Annotate this Case

1956 OK 74
296 P.2d 780
Case Number: 37035
Decided: 02/28/1956
Supreme Court of Oklahoma


Syllabus by the Court.

¶0 1. Under the provisions of

Appeal from the District Court of Creek County; Kenneth Hughes, Judge.

Action by plaintiff, Oil Equipment Corporation, against the defendants, R.W. Southard, Stanley D. Post, W.E. Mills, Joseph D. Fitzgerald, Thomas W. Martin, Betty C. Martin, Chloe Mill, Roy Pooler, John B. Webber, Ed Webber, Nettie Webber, Edmund Donnohue, Cosette Donnohue, Verne C. Eitemiller, L.C. Mayfield, Irene Mayfield and Weaver Drilling Company, for possession of oil well casing and personal judgment for its rental value. From judgment for plaintiff the defendants, Joseph D. Fitzgerald, Thomas W. Martin, Betty C. Martin, Chloe Mills, Roy Pooler, John B. Webber, Ed Webber, Nettie Webber, Edmund Donnohue, Cosette Donnohue, Verne C. Eitemiller have appealed. Affirmed in part, reversed in part and in part remanded.

Wheeler & Wheeler, John M. Wheeler, John Wheeler, Jr., Robert L. Wheeler, Tulsa, for plaintiffs in error.

Farmer, Woolsey, Flippo & Bailey, Tulsa, of counsel, Sam T. Allen, III, Sapulpa, for defendant in error.

DAVISON, Justice.

¶1 This is an action brought by the plaintiff, Oil Equipment Corporation, for the possession of certain oil well casing and for the money rental due thereon under the terms of an alleged written contract. The defendants, Roy Pooler who was personally served with summons, and Joseph D. Fitzgerald, Thomas W. Martin, Betty C. Martin, Chloe Mills, John B. Webber, Ed Webber, Nettie Webber, Edmund Donnohue, Cosette Donnohue, Verne C. Eitemiller who were nonresidents and were served by publication are the appellants here. The other defendants are bound by the judgment. The parties will be referred to as they appeared in the trial court.

¶2 After impaneling a jury, the trial court rendered judgment for plaintiff upon the pleadings and opening statement of counsel. Therefore the statement of facts herein is, in reality, a statement of alleged facts in so far as the merits are concerned. The non-resident defendants above named, here urge the question of jurisdiction of the trial court to render a personal judgment against them. After being served by publication, they filed motions to quash said service and pleas as to the jurisdiction. Said motions were overruled and time allowed for answer. Under the provisions of

¶3 Under this state of the record the trial court was without jurisdiction to render a personal judgment against the nonresident defendants.

"No valid personal judgment can be obtained against
a party unless he is personally served with process
within the state or voluntarily enters his
appearance." Continental Gin Co. v. Arnold, 66 Okl.
132, 167 P. 613, 618, L.R.A. 1918B, 511; Pettis v.
Johnston, 78 Okl. 277, 190 P. 681.

¶4 The remaining questions presented by this appeal are as to the correctness of the personal judgment rendered against the defendant Pooler. He disclaimed any interest in the casing and does not attack the judgment in so far as it relates to the ownership and possession of the property. However, a brief statement of the facts alleged is necessary for a consideration of the judgment in personam.

¶5 Any allegations bearing solely upon the right to possession will be disregarded. In his petition, plaintiff alleged that, on October 10, 1953, the defendants, Mayfield, executed an oil and gas lease covering a described 80-acre tract of land in Creek County, Oklahoma, to the defendants, W.E. Mills and R.W. Southard, the latter using the trade name of Southard Oil Company; that said Southard assigned undivided interests in said lease to named defendants (the list including Pooler and the non-resident defendants, appellants here). The contents and the dates of the assignments were not disclosed by allegation or exhibit but were merely identified by book and page as recorded in the county clerk's office. The plaintiff further alleged that the defendants, Mills, Southard, Pooler and the non-residents entered into an agreement to develop said property for oil and gas purposes and to share the profits and losses incident thereto; that said defendants thereby became mining partners and liable as such for development costs.

¶6 Plaintiff then alleged that the defendant, W.E. Mills, and plaintiff entered into a contract whereby said plaintiff rented certain casing to Southard for the development of the lease; that, in the execution of said contract, Mills was acting individually and as the duly authorized agent for Southard, Pooler and the others and that the casing was installed in a well on the leased premises. A copy of the contract was attached to the petition as an exhibit, the opening paragraph and the signatures being as follows:

"This Contract And Agreement Made And entered into
in duplicate on this 10th day of November, 1953, by
and between Oil Equipment Corporation of Tulsa,
Oklahoma, hereinafter designated as first party, and
Southard Oil Company of Sioux City, Iowa, hereinafter
designated as second party.
"Oil Equipment Corporation
"By Harry Robbins /S/

"President Southard Oil Co.,
"By W.E. Mills /S/


"E. Hughes /S/

¶7 Plaintiff further alleged that, by reason of said contract, Southard, Mills, Pooler and the others agreed to pay plaintiff the rental value of the casing as provided therein. Plaintiff prayed for possession of the pipe and for a money judgment against the individual defendants in the amount of $1,575, the rental value of the pipe from the date of the contract to the filing of the petition herein on October 21, 1954.

¶8 The answer of Pooler contained a general denial and an admission of ownership of 5% of 87 1/2% interest in the lease by reason of an assignment thereof on November 27, 1953 by Southard which contained the following provision,

"One well to be drilled by R.W. Southard at his
expense and completion cost to be paid by all, in
proportion to per cents owned."

¶9 The answer contained a specific denial of agency of Mills in executing the rental contract and the same was verified in the following manner,

"John Wheeler, Jr., of lawful age, being first duly
sworn upon oath states:
"That he is attorney for the defendant, Roy Pooler,
herein; that said defendant is a non-resident and is
absent from the State of Oklahoma; that affiant is
authorized to execute this affidavit, and that the
matters and things contained in the fore going answer
are true and correct, as affiant verily believes."

¶10 Plaintiff's motion for judgment on the pleadings was granted by the trial court because "there is no issue of whether or not they (the defendants) were mining partners." Thereupon, personal judgment was rendered against the individual defendants.

¶11 An analysis of the pleadings leads to several conclusions. There is grave doubt that the petition with the exhibit thereto states any cause of action in personam against any of the defendants, other than Southard and Mills; there is no cause of action stated against the alleged partnership, nor was any relief prayed for or granted against that entity. The only cause of action for money judgment against Pooler, which was possibly stated was that arising by reason of the agency of Mills in executing the contract.

¶12 Many of the rules of law, applicable to actions against partnerships, together with supporting authority, are enumerated in the case of Fowler v. Brooks, 193 Okl. 580, 146 P.2d 304, 307. They are as follows:

"Every general partner is liable jointly with his
copartners to third persons for all the obligations
of the partnership (

judgment against the firm. No personal judgment may
be entered against a partner as such; his property
may be subjected to payment of the partnership
liability when the assets of the partnership are
insufficient to pay its obligation. Holmes v.
Alexander, 52 Okl. 122, 152 P. 819, Ann.Cas. 1918D,
1134; Hassen v. Rogers, 123 Okl. 265, 253 P. 72.
"In a suit against a partnership service upon one
of the Trading Co. v. Barr, 168 Okl. 184,
32 P.2d 293, 296. In a suit against a partnership it is
error to render a personal or individual judgment
against any of the partners even though served.
partners is sufficient to confer jurisdiction
upon the court to render judgment against the
partnership entity.

¶13 Neither the petition nor the judgment in the action now before us meets requirements as above outlined. Even if a cause of action against the partnership had been pleaded and proven, it was error to render a personal judgment against Pooler by reason thereof. Bearman v. Bracken, supra.

¶14 Relying upon the case of Caldwell v. Baxter, 158 Okl. 76, 12 P.2d 509, 513, plaintiff contends that a verified general denial is not sufficient to put in issue the existence of a partnership. The opinion in the cited case is long. Segregating any one part of it could lead to misinterpretation. That case held that an affidavit to the effect "`"that the facts therein stated are true"'" does not verify a mere general denial, containing no statement of fact. It was therein said,

"Of course, if defendant had filed a verified
general denial, the same would have been sufficient
to join issue on the execution of a written
instrument. Lilly v. Russell & Co., 4 Okl. 94, 44 P.
212. This the defendant failed to do. The purpose of
pleading is to join issue and not to evade the same."

¶15 Herein, the affidavit stated that "the matters and things contained in the foregoing answer are true," which is sufficient to verify the general denial and also the specific denial of agency of Mills. As to being made by the attorney for defendant, it was sufficient under the opinion in the case of Asplund v. Pearce, Porter & Martin, 181 Okl. 320, 73 P.2d 866. In the cited case, it was held that, if facts are stated in the pleading, the affiant must state that he has information thereon. That opinion was distinguishing the situation there from that in the case of Aiken v. Franz, 2 Kan. App. 75, 43 P. 306. It was then pointed out that,

"In School District No. 23 [Shawnee County] v.
Carter, 11 Kan. 445, the Supreme Court of Kansas says
that if the party believes something to be untrue
only, then he may verify his pleadings on belief
merely." [181 Okl. 320, 73 P.2d 868.]
That holding is determinative of the question here raised.

¶16 As above pointed out, although a partnership was alleged to exist, the defendants were sued in their individual capacities. Therefore, the verified denial of the partnership was not required under the provisions of

¶17 Since the petition contains an allegation that Mills was acting as the duly authorized agent of Pooler in entering into the rental contract and since that issue is properly put in issue by the verified denial, the cause must be remanded for trial on that issue as to Pooler. Because of its importance in further proceedings, one other proposition, here presented by the parties, should be determined. The answer sets out one of the provisions in the assignment from Southard to Pooler. It is hereinabove quoted. That provision, in itself, does not create a mining partnership between the lessees nor fix any personal liability upon Pooler for the rental of the casing here involved. Such was the conclusion of this court in the case of McAnally v. Cochran, 170 Okl. 368, 46 P.2d 955, 957, wherein there is a full discussion of the question together with citation of supporting authority. Therein, the earlier case of Ash v. Mickleson, 118 Okl. 163, 247 P. 680, was quoted as follows:

"`A of the parties that amining partnership or joint adventure cannot
exist, unless there is a co-operation among the
parties in the development of a lease for oil and
gas, each agreeing to pay his part of the expenses
and to share in the profits and losses.
"Where it is the intention partnership is to become effective upon the happening
of a certain contingency, or is to take effect at a
future day, the relation of partners does not

¶18 What further proof the plaintiff will be able to produce as to the authority of Mills to bind the defendant, Pooler, is not disclosed by the record.

¶19 The judgment in so far as it is in rem is affirmed and, in so far as it is in personam, it is reversed as to all appealing defendants and as to the defendant, Roy Pooler, the cause is remanded for further proceedings not inconsistent with the views herein expressed.