Gates v. Baum

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Gates v. Baum
1983 OK CIV APP 53
673 P.2d 519
Case Number: 56970
Decided: 09/06/1983


Appeal from the District Court of Oklahoma County; William C. Kessler, Trial Judge.

¶0 Action to recover for surgical malpractice against administrator ad litem appointed after estate of deceased surgeon, the alleged tortfeasor, had been probated and closed. From an order revoking letters of the special administrator and quashing the summons served on him, the patient and her husband appeal.


John S. Oldfield, Jr., Oklahoma City, for appellants.
Dale Reneau, Z. Faye Martin Morton, Fenton, Fenton, Smith, Reneau & Moon, Oklahoma City, for appellee.

BRIGHTMIRE, Presiding Judge.

¶1 The dispositive question here is whether a probated and closed estate can be reopened and an action brought against a specially appointed administrator ad litem of a deceased physician's estate to recover damages for a newly discovered injury alleged to have been caused by the malpractice of the deceased physician during surgery he performed some eleven years earlier.

¶2 We hold it can.


¶3 On November 16, 1967, Virginia Gates submitted herself to extensive gynecological surgery - a removal of her uterus, tubes and ovaries - at the hands of Delbert G. Smith, M.D. Gates' postoperative course consisted of kidney trouble accompanied by high blood pressure. These complaints were brought to the attention of Smith but he is said to have made no effort to determine the cause.

¶4 Dr. Smith died May 13, 1975. His estate was probated and closed several months later.

¶5 The persistence of Gates' symptoms inspired her to visit Scott-White Clinic in Temple, Texas, in October 1978. There physicians discovered and removed a hydronephrotic (blocked and degenerated) kidney caused by the improper tying off of the ureter (tube from kidney to bladder) during the 1967 surgery. Removal of the kidney brought an end to the discomforting post-Smith operative symptoms.

¶6 Upon learning these facts Gates filed a motion to reopen Smith's estate and to appoint a special administrator.


¶7 his is a matter of first impression in this state. The controversy pits the recovery rights of a deceased tortfeasor's victim against the interests of asset distributees in the legal feasibility of according finality to an order closing an estate. Apparently few jurisdictions have considered the question. In this state the rights, duties and powers relating to the probating and distribution of decedents' estates are governed largely by statute.

¶8 Statutory authority is granted for opening a closed estate "if it becomes necessary or proper for any cause."

¶9 The law extends priority protection to decedent's debtors with respect to estate assets. Both real and personal property are "chargeable . . . with the payment of all the decedent's debts, as provided in [Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes]."

¶10 Though the 30 day claim presentation limitation of 58 O.S. 1981 §§ 243 and 333 is inapplicable, because those statutes refer to claims arising from contract,

¶11 The flaw in this contention is that plaintiff is not contesting the probate of Smith's will. It is a matter of no concern to plaintiff whether the will was probated or not, nor to whom Smith left his estate. If anything, plaintiff wants enforced the very first direction Smith gave in his will - "that all my debts be paid."

¶12 And for that matter, it was long ago held that an ex contractu creditor or claimant is entitled to reopen a closed estate for the establishment and payment of his claim if he can show a legal excuse for having failed to attempt to secure the desired relief during the original administration proceedings.

¶13 Certainly here plaintiff has shown one of the best reasons in the world why she did not sue earlier - she did not know that Smith had injured her. The allegation in fact is that although kidney discomfort and elevated blood pressure were classic symptoms of a tied-off ureter - a common accidental injury in such gynecological surgery, incidentally - Smith declined to examine her or disclose to her the probable reason for her postoperative distress during several follow up visits to his office. As a matter of fact these allegations suggest an intentional malfeasance that eventuated in plaintiff's loss of a kidney - a kidney that could have been saved by early diagnosis and corrective treatment.

¶14 The fact that there may exist some question concerning the collectability of a judgment facing plaintiff somewhere down the road affords no excuse for judicially obstructing her pursuit of a judgment at this juncture by refusing to reopen the estate proceedings.

¶15 The order appealed is vacated and the cause remanded for further proceedings.

¶16 DeMIER and STUBBLEFIELD, JJ., concur.


1 Her husband is also a party plaintiff but further reference to him will be omitted.

2 58 O.S. 1981 §§ 621-695 , which concern probate procedure, and 84 O.S. 1981 §§ 1-308 , which deal with distribution of estates both testamentary and nontestamentary.

3 58 O.S. 1981 § 692 .

4 84 O.S. 1981 § 41 . See 84 O.S. 1981 § 2 , for same provision as to intestate estates.

5 84 O.S. 1981 § 21 . The reference to the chapter on civil procedure is, of course, to the relevant provisions of Title 12 of the Oklahoma Statutes.

6 Becker v. State ex rel. Department of Public Welfare, Okl., 312 P.2d 935 (1957). Presentation of a claim for tort damage is not necessary.

7 Holmes v. Patterson, 91 Okl. 163, 215 P. 1071 (1923).