ALLIED INVESTMENT CO. v. OKLAHOMA SECURITIES COM'NAnnotate this Case
ALLIED INVESTMENT CO. v. OKLAHOMA SECURITIES COM'N
1969 OK 53
451 P.2d 952
Case Number: 41885
Supreme Court of Oklahoma
ALLIED INVESTMENT COMPANY, INC., PETITIONER,
THE OKLAHOMA SECURITIES COMMISSION, RESPONDENT.
¶0 A statutory requirement that an administrative agency make findings of fact and conclusions of law is a matter of substance and not a mere technicality, and if the administrative agency fails to supply such findings, its determination will not be sustained.
Appeal from the Securities Commission.
Original proceeding for review of order of Oklahoma Securities Commission.
Action by administrator revoking broker-dealer license of petitioner appealed to Commission in banc, and upon affirmance of order in a hearing de novo by Commission in banc petitioner seeks a review of the order. Remanded with directions.
James Ed Douglas, Oklahoma City, for respondent.
Jesse J. Maynard, Oklahoma City, for respondent.
¶1 In this appeal we are asked to vacate an Order of the Oklahoma Securities Commission for failure to set forth findings of fact and conclusions of law.
¶2 The administrator of the Oklahoma Securities Commission, after statutory notice and hearing, revoked the broker-dealer license of the petitioner, Allied Investment Company, Inc. In this order of revocation, the administrator specified certain findings of fact and conclusions of law. Thereafter, the petitioner, pursuant to
¶3 The Commission conducted an evidentiary hearing and subsequently issued on Order affirming the revocation order of the administrator without setting out any findings of fact and conclusions of law. Petitioner's sole complaint is that the Commission in banc failed to make any findings of fact and conclusions of law.
¶4 It is the Commission's position that their order was a complete affirmation of the administrator's order, which, in effect, adopted the administrator's findings of fact and conclusions of law as their own.
¶5 The order of the Commission does not expressly adopt or incorporate the administrator's findings. The order is entitled, "Affirming Order of Administrator." After a recitation of procedures and appearances, the Order concluded:
"It is therefore ordered, adjudged and decreed by the Commission that the Order of the Administrator dated October 12, 1965, should be and the same is hereby affirmed."
¶6 The Oklahoma Securities Commission is a state agency subject to the Administrative Procedures Act. (Title
¶7 A recitation of the findings of fact and conclusions of law is a vital and necessary part of any order by an administrative agency acting in a quasi-judicial capacity. The purpose of which is to enable the parties and the reviewing tribunal make a determination whether the case has been decided upon the law and evidence or, on the contrary, upon arbitrary or extralegal considerations. In Oklahoma Inspection Bureau v. State Board for Property and Casualty Rates, Okl.,
"Statutory requirement that an administrative agency make findings is a matter of substance and not a mere technicality, and if administrative agency fails to supply such findings, in violation of a statutory requirement, its determination will not be sustained."
¶8 Also, in addition to the requirement for findings of fact and conclusions of law under the Administrative Procedures Act, such findings are required by the Oklahoma Securities Act. Title
¶9 The Commission is not a reviewing commission or a reviewing court in the sense of an appellate review. They are trial examiners who must determine the facts and conclusions of law based upon the evidence submitted to them in an adversary proceeding. For this court to intelligently review and make an appellate determination if the facts and conclusions upon which the Order is based are reasonable and sufficient to support the Order, we must be furnished with their written findings of fact and conclusions of law.
¶10 We are of the opinion that the Order of the Commission which merely affirmed the Order of the administrator, without setting forth written findings of fact and conclusions of law, does not comply with the Oklahoma Administrative Procedures Act and the Oklahoma Securities Act.
¶11 The case is remanded to the Commission with directions to set forth findings of fact and conclusions of law in their Order of Revocation, or in absence of such action, to vacate the same.
¶12 Order remanded with directions.
¶13 IRWIN, C.J., BERRY, V.C.J., and DAVISON, WILLIAMS, JACKSON, LAVENDER and McINERNEY, JJ., concur.
¶14 BLACKBIRD, J., dissents.