New York Court of Appeals Decisions

The highest appellate court in the State of New York is known as the New York Court of Appeals. Founded in 1847, it is located in Albany. The Court holds jurisdiction over any type of appeal but generally may review only legal rather than factual issues. This focus on legal issues is intended to help the Court develop principles of law that will apply across the state, rather than resolving specific disputes. Its jurisdiction does not hinge on the amount of money at stake in a civil case or the types of parties involved. Most appeals must pass through the Appellate Division before reaching the Court of Appeals, but an appeal may go directly from the trial court to the Court of Appeals in a civil case in which the only disputed issue is the constitutionality of a law.

The New York Court of Appeals has featured some of the most famous legal minds in the nation, including eventual U.S. Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo. It has issued several controversial decisions in recent years, including a 2004 ruling that the state death penalty law was unconstitutional and a 2006 ruling that the state constitution does not require the recognition of same-sex marriage. Each decision by the Court of Appeals is binding on lower courts but only persuasive authority for future cases heard by the Court of Appeals.

A candidate to serve on the New York Court of Appeals must have been admitted to practice law for at least five years. Article Six, Section 20 of the New York Constitution provides this requirement. Seven judges serve on the Court, including a Chief Judge. While New York previously used elections to select judges, the state has shifted to a system in which the Governor of New York appoints a judge from a group of candidates. Each judge serves a 14-year term.

Browse Opinions From the New York Court of Appeals

Recent Decisions From the New York Court of Appeals
Adar Bays, LLC v GeneSYS ID, Inc.  
Date: October 14, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05616
Docket Number: 51

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals answered in the affirmative two questions certified to it by the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in this case involving New York's current usury laws. Specifically, the Court...

People v Ibarguen
Date: October 14, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05617
Docket Number: 56
Lividini v Goldstein
Date: October 14, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05618
Docket Number: 57
People v Blandford
Date: October 14, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05619
Docket Number: 84 SSM 17
People v. Torres  
Date: October 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05448
Docket Numbers: 52, 53

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals affirmed the judgments of the trial courts in these two cases convicting Defendants of violating Administrative Code of the City of New York 19-190, known as the "Right of Way Law," holding that the...

Sassi v. Mobile Life Support Services, Inc.  
Date: October 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05449
Docket Number: 55

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals reversed the order of the appellate division affirming the judgment of Supreme Court dismissing this complaint for failure to state a claim, holding that Plaintiff's allegations were sufficient to su...

People v. Shanks  
Date: October 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05450
Docket Number: 58

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals reversed the order of the appellate division affirming Defendant's conviction of grand larceny in the third degree, holding that Defendant neither forfeited his right to counsel nor validly waived hi...

JPMorgan Chase Bank N.A. v Kelleher
Date: October 12, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05451
Docket Number: 81 SSM 16
People v. Gaworecki  
Date: October 7, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05392
Docket Number: 40

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals reversed the order of the Appellate Division and remanded with directions to grant Defendant's motion to dismiss the indictment against him insofar as it sought to dismiss the count in the indictment...

Aybar v. Aybar  
Date: October 7, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05393
Docket Number: 54

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals affirmed the order of the appellate division reversing the orders of Supreme Court denying Defendants' motions to dismiss the complaint against them pursuant to N.Y. C.P.L.R. 3211(a)(8) on the ground...

People v Carmona
Date: October 7, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05390
Docket Number: 82 SSM 18
People v Timko
Date: October 7, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 05391
Docket Number: 83 SSM 19
People v Dogan
Date: September 14, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 04956
Docket Number: 68 SSM 14
Reis v J.B. Kaufman Realty Co., LLC
Date: September 14, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 04957
Docket Number: 69 SSM 15
Matter of Miller v Annucci
Date: September 9, 2021
Citation: 2021 NY Slip Op 04954
Docket Number: 66 SSM 10
The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.