State v. GammonsAnnotate this Case
128 S.E.2d 860 (1963)
258 N.C. 522
STATE v. William Ed GAMMONS.
Supreme Court of North Carolina.
January 11, 1963.
*861 T. W. Bruton, Atty. Gen., James F. Bullock, Asst. Atty. Gen., for the State.
Blalock & Swanson, Pilot Mountain, for defendant.
DENNY, Chief Justice.
The appellant made a motion for judgment as of nonsuit when the State rested. The motion was denied. The defendant thereafter offered evidence and the State offered additional evidence in rebuttal. The defendant did not renew his motion for judgment as of nonsuit and, therefore, does not contend on this appeal that the State's evidence was not sufficient to take the case to the jury.
The defendant assigns as error the admission over objection by the defendant of the testimony of Caroleta Garner, a witness for the State, to the effect that approximately two years before the trial of this case she was in the home of the defendant in the basement bedroom; that she was a member of the defendant's church at the time and that the defendant told her if she didn't let him do what he wanted to, that she was going to be deathly sick and that something terrible was going to happen to her, and that she let him have sexual intercourse with her.
"* * * (W)here the nature of the offense is such that proof of its commission as charged carries with it an implication or presumption of criminal intent, evidence of the perpetration or attempted perpetration of other like offenses is inadmissible." *862 State v. Beam, 184 N.C. 730, 115 S.E. 176.
In North Carolina Law of Evidence by Stansbury, section 91, it is said: "Evidence of other offenses is inadmissible if its only relevancy is to show the character of the accused or his disposition to commit an offense of the nature of the one charged; * * *. The commission of a certain act is never directly evidential of the commission of a similar act at some other time. There is always some intermediate step in the reasoning. If there is no other connection between the two acts, it is argued that the doing of the first act shows a disposition to indulge in that kind of conduct, and from this disposition the probability of the second act is inferred. But to reason thus from one crime to another is a clear violation of the character rule; hence if the first act has no other relevancy than that, it may not be proved."
In State v. Graham, 121 N.C. 623, 28 S.E. 409, this Court said: "Evidence of a distinct, substantive offense cannot be admitted in support of another offense, as a general rule. * * *
"It is when the transactions are so connected or contemporaneous as to form a continuing action, that evidence of the collateral offense will be heard to prove the intent of the offense charged."
In the case of State v. Smith, 204 N.C. 638, 169 S.E. 230, it is said: "It is undoubtedly the general rule of law that evidence of a distinct substantive offense is inadmissible to prove another and independent crime, the two being wholly disconnected and in no way related to each other."
There are certain exceptions to the general rule, but in our opinion the challenged testimony does not fall within any of the exceptions. State v. Fowler, 230 N. C. 470, 53 S.E.2d 853; State v. Choate, 228 N.C. 491, 46 S.E.2d 476; State v. Harris, 223 N.C. 697, 28 S.E.2d 232; State v. Smith, supra.
This assignment of error is sustained.
Moreover, the defendant's chief defense on which he relied in the trial below was an alibi. If the evidence of the defendant and his witnesses is believed, neither the prosecutrix nor the defendant were in the room where the offense is alleged to have taken place at the time charged.
The defendant assigns as error the failure of the court below to charge and apply the law to the defendant's evidence with respect to his alibi. In this connection the State concedes error and cites State v. Spencer, 256 N.C. 487, 124 S.E.2d 175.
Since there must be a new trial, we deem it unnecessary to consider and discuss the remaining assignments of error. They may not arise on another hearing.