State v. Stewart

Annotate this Case

166 S.E.2d 458 (1969)

4 N.C. App. 249

STATE of North Carolina v. Leo STEWART, Jr., Percival Barfield, Debois Scotty Gathers, Frederick Donnell Lockamy and Jesse Jones.

No. 6911SC150.

Court of Appeals of North Carolina.

April 2, 1969.

*460 Atty. Gen. Robert Morgan and Staff Atty. Andrew A. Vanore, Jr., Raleigh, for the State.

Chambers, Stein, Ferguson & Lanning, by James E. Lanning, Charlotte, for defendant appellants.

CAMPBELL, Judge.

The defendants present two questions for decision: (1) Is G.S. § 14-62, which prohibits any person from wantonly and willfully setting fire to churches and certain other buildings, unconstitutional as violative of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States? (2) Is the imposition of a sentence of twelve years in prison cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States?

The record on appeal in these five consolidated cases was docketed more than ninety days after the rendition of the judgment below and no extension of time for docketing was procured. Therefore, this appeal is subject to dismissal for failure to comply with the Rules of Practice in the Court of Appeals. See Rules 5 and 48. However, we have nevertheless reviewed the record and the briefs filed. The attorneys for the defendants did not make an oral argument.

The bills of indictment charged a violation of G.S. § 14-62, which provides:

"Setting fire to churches and certain other buildings.If any person shall wantonly and willfully set fire to or burn or cause to be burned, or aid, counsel or procure the burning of, any uninhabited house, any church, chapel or meetinghouse, or any stable, coach house, outhouse, warehouse, office, shop, mill, barn or granary, or to any building, structure or erection used or intended to be used in carrying on any trade or manufacture, or any branch thereof, whether the same or any of them respectively shall then be in the possession of the offender, or in the possession of any other person, he shall be guilty of a felony, and shall be imprisoned in the State's prison for not less than two nor more than forty years."

The defendants' first contention is that this statute violates the rule of law basic to the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, because its penal provision permits the trial judge absolute discretion, uncontrolled by standards or directions of any kind, to impose a punishment ranging from two to forty years imprisonment. In support of this contention, they cite a number of cases from the United States Supreme Court. A review of the authorities cited indicates that they are not in point and that they are concerned with matters other than the constitutionality of a penal provision, such as the one now before us. In prescribing punishment for certain criminal offenses, the General Assembly has provided for flexibility by establishing both maximum and minimum limits. This permits a trial judge to impose a sentence appropriate to the individual defendant and to the specific factual situation. As stated in State v. Cooper, 238 N.C. 241, 77 S.E.2d 695, a trial judge "may inquire into such matters as the age, the character, the education, the environment, the habits, the mentality, the propensities, and the record of the person about to be sentenced." This *461 procedure is particularly desirable in respect to G.S. § 14-62, which covers the wanton and willful burning of a wide variety of structures. This statute clearly and specifically defines the prohibited conduct and sets out the possible punishment.

"It is the accepted rule with us that within the limits of the sentence permitted by the law, the character and extent of the punishment is committed to the sound discretion of the trial court and may be reviewed by this court only in case of manifest and gross abuse." State v. Sudderth, 184 N.C. 753, 114 S.E. 828, 27 A.L.R. 1180.

The record in the instant case indicates that there was no abuse of discretion by the trial judge. The defendants, who were at all times represented by competent counsel, had the opportunity to present evidence to the trial court prior to the imposition of the sentences. Character witnesses testified and each defendant was given the opportunity to make a statement to the court.

The first contention is without merit and the answer to the first question is "no."

The defendants' second contention is that the sentences of twelve years in the State's prison constituted cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States. In support of this position, the defendants argue that the burning was a spontaneous act carried out during a moment of emotional stress. However, this is not supported by the record which in fact reveals a deliberate act carried out over a period of time which would have permitted reflection. The defendants were obviously above the average in intelligence and they had received educational opportunities above the average. They were individuals from whom society had a right to expect lawabiding tendencies instead of hoodlumism.

"We have held in case after case that when the punishment does not exceed the limits fixed by the statute, it cannot be considered cruel and unusual punishment in a constitutional sense." State v. Elliott, 269 N.C. 683, 153 S.E.2d 330.

The second contention is without merit and the answer to the second question is "no."

The defendants present to us a request for reduction of a sentence claimed to be excessive. Such a request would be more properly presented to the Board of Paroles. State v. Hilton, 271 N.C. 456, 156 S.E.2d 833.

In law there is

No Error.

MALLARD, C. J., and MORRIS, J., concur.