Supreme Court of Ohio Decisions

The Ohio Supreme Court takes its authority from Article IV, Section 1 of the Ohio Constitution. It holds jurisdiction over cases involving constitutional issues, cases involving the death penalty, cases in which the appellate courts diverge, and cases that originate in the courts of appeals. The Supreme Court also reviews appeals from the Public Utilities Commission and the Board of Tax Appeals. It may issue certain types of extraordinary writs, such as writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, and prohibition. The Court provides the decisive interpretation of any issue raised by Ohio law or the state constitution.

Seven justices serve on the Ohio Supreme Court. Each justice serves a six-year term. Ohio uses non-partisan elections to choose its justices. This means that the ballot does not state the political affiliation of a justice. In reality, voters usually know the actual affiliation of a justice, since each political party nominates candidates during the primary elections. To serve on the Ohio Supreme Court, a candidate must be younger than 70. They must be admitted to the Ohio Bar and must have accumulated at least six years of experience practicing law. If a vacancy arises during the middle of a six-year term, the Governor of Ohio has the authority to appoint an interim justice to serve the remainder of the term.

In addition to resolving appeals, the Ohio Supreme Court provides the rules of practice and procedure that govern all of the courts in the state. It receives this authority from Article IV, Section 5(B) of the Ohio Constitution. The Court has issued rules of evidence, civil procedure, criminal procedure, appellate procedure, and juvenile procedure. It also has crafted the Ohio Code of Judicial Conduct, which consists of four canons that guide judges and judicial candidates in maintaining ethical standards.

Browse Opinions From the Supreme Court of Ohio

Recent Decisions From the Supreme Court of Ohio
Stark Cty. Bar Assn. v. D'Atri
Date: September 27, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3392
Docket Number: 2022-1185
State ex rel. Sanduskians for Sandusky v. City of Sandusky  
Date: September 23, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3362
Docket Number: 2022-1103

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court granted a limited writ sought by Relators - Sanduskians for Sandusky and Craig McCloskey II - ordering Respondents - the City of Sandusky and city commission members - to enact an ordinance providing…

State ex rel. Ungaro v. Mahoning County Bd. of Elections  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3318
Docket Number: 2022-1061

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court granted a writ of mandamus ordering the Mahoning County Board of Elections to place Eric Ungaro's name on the November 2022 general election ballot as an independent candidate for the office of state…

State ex rel. Pointer v. Ohio Adult Parole Authority  
Date: September 21, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3261
Docket Number: 2022-0307

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals dismissing Appellant's mandamus complaint for failure to satisfy the affidavit requirement of Ohio Rev. Code 2969.25(A), holding that Appellant failed to…

In re Fusco
Date: September 21, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3300
Docket Number: 2022-1142
State ex rel. Randlett v. Lynch  
Date: September 20, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3260
Docket Number: 2021-0310

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals denying a writ of mandamus sought by Appellant to compel Judge Julie M. Lynch to vacate certain nunc pro tunc entries, holding that Appellant was not…

State ex rel. Maras v. LaRose  
Date: September 20, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3295
Docket Number: 2022-1083

Justia Opinion Summary: In this expedited election case the Supreme Court granted a writ of mandamus compelling Ohio Secretary of State Frank La Rose to certify Terpsehore P. Maras's name to the November 8, 2022 ballot as an independent…

State ex rel. Trumbull County Republican Central Committee v. Trumbull County Bd. of Elections  
Date: September 16, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3268
Docket Number: 2022-1055

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied a writ of mandamus ordering Trumbull County Board of Elections and its director and Secretary of State Frank LaRose (collectively, Respondents) to place Sarah Thomas Kovoor's name on the November…

State v. O'Malley
Date: September 15, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3207
Docket Number: 2020-0859
State v. O'Malley  
Date: September 15, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3207
Docket Number: 2020-0859

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals affirming the order of the trial court ordering forfeiture of Appellant's 2014 Chevrolet Silverado, holding that there was no equal protection violation and…

Stark Cty. Bar Assn. v. Arkow
Date: September 15, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3209
Docket Number: 2022-0716
Stark Cty. Bar Assn. v. Arkow
Date: September 15, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3209
Docket Number: 2022-0716
State v. Wilson
Date: September 14, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3202
Docket Number: 2020-0721
State v. Wilson  
Date: September 14, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3202
Docket Number: 2020-0721

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that in order for a person whose license is suspended for an offense for operating a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs (OVI) to be guilty of driving under an OVI suspension, the…

Disciplinary Counsel v. Jancura
Date: September 14, 2022
Citation: 2022-Ohio-3189
Docket Number: 2022-0367
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