Cassidy v. MurrayAnnotate this Case
74 A.2d 230 (1950)
CASSIDY et al. v. MURRAY et al.
Supreme Judicial Court of Maine.
June 16, 1950.
John H. Needham, Old Town, Frank G. Fellows, Bangor, for plaintiffs.
Michael Pilot, Bangor, for defendants.
Before MURCHIE, C. J., THAXTER, and WILLIAMSON, JJ., and NULTY, as opinion J.
*231 NULTY, Justice.
This case comes before this Court on appeal by the Defendant Trustees from a decree of the sitting Justice awarding counsel fees for services rendered by all attorneys in accordance with a direction from this Court in the case of Cassidy et al. v. Murray et al., Me., 68 A.2d 390, 392, seeking a certain construction of the will of John Cassidy who died testate March 26, 1918. Said direction reads in part as follows: "Sitting justice directed to fix reasonable counsel fees for all parties to which shall be added amounts for necessary disbursements, all of which sums including costs shall be paid by the trustees and allowed [by said decree] in their account."
It is the contention of the defendant trustees that the allowance of the fees was unreasonable and constitutes an abuse of discretion. The fees and disbursements allowed by said decree from which said appeal is now taken were as follows:
John H. Needham, Attorney for the Plaintiff $10,516.22 Frank G. Fellows, Guardian Ad Litem 10,060.50 Michael Pilot, Attorney for the Trustees 10,000.00
It should be noted that the fees of the various attorneys were fixed at the sum of $10,000.00 each.
Appeals in equity to the Law Court from decrees and orders of a sitting Justice under the familiar law of our State are heard anew on the record. Redman v. Hurley, 89 Me. 428, 36 A. 906; Trask v. Chase, 107 Me. 137, 150, 77 A. 698, 704; Sears, Roebuck & Co. v. City of Portland, Me., 68 A.2d 12, 16.
Revised Statutes (1944) Chap. 95, Sec. 21, in part directs with respect to equity appeals and the duty of the Law Court therein: "and shall on such appeal, affirm, reverse, or modify the decree of the court below, or remand the cause for further proceedings, as it deems proper." Our court has held that findings of fact by the justice below will be conclusive unless clearly wrong and the burden is on the appellant to prove it. Young v. Witham, 75 Me. 536, Paul v. Frye, 80 Me. 26, 12 A. 544. Our court also said in Leighton v. Leighton, 91 Me. 593, 603, 40 A. 671, 675, speaking of findings of fact: "Such is the general rule, but it does not necessarily require proof beyond a reasonable doubt. And sometimes circumstances and conditions are to be considered which prevent the rule applying so literally as it otherwise would."
In Sears, Roebuck & Co. v. City of Portland, supra, we said (speaking of findings of fact): "This rule does not mean that the findings of fact of the Justice below will not be reversed on appeal unless such findings constitute error in law. They may be disregarded on an appeal when clearly wrong."
In the instant case we have before us the decree of the sitting justice in the court below, made, we assume, in conformity with the direction of this court referred to herein and we assume that it reflects his judgment with respect to the fixing of reasonable counsel fees for all parties, having in mind the meaning of the direction. The Massachusetts Court in Cummings v. National Shawmut Bank, 284 Mass. 563, 569, 188 N.E. 489, 492; 143 A. L.R. 725, in a case involving reasonable attorneys' fees, said: "In determining what is a fair and reasonable charge to be made by an attorney for his services many considerations are pertinent, including the ability and reputation of the attorney, the demand for his services by others, the amount and importance of the matter involved, the time spent, the prices usually charged for similar services by other attorneys in the same neighborhood, the amount of money or the value of the property affected by controversy, and the results secured. Neither the time spent nor any other single factor is necessarily decisive of what is to be considered as a fair and reasonable charge for such services."
Our court in Peabody et al. v. Conley et al., 111 Me. 174, 177, 88 A. 411, 412, in a suit involving the value of professional legal services (although the case was decided on a pleading question) said: "Many different elements affect their value, such as the skill and standing of the person employed, *232 the nature of the controversy, the amount involved, the time and labor bestowed, and the ultimate success or failure of the litigation. A litigated case in fact is so nearly a unit that it should be considered in its entirety when determining the value of services rendered in its prosecution or defense."
Our court also said in Moore v. Alden, 80 Me. 301, 307, 14 A. 199, 201, 6 Am.St. Rep. 203, a case which involved the construction of a will, as did the original Cassidy case referred to herein, in speaking of requested allowances for the expense of professional services and disbursements: "Parties to the bill ask for allowances for the expense of professional services and disbursements. Such expenses may be thrown upon the estate, unless the petitioner discloses a frivolous or unnecessary case. Howland v. Green, 108 Mass. , 283; Straw v. Trustees, 67 Me. 493. But such charges should usually be moderate, for several reasons: Because there should not be strong temptation to multiply applications to the court for the exposition of wills; because representatives of estates have not the same stimulus for their protection as living owners have; and because, as a rule, such cases involve a peculiar kind of litigation which casts less responsibility than usual upon counsel, and more upon the court."
With the principles set forth in the last three cited cases in mind and having examined and considered not only the record in the instant case, which sets forth at considerable length the qualifications of the attorneys and also describes their services performed in this matter, and having had the benefit of the entire record in the original Cassidy case decided September 15, 1949, Me., 68 A.2d 390, and referred to herein and also having in mind, as said in Moore v. Alden, supra, that such charges should usually be moderate, it is our opinion that the decree of the sitting justice should be modified in conformity with what we consider should be the settled law with respect to the meaning of the direction relating to the allowance of reasonable counsel fees in matters of this kind. The appeal of the Trustees is sustained. The case is remanded to the court below with instructions to the sitting justice to fix the counsel fees of the attorneys involved in this case in the following amounts:
John J. Needham, Attorney for the Plaintiff $5,000.00 Frank G. Fellows, Guardian Ad Litem 7,500.00 Michael Pilot, Attorney for the Trustees 1,500.00
to which in each case may be added the actual disbursements.
The mandate will read
Appeal sustained. Case remanded to Sitting Justice with directions to fix the reasonable counsel fees and disbursements in accordance with this opinion. So ordered.