Utah Case Law
The Utah state court system is divided into three levels. The highest court in Utah is the Utah Supreme Court, which consists of five judges. The Supreme Court reviews appeals of decisions by the Utah Court of Appeals. It also reviews appeals of decisions by trial courts in limited situations. Decisions by the Utah Supreme Court are final unless the U.S. Supreme Court agrees to review an appeal of a decision.
The middle level of the Utah state court system is the Utah Court of Appeals, which consists of seven judges. The Court of Appeals reviews appeals of decisions by trial courts and by some state administrative agencies. It also reviews appeals that the Supreme Court transfers to it.
The lowest level of the Utah state court system consists of the Utah District Courts, the Utah Justice Courts, and the Utah Juvenile Courts. The District Courts are trial courts with general jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases, as well as family law and probate matters. These courts also review appeals of decisions by Justice Courts. The jurisdiction of the Justice Courts is limited to certain types of cases. These include minor misdemeanors, infractions, violations of local ordinances, and small claims. The Juvenile Courts review all cases involving minors who violate laws. Appeals of decisions by Juvenile Courts go directly to the Court of Appeals, rather than District Courts.