Supreme Court of Ohio Decisions

The Ohio Supreme Court takes its authority from Article IV, Section 1 of the Ohio Constitution. It holds jurisdiction over cases involving constitutional issues, cases involving the death penalty, cases in which the appellate courts diverge, and cases that originate in the courts of appeals. The Supreme Court also reviews appeals from the Public Utilities Commission and the Board of Tax Appeals. It may issue certain types of extraordinary writs, such as writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, and prohibition. The Court provides the decisive interpretation of any issue raised by Ohio law or the state constitution.

Seven justices serve on the Ohio Supreme Court. Each justice serves a six-year term. Ohio uses non-partisan elections to choose its justices. This means that the ballot does not state the political affiliation of a justice. In reality, voters usually know the actual affiliation of a justice, since each political party nominates candidates during the primary elections. To serve on the Ohio Supreme Court, a candidate must be younger than 70. They must be admitted to the Ohio Bar and must have accumulated at least six years of experience practicing law. If a vacancy arises during the middle of a six-year term, the Governor of Ohio has the authority to appoint an interim justice to serve the remainder of the term.

In addition to resolving appeals, the Ohio Supreme Court provides the rules of practice and procedure that govern all of the courts in the state. It receives this authority from Article IV, Section 5(B) of the Ohio Constitution. The Court has issued rules of evidence, civil procedure, criminal procedure, appellate procedure, and juvenile procedure. It also has crafted the Ohio Code of Judicial Conduct, which consists of four canons that guide judges and judicial candidates in maintaining ethical standards.

Browse Opinions From the Supreme Court of Ohio

Recent Decisions From the Supreme Court of Ohio
State v. Jones
Date: September 23, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3311
Docket Number: 2020-0368
State ex rel. Wood v. Rocky River
Date: September 23, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3313
Docket Number: 2020-1159
State ex rel. Long v. Hamilton Cty. Coroner
Date: September 23, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3315
Docket Number: 2021-0354
Johnson v. Abdullah  
Date: September 22, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3304
Docket Number: 2020-0303

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that a physician employed in an executive position who does not directly oversee physicians who treat patients does not satisfy the active-clinical-practice requirement of Ohio R. Evid. 601. Plain...

In re Application of Duke Energy Ohio, Inc.  
Date: September 22, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3301
Docket Number: 2020-0511

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the Ohio Power Siting Board granting Duke Energy Ohio, Inc. a certificate of environmental compatibility and public need to construct, operate, and maintain a natural-gas pipeline,...

Columbus Bar Assn. v. Polly-Murphy
Date: September 22, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3302
Docket Number: 2021-0440
In re Application of Suburban Natural Gas Co.  
Date: September 21, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3224
Docket Number: 2020-0781

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) allowing a gas company to charge its customers higher rates, holding that the PUCO erred by approving the rate increase. At issue...

Columbus Bar Assn. v. Okuley
Date: September 21, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3225
Docket Number: 2021-0231
Cincinnati Bar Assn. v. Mahin
Date: September 16, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3195
Docket Number: 2020-0469
Lamar Advantage GP Co. v. City of Cincinnati  
Date: September 16, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3155
Docket Number: 2020-0931

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that a tax imposed solely upon a small number of billboard operators is a discriminatory tax that violates the rights to freedom of speech and a free press protected by the First Amendment to the U...

State ex rel. Ellison v. Black  
Date: September 16, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3154
Docket Number: 2021-0399

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Appellant's petition seeking a writ of habeas corpus against the warden of the Lorain Correctional Institution, holding that Appellant failed to show that he was entitled to the writ. Appellant,...

Hillside Creek Farms v. Clark County Board of Elections  
Date: September 16, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3214
Docket Number: 2021-1102

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied a writ of prohibition sought by Relators in this expedited election case to bar the Clark County Board of Elections from placing a referendum on the November 2021 election ballot, holding that Re...

State ex rel. Rhoads v. Hamilton County Board of Elections  
Date: September 16, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3209
Docket Number: 2021-1123

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court granted in part and denied in part a writ of mandamus sought by Relators, four City of Cincinnati electors, to compel changes to ballot language for a proposed amendment to the Cincinnati City Charter,...

State v. Williams  
Date: September 15, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3152
Docket Numbers: 2020-0658, 2020-0991

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals affirming Defendant's conviction of one count of drug trafficking, a first-degree felony with a forfeiture specification, and one count of drug possession a...

DeVore v. Black  
Date: September 15, 2021
Citation: 2021-Ohio-3153
Docket Number: 2021-0199

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals dismissing Appellant's habeas corpus complaint against Kenneth Black, the warden of the Richland Correctional Institution, where Appellant was incarcerated,...

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.