State v. Jenkins

Annotate this Case

66 S.E.2d 819 (1951)

234 N.C. 112

STATE v. JENKINS.

No. 79.

Supreme Court of North Carolina.

September 19, 1951.

Harry M. McMullan, Atty. Gen. and Ralph Moody, Asst. Atty. Gen., for the State.

Fountain & Fountain, Tarboro, for defendant.

STACY, Chief Justice.

Since the only reference to the verdict appearing on the record is a recitation in the judgment of what it was, without full incorporation of it therein, it may be doubted whether the case is properly before us for decision. State v. May, 118 N.C. 1204, 24 S.E. 118.

On appeal in criminal cases, the indictment or warrant and plea on which the case is tried, the verdict and the judgment appealed from are essential parts of the transcript. Rule 19, Sec. 1, of *820 the Rules of Practice, 221 N.C. 553; State v. Clough, 226 N.C. 384, 38 S.E.2d 193, dismissed for failure to show organization of court, bill, warrant or verdict; State v. Dry, 224 N.C. 234, 29 S.E.2d 698, dismissed for failure to show warrant; State v. Currie, 206 N.C. 598, 174 S.E. 447, dismissed for failure to supply lost indictment; State v. Golden, 203 N.C. 440, 166 S.E. 311, dismissed for failure to show organization of court, bill, warrant or verdict; State v. Ravensford Lumber Co., 207 N.C. 47, 175 S.E. 713, dismissed for failure to bring up pleadings; State v. Wray, 230 N.C. 271, 52 S.E.2d 878, dismissed for failure to show indictment; State v. McDraughon, 168 N.C. 131, 83 S.E. 181, dismissed for failure to supply lost indictment; State v. Cunningham, 94 N.C. 824, no plea shown. See, also, State v. Farrell, 223 N.C. 804, 28 S.E.2d 560, on requirement that arraignment and plea in capital cases be made to appear on the record. A plea of traverse is the sine qua non or prerequisite to a jury trial. Without such plea, there is nothing for a jury to try. State v. Cunningham, supra. Criminal appeals are to be perfected and the cases for the Supreme Court settled "as provided in civil actions". G.S. § 15-180. It is the duty of appellant to see that the record is properly made up and transmitted. State v. Frizell, 111 N.C. 722, 16 S.E. 409.

However, assuming the sufficiency of the record, as there is no motion to dismiss, State v. Patterson, 222 N.C. 179, 22 S.E.2d 267, we think the same result or one similar in effect must be reached on the merits of the case. There was ample evidence to require its submission to the jury. State v. Buchanan, 233 N.C. 477, 64 S.E.2d 549. Indeed, the evidence of illegal possession seems complete. State v. Dowell, 195 N.C. 523, 143 S.E. 133. There is also evidence sufficient to warrant the jury in finding that its possession was for the purpose of sale, G.S. § 18-11, albeit they appear to have found the defendant guilty only of illegal possession in violation of G.S. § 18-48.

Nor can the defendant's challenge to the validity of the search warrant be sustained. In the first place, it may be doubted whether the defendant properly presents his challenge. The evidence in respect of the validity of the warrant seems to have been offered without objection. The only exception is to the refusal to strike it out. This was a matter addressed to the sound discretion of the trial court. State v. Matthews, 226 N.C. 639, 39 S.E.2d 819; State v. Hunt, 223 N.C. 173, 25 S.E.2d 598; State v. Herndon, 223 N.C. 208, 25 S.E.2d 611. Nevertheless, conceding the sufficiency of the challenge, the evidence was quite sufficient to withstand the motion to strike. State v. Elder, 217 N.C. 111, 6 S.E.2d 840. Chapter 644, Session Laws 1951, is inapplicable as it has no application to pending litigation or to evidence obtained by search prior to 9 April, 1951, the effective date of the Act. Nor is Chapter 150, Session Laws 1949, purporting to dispense with the necessity of taking an exception to any ruling on objection to the admission of evidence, applicable to the facts of the instant record. There was no ruling on objection to the admission of the evidence.

While the charge may be subject to some criticism, especially the manner in which the State's contentions were given, we think it will do when construed contextually, i. e., in the same connected way in which it was delivered to the jurythe established rule of such construction. State v. Marsh, 234 N.C. 101, 66 S.E.2d 684; Tarkington v. Rock Hill Printing & Finishing Co., 230 N.C. 354, 53 S.E.2d 269, 11 A.L.R.2d 221.

The result will not be disturbed on the record as it presently appears.

No error.

NOTEThis opinion was written in accordance with the Court's decision and filed by order of the Court after Chief Justice STACY'S death.

VALENTINE, J., took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.

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