Todoroff v. Burton

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Todoroff v. Burton
1985 OK 74
719 P.2d 456
56 OBJ 2238
Case Number: 61717
Decided: 09/18/1985
Supreme Court of Oklahoma

Steven G. TODOROFF and Kathryn E. Todoroff, Husband and Wife, Appellants,
Earl H. BURTON and Patricia Burton, Husband and Wife, Appellees.

Certiorari to the Court of Appeals, Division 2.

¶0 Appellants, as plaintiffs, initiated an ejectment and quiet title action regarding a piece of property to which they claimed record title but which was occupied by appellees. Appellees presented a defense of title by adverse possession and also requested title be quieted in them. Judgment was rendered for appellees in the District Court of Tulsa County, Honorable Robert E. Caldwell, Trial Judge. Appellees then sought an award of attorney fees in the action. The trial court granted this request and appellants challenged that award. The Court of Appeals, Division 2, affirmed the trial court. We have previously granted appellants' petition for certiorari in this matter.


James R. Gotwals & Associates by James R. Gotwals and Thomas S. Evans, Tulsa, for appellants.

Covington & Poe by James E. Poe, Tulsa, for appellees.

LAVENDER, Justice.

¶1 The Todoroffs, as plaintiffs, initiated the present action alleging that they were the record owners of a certain tract of land in Tulsa County, Oklahoma, and that possession of this land was being wrongfully withheld by defendants, the Burtons. The Todoroffs asked that title to the property be quieted in them and that the Burtons be required to remove their fence from the property.

¶2 The Burtons answered, claiming title to the property in question by virtue of adverse possession in excess of fifteen years. The Burtons also included a cross-petition with their answer which requested that title to the property be quieted in them.

¶3 The Burtons prevailed at trial and subsequently requested an award of attorney fees in the action. As authority for requesting this award the Burtons cited [719 P.2d 457] 16 O.S. 1981 § 79 (providing for attorney fees for a prevailing plaintiff in a quiet title action to remove a cloud on the title arising from a notice filed under the Marketable Title Act when the trial court determines that such notice was filed for the purpose of slandering the plaintiff's title) and 12 O.S. 1981 § 1148.9 (which provides for attorney fees in actions for forcible entry and detainer.)

¶4 The trial court, without specifying the ground relied on, ruled that the Burtons were entitled to attorney fees and costs and entered an order to that effect. The Todoroffs appealed from this order.

¶5 This appeal was originally assigned to the Court of Appeals, Division 2. The Court of Appeals affirmed the trial court's order, finding that the action had been at least partially founded in forcible entry and detainer. We have previously granted the Todoroffs' petition for certiorari to review this decision.

¶6 It is apparent that the issue in the present case revolved around the disputed title claims made by the opposing parties. The Todoroffs claimed title and right of possession by virtue of a duly recorded deed. The Burtons made the same claim by virtue of their adverse possession of the property. This Court has previously stated that the legal sufficiency of a questioned title to real property cannot be determined in a forcible entry and detainer action.

¶7 The action commenced by the Todoroffs, as brought by parties out of possession of property but claiming title and right of possession, was properly characterized in their brief on appeal as an action in ejectment.

¶8 As recognized by the parties to this action, attorney fees are not recoverable by the prevailing party in Oklahoma, as a general rule, unless provided by statute or enforceable contract.

¶9 All the Justices concur.


1 Ferguson v. District Court of Oklahoma County, 544 P.2d 498, 499 (Okla. 1975); Warren v. Stansbury, 199 Okla. 683, 189 P.2d 948, 950 (1948).

2 See Sun Oil Co. v. Fleming, 469 F.2d 211 (10th Cir. 1972).

3 See Warner v. Coleman, 107 Okla. 292, 231 P. 1053 (1924).

4 Garner v. City of Tulsa, 651 P.2d 1325 (Okla. 1982).