New York Court of Appeals Decisions

The highest appellate court in the State of New York is known as the New York Court of Appeals. Founded in 1847, it is located in Albany. The Court holds jurisdiction over any type of appeal but generally may review only legal rather than factual issues. This focus on legal issues is intended to help the Court develop principles of law that will apply across the state, rather than resolving specific disputes. Its jurisdiction does not hinge on the amount of money at stake in a civil case or the types of parties involved. Most appeals must pass through the Appellate Division before reaching the Court of Appeals, but an appeal may go directly from the trial court to the Court of Appeals in a civil case in which the only disputed issue is the constitutionality of a law.

The New York Court of Appeals has featured some of the most famous legal minds in the nation, including eventual U.S. Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo. It has issued several controversial decisions in recent years, including a 2004 ruling that the state death penalty law was unconstitutional and a 2006 ruling that the state constitution does not require the recognition of same-sex marriage. Each decision by the Court of Appeals is binding on lower courts but only persuasive authority for future cases heard by the Court of Appeals.

A candidate to serve on the New York Court of Appeals must have been admitted to practice law for at least five years. Article Six, Section 20 of the New York Constitution provides this requirement. Seven judges serve on the Court, including a Chief Judge. While New York previously used elections to select judges, the state has shifted to a system in which the Governor of New York appoints a judge from a group of candidates. Each judge serves a 14-year term.

Browse Opinions From the New York Court of Appeals

Recent Decisions From the New York Court of Appeals
City of New York v Tri-Rail Constr., Inc.
Date: October 17, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 07478
Docket Number: 111 SSM 16
Matter of Cajigas v Stanford
Date: October 17, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 07479
Docket Number: 112 SSM 17
People v Rong He
Date: October 17, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 07477
Docket Number: 75
Matter of Ash
Date: October 11, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 07359
Docket Number: 110
Matter of Cicale
Date: September 27, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 07005
Docket Number: 109
Salinas v World Houseware Producing Co.
Date: September 12, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 06537
Docket Number: 98 SSM 20
Brito v Gomez
Date: September 10, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 06452
Docket Number: 97 SSM 14
People v Monforte
Date: September 5, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 06451
Docket Number: 96 SSM 19
People v Sipp
Date: August 29, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 06432
Docket Number: 95 SSM 15
People v. Ellis  
Date: June 27, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 05183
Docket Number: 54

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals affirmed the order of the Appellate Division reversing the judgment of County County convicting Defendant, a level three sex offender, of failing to register his Facebook account, concluding that Fac...

In re Wegmans Food Markets, Inc. v. Tax Appeals Tribunal of State of New York  
Date: June 27, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 05184
Docket Number: 56

Justia Opinion Summary: In this N.Y. C.P.L.R. 78 proceeding, the Court of Appeals held that Tax Appeals Tribunal of the State of New York (the Tribunal) rationally determined that the information services receipts at issue in this case were not...

People v Almonte
Date: June 27, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 05185
Docket Number: 57
People v McIntosh
Date: June 27, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 05186
Docket Number: 58
People v Hill
Date: June 27, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 05187
Docket Number: 80 SSM 13
Kuzmich v. 50 Murray St. Acquisition LLC  
Date: June 25, 2019
Citation: 2019 NY Slip Op 05057
Docket Number: 50

Justia Opinion Summary: The Court of Appeals reversed the decision of the Appellate Division reversing the judgment of Supreme Court granting summary judgment in favor of Plaintiffs, individual tenants of rented apartments owned by Defendants,...

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