Vance v New York City Commission on Human Rights

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Vance v New York City Commission on Human Rights 2012 NY Slip Op 31759(U) June 26, 2012 Supreme Court, New York County Docket Number: 113818/11 Judge: Eileen A. Rakower Republished from New York State Unified Court System's E-Courts Service. Search E-Courts ( for any additional information on this case. This opinion is uncorrected and not selected for official publication. SCANNED ON 71612012 [* 1] " SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK NEW YORK COUNTY PART Justlce I&< Index Number : I 1381812011 INDEX NO. VANCE, MARINA vs. NYC COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS SEQUENCE NUMBER : 002 REARGUMENTlRECONSlDERATlON The following papem, nurnbrmd 1 to Notlce of MotionlOrder to Show Cause MOTION DATE MOTION SEQ. NO. - ,were read on this motlon tolfor I No(s). I I No(s). 2 INOW. -3 -Affldavltn - Exhlbltr Answerlng Affldavlts - Exhiblta Rsplylng Affldavlts Upon the fomgolng papers, It Is ordered that thlo motlon is Dated: 1. CHECK ONE: ..................................................................... @ CASE DISPOSED ........................... MOTION is: uGRANTED CHECK IF APPROPRIATE: ................................................ 0SETTLE ORDER 2. CHECK As APPROPRIATE: 3. 0DO NOT POST NON-FINAL DISPOSITION DENIED nGRANTEDIN PART OTHER 0SUBMIT ORDER FIDUCIARY APPOINTMENT REFERENCE [* 2] Index No. 113818111 Petitioners, -against- ORDER NEW YORK CITY COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, Mot. Seq. 002 AMENDED DECISION Respondent submits this motion for leave to reargue this courts April 16, 20 12 decision pursuant to CPLR $222 1(d). This court s decision overlooked the fact that this is a special proceeding brought under the Administrative Code of the City of New York ( Administrative Code ) 588-123 and 8-125 and CPLR Article 4, not Article 78. Section 8- 123 provides specific procedures for seeking judicial review of a Human Rights Commission determination and $8-1 25 provides procedures for seeking enforcement of a Human Rights Commission determination. Since this is not an Article 78 proceeding, there is no basis to refer the substantial evidence question to the Appellate Division. Pursuant to $88- 123 and 8-125 and Article 4, this Court must hear and decide all issues raised in the Petition and Answer, including the questions of substantial evidence. Therefore, the instant order is amended as follows. Petitioner brings this motion for an Order vacating the Decision and Order made by the New York City Commission on Human Rights dated November 9, 20 11, based upon a default OATH Report and Recommendation. Petitioner, A Bridal Hair and Make-up Salon by Marina Vance, is a d/b/a of Marina Vance. 1 [* 3] . - Marina Vance does not presently own a salon, but states that she occasionally rents a chair at various salons in Manhattan to service clients, or services clients at their homes. Petitioner asserts that she was not properly served with a Notice of Trial and accordingly, was unaware of the OATH hearing which took place on June 13, 20 12. Petitioner annexes copies of envelopes that were returned to the Commission from all five of the addresses where they attempted to serve Petitioner. She points out that while the Decision notes that the Commission attempted service on Petitioner at five different addresses, none of these addresses were at her home address on record with the State of New York Department of State Division of Licensing Services that issued her cosmetology license. Petitioner asserts that she has lived at this address since 1998. She also says that she does not own, nor is she employed by, a salon; she occasionally rents a chair at various salons and sometimes services clients at their homes. The commission has broad discretion to decide how to conduct its investigations. (See, Stern v. NYC Comm nHuman Rights, 3 8AD3d 302 [ lstDept 20071). So long as the investigation is sufficient and the claimant afforded a full opportunity to present [her] claims the method or methods to be employed in investigating a claim are left to the human rights agency. (See, McFarZand v. New York State Div. Human Rights,24 1 AD2d 108 [ 1st Dept 19981). Petitioner fails to prove that she was not given a full and fair opportunity to rebut the claims against her. The Commission made efforts to contact Petitioner to notify her of its intention to proceed to trial at five different locations, two locations which Petitioner advertises on her official website. Petitioner admits in her complaint that she had provided a San Jose address to the Commission and that she received the Complaint at that address, and submitted an Answer. The court also notes that Petitioner states she never received notice of trial, yet following the mailing of the ALJ s Report and Recommendation to two addresses which she had been sent the notice of trial, Petitioner immediately submitted comments to the Commission. Additionally, Petitioner requested that the ALJ s Report and Recommendation, and the Commission s Decision and Order should be vacated because they were arbitrary and capricious and not supported by substantial 2 [* 4] evidence, the damages and civil penalties awarded were excessive and that Tiffany McIntosh s ( McIntosh ) complaint before the Commission should be dismissed on the ground that she was not denied a public accommodation. The relevant facts are as follows. On November 16, 2009, Tiffany McIntosh, an African American woman, filed a verified complaint with the Law Enforcement Bureau of the Commission, alleging that Petitioner discriminated against her by denying her a public accommodation on account of her race. McIntosh alleged that she called Petitioner to schedule a hair appointment for her wedding and was asked about her race. She responded that she was black, and they scheduled the appointment, McIntosh asserts that she missed the appointment with Petitioner due to a last minute conflict, and Petitioner left her a voicemail berating her for failing to cancel the appointment. McIntosh alleges that Petitioner called her a nigger, among other derogatory remarks. McIntosh also claims that in a subsequent conversation, Petitioner told her that she does not do business with niggers. The Bureau investigated McIntosh s claims, and determined that there was probable cause to believe that Petitioner had discriminated against McIntosh and referred the case to the OATH for a trial before ALJ Alessandra Zorgniotti. As discussed above, Petitioner did not appear at the trial. On July 18,20 11, ALJ Zorgonotti issued a Report and Recommendation finding that Petitioner discriminated against McIntosh by denying her the rights, privileges and advantages of a public accommodation on account of her race and recommended compensatory damages of $7,500 and a civil penalty of $1 5,000. The Commission adopted the finding and recommendations of the Report, by Decision and Order, dated November 1 1, 20 11, and hrther, rejected Petitioner s claim, made following the issuance of the Report, that she was not properly served with notice of the OATH trial. Section 8- 123 of the New York City Administrative Code provides that [tlhe findings of the commission as to the facts shall be conclusive if supported by substantial evidence on the record considered as a whole. After a review ofthe commission s trial transcript, it is clear that the decision is fully supported by substantial evidence. In the hearing, McIntosh provides a copy of the voice mail allegedly left by Vance which stated, Hello Tiffany, this is Marina Vance. We [* 5] had an appointment today at 11:30- why didn t you show up, or why didn t you call, alright? Ah this is very common with the- I m sure you re a fucking nigger, ah, who doesn t care for anybody s time, alright... Tiffany with an F , a fucking nigger, next time, or a fucking Dominican bitch ... Good bye. McIntosh testified that when she tried to call Vance back to explain why she did not show up and to apologize, Petitioner told her I do not want to talk with you, I don t do business with niggers. Thus, there is substantial evidence that Petitioner discriminated against McIntosh by making racially discriminatory comments, and making her feel unwelcome as a customer. There is also evidence that she was denied a public accommodation. NYCHRL 8- 107(4)(a) makes it unlawful for any place or provider of public accommodation because of the actual or perceived ... race... of any person directly or indirectly to refise, withhold from or deny to such person any of the accommodations, advantages, facilities or privileges thereof. .. The record indicates that Petitioner made discriminatory statements that she refused to do business with people of a certain race. With regard to damages and civil penalties, the relief imposed by the Commissioner need only be reasonably related to the discriminatory conduct. Unless the award is so arbitrary and capricious as to constitute an abuse of discretion, it is not erroneous as a matter of law. (See, N a v York City Transit Authority v. State Div. O Human Rights, 78 NY2d 207 [1991]). Here, the f Commissioner adopted the recommendation of ALJ Zorgonotti. The ALJ s recommendation for civil penalties considered various factors, such as the impact on the public, the use of offensive language, and the blatant disregard for the NYCHRL. Wherefore it is hereby, ORDERED that Respondent New York City Commission on Human Right s motion to reargue is granted and this Court s decision dated April 13, 2012 is vacated; and it is further, ORDERED that upon reargument, Petitioner Marina Vance and A. Bridal Hair and Make-up Salon By Marina Vance s motion to vacate the decision of the New York City Commission on Human Rights dated November 9,201 1 is denied 4 [* 6] c in all respects. This constitutes the decision and order of the court. All other relief requested is denied. Dated: June 26,2012 EILEEN A. RAKOWER, J.S.C. FILED JUl 0 6 2012 5