People v. Bounds

Annotate this Case
People v. Bounds, No. 81040 (4/16/98)

Docket No. 81040--Agenda 2--January 1998.
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, Appellee, v. FRANK
BOUNDS, Appellant.
Filed April 16, 1998.

JUSTICE HEIPLE delivered the opinion of the court:
Defendant's conviction for murder and sentence of death were affirmed by
this court on direct appeal. People v. Bounds, 171 Ill. 2d 1 (1995). Defendant's
additional convictions of aggravated kidnapping and aggravated criminal sexual
assault were also affirmed. Defendant subsequently filed a petition for post-
conviction relief and later obtained leave to file an amended post-conviction
petition. The State moved to dismiss the post-conviction petition. At a scheduled
status hearing on March 28, 1996, with no amended post-conviction petition filed,
the circuit court granted the State's motion to dismiss. On April 26, 1996,
defendant filed both a motion for reconsideration and a notice of appeal.
Defendant's motion for reconsideration was denied by the trial court on May 5.
We reverse and remand.

ANALYSIS
Initially, we address, sua sponte, the jurisdiction of the trial court in the
instant case. Eastern v. Canty, 75 Ill. 2d 566, 570 (1979). Although a direct
appeal is automatically perfected in capital cases, an appeal from the denial or
dismissal of a post-conviction petition is only perfected through the filing of a
notice of appeal. Furthermore, though post-conviction proceedings are civil in
nature, appeals therefrom shall be in accordance with the rules governing criminal
appeals. 134 Ill. 2d R. 651(d). In this case, defendant filed a notice of appeal
simultaneously with his motion for reconsideration. At oral argument, the
question was raised as to the jurisdictional impact the simultaneous filing would
have on this court s jurisdiction.
This court's holding in Daley v. Laurie, 106 Ill. 2d 33 (1985), is dispositive
of the issue. In Daley, the criminal defendant filed a motion for new trial on the
same day he filed a notice of appeal. The trial court granted the motion for new
trial, and we held that improper, stating that the jurisdiction of the appellate court
attaches upon the proper filing of a notice of appeal. When the notice of appeal
is filed, the appellate court's jurisdiction attaches instanter, and the cause is
beyond the jurisdiction of the trial court. Daley, 106 Ill. 2d at 37. In the case at
bar defendant similarly filed a motion for reconsideration simultaneously with his
notice of appeal. Accordingly, the notice of appeal divested the circuit court of
jurisdiction, and the jurisdiction of this court attached instanter.
Turning to the merits of the dismissal of the post-conviction petition,
defendant asserts that the trial court denied him a full and fair opportunity to
present his claims in violation of his right to due process of law by dismissing
his post-conviction petition without proper notice and before he was able to
complete discovery. U.S. Const., amend. XIV; Ill. Const. 1970, art. I, secs. 2, 8.
Defendant s post-conviction counsel, Ronald Haze, filed a four-count petition for
post-conviction relief on June 30, 1995. Two weeks later, the court granted leave
to file an amended post-conviction petition by October 3, 1995. Haze requested
the time to amend the petition because both defendant s trial attorney and the
State had lost defendant s trial record. On September 20, 1995, the State filed a
motion to dismiss the post-conviction petition. The court continued the State s
motion to dismiss and granted a motion for discovery Haze had filed on
September 11. Haze thereafter subpoenaed records from the Chicago police
department. At the next court date, November 14, Haze requested a continuance
because the Chicago police department had not yet complied with the subpoena.
The court continued the case until December 6. On December 6 the State
announced that it had located defendant s trial record, which it turned over to the
defense along with a set of police reports. The following colloquy then ensued:
"Mr. Haze: Well, this isn't a tentative file, judge, what I would like
to do, we can grant leave to file an amended complaint, I would like to
read these over and follow-up such leads as there are in these materials,
and perhaps we can come in, either for, we can get, let's see, to amend
the complaint and do our investigation, I would estimate three months for
either status or filing date, either way, if we need a little bit more time,
we can come in just before the three months, but like at least, the three
months.
The Court: No problem. Mr. Bounds isn't going anywhere, I'm going
to be here so give me a date.
Mr. Corkell [assistant State's Attorney]: How about the 28th of
March, judge?
Mr. Haze: Okay, at this point, be for the filing of the amended
complaint, judge.
The Court: Status, you come on in and tell be what you have to do,
that's all."
On March 28, Haze appeared in court with a new discovery motion and a
motion for an additional continuance. The court noted these two motions, but
without ruling on them granted the State s motion to dismiss the post-conviction
petition without argument.
Defendant contends that the trial court s ruling dismissing his post-conviction
petition without proper notice denied him due process of law. Specifically,
defendant asserts that he was entitled to rely on the court s order granting him the
right to file an amended petition and on the court s statement that the March 28
court date was for status. Defendant maintains that he had no notice that the court
would rule on the State s motion to dismiss on the status date, and that the trial
court s decision to do so was fundamentally unfair.
In the instant case, the trial court instructed the parties that the next court
date would be for status only. Defense counsel, in accordance with this
information, came prepared for a status call, only to be surprised when the trial
court, without prior notice, granted the State's motion to dismiss. A trial court's
discretion in resolving post-conviction petitions does not allow the court to
convert a status call to a hearing on the merits without notice to the parties. The
scheduled hearing in the case was for a status report only. There was no notice
to defendant's counsel that defendant's post-conviction petition would be ruled
upon. The procedure followed thus violated defendant's right to procedural due
process under the Illinois Constitution. Ill. Const. 1970, art. I, sec. 2.
Accordingly, we reverse and remand to the circuit court for further
proceedings.

Reversed and remanded.