State v. VrabelAnnotate this Case
Law enforcement officers employed by the City of Prairie Village set up a controlled drug buy from Defendant to occur in the City of Leawood. As a result of the controlled buy, the State charged Defendant with felony drug charges. Defendant moved to suppress the drugs and an audio recording of the controlled buy, arguing that the Prairie Village officers had obtained that evidence while exercising their police powers outside of their jurisdiction as authorized under Kan. Stat. Ann. 22-2401(a)(2). The district court granted the motion and suppressed the evidence. The court of appeals reversed, finding that the Prairie Village officers had jurisdiction in Leawood based on a provision in section 22-2401(a)(2)(b) allowing municipal officers to exceed their jurisdictional boundaries when another jurisdiction requests assistance. The Supreme Court affirmed on different grounds, holding (1) the statutory limitations on the jurisdiction of city officers was put in place to protect the local autonomy of neighboring cities and counties, rather than to create an individual right; and (2) consequently, the suppression of any evidence obtained during a city officer’s unauthorized exercise of police power outside the officer’s employing city will generally not be required.