Supreme Court of Ohio Decisions

The Ohio Supreme Court takes its authority from Article IV, Section 1 of the Ohio Constitution. It holds jurisdiction over cases involving constitutional issues, cases involving the death penalty, cases in which the appellate courts diverge, and cases that originate in the courts of appeals. The Supreme Court also reviews appeals from the Public Utilities Commission and the Board of Tax Appeals. It may issue certain types of extraordinary writs, such as writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, and prohibition. The Court provides the decisive interpretation of any issue raised by Ohio law or the state constitution.

Seven justices serve on the Ohio Supreme Court. Each justice serves a six-year term. Ohio uses non-partisan elections to choose its justices. This means that the ballot does not state the political affiliation of a justice. In reality, voters usually know the actual affiliation of a justice, since each political party nominates candidates during the primary elections. To serve on the Ohio Supreme Court, a candidate must be younger than 70. They must be admitted to the Ohio Bar and must have accumulated at least six years of experience practicing law. If a vacancy arises during the middle of a six-year term, the Governor of Ohio has the authority to appoint an interim justice to serve the remainder of the term.

In addition to resolving appeals, the Ohio Supreme Court provides the rules of practice and procedure that govern all of the courts in the state. It receives this authority from Article IV, Section 5(B) of the Ohio Constitution. The Court has issued rules of evidence, civil procedure, criminal procedure, appellate procedure, and juvenile procedure. It also has crafted the Ohio Code of Judicial Conduct, which consists of four canons that guide judges and judicial candidates in maintaining ethical standards.

Browse Opinions From the Supreme Court of Ohio

Recent Decisions From the Supreme Court of Ohio
State v. Froman
Date: September 24, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4523
Docket Number: 2017-0938
State ex rel. Citizens for Community Values, Inc. v. DeWine
Date: September 24, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4547
Docket Number: 2020-0175
Carter v. May
Date: September 24, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4522
Docket Number: 2020-0328
In re Searl
Date: September 24, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4564
Docket Number: 2020-1141
State ex rel. AWMS Water Solutions, LLC v. Mertz  
Date: September 23, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4509
Docket Number: 2019-0493

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the court of appeals granting summary judgment to the State and denying AWMS Water Solutions, LLC's petition for a writ of mandamus to compel the Ohio Department of Natural Reso...

Dailey v. Wainwright  
Date: September 23, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4519
Docket Number: 2020-0157

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals dismissing Appellant's habeas corpus petition against the warden of the Marion Correctional Institution (MCI), holding that Appellant's petition was barred...

State ex rel. Herring v. Wainwright  
Date: September 23, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4521
Docket Number: 2020-0283

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals dismissing Appellant's petition for a writ of habeas corpus on the grounds that his claim lacked merit, holding that Appellant was not entitled to immediate...

State v. Smith  
Date: September 22, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4441
Docket Number: 2018-1831

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals affirming Defendant's conviction for sexually abusing his granddaughter, holding that acquitted-act evidence was admitted for a proper purpose under Evid.R....

State v. Hartman  
Date: September 22, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4440
Docket Number: 2019-0184

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals reversing Defendant's convictions of two counts of rape, holding that the trial court erred by admitting "other acts" evidence that Defendant had sexually a...

Disciplinary Counsel v. Wiggins
Date: September 21, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4500
Docket Number: 2020-1039
Trumbull Cty. Bar Assn. v. Lutseck
Date: September 21, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4501
Docket Number: 2020-1041
In re Complaint of Direct Energy Business, LLC v. Duke Energy Ohio, Inc.  
Date: September 17, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4429
Docket Number: 2019-1058

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the order of the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) determining that Direct Energy Business, LLC had established that Duke Energy Ohio, Inc.'s failure to provide accurate readings of th...

State ex rel. McDougald v. Sehlmeyer  
Date: September 17, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4428
Docket Number: 2019-1659

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Relator's requested writ of mandamus seeking to compel Respondent to produce a document pursuant to a public records request and to pay statutory damages and court costs, holding that Respondent...

Put-in-Bay v. Mathys  
Date: September 16, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4421
Docket Number: 2019-0324

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that Section 858.01 of the Codified Ordinances of the Village of Put-In-Bay does not impose an unconstitutional tax on motor vehicles. The Village filed separate criminal complaints against Defend...

State ex rel. Omni Manor, Inc. v. Industrial Commission  
Date: September 16, 2020
Citation: 2020-Ohio-4422
Docket Number: 2019-1134

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals denying a writ of mandamus ordering the Industrial Commission to vacate an award of medical-service reimbursement to Diana Garringer for a right reverse tot...

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.