New York Court of Appeals Decisions

The highest appellate court in the State of New York is known as the New York Court of Appeals. Founded in 1847, it is located in Albany. The Court holds jurisdiction over any type of appeal but generally may review only legal rather than factual issues. This focus on legal issues is intended to help the Court develop principles of law that will apply across the state, rather than resolving specific disputes. Its jurisdiction does not hinge on the amount of money at stake in a civil case or the types of parties involved. Most appeals must pass through the Appellate Division before reaching the Court of Appeals, but an appeal may go directly from the trial court to the Court of Appeals in a civil case in which the only disputed issue is the constitutionality of a law.

The New York Court of Appeals has featured some of the most famous legal minds in the nation, including eventual U.S. Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo. It has issued several controversial decisions in recent years, including a 2004 ruling that the state death penalty law was unconstitutional and a 2006 ruling that the state constitution does not require the recognition of same-sex marriage. Each decision by the Court of Appeals is binding on lower courts but only persuasive authority for future cases heard by the Court of Appeals.

A candidate to serve on the New York Court of Appeals must have been admitted to practice law for at least five years. Article Six, Section 20 of the New York Constitution provides this requirement. Seven judges serve on the Court, including a Chief Judge. While New York previously used elections to select judges, the state has shifted to a system in which the Governor of New York appoints a judge from a group of candidates. Each judge serves a 14-year term.

Browse Opinions From the New York Court of Appeals

Recent Decisions From the New York Court of Appeals
Worthy Lending LLC v. New Style Contractors, Inc.  
Date: November 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06631
Docket Number: 86

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals held that, for purposes of New York's Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) 9-406, an "assignee" includes the holder of a presently exercisable security interest in an assignor's receivables. New Style…

Maldovan v. County of Erie  
Date: November 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06632
Docket Number: 90

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals declined to expand the Court of Appeals' special duty doctrine to the facts in this case in which the victim's mother and brother, now serving prison terms, sexually assaulted, abused, and murdered…

Howell v City of New York
Date: November 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06633
Docket Number: 91
People v. Johnson  
Date: November 17, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06537
Docket Number: 74

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals reversed the decision of the Appellate Division affirming Defendant's conviction for second-degree rape in satisfaction of the indictment against him, holding that the Appellate Division…

Delgado v State of New York
Date: November 17, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06538
Docket Number: 83
Federal Natl. Mtge. Assn. v Jeanty
Date: November 17, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06539
Docket Number: 84
Everhome Mtge. Co. v Aber
Date: November 17, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06540
Docket Number: 85
People v. Jimenez  
Date: November 17, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06541
Docket Number: 88

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals affirmed the order of the Appellate Division reversing the judgment of Supreme Court dismissing the indictment against Defendant under N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law 210.35(5), holding that the prosecutor was…

Matter of Rizzo v DiNapoli
Date: October 27, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06027
Docket Number: 106 SSM 16
Green v. Dutchess County BOCES  
Date: October 27, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06028
Docket Number: 78

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals reversed the order of the appellate division and reinstated the original award for workers' compensation benefits in this case to the decedent's minor son, holding that N.Y. Work. Comp. Law (WCL)…

34-06 73, LLC v. Seneca Insurance Co.  
Date: October 27, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 06029
Docket Number: 81

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals held that Plaintiffs' original complaint alleging that Defendant breached the parties' written insurance policy and that Plaintiffs had fully complied with the requirements contained in the policy…

City of Long Beach v. New York State Public Employees Relations Bd.  
Date: October 25, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 05939
Docket Number: 70

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals held that the Taylor Law, N.Y. Civ. Serv. 200 et seq., requires a municipality to engage in collective bargaining over the procedures for terminating municipal employees after they have been absent…

Matter of D.L. v S.B.  
Date: October 25, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 05940
Docket Number: 76

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals held that the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) does not apply to out-of-state, noncustodial parents seeking custody of their children who are not in custody of New York social…

Matter of Putorti
Date: October 21, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 05937
Docket Number: 105
People v. Murray  
Date: October 20, 2022
Citation: 2022 NY Slip Op 05916
Docket Number: 72

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the order of the appellate decision affirming the judgment of the trial court convicting Defendant of two counts of robbery in the second degree and assault in the second degree, holding that…

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.