MIDVALE MIN. & MFG. CO. v. DUTRON CORP.Annotate this Case
MIDVALE MIN. & MFG. CO. v. DUTRON CORP.
1977 OK 155
569 P.2d 442
Supreme Court of Oklahoma
MIDVALE MINING AND MANUFACTURING CO., AN OKLAHOMA CORPORATION, APPELLANT,
DUTRON CORPORATION, A KANSAS CORPORATION, JOHN C. SWENSON, BOYD G. COBBLEY, DAVID H. SCHILLER, RICHARD A. BROWN AND HARRY H. RICHARDSON, APPELLEES.
Appeal from the District Court of Tulsa County; Robert Green, Judge.
¶0 Appellant appeals from the sustaining of a demurrer to the evidence by the district court. The demurrer was sustained and the action dismissed as to the individual appellees because the court held the effective date of the inception of personal liability is the time a corporation's right to do business in the state is forfeited, pursuant to 68 O.S. 1971 § 1212 (c). AFFIRMED.
Kenn Bradley, Tulsa, for appellant.
Sanders, McElroy & Carpenter, Tulsa, Daniel Bassett, Bartlesville, for appellees.
HODGES, Chief Justice.
¶1 The question presented on appeal is whether officers and directors of a corporation are personally liable for corporate debts incurred after failure of the corporation to file its annual tax return, but before an order suspending corporate privileges is issued. Midvale Mining and Manufacturing Co., appellant, contends that Dutron Corporation, appellee, became a nonentity on December 31, 1974, when it failed to file its annual tax return and that its officers and directors became personally liable for debts contracted after that date. Appellees argue, however, that liability could not accrue [569 P.2d 443] until an order suspending the corporation's right to do business in Oklahoma was issued by the Oklahoma Tax Commission. Both parties rely on 68 O.S. 1971 § 1212 (c)
¶2 Appellant, Midvale Mining and Manufacturing Co., is an Oklahoma corporation. The appellee, Dutron Corporation, is a Kansas corporation licensed to do business in Oklahoma. The individual appellees, John C. Swenson, Boyd G. Cobbley, David H. Schiller and Richard A. Brown, are officers or directors of Dutron Corporation. The appellant brought an action against the appellees for merchandise sold by it to Dutron Corporation. The sales were made between February 17, 1975 and July 2, 1975. On July 15, 1975, the State of Kansas issued an order cancelling the charter of the Dutron Corporation for failure to file its annual report. On February 6, 1976, the Oklahoma Tax Commission issued its order of suspension to Dutron Corporation, suspending that corporation's right to do business within the State of Oklahoma. All sales upon which this action is based were made prior to any cancellation or suspension of the corporate status or license of Dutron Corporation by either the State of Kansas or the State of Oklahoma. No goods were purchased from the appellant by Dutron Corporation after cancellation of the corporate charter or the suspension of any right to do business.
¶3 The appellant recovered a judgment against Dutron Corporation on May 20, 1976, and subsequently sought to hold the individual officers and directors personally liable for the corporate debt pursuant to 68 O.S. 1971 § 1212 (c). The trial court sustained a demurrer to the evidence, and dismissed the action as to the individual officers and directors because it determined the effective date of the inception of personal liability is the time forfeiture is entered rather than on the date the corporation failed to file its annual tax return.
¶4 Failure to pay franchise taxes is an issue between the corporation and the State because franchise tax statutes are solely for revenue-raising purposes.
¶5 Texas has a similar taxation statute, Tex. Tax.-Gen. art. 12.14 (1960).
¶6 Personal liability was imposed on the corporate president who knowingly incurred a rental obligation after the corporate license to do business in Oklahoma had been suspended for failure to pay franchise taxes in Phillips and Stong Eng. Co. v. Howard B. James Assoc., Inc., 529 P.2d 1013, 1015 (Okla. App. 1974).
¶7 The pertinent Oklahoma statute, 68 O.S. 1971 § 1212 (c)
¶9 LAVENDER, V.C.J., and DAVISON, WILLIAMS, IRWIN, BERRY, BARNES and SIMMS, JJ., concur.
1 It is provided by 68 O.S. 1971 § 1212 (c):
Each trustee, director of or officer of any such corporation, association or organization, whose right to do business within this State shall be so forfeited, shall, as to any and all debts of such corporation, association or organization, which may be created or incurred with his knowledge, approval and consent, within this State after such forfeiture and before the reinstatement of the right of such corporation to do business, be deemed and held liable thereon in the same manner and to the same extent as if such trustees, directors, and officers of such corporation, association, or organization were partners. Any corporation, association or organization whose right to do business shall be thus forfeited shall be denied the right to sue or defend in any court of this State, except in a suit to forfeit the charter of such corporation, association or organization. In any suit against such corporation, association or organization on a cause of action arising before such forfeiture, no affirmative relief shall be granted to such corporation, association or organization unless its right to do business in this State shall be reinstated as provided herein. Every contract entered into by or in behalf of such corporation, association or organization, after such forfeiture as provided herein is hereby declared to be voidable.
2 Frederic G. Krapf & Son, Inc. v. Gorson, 243 A.2d 713, 715 (Del. 1968).
3 Warren v. Adams, 187 Okl. 643, 105 P.2d 221, 224, 130 A.L.R. 819 (1939).
4 It is provided by Tex. Tax.-Gen. art. 12.14 (1960) in pertinent part:
"* * * Each director and officer of any corporation whose right to do business within this State shall be so forfeited shall, as to any and all debts of such corporation, which shall include all franchise taxes and penalties thereon which shall become due and payable subsequent to the date of such forfeiture, and which may be created or incurred, with his knowledge, approval and consent, within this State, after such forfeiture by any such directors or officers, and before the revival of the right of such corporation to do business, be deemed and held liable thereon in the same manner and to the same extent as if such directors and officers of such corporation were partners."
5 See also Hicks v. Continental Carbon Paper Mfg. Co., 380 S.W.2d 737 (Tex.Civ.App. 1964).
6 See also J. Elder, "Corporations: Corporate Officials' Liability for Debts Incurred In Name of Corporation While Charter is Suspended," 28 Okla.L.Rev. 828 (1975).
7 See note 1, supra.