Guardianship of Deere, In reAnnotate this Case
Guardianship of Deere, In re
1985 OK 86
708 P.2d 1123
Case Number: 61905
Supreme Court of Oklahoma
IN RE GUARDIANSHIP OF ARCHIE DAVE DEERE.
ARCHIE DAVE DEERE, JR., APPELLANT,
ARCHIE DAVE DEERE, SR., APPELLEE.
Appeal from the District Court of LeFlore County; Theodore Knight, Trial Judge.
¶0 This is an appeal from an order appointing a guardian for the appellant. The trial court refused to grant a continuance to permit the appellant to appear personally, accompanied by his lawyer. Under the facts in this case, the Court finds that the trial court's refusal to grant a continuance was an abuse of discretion, and a denial of due process.
Legal Services of Eastern Oklahoma, Sara Allen, Charles R. Fisher, Poteau, for appellant.
James Hamilton, Poteau, for appellee.
[708 P.2d 1124]
¶1 The question presented is whether the trial court's appointment of a guardian for Archie Deere, Jr., appellant, (Deere) after refusing to grant a continuance to permit him to attend the hearing accompanied by his lawyer was an abuse of discretion and a denial of due process. We find that it was.
¶2 After a history of brief periods of confinement both in mental hospitals and county jails, Deere, who had entered Eastern State Hospital voluntarily, received notice on January 31, 1984, that a guardianship hearing was docketed for February 7, 1984. Deere was unable to obtain counsel until February 6, 1984, when a staff attorney at Eastern Oklahoma Legal Services, Inc., agreed to represent him. Because the lawyer had a scheduling conflict, a legal intern appeared and advised the court that Eastern State Hospital had agreed to provide transportation for Deere, but the previous afternoon the hospital discovered that it would be unable to do so. A continuance was requested to enable the prospective ward to be present, and to be represented by counsel. The motion for a continuance was denied. The court proceeded with the hearing, at which, the evidence presented supported the conclusion that Deere was irresponsible and undisciplined. His parents testified about events which occurred between 1974 and 1982, but no evidence was presented concerning Deere's present condition. After Deere's father was appointed as his guardian, he immediately petitioned to have his son admitted to Eastern State Hospital for long-term treatment.
FAILURE TO GRANT A CONTINUANCE WAS AN ABUSE OF DISCRETION AND A DENIAL OF DUE PROCESS
¶3 The ward asserts that the refusal of the court to grant a continuance was a denial [708 P.2d 1125] of his constitutional right to a hearing and violative of 58 O.S. 1981 § 851 .
¶4 The granting of a continuance is within the sound discretion of the trial court. In the absence of an abuse of discretion or prejudice to the substantial rights of the parties, refusal to continue a hearing is not reversible error.
¶5 Here, the ward's competence was determined in the absence of the ward or of his lawyer. Guardianship proceedings are regulated by statute, and failure strictly to comply with the statutory mandate may invalidate the appointment of the guardian.
¶6 One of the historic liberties which is protected by the due process clauses of the Constitution of the United States and the State of Oklahoma
¶7 When the state participates in the deprivation of a person's right to personal freedom, minimal due process requires proper written notice and a hearing at which the alleged incompetent may appear to present evidence in his/her own behalf. The opportunity to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses before a neutral decision maker, representation by counsel, findings by a preponderance of the evidence, and a record sufficient to permit meaningful appellate review are concommitant rights in this context.
¶8 These basic rights are codified in 58 O.S. 1981 §§ 851 , and 852. Failure to grant a continuance in this case ignored the safeguards of the statute, and the guarantees of the United States and Oklahoma constitutions.
¶10 DOOLIN, V.C.J., and HODGES, OPALA and ALMA WILSON, JJ., concur.
¶11 SIMMS, C.J., and LAVENDER, HARGRAVE and SUMMERS, JJ., concur in result.
1 The procedure for appointment of guardian is provided in 58 O.S. 1981 § 851 :
"When it is represented to the court upon verified petition of any relative or friend, that any person is insane, or from any cause mentally incompetent to manage his property, the court shall cause notice to be given to the supposed insane or incompetent person and shall cause notice, by any means deemed proper to the judge, to be given to some known near relative of such alleged insane or incompetent person who is not the petitioner, of the time and place of hearing the case, not less than five (5) days before the time so appointed, and such insane or incompetent person, if able to attend, must be produced before the court on the hearing. The relative to be given such notice shall be designated by the judge. If there be no known relative, near or remote, or if the whereabouts of all relatives be unknown or unascertainable from available sources, the petition shall so allege."
3 Jennings Co. v. Dyer, 41 Okla. 468, 139 P. 250, 252 (1914).
4 Anco Service v. Noland, 387 P.2d 252, 254 (Okla. 1963); Jackson v. Jackson, 201 Okla. 292, 205 P.2d 297, 299, 7 A.L.R.2d 1410 (1949); Woodmen of the World Life Ins. Soc. v. Chapman, 189 Okla. 69, 113 P.2d 600, 602 (1941).
5 The rules regulating practice of legal interns do not permit this practice. See 5 O.S.Supp. 1982 Ch. 1, App. 6 (D)(3), § VII. See also Anco Service v. Noland, see note 4, supra; Kinnear v. Dennis, 97 Okla. 206, 223 P. 383-84 (1924).
7 Title 58 O.S. 1981 § 852 requires a full hearing upon the petition. It provides:
"If after a full hearing and examination upon such petition, it appears to the judge of the district court that the person in question is incapable of taking care of himself and managing his property, he must appoint a guardian of his person and estate, with the powers and duties in this article specified."
8 Due process is provided in the U.S. Const. amend. XIV, § 1 and the Okla. Const. art. 2, § 7 .
9 Vitek v. Jones, 445 U.S. 480, 100 S. Ct. 1254, 1263, 63 L. Ed. 2d 552 (1980); Ingraham v. Wright, 430 U.S. 651, 673, 97 S. Ct. 1401, 1413, 51 L. Ed. 2d 711 (1977); See also Annot. "Right to Counsel in Insanity or Incompetency Adjudication Hearings," 87 A.L.R.2d 950 (1963).
10 Harrison v. Laveen, 67 Ariz. 337, 196 P.2d 456, 462 (1948). See also Note, "Constitutional Deficiencies in Oklahoma Guardianship Law", 13 Tulsa. L.J. 579, 586 (1978).
11 Title 5 O.S. 1981 Ch. 1, App. 1 -A, Rule 10 and 59 O.S. 1981 § 516 .
12 Title 43 O.S. 1981 § 1 .
13 Title 43A O.S. 1981 § 96 .
14 Title 47 O.S. 1981 § 6-102 .
15 Title 21 O.S. 1981 § 1289.10 .
16 Title 26 O.S. 1981 § 4-101 .