MAGNOLIA PETROLEUM CO. v. NALLEY

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MAGNOLIA PETROLEUM CO. v. NALLEY
1936 OK 329
56 P.2d 769
176 Okla. 491
Case Number: 25192
Decided: 04/07/1936
Supreme Court of Oklahoma

MAGNOLIA PETROLEUM CO.
v.
NALLEY et al.

Syllabus

¶0 1. MASTER AND SERVANT - Workmen's Compensation Law - Amendatory Statute of Limitation Held not Applicable to Pending Motion to Reopen Cause on Ground of Change in Condition.
Because of provisions of section 52, art. 5, Constitution of Oklahoma, the statute of limitations (section 4, ch. 29, S. L. 1933, amending section 13367, O. S. 1931), relating to enlarging awards of State Industrial Commission on ground of changed condition, held, not applicable to cause pending on motion to reopen an award on such ground at the time of enactment.
2. SAME - RES JUDICATA - Former Decision Held not to Foreclose Subsequent Award Upon Showing of Change in Condition.
Former decision, in review of award of State Industrial Commission, vacating award for failure to establish "change of condition," held not res adjudicata as to subsequent proceedings under the provisions of section 13362, O. S. 1931.
3. SAME - Necessary Showing for Reopening Case After Receipt of Award Made Upon Approved Stipulation.
Under Workmen's Compensation Act, where compensation has been paid for temporary total disability and an approved stipulation and receipt shows an end of disability and absence of specific injury, the cause can be reopened for an enlargement of award only upon established change of condition due to original injury arising after original settlement.

Original action by the Magnolia Petroleum Company for review of order and award of the State Industrial Commission in favor of W.R. Nalley. Affirmed.

W.H. Francis, B.B. Blakeney, Hubert Ambrister, and W.R. Wallace for petitioner.
Leo J. Williams and Paul L. Arnold, for respondent.

RILEY, J.

¶1 On October 20, 1933, the State Industrial Commission found:

"That claimant had a change in his condition; that as a result of said aforementioned accidental injury, claimant has a permanent disability to the extent of 16 per cent. loss of vision in the left eye and 23 per cent. loss of vision in the right eye, having an average, taking both eyes into consideration, of 19 1/2 per cent. loss of vision in both eyes."

¶2 Compensation was accordingly awarded, together with $100 for serious and permanent disfigurement to claimant's face resulting from the injury. Respondents appeal, and on review urge that the decision in Magnolia Pet. Co. v. Nalley et al., 161 Okla. 198, 17 P.2d 390 is res adjudicata. Such is not the case, for in the cited case there was no allegation or proof of a changed condition arising subsequent to the original stipulation and receipt of payment in the sum of $17, approved February 7, 1929.

¶3 The decision in the cited cause vacated the award of November 14, 1931, but it did not determine that a change of condition could not be established in future.

¶4 It is contended that the last award is contrary to law in that the commission was without jurisdiction by reason of the provisions of section 4, ch. 29, S. L. 1933, amendatory of section 13367, O. S. 1931.

¶5 This legislation provides:

"The jurisdiction of the commission to reopen any cause upon an application based upon a change in condition shall extend for the maximum period of time measured by the number of weeks for which compensation could have been awarded by the commission had the condition of claimant existed at the time original award was made thereon, and unless filed within said period of time, same shall be forever barred."

¶6 The amendment is not applicable to the cause at bar, for the motion to reopen was dictated into the record on February 7, 1933. The legislative act was enacted in the month of May following. And while the commission did not enter its award until October, 1933, the cause of action was fully commenced and was pending when the statute of limitations was enacted.

¶7 Section 52, art. 5, Constitution of Oklahoma, provides in part:

"After suit has been commenced on any cause of action, the Legislature shall have no power to take away such cause of action, or destroy any existing defense to such suit." Meriwether v. Bd. of Com'rs, etc., 150 Okla. 223, 1 P.2d 390; Theis v. Bd. of Co. Com'rs etc, 22 Okla. 333, 97 P. 973.

¶8 It is lastly contended that the award is supported by no competent evidence.

¶9 Dr. A.D. Guthrie, whose qualifications are admitted, testified both from a history of the case and personal examinations of claimant. He found no loss of vision in one eye before and only 8 5/10 per cent in the other. Now he finds 23 5/10 per cent. of vision, indicating a change of condition which the witness attributes to concussion arising from the accident which resulted in injury to claimant.

¶10 Permanency of the condition was sufficiently established by the evidence.

¶11 Dr. J.W. Shelton's testimony fully supported the award.

¶12 This claimant received an award under an approved stipulation, for temporary total disability. His case was closed. According to that document the disability ended January 14, 1929, and the character and extent of specific injury was "none." This court followed the rule in the previous review and applies it now to the effect that in order to sustain an award for permanent partial disability, under such circumstances, the claimant must establish a changed condition attributable to the original injury.

¶13 This claimant has established that the disability caused by the original injury is partial and permanent.

¶14 Affirmed.