HAMILTON (JAMES D.) VS. HAMILTON (ELIZABETH S.)Annotate this Case
RENDERED: AUGUST 15, 2008; 2:00 P.M.
NOT TO BE PUBLISHED
Commonwealth of Kentucky
Court of Appeals
JAMES D. HAMILTON
APPEAL FROM FAYETTE CIRCUIT COURT
HONORABLE JO ANN WISE, JUDGE
ACTION NO. 00-CI-03518
ELIZABETH S. HAMILTON (NOW SEEGER)
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BEFORE: CAPERTON AND STUMBO, JUDGES; BUCKINGHAM,1 SENIOR
STUMBO, JUDGE: This appeal involves post-decree issues arising from a
dissolution of marriage action between James D. Hamilton (Appellant) and
Elizabeth S. Hamilton (Appellee). The matters involve a division of money that
Senior Judge David W. Buckingham sitting as Special Judge by assignment of the Chief Justice
pursuant to Section 110(5)(b) of the Kentucky Constitution and Kentucky Revised Statutes
was left after a business that was marital property was sold and the obligations of
said business were satisfied. Specifically, Appellant appeals an Opinion and Order
entered June 4, 2007, and a denial of a motion to alter, amend, and vacate, and for
additional findings of fact entered July 5, 2007. The Opinion and Order awarded
Appellee 16.73% of $765,000, less $65,937.08, which she had already received.
Appellant argues that the $65,937.08 was all that Appellee was entitled to. This
case concerns the meaning of a settlement agreement the parties executed upon the
divorce. We find that the trial court properly interpreted the agreement and that
Appellee is entitled to the full 16.73% of $765,000.
In September, 2000, the parties sought a divorce. On September 25,
2000, the parties entered into a separation agreement titled “Agreement as to
Property Rights, Custody and Support.” This agreement was incorporated into the
Decree of Dissolution of Marriage entered on January 31, 2001. At issue is the
interpretation of paragraph 16 of the agreement which states, in relevant part:
16. Business Proceeds. The said Post-Nuptial agreement
allocates interests held by the parties in Mas-Hamilton,
Inc., a Kentucky corporation (hereinafter: corporation).
Said corporation has been sold and disposition has and
will be made of the proceeds in the following manner:
a. The Wife has received the sum of One Million Four
Hundred Thousand Dollars ($1,400,000), representing
33.64% of the after-tax proceeds received to date by the
b. Approximately Seven Hundred Fifty Thousand
Dollars ($750,000) in additional proceeds has been
withheld and is subject to a letter of credit for the benefit
of the U.S. Department of Justice with respect to certain
patent proceedings now underway. Any amounts
remaining through said letter of credit after conclusion of
said proceedings and after payment of any applicable
taxes will be divided 83.27% to the Husband and 16.73%
to the Wife.
Later, the “approximately” $750,000 amount was determined to be
$765,000. Ultimately, the amount of assets required to secure a $750,000 letter of
credit to the Department of Justice was $382,500 in the form of a certificate of
deposit (“CD”). Nothing came of the patent proceedings and the $750,000 letter of
credit was released.
Following the release of the letter of credit and CD, correspondence
between the parties’ counsel revealed that Appellant was willing to give Appellee
16.73% of the CD (which had increased in value to approximately $423,000). On
October 4, 2004, Appellee filed a Verified Motion to Compel Payment in which
she sought payment of 16.73% of the full $750,000.
On November 16, 2004, the trial court ordered Appellant to pay
Appellee “the amounts owed to her on an uncontradicted basis respecting
paragraph 16(b) of the Agreement between the parties . . . .” Appellant then
tendered Appellee a check for $65,937.08.
Then, on August 4, 2006, Appellee filed a motion to reopen the decree
of dissolution in order to determine the correct amounts owed to her or, in the
alternative, compel Appellant to pay her 16.73% of approximately $750,000. Both
parties filed memoranda supporting their respective positions and an opinion and
order was entered June 4, 2007.
In this opinion and order, the court held that the agreement was
unambiguous. The agreement stated that approximately $750,000 had been
withheld from the proceeds of the sale of the business. The trial court held that the
Appellee relied on this representation when she agreed to take 16.73% of the
remaining proceeds. The court concluded that Appellee was entitled to 16.73% of
the actual amount of $765,000, less the $65,937.08 she had already received. It
also awarded her attorney fees and costs based on a provision of the settlement
agreement stating that in the event of a breach or default of duties set forth in the
agreement, the defaulting party shall pay the other party’s attorney fees and costs
relating to the default.
On June 14, 2007, Appellant filed a motion to alter, amend, vacate
and for additional findings. Appellant requested the court rule upon Appellee’s
CR 60.02 motion and vacate the portion of the opinion awarding Appellee fees and
costs. This was promptly followed by Appellee’s withdrawal of the CR 60.02
motion. The court then overruled Appellant’s motion to alter, amend, or vacate.
Appellant’s first argument is that the trial court erred in ruling that the
$750,000 subject to the letter of credit was an asset when only a $382,500 CD was
used to secure it. Appellant contends that the only amount that should have been
distributed to Appellee was 16.73% of the CD value. He wants us to focus on the
part of the settlement agreement dealing with the “amounts remaining.” He argues
that the value of the CD was the only amount remaining after the patent
proceedings ended because the full $750,000 was a liability and not an asset or
proceed. As the trial court stated, the agreement represented that approximately
$750,000 had been withheld from the business sale proceeds. Appellee relied on
this figure. We agree with the trial court that Appellant is bound by the greater
Settlement agreements are contracts governed by contract law. Frear
v. P.T.A. Industries, Inc., 103 S.W.3d 99, 105 (Ky. 2003). Absent ambiguity, a
contract will be enforced according to its terms, with said terms being given their
ordinary meaning. Id.
If an ambiguity exists, “the court will gather, if possible,
the intention of the parties from the contract as a whole,
and in doing so will consider the subject matter of the
contract, the situation of the parties and the conditions
under which the contract was written,” by evaluating
extrinsic evidence as to the parties’ intentions. (Citations
Id. at 106.
The settlement agreement is unambiguous and clearly states that
approximately $750,000 in additional proceeds had been withheld. Nowhere in the
agreement is the $382,500 figure mentioned. The fact that only the $382,500 CD
was needed to secure the letter of credit is irrelevant when considering the terms of
the contract. Appellee relied on this language in the contract and to deny her the
full amount, as the trial court found, would deprive her of the benefit of her
bargain. Once the underlying patent dispute ended, with Appellant owing nothing,
the full $750,000 amount remained, free from encumbrance and ready to be
distributed. As such, Appellee is entitled to receive 16.73% of the full amount,
minus what she has already received. Therefore, we affirm that portion of the June
4, 2007, order of the trial court.
Appellant’s second argument is that the trial court erred in granting
attorney fees and costs to Appellee. He argues that the dispute regarding the
$750,000 was based upon a good faith argument and was not a breach of the
As mentioned above, the settlement agreement contained a clause that
required any breaching party to pay the other’s attorney fees and costs. The trial
court found that Appellant breached the agreement by not giving Appellee 16.73%
of $750,000. It therefore awarded Appellee attorney fees and costs. It is within
the discretion of the trial court to determine that this was a breach of the terms of
the agreement, and we can not find that the court abused its discretion. We find, as
did the trial court did, that Appellee was due more money than she was given. The
agreement clearly stated she was to get 16.73% of $750,000, but Appellant
refused. This was a breach of the agreement. Accordingly, we affirm the award of
attorney fees and costs.
Appellant’s final argument is that the trial court erred in failing to
dismiss Appellee’s CR 60.02 motion rather than permitting it to be voluntarily
withdrawn over his objection. Appellant claims that Kentucky law does not permit
the withdrawal of a CR 60.02 motion over the objection of the opposing party. He
cites Littlefield v. Commonwealth, 554 S.W.2d 872, 873 (Ky. App. 1977), in
support of this position.
In Littlefield, Paul Littlefield entered a guilty plea and was sentenced
to twelve months in prison, which was probated for three years. Later, he filed a
CR 60.02 motion to set aside the judgment arguing that his plea had been coerced
and was involuntary. The trial court set a date for a hearing on the motion.
Littlefield failed to appear at the hearing. His counsel, however, did
appear and tried to convert his failure to appear into a voluntary dismissal without
prejudice pursuant to CR 41.01(1). The Commonwealth was ready to proceed and
objected to the dismissal without prejudice. The trial court postponed its decision,
giving Littlefield time to provide to the court the reason for his nonappearance.
Littlefield filed affidavits as required by the court, but the trial court found them
The trial court later denied Littlefield’s motion to set aside judgment
and ruled that a CR 41.01(1) dismissal without prejudice would not be appropriate.
The court stated “when a motion under CR 60.02 is filed and comes on for a
hearing, it cannot be withdrawn by the movant over the objection of the opposing
party, but must either be sustained or overruled. . . .” Littlefield at 873.
Littlefield is distinguishable from the case at hand. In that case, the
trial judge ruled that a CR 60.02 motion could not be withdrawn after it is “filed
and comes on for a hearing.” Id. (Emphasis added). Here, Appellee’s CR 60.02
motion never came for a hearing. The only motion heard by the trial court was the
motion to compel. This was specifically noted multiple times by the court. The
trial court made it clear in orders setting pretrial conferences and requesting
memoranda that it was hearing only the motion to compel.
Interestingly, we could find little Kentucky case law that describes the
circumstances under which motions in general can be withdrawn over objection.
We did find valuable information from secondary sources. For example, 56
Am.Jur.2d Motions, Rules, and Orders §32 states “a party who makes a motion
during the course of a trial generally may withdraw it at any time before the court
makes an order. . . .” Also, 60 C.J.S. Motions and Orders §41 states “[a] motion
may be withdrawn at any time before its submission, or afterwards by consent of
the parties and permission of the court. . . A motion may not be withdrawn after
submission without the consent of the court, which ordinarily will not be given
over objection of the opposing party.” “A motion has been ‘submitted’ to the
Court when the movant makes his oral argument or absent an oral argument when
he presents his papers to the Clerk after the call of the case on the return day.”
Wallace v. Ford, 44 Misc.2d 313, 314, 253 N.Y.S.2d 608, 610 (Sup.1964).
Additionally, in the case of D’Addario v. McNab, 73 Misc.2d 59, 342 N.Y.S.2d
342 (Sup. 1973), the court held that a motion could not be withdrawn once the
hearing for the motion was called.
From the above sources, we can glean that a motion may be
withdrawn by the movant anytime prior to a hearing. This comports with the
holding in Littlefield wherein counsel attempted to withdraw the motion during the
hearing. Since no hearing was held on Appellee’s CR 60.02 motion, she was
within her right to withdraw it over the objection of Appellant. Accordingly, we
For the above reasons, we affirm the trial court’s orders in full.
BRIEFS FOR APPELLANT:
BRIEF FOR APPELLEE:
Glen S. Bagby
J. Robert Lyons, Jr.
Natalie S. Wilson
Nora A. Koffman
ORAL ARGUMENT FOR
ORAL ARGUMENT FOR
J. Robert Lyons, Jr.
Nora A. Koffman