Matter of Foreclosure of Deed of Trust by Kitchens

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437 S.E.2d 511 (1993)

113 N.C. App. 175

In the Matter of FORECLOSURE OF the DEED OF TRUST Executed By Alyce B. KITCHENS, Trustor in Deed of Trust Securing an Indebtedness in the Original Principal Amount of $24,715.54, Dated December 7, 1990 and Recorded in Book 293, Page 113, Pitt County Registry.

No. 923SC963.

Court of Appeals of North Carolina.

December 21, 1993.

Ward and Smith, P.A. by Ryal W. Tayloe and Andrew H.D. Wilson, Greenville, for petitioner-appellant.

Gaylord, Singleton, McNally, Strickland & Snyder by Vernon G. Snyder III, Greenville, for respondent-appellee.


On 2 March 1992, J. Graham Clark, III, substituted trustee for a deed of trust executed by Alyce B. Kitchens, instituted foreclosure proceedings under the power of sale clause in the deed of trust by filing a notice of hearing as to the commencement of foreclosure proceedings with the Pitt County Clerk of Court in accordance with North Carolina General Statutes § 45-21.16 (1991). On 3 March 1992, notice of the hearing was properly served on Alyce B. Kitchens.

On 26 March 1992, the Assistant Clerk of the Superior Court of Pitt County entered an order disallowing the foreclosure. On 31 March 1992, petitioner Dr. George M. Klein, beneficiary under the deed of trust, was timely served with notice of the foreclosure hearing to be held in Pitt County Superior Court on 11 May 1992.

A hearing was held in this matter before Judge Quentin T. Sumner in Pitt County Superior Court on 11 May 1992. Judge Sumner rendered a decision in open court disallowing foreclosure based on his findings of fact and conclusions of law that (1) there was no valid debt, and (2) there was no default under the note and deed of trust. On 8 June 1992, petitioner timely filed notice of appeal to this Court.

The facts pertinent to this appeal are as follows: Sometime prior to 7 December 1990, Alyce B. Kitchens embezzled money from petitioner. In consideration of and in order to repay petitioner for the amount embezzled, Ms. Kitchens voluntarily signed promissory notes and a deed of trust securing these *512 notes on 7 December 1990. By the express terms of the notes, beginning on 1 January 1991, equal monthly installments of $100.00 were to be paid by the first day of each month directly to the office of petitioner. One monthly installment was made and petitioner notified the substitute trustee to institute foreclosure proceedings.

Petitioner contends that the trial court erred by entering an order disallowing foreclosure because the creditor has proven the four items necessary for a judge to allow a power of sale foreclosure. We disagree.

Under North Carolina General Statutes § 45-21.16, there are four issues before the clerk at a foreclosure hearing: the existence of a valid debt of which the party seeking to foreclose is the holder; the existence of default; the trustee's right to foreclose; and the sufficiency of notice to record owners of the hearing. In re Foreclosure of Deed of Trust, 55 N.C.App. 68, 284 S.E.2d 553 (1981), disc. review denied, 305 N.C. 300, 291 S.E.2d 149 (1982). Upon appeal from an order of the clerk disallowing the trustee to proceed with the sale, the judge is limited upon the hearing de novo to determining the four issues resolved by the clerk. Id.

Here, the judge made the following findings: that petitioner and Ms. Kitchens executed promissory notes and a deed of trust; that

Alyce B. Kitchens executed the [notes and deed of trust] based upon the understanding and for the specific consideration that no criminal proceedings would be instituted against her by virtue of her embezzlement of certain funds during her employment with [petitioner]. That by virtue of the fact criminal proceedings subsequently were instituted against Alyce B. Kitchens, the [notes and deed of trust] were without consideration. That under and by virtue of her conviction under the aforesaid criminal proceedings, Alyce B. Kitchens has made court ordered payments of restitution to [petitioner] through the office of the Pitt County Clerk of Court in amounts in excess of those installment payments provided for under the aforesaid [notes and deed of trust].

We find the record supports the aforementioned findings. As such, we find the lower court was correct in finding (1) no valid debt existed and (2) there was no default on the notes or deed of trust, thereby properly disallowing the foreclosure proceeding. The decision of the trial court is affirmed.

COZORT and McCRODDEN, JJ., concur.