Gonzales v. State

Annotate this Case

320 S.W.2d 679 (1959)

Helen GONZALES, Appellant, v. STATE of Texas, Appellee.

No. 30410.

Court of Criminal Appeals of Texas.

February 11, 1959.

Larry Emerson, W. E. Martin, Houston, for appellant.

Dan Walton, Dist. Atty., Thomas D. White and David A. Gibson, Asst. Dist. Attys., Houston, and Leon B. Douglas, State's Atty., Austin, for the State.

BELCHER, Commissioner.

The offense is keeping a bawdy house; the punishment, 80 days in jail and a fine of $800.

The record shows that after a mistrial of appellant's case in either April or June, 1958, a new complaint and information alleging the same charges were filed against her on June 9, 1958. The warrant of arrest was issued and placed in the hands of the sheriff on the same day.

*680 Thereafter, about 4:30 P.M., August 7, 1958, when appellant's case was called for trial she announced ready and entered a plea of not guilty. The state introduced some testimony and then the court recessed until the following day.

The record further shows that the warrant of arrest issued June 9, was executed by the arrest of the appellant on the morning of August 8, 1958. Following her arrest on August 8, she and her attorneys discovered for the first time that a new complaint and information had been filed June 9.

Appellant then informed the court that her arrest on the morning of August 8 was the first information she had of the re-filing by the state of the case in which there had been a mistrial. She requested the court to permit her to withdraw her announcement of ready and allow her two days to prepare for trial in the new case. Such request was refused and appellant excepted.

A new case was instituted when the state filed the new complaint and information. This prosecution is based upon the state's pleadings in the new case filed June 9, resulting in her arrest therefore on August 8.

Art. 514, Vernon's Ann.C.C.P., provides that "In all cases the defendant shall be allowed two entire days, exclusive of all fractions of a day after his arrest, and during the term of the court, to file written pleadings."

The facts and circumstances of this case are not sufficient to warrant the conclusion that the appellant knew that she was announcing ready in the new case and thereby waived her right to the time allowed by statute to prepare for trial.

The time allowed by the statute confers a valuable right and must be complied with upon the demand of the accused. Harris v. State, 32 Tex.Cr.R. 279, 22 S.W. 1037; Whitesides v. State, 44 Tex.Cr.R. 410, 71 S.W. 969; McFadin v. State, 44 Tex.Cr.R. 471, 72 S.W. 172; Templeton v. State, 66 Tex.Cr.R. 369, 146 S.W. 933; Stephens v. State, 66 Tex.Cr.R. 359, 147 S.W. 235; Tillman v. State, 127 Tex.Cr.R. 246, 75 S.W.2d 683; Pugh v. State, 163 Tex.Cr.R. 258, 289 S.W.2d 929.

No conclusion is expressed as to the other contentions presented.

For the failure to grant appellant's request for the two days' time allowed by statute, the judgment is reversed and the cause is remanded.

Opinion approved by the Court.