BRIDGET B. WOOD WIFE OF/AND JERALD WOOD Vs. MICHAEL S. LINDSEY AND MELINDA BARNETT D/B/A BARNETT TRUCKING

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BRIDGET B. WOOD WIFE OF/AND JERALD WOOD * NO. 2014-CA-0907 * COURT OF APPEAL * FOURTH CIRCUIT * STATE OF LOUISIANA VERSUS MICHAEL S. LINDSEY AND MELINDA BARNETT D/B/A BARNETT TRUCKING * * ******* CONSOLIDATED WITH: CONSOLIDATED WITH: MEGAN EDWARDS NO. 2014-CA-0908 VERSUS MICHAEL S. LINDSEY, MELINDA BARNETT D/B/A BARNETT TRUCKING, BIS SERVICES, L.L.C. AND PATCO TRANSPORT, INC. CONSOLIDATED WITH: CONSOLIDATED WITH: JACQUELINE MORRIS NO. 2014-CA-0909 VERSUS MICHAEL S. LINDSEY, MELINDA BARNETT D/B/A BARNETT TRUCKING, ARCHER WESTERN CONTRACTORS, LTD, HENSLEY R. LEE CONTRACTING, INC., HRL CONTRACTING, WILLOW BEND VENTURES, L.L.C. AND ATLANTIC CASUALTY INSURANCE CO. CONSOLIDATED WITH: CONSOLIDATED WITH: TATIANA MOUTON WIFE OF/AND JERARD ZACHARY MOUTON NO. 2014-CA-0910 VERSUS MICHAEL S. LINDSEY AND MELINDA BARNETT D/B/A BARNETT TRUCKING, ET AL. CONSOLIDATED WITH: CONSOLIDATED WITH: OLGA PERDOMO AND OSCAR PERDOMO NO. 2014-CA-0911 VERSUS MICHAEL S. LINDSEY AND MELINDA BARNETT D/B/A BARNETT TRUCKING, ARCHER WESTERN CONTRACTORS, LTD., HENSLEY R. LEE CONTRACTING, INC. D/B/A AND HRL CONTRACTING, AND WILLOW BEND VENTURES CONSOLIDATED WITH: CONSOLIDATED WITH: JERRY VINETT, SR. NO. 2014-CA-0912 VERSUS MICHAEL S. LINDSEY, MELINDA BARNETT, BARNETT TRUCKING, LLC., UNIVERSAL CASUALTY AND XYZ INSURANCE COMPANY CONSOLIDATED WITH: CONSOLIDATED WITH: JEFFREY PAUL WOOD NO. 2014-CA-0913 VERSUS MICHAEL S. LINDSEY, MELINDA BARNETT D/B/A BARNETT TRUCKING, ARCHER WESTERN CONTRACTORS, LTC.,L.L.C., HENSLEY R. LEE CONTRACTING, INC. D/B/A AND HRL CONTRACTING, WILLOW BEND VENTURES, LLC, AND ATLANTIC CASUALTY INSURANCE COMPANY CONSOLIDATED WITH: CONSOLIDATED WITH: RAYMOND JOSEPH, YVONNE JOSEPH AND KIAVONNA JOSEPH NO. 2014-CA-0914 VERSUS MICHAEL S. LINDSEY, MELINDA BARNETT D/B/A BARNETT TRUCKING, BIS SERVICES, L.L.C. AND PATCO TRANSPORT, INC. CONSOLIDATED WITH: CONSOLIDATED WITH: RICHARD C. THOMAS HUSBAND OF/AND ELIZABETH A. THOMAS AND MINH Q. PHAM NO. 2014-CA-0915 VERSUS MICHAEL S. LINDSEY, MELINDA BARNETT D/B/A BARNETT TRUCKING, ATLANTIC CASUALTY INSURANCE CO., ARCHER WESTERN CONTRACTORS, LTD, BIS SERVGICES, ET AL. TOBIAS, J., CONCURS. I respectfully concur and write separately to reinforce the conclusion reached by the majority. Every act whatever of man that causes damage to another obliges him by whose fault it happened to repair it. La. C.C. art. 2315. The duty-risk analysis for a claim of negligence applies in this case. The existence of a duty is a question of law. Faucheaux v. Terrebonne Consol. Government, 615 So.2d 289, 292 (La.2/22/93). “Simply put, the inquiry is whether the plaintiff has any law - statutory, jurisprudential, or arising from general principles of fault - to support his claim.” Id. Ogea v. Merritt, 13-1085, p. 24 (La. 12/10/13), 130 So.3d 888, 905. A duty-risk analysis involves five elements, which must be proved by the plaintiff: (1) proof that the defendant had a duty to conform his conduct to a specific standard (the duty element); (2) proof that the defendant's conduct failed to conform to the appropriate standard (the breach element); (3) proof that the defendant's substandard conduct was a cause-infact of the plaintiff's injuries (the cause-in-fact element); (4) proof that the defendant's substandard conduct was a legal cause of the plaintiff's injuries (the scope of liability or scope of protection element); and (5) proof of actual damages (the damages element). Bufkin v. Felipe’s Louisiana, LLC, 14-0288, pp. 4-5 (La.10/15/14), __ So.3d__, __, 2014 WL 5394087; Pitre v. Louisiana Tech Univ., 95-1466, p. 9 (La.5/10/96), 673 So.2d 585, 590. 1 Under the totality of facts present in this case, a genuine issues of material fact exists as to whether the appellee, Archer Western Contractors, Ltd., conformed its conduct to a specific standard, which for the present precludes the granting of the present motion for summary judgment. 2