Steyh v State

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Steyh v State
1935 OK CR 80
52 P.2d 121
58 Okl.Cr. 258
Decided: 06/28/1935
Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals

(Syllabus.)

1. Arrest -- Search and Seizure as Incident of Lawful Arrest -- Instrumentalities of Crime as Evidence. In case of a lawful arrest, the arresting officer may search and take from the arrested person and his immediate presence the instrumentalities of crime; such instrumentalities are not inadmissible in evidence as having been procured by an unlawful search.

2. Witnesses -- Scope of Cross-Examination of Character Witnesses. A witness to good character may be asked on cross-examination whether he has heard rumors of particular and specific charges of the commission of acts inconsistent with the character which he was called to prove. This is admissible, not for the purpose of establishing the truth of such reports,

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but to test the credibility of the witness and to determine the weight of his evidence.However, such reports, to be admissible, must be confined to a time previous to the commission of the crime charged.

Appeal from County Court, Cleveland County; Richard T. Pendleton, Judge.

W.H. Steyh was convicted of unlawful possession of intoxicating liquor, and he appeals. Modified, and as modified, affirmed.

Jack W. Page and T.J. Hinshaw, for plaintiff in error.

Mac Q. Williamson, Atty. Gen., Smith C. Matson, Asst. Atty. Gen., and Paul W. Updegraff, Co. Atty., for the State.

EDWARDS, J. Plaintiff in error, hereinafter called defendant, was convicted in the county court of Cleveland county of having the unlawful possession of intoxicating liquor and was sentenced to pay a fine of $300 and to, serve 90 days in the county jail.

At the time charged, defendant was arrested by the sheriff and two police officers just after he had boarded a southbound Santa Fe train at the city of Norman. He was in a coach set apart for use of university students on their way to the Oklahoma-Texas football game at Dallas, and he had in his possession at the time a suitcase containing nine pints of whisky. The police officers testified they observed him as he boarded the train and that he staggered and appeared to be intoxicated. They informed the sheriff and the three then entered the train; the sheriff made the arrest and they secured the suitcase, searched it, and found the whisky. Defendant filed a motion to suppress an the theory that the search was illegal and the evidence inadmissible. The court heard testimony and

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overruled the motion. Defendant did not take the stand, but offered testimony of several witnesses who testified he was not intoxicated and to good character. On cross-examination of these character witnesses, the county attorney, over objection, inquired in substance if they knew that at the time of the arrest defendant had in his-possession a number of obscene magazines they would consider his character good.

It is first argued the weight of the evidence is that defendant was not intoxicated at the time of his arrest; that the arrest was therefore illegal and the search as an incident thereto illegal. Upon this point some six witnesses testified defendant was not intoxicated; the two police officers and the sheriff were relied on by the state. This presents a question of fact for the court in passing on the legality of the search and the admissibility of the evidence, and there is ample evidence to support the state's contention that defendant was intoxicated at the time of the arrest. There is no error in the ruling of the trial court on this point.

Next it is contended the cross-examination by the county attorney of defendant's character witnesses was prejudicial misconduct in his suggesting that defendant at the time of the arrest had obscene literature in his possession. Following the general rule, it has been held by this court that a witness to good character may be asked on cross-examination concerning rumors of particular specific acts of the accused inconsistent with good character. This is admissible, not to establish the truth of such rumors or reports, but to test the credibility of the witness and as going to the value of his opinion of what constitutes good character. Pope v. State, 15 Okla. Cr. 162, 175 Pac. 727; Jones v. State, 17 Okla. Cr. 561, 190 Pac. 887; Underhill, Criminal Evidence, par. 82.

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Questions touching such rumors or reports, however, must be confined to a time previous to the time of the crime charged. In the instant case the questions refer to matters contemporaneous with the crime charged, and under a proper application of the rule the objections should have been sustained. But since there appears to be no question of the defendant's guilt, this error does not require a reversal.