Wilkey v. State

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Wilkey v. State
1998 OK CR 11
953 P.2d 347
69 OBJ 509
Case Number: F 96-1430
Decided: 01/23/1998
DOUGLAS CLAYTON WILKEY, Appellant -vs- STATE OF OKLAHOMA, Appellee
Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals

[953 P.2d 348]
SUMMARY OPINION

LANE, J.:

¶1 Douglas Clayton Wilkey was tried by jury and convicted of First Degree Murder in the Commission of First Degree Arson (21 O.S. 1991, § 701.7(B) in Tulsa County District Court Case No. CF-94-213.1 The jury set punishment at life imprisonment and the trial judge imposed this sentence. In this perfected appeal Wilkey raises the following propositions of error which we will address in order:

¶2 The Oklahoma Rules of Professional Responsibility do not address the situation here. Two attorneys who had been employed by the Tulsa Public Defender and who had worked on Wilkey's first trial were employed by the Tulsa District Attorney at the time of Wilkey's second trial. These attorneys do not appear of record at any point in the second trial. No evidence has been presented to show any actual contact between these attorneys and the prosecutors of the second trial. Where the appearance of a conflict of interest arises, the appellant [953 P.2d 349] bears the burden to show actual harm. Banks vs. State, 810 P.2d 1286 , 1296 (Okl.Cr.1991). This burden has not been met here.

¶3 Motions for discovery were filed in the first trial by both the State and the defense. No motions for discovery were filed after the case was reversed and remanded for new trial. Because the granting of a new trial places the parties in "the same position as if no trial had been had," 22 O.S. 1991, § 951, we find no discovery order was in effect for the second trial. Therefore, the State did not fail to comply with any discovery order.

¶4 Wilkey testified he was not present when the fire was set. Therefore, he is not entitled to instruction on the defenses of second degree murder or second degree manslaughter. Johnson vs. State, 911 P.2d 918 , 928 (Okl.Cr.1995).

¶5 Wilkey raises several allegations of prosecutorial misconduct. A number of the statements cited are not error. However, the prosecutor did commit a number of errors in this case. These errors were cured by the trial court sustaining defense objection or by proper instruction of the jury by the trial court. Jordan vs. State, 756 P.2d 8 , 9, (Okl.Cr.1988). These errors do not require reversal individually or when considered cumulatively.

¶6 Wilkey did not file notice that he was going to assert an alibi defense as required by 22 O.S. 1991, § 585. He did not present any witnesses to corroborate his testimony that he was at a convenience store during the period of time the fire broke out in the rooming house in which he lived. Defense counsel did not request an alibi instruction. Wilke argues the failure of the trial court to give this instruction sua sponte is error. A defendant who does not request a jury instruction is entitled to relief on appeal only if the failure of the trial court to so instruct deprived the defendant of a substantial right. Millwood vs. State, 721 P.2d 1322 , 1325 (Okl.Cr.1986). We conclude from the record that the defense chose not to present a formal alibi defense which could have led to a vigorous effort by the State to discredit it. Instead, the defense alluded to the defense in such a way that it was not severely challenged by State's witnesses, but it was planted in the minds of the jurors. Under these circumstances, we hold Wilkey was not deprived of a substantial right by the trial court's instructions.

¶7 The errors present in this trial do not warrant relief when they are considered in aggregate. The judgment and sentence is AFFIRMED.

DECISION

¶8 The Judgment and Sentence of the trial court is AFFIRMED.

 

ATTORNEYS AT TRIAL

BRETT SWAB
FIRST ASSISTANT DISTRICT ATTORNEY
EDWARD SNOW
ASSISTANT DISTRICT ATTORNEY
TULSA COUNTY COURTHOUSE
ATTORNEYS FOR THE STATE

CHAD SMITH
ASSISTANT PUBLIC DEFENDER
189 TULSA COUNTY COURTHOUSE
TULSA, OKLAHOMA
ATTORNEY FOR THE DEFENDANT

ATTORNEYS ON APPEAL

ADAM BARNETT
ASSISTANT PUBLIC DEFENDER
189 TULSA COUNTY COURTHOUSE
500 S. DENVER
TULSA, OKLAHOMA 74103
ATTORNEY FOR APPELLANT

W.A. DREW EDMONDSON
ATTORNEY GENERAL OF OKLAHOMA
KELLYE BATES
ASSISTANT ATTORNEY GENERAL
112 STATE CAPITOL
OKLAHOMA CITY, OK 73104-4894
ATTORNEYS FOR THE APPELLEE

OPINION BY: LANE, JUDGE
CHAPEL, P.J. CONCURS
STRUBHAR, V.P.J. CONCURS
LUMPKIN, J. CONCURS
JOHNSON, J. CONCURS

RA

FOOTNOTES

1 This is a retrial. This Court reversed and remanded the first conviction by unpublished opinion. (F 95-15, November 30, 1995)