Kansas Case Law
The Kansas state court system is divided into three levels. The highest court in Kansas is the Kansas Supreme Court, which consists of seven judges. The Supreme Court reviews appeals of decisions by the Kansas Court of Appeals. It also reviews appeals of decisions by trial courts in limited situations. Decisions by the Kansas Supreme Court are final unless the U.S. Supreme Court agrees to review an appeal of a decision.
The middle level of the Kansas state court system is the Kansas Court of Appeals. It consists of 14 judges, who review cases in three-judge panels. Most appeals of decisions by trial courts must pass through the Court of Appeals before reaching the Supreme Court.
The lowest level of the Kansas state court system consists of the Kansas District Courts and the Kansas Municipal Courts. The District Courts are trial courts with general jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. Each of the 31 judicial districts in Kansas contains a District Court. In addition to standard types of cases, these courts review family law matters, juvenile cases, probate matters, mental health issues, and small claims cases. The District Courts also review appeals of decisions by Municipal Courts. The jurisdiction of the Municipal Courts is limited to cases that involve violations of local ordinances within the boundaries of a city.