The State Board of Medical Examiners, the State Board of Health, the State Board of Pharmacy, the State Board of Dental Examiners, the State Board of Podiatry, and the State Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners.
(4) CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE. A drug, substance, or immediate precursor in Schedules I through V of Article 2 of this chapter.
(5) COUNTERFEIT SUBSTANCE. Substances which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, number, or device or any likeness thereof of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser other than the person who in fact manufactured, distributed, or dispensed the substance.
(6) DELIVER or DELIVERY. The actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from one person to another of a controlled substance, whether or not there is an agency relationship.
(7) DISPENSE. To deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery.
(8) DISPENSER. A practitioner who dispenses.
(9) DISTRIBUTE. To deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance.
(10) DISTRIBUTOR. A person who distributes.
a. Substances recognized as drugs in the official United States pharmacopoeia, official homeopathic pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official national formulary or any supplement to any of them.
b. Substances intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or animals.
c. Substances (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or animals.
d. Substances intended for use as a component of any article specified in paragraphs a, b, or c of this subdivision. Such term does not include devices or their components, parts, or accessories.
(12) IMMEDIATE PRECURSOR. A substance which the State Board of Pharmacy has found to be and by rule designates as being the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail, or limit manufacture.
(13) MANUFACTURE. The production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of a controlled substance either directly or indirectly, by extraction from substances of natural origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container; except, that this term does not include the preparation, compounding, packaging, or labeling of a controlled substance:
a. By a practitioner as an incident to his or her administering or dispensing of a controlled substance in the course of his or her professional practice; or
b. By a practitioner or by his or her authorized agent under his or her supervision for the purpose of or as an incident to research, teaching, or chemical analysis and not for sale.
(14) MARIJUANA. All parts of the plant Cannabis sativa L., whether growing or not, the seeds thereof, the resin extracted from any part of the plant, and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin. Such term does not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination. Marijuana does not include industrial hemp as defined in Article 11 of Chapter 8 of Title 2.
(15) NARCOTIC DRUG. Any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:
a. Opium and opiate and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium or opiate.
b. Any salt, compound, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of the substances referred to in paragraph a, but not including the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium.
c. Opium poppy and poppy straw.
d. Coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of coca leaves and any salt, compound, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of these substances, but not including decocainized coca leaves or extractions of coca leaves which do not contain cocaine or ecgonine.
(16) OPIATE. Any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. Such term does not include, unless specifically designated as controlled under this section, the dextrorotatory isomer of 3-methoxy-n-methylmorphinan and its salts (dextromethorphan). Such term does include its racemic and levorotatory forms.
(17) OPIUM POPPY. The plant of the species Papaver somniferum L., except its seeds.
(18) PERSON. Individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, or association or any other legal entity.
(19) POPPY STRAW. All parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing.
a. A physician, dentist, veterinarian, scientific investigator, or other person licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, or to administer a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this state.
b. A pharmacy, hospital, or other institution licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, or to administer a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this state.
(21) PRODUCTION. The manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a controlled substance.
(22) STATE. When applied to a part of the United States, such term includes any state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession thereof, and any area subject to the legal authority of the United States of America.
(23) ULTIMATE USER. A person who lawfully possesses a controlled substance for his or her own use or for the use of a member of his or her household or for administering to an animal owned by him or her or by a member of his or her household.(Acts 1971, No. 1407, p. 2378, §101; Acts 1976, No. 699, p. 965, §1; Acts 1989, No. 89-242, p. 342, §3; Act 2001-971, 3rd Sp. Sess., p. 873, §2; Act 2016-293, §5.)
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