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1912 OK 26
120 P. 635
31 Okla. 146
Case Number: 815
Decided: 01/09/1912
Supreme Court of Oklahoma



¶0 1. APPEARANCE--Entry of Appearance--Waiver of Irregularities. A defendant appeared specially in a cause in one of the territorial probate courts, and moved to quash the summons and service thereof. After trial and judgment against it, it appealed under section 1881 of Wilson's Rev. & Ann. St. 1903 to the district court, invoking a trial de novo in that court. Held, by taking such appeal, it entered a general appearance, and waived all irregularities in the summons issued in the probate court and the service thereof.
2. APPEAL AND ERROR--Review--Finding by Court. Where a cause is tried to the court without a jury, a general finding by the court in favor of one of the parties will be given upon appeal the same weight and effect as the verdict of a jury.

Error from District Court, Kingfisher County; A. H. Huston, Judge.

Action by Charles A. Love against the Deming Investment Company. Judgment for plaintiff, and defendant brings error. Affirmed.

Warren K. Snyder, for plaintiff in error.
John T. Bradley, Jr., and Bradley & Bradley, for defendant in error.


¶1 Defendant in error, Chas. A. Love, commenced this action against Geo. W. Baer and the Deming Investment Company in the probate court of Kingfisher county on the 14th day of December, 1903, by filing therein his petition, wherein he alleges that on the 15th day of December, 1900, he executed to the Deming Investment Company notes for a loan of money in the sum of $ 850, secured by a mortgage on real estate; that said notes were delivered to Baer to be delivered to the Deming Investment Company, and were so delivered; that defendants agreed to pay and distribute among certain creditors of plaintiff the proceeds of the loan as directed by the plaintiff. He alleges that they did pay a part of said money out on debts as directed, but that they failed and refused to pay and disburse $ 139.50 thereof as requested by him, and he prays judgment for that amount, with interest thereon.

¶2 There was a motion by the investment company in the probate court to quash the summons and the service thereof as to it, which was overruled. On appeal to the district court, this motion was renewed and sustained, whereupon a summons to the Deming Investment Company was issued out of the district court and served upon it, and there was a motion to quash that summons and service thereof, which was overruled by the district court, and complaint is now made of that action of the court. The ruling of the court thereon, however, is unimportant. The judgment in the probate court was in favor of Love, against both Baer and the investment company, from which judgment both those defendants filed their notice and bond for appeal to the district court for a trial de novo upon both the law and facts. The statute then authorized appeals from the probate court to be taken in the same manner as appeals are taken from the district court to the Supreme Court, and with a like effect, when only questions of law were involved in the appeal. If, however, questions of fact were to be tried in the appellate court, appeals were taken to the district court in the same manner and form as appeals were taken from judgments of justices of the peace. Section 1881, Wilson's Rev. & Ann. St. 1903. By pursuing the latter procedure and invoking a trial de novo in the district court, the investment company thereby waived all irregularities, in the summons issued in the probate court and service thereof and entered its general appearance, and no summons from the district court and service thereof upon it was necessary to confer upon the court jurisdiction of its person. Gulf Pipe Line Co. v. Vanderberg, 28 Okla. 637, 115 P. 782, 34 L. R. A. (N. S.) 661; Haas v. Lee, 18 Kan. 449.

¶3 The judgment of the district court from which this appeal is prosecuted was rendered upon a finding of facts by the court without the intervention of a jury, and is in favor of plaintiff as against the investment company for the amount sued for. The assignment of error most emphasized by counsel for the investment company is that the judgment is not supported by the evidence, or, rather, that it is against the weight of the evidence. It is well settled that, where a cause is tried to the court without the intervention of a jury, a general finding of the facts by the court is upon appeal to be given the same weight and effect as the verdict of a jury. Roberts v. Markham, 26 Okla. 387, 109 P. 127; McCann v. McCann, 24 Okla. 264, 103 P. 694; Lookabaugh v. Bowmaker, 21 Okla. 489, 96 P. 651. There is evidence reasonably tending to support every issue of fact necessary to establish plaintiff's right of recovery, and the judgment should not be disturbed. Lipscomb v. Allen 23 Okla. 818, 102 P. 86.

¶4 The judgment of the trial court is affirmed.

¶5 All the Justices concur.