Boag v. State

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605 P.2d 304 (1980)

44 Or.App. 99

Donald Gene BOAG, Appellant, v. STATE of Oregon, Respondent.

No. 38-305; CA 11235.

Court of Appeals of Oregon.

Decided January 21, 1980.

Argued and Submitted November 21, 1979.

*305 Michael J. McElligott, Hillsboro, argued the cause and filed a reply brief for appellant. Donald Gene Boag filed appellant's brief in propria persona.

Robert C. Cannon, Asst. Atty. Gen., Salem, argued the cause for respondent. On the brief were James A. Redden, Atty. Gen., Walter L. Barrie, Sol. Gen., and W. Benny Won, Asst. Atty. Gen., Salem.


TANZER, Presiding Judge.

Petitioner appeals from an order denying post-conviction relief. Petitioner had pled guilty to driving while under the influence of intoxicants. This being his second such offense within five years, he was convicted and sentenced for committing a traffic crime. ORS 484.365. Petitioner's chief contention is that he did not knowingly, intelligently, and voluntarily enter his plea of guilty.[1]

In a post-conviction proceeding, the burden is generally upon the petitioner to prove the allegations of his petition by a preponderance of the evidence. ORS 138.620(2). A waiver of constitutional rights is presumed to be involuntary. Therefore, if the record of the court of conviction is silent, a valid waiver of constitutional rights will not be found from it alone. The state must prove either a valid waiver or that petitioner had knowledge of his rights. Heuer v. Cupp, 23 Or. App. 592, 593, 543 P.2d 45 (1975). Thus, where the validity of a guilty plea is attacked in a post-conviction proceeding, it must be shown that the defendant knowingly waived his rights to trial by jury and confrontation of witnesses, and his privilege against self-incrimination. Boykin v. Alabama, 395 U.S. 238, 89 S. Ct. 1709, 23 L. Ed. 2d 274 (1969). See Raisley v. Sullivan, 8 Or. App. 332, 335, 493 P.2d 745 rev. den. (1972); Ferren v. Cupp, 7 Or. App. 353, 490 P.2d 208 (1971) rev. den. (1972).[2]

The transcript of the petitioner's guilty plea, entered into evidence in the post-conviction hearing, reveals the following colloquy between petitioner and the conviction court:

COURT: "Mr. Boag, according to my docket this also comes on by way of the plea. You have previously entered a plea of not guilty and in a response to a letter that I received from you, I have it set down for today, I understand you wish to change your plea. PETITIONER: "Yes, your honor. COURT: "I take it that you want to change your plea to guilty, is it that not PETITIONER: "Correct. COURT: "Very well. Before I enter that plea I would want you to make sure that you understand that you would be waiving your right to require the State to prove you guilty. PETITIONER: "I understand, your honor. COURT: "Very well. In fact, you waive almost all your rights. About the only right you won't be waiving is your right to appeal the sentence that I impose *306 and that would not be disturbed on appeal unless the court felt that the sentence that I imposed was cruel and inhuman. PETITIONER: "I understand. COURT: "Understanding all that, do you still wish to change your plea? PETITIONER: "Yes. COURT: "Alright, I will enter a plea of guilty for you. * * *"

It is apparent from this record that petitioner was not informed of his rights prior to pleading guilty. Moreover, there was no evidence to show that petitioner otherwise knew what rights he waived by his guilty plea. The state failed to carry its burden of proving that petitioner's plea was voluntarily, knowingly, and intelligently made.

Reversed and remanded with instructions to the post-conviction court to allow the petition.


[1] Due to our resolution of this issue, we need not reach petitioner's other assignments of error.

[2] Cf. ORS 135.385.

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