Simpson v. State

Annotate this Case

493 S.W.2d 793 (1973)

Tinnie W. SIMPSON, Appellant, v. The STATE of Texas, Appellee.

No. 46147.

Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas.

May 1, 1973.

*794 Barry P. Helft (on appeal only), Dallas, for appellant.

Henry Wade, Dist. Atty., and Mike G. McCollum, Asst. Dist. Atty., Dallas, Jim D. Vollers, State's Atty., and Robert A. Huttash, Asst. State's Atty., Austin, for the State.

OPINION

MORRISON, Judge.

The offense is possession of heroin; the punishment, thirty (30) years.

In view of our disposition of this cause a recitation of the facts is unnecessary.

Appellant's second and third grounds of error relate to the punishment hearing. While cross-examining appellant's reputation witness, the State's attorney propounded the following question, to which appellant's objection was overruled:

"Q. Did you know or have you heard that Tinnie Simpson on three separate occasions sold heroin? [Emphasis Supplied] "A. No, sir."

Later, Dallas Police Officer Herman Manley testified that while working as an undercover narcotic agent, early in his police career, he had known appellant by the name of Robert and had occasion to come in contact with him on three separate dates which he named. During argument, the proescutor made the following remark to which appellant's objection was sustained, his request for a jury instruction granted, but his motion for a mistrial denied:

"MR. JOHNSON [Prosecutor]: ... By probating this case you would be giving a person who traffics in drugs not only in this case but on three other occasions that you have heard of from the witness stand "MR. CUNNINGHAM: Your Honor, we will object to that. There's no evidence in the record that he traffics in drugs in three other cases."

In regard to the question propounded to the reputation witness, this Court has consistently held that, while a reputation witness may be asked whether he has heard of acts of the accused inconsistent with the reputation he has testified to, the State is expressly prohibited from framing the interrogatories to imply specific acts of misconduct or to imply that appellant was, in fact, guilty of the said acts. Webber v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 472 S.W.2d 136; Pitcock v. State, 168 Tex.Cr.R. 204, 324 S.W.2d 855; Parasco v. State, 168 Tex.Cr.R. 89, 323 S.W.2d 257; McNaulty v. State, 138 Tex.Cr.R. 317, 135 S.W.2d 987.

The argument in question was clearly outside the record. It was highly improper and prejudicial. There is no evidence in the record that this appellant trafficked in drugs on three other occasions. Whaley v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 367 S.W.2d 703; Alejandro v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 493 S.W.2d 230 (1973); Stein v. State, Tex. Cr.App., 492 S.W.2d 548 (1973); Stearn v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 487 S.W.2d 734.

Further, the prosecutor's remark was such that the instruction to the jury was insufficient to cure the error. Lucas v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 378 S.W.2d 340; *795 Jackson v. State, Tex.Cr.App., 363 S.W.2d 947; Mounts v. State, 148 Tex.Cr.R. 177, 185 S.W.2d 731.

For the reasons shown, the case is reversed and the cause remanded.