Gallagher v. Department of Corrections of Washington et al, No. 3:2016cv05088 - Document 35 (W.D. Wash. 2017)

Court Description: ORDER denying 28 Motion to Compel and for attorney fees, signed by Magistrate Judge Karen L Strombom.**7 PAGE(S), PRINT ALL**(Douglas Gallagher, Prisoner ID: 266279)(CMG)
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Gallagher v. Department of Corrections of Washington et al Doc. 35 1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON AT TACOMA 6 7 8 DOUGLAS E. GALLAGHER, CASE NO. C16-5088 RBL-KLS Plaintiff, 9 ORDER DENYING MOTION TO COMPEL v. 10 11 12 DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS, et al., Defendants. 13 Plaintiff Douglas E. Gallagher files a motion to compel discovery and for attorney fees. 14 Dkt. 28. For the reasons stated herein, the motion will be denied. 15 BACKGROUND 16 Mr. Gallagher is a Washington state inmate who is presently incarcerated at the Clallam 17 Bay Corrections Center (CBCC). In his second amended complaint, Mr. Gallagher alleges that 18 defendants (who are primarily his treating health care providers) violated his Eighth Amendment 19 rights when they failed to have his hernia surgically repaired. Defendants include the 20 Department of Corrections (DOC), and nine current and former employees of DOC, including 21 former DOC Secretary Dan Pacholke. Dkt. 13. 22 Mr. Gallagher identifies three interrogatories (“ROG”) and four requests for production 23 (“RFP”) at issue in his motion: 24 ORDER DENYING MOTION TO COMPEL- 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 ROGS: 2 7. Please identify and list any and all grievances against Dr. Dale Fetroe, Dr. Steven Hammond, Dan Pacholke, Kevin Bovenkamp, Ron Haynes, and Mike Holthe for the last six years. 3 4 5 6 8. Please identify and list any and all lawsuits, past and present against Dr. Dale Fetroe, Dr. Steven Hammond, Dan Pacholke, Kevin Bovenkamp, Ron Haynes, and Mike Holthe. This is to include any settlement offers. 9. Please list and identify all of the records for Price v. Morgan et al., U.S.D.C. (W.D. Wash) C13-5028 RJB/KLS. 7 Dkt. 29, Declaration of Douglas Gallagher, ¶ 7-9, Exh. F, G, and H (Plaintiff’s Second 8 Interrogatories and Third Request for Production). 9 RFP: 10 11 3. Any and all grievances against all named defendants for the last four years. This is to include level one, two, and three responses to said grievances and all electronic or written documents generated by them. 12 13 4. Any and all Civil Complaints, Tort Claims, and lawsuits in the state and federal court against all named defendants. This is to include any and all settlement agreements for the last four years. 14 15 16 17 5. A list of all offenders who have had surgical repair of their hernias in DOC custody in the state of Washington in the last four years. 6. Please produce the following documents from Price v. Morgan et. al., C13-5028-RJB/KLS; DEFS 00001115 thru 0000641, the same documents that were provided by the Attorney Generals [sic] Office in: Butsch v. DOC et. al., Clallam County Superior Court No. 13-2-01063-4. 18 Dkt. 29, Declaration of Douglas Gallagher, ¶ 3-6, Exh. B, C, D, and E (Plaintiff’s Second 19 Interrogatories and Third Request for Production). 20 Mr. Gallagher maintains that the foregoing information is “relevant as part of his theory 21 for damages.” Dkt. 28, at 4 – 6. Defendants objected to the discovery requests on grounds that 22 they are overly broad, unduly burdensome, and not reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery 23 of admissible evidence. Id. 24 ORDER DENYING MOTION TO COMPEL- 2 1 DISCUSSION 2 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(1) provides that parties “may obtain discovery 3 regarding any nonprivileged matter that is relevant to any party's claim or defense.” Fed. R. Civ. 4 P. 26(b)(1). Rule 26(b)(1) is construed broadly. Roberts v. Legacy Meridian Park Hosp., Inc., 5 299 F.R.D. 669, 671 (D. Ore. 2014). The Supreme Court interprets Rule 26(b)(1) to “encompass 6 any matter that bears on, or that reasonably could lead to other matter[s] that could bear on, any 7 issue that is or may be in the case.” Id. at 672 (quoting Oppenheimer Fund, Inc. v. Sanders, 437 8 U.S. 340, 351 (1978)). Such a broad scope of discovery, however, must be balanced against the 9 burden or expense of the particular discovery sought, considering its likely benefit, “the needs of 10 the case, the amount in controversy, the parties' resources, the importance of the issues at stake in 11 the action, and the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues.” Id. (quoting Fed. R. Civ. 12 P. 26(b)(2)(C)(iii)). 13 When a party fails to provide requested discovery that falls within the scope of Rule 14 26(b)(1), Rule 37(a)(1) allows the requesting party—after giving notice to other parties and 15 attempting to confer—to “move for an order compelling disclosure or discovery.” Id. (quoting 16 Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(a)(1)). “The party who resists discovery has the burden to show that discovery 17 should not be allowed, and has the burden of clarifying, explaining, and supporting its 18 objections.” Cable & Computer Tech., Inc. v. Lockheed Saunders, Inc., 175 F.R.D. 646, 650 19 (C.D. Cal. 1997). 20 A. Health-Care Related Grievance of Non-Party Inmates (ROG 7, RFP 3) 21 Mr. Gallagher initially requested that defendants identify any and all grievances against 22 the named defendants for the last six years and produce all grievances against the named 23 24 ORDER DENYING MOTION TO COMPEL- 3 1 defendants for the last four years. Dkt. 28, Exhibits F and B. In his motion to compel, Mr. 2 Gallagher asks the Court to compel defendants to produce grievances limited to the denial of or 3 inadequate medical care for the last four years. Id., at 2. 4 Defendants have provided Mr. Gallagher with the grievances he filed and responses to 5 those grievances. Dkt. 31-2, Declaration of Gauri Shrotriya Locker, ¶¶ 2-3. As to other inmate 6 grievances, defendants argue that the discovery requests are unduly burdensome as DOC records 7 are not indexed according to the criteria called for in the discovery request. Dkt. 31-1, 8 Declaration of Dale Caldwell, DOC Statewide Grievance Program Manager, ¶ 7. According to 9 Mr. Caldwell, 90,500 grievances were filed statewide in the last four years (December 8, 2012 10 through December 8, 2016). Of those grievances, 16,504 were health-services related. During 11 the same period, 6,238 grievances were filed at CBCC and 910 of those grievances were health12 service related. Id. Grievances are not indexed by a staff member but are indexed by inmate and 13 pre-determined assigned specifics. For example, one specific could be to limit a search to 14 health-service related grievances. However, even if such a request was limited to health-service 15 related grievances from the last four years, the review would be overwhelming because each 16 grievance document would require an individual review by DOC staff to determine whether any 17 of the named defendants was listed in the grievance documents. Id. For example, if the request 18 were limited to grievances related to health care at CBCC, DOC staff would be required to 19 review documents related to 910 grievances, including all responses and follow-up. Id., ¶ 6-7. 20 Defendants further note that the requests are related to medical and health care 21 information of other individuals who are not parties to this suit. Thus, each page of the 22 grievance documents, including all responses and follow up, would have to be carefully 23 reviewed and redacted in accordance with state and federal privacy laws. See, e.g.; 14 24 ORDER DENYING MOTION TO COMPEL- 4 1 CFR 45.165 (HIPAA) and RCW 70.02 et.seq. Defendants further argue that the documents 2 sought are not relevant to plaintiff’s claims, are inadmissible as hearsay, and are impermissible 3 character evidence under ER 404(b). 4 In this case, Mr. Gallagher needs to show that defendants were deliberately indifferent to 5 his serious medical needs. Mr. Gallagher states only that this information is relevant to “his 6 theory of damages” but does not explain how information relating to the grievances of other 7 inmates is relevant to show that defendants were deliberately indifferent to his medical needs. 8 The facts and circumstances of each inmate’s medical condition are different, and therefore, 9 whether or not a particular inmate filed a grievance as to his medical condition is not relevant to 10 this case. Accordingly, Mr. Gallagher’s motion to compel further response to ROG 7 and RFP 3 11 are denied. 12 B. Other Lawsuits and Documents from Price v. Morgan, C13-5028-RJB/KLS (ROG 8 RFP 4; ROG 9, RFP 6) 13 Mr. Gallagher moves the Court to compel defendants to produce copies of all civil 14 complaints, tort claims, and lawsuits (including all settlement agreements and offers) filed 15 against all of the defendants for the last four years. Dkt. 28, at 2. Mr. Gallagher also seeks an 16 order compelling Defendants to produce over 500 pages of documents presumably filed in Price 17 v. Morgan, C13-5028-RJB/KLS. Id. 18 Defendants argue that the expense of the proposed discovery far outweighs any 19 conceivable benefit. Mr. Gallagher claims only that these discovery requests are relevant to his 20 theory of damages, but does not articulate how the requests, which are not limited in subject 21 matter or scope, would support his theory. As correctly noted by defendants, the information 22 requested would involve allegations of conduct unrelated to Mr. Gallagher’s claims by 23 individuals, many of whom are at other prisons, who have no relation to his case. 24 ORDER DENYING MOTION TO COMPEL- 5 1 Mr. Gallagher also fails to articulate how the documents presumably filed in the Price 2 case would support his theory of damages. Documents relating to the health care of a non-party 3 are not relevant to Mr. Gallagher’s claims that the defendants in this case violated his Eighth 4 Amendment rights. Settlement offers and agreements from other lawsuits are also not relevant to 5 the damages Mr. Gallagher has allegedly suffered in this lawsuit. 6 Therefore, Mr. Gallagher’s motion to compel further response to ROG 8, ROG 9, RFP 4, 7 and RFP 6 are denied. 8 C. List of Offenders Who Have Had Surgical Hernia Repair (RFP 5) 9 In this request for production, Mr. Gallagher asks for a “list” of inmates who have had 10 surgical repair of their hernias while in DOC custody at any DOC prison within the last four 11 years. Dkt. 28, at 6. Defendants argue that the request is overly burdensome and seeks 12 information that is not relevant to Mr. Gallagher’s claims. The Court agrees. 13 First, the Court notes that defendants are not required to create a document that does not 14 exist. A party may serve on another party a request to produce any designated documents that 15 are in the responding party's possession, custody, or control. Fed. R. Civ. P. 34(a)(1). However, 16 a party is not required to prepare new documents solely for their own production. See, e.g., 17 Alexander v. FBI, 194 F.R.D. 305, 310 (D.C.Cir.2000) (“Therefore, Rule 34 only requires a party 18 to produce documents that are already in existence.”). This request is also unduly burdensome as 19 it would require defendants to search through medical records from thousands of inmates around 20 the state to compile such a list. 21 Second, the request seeks private and protected health care information of non-parties 22 which information is protected by federal and state health care privacy laws. See, e.g., CFR 23 45.165 (HIPAA) and RCW 70.02 et.seq. Mr. Gallagher fails to articulate how the information 24 related to the health care of non-parties is relevant to his claim that defendants violated his ORDER DENYING MOTION TO COMPEL- 6 1 Eighth Amendment rights. As previously noted, the facts and circumstances of each inmate’s 2 medical condition are different and are not relevant to this case. 3 Accordingly, Mr. Gallagher’s motion to compel further response with regard to RFP 5 is 4 denied. 5 Accordingly, it is ORDERED: 6 (1) Plaintiff’s motion to compel and for attorney fees (Dkt. 28) is DENIED. 7 (2) The Clerk of Court is directed to send a copy of this Order to plaintiff and to 8 counsel for defendants. 9 Dated this 24th day of January, 2017. 10 A 11 Karen L. Strombom United States Magistrate Judge 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 ORDER DENYING MOTION TO COMPEL- 7