Richardson v. Unknown, No. 7:2017cv00212 - Document 21 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 7/28/2017. (tvt)
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' CL S OFFI U, DI ERK' CE B. SI AT RCASOKE, I VA . . E( '*3 Ji 'f L ,. ) JUL 22 2 1 27 I TH E UNI N TED STATES DISTRI COURT CT FOR TH E W ESTERN DI STRI OF W RGI A CT NI R O AN O K E D I I O N V SI BR I R I AR D SO N , AN CH JULA i BY- r - , v. ' CA SE N O .7: 17CV 0021 2 Pl ntff ai i , V. M EM O R AN DU M O PP W O N RED ONI STATE PRI ON SON ,1 By: H on.Gl n E.Co e nrad U ni e St e D i t i tJudge t d at s s r c D ef endant . Bra Riha ds aVigi a i t pr e ng pr K ,fl d t scvi rght aci n unde in c r on, r ni nma e oc edi o ie hi i l i s to r . 4 U. C.j1 8 a an tl n me o fcasa Re On o Sae P io (ç d On o ' t a h 2 S. 9 3 g i s l n d fi il t d i n tt rs n l n Re in' h t e ) bei ve a e c pii a ns hi . Afe r vi oft r cor t co tsl ma iy dim is le s r ons rng gai t m tr e ew he e d, he ur lm rl s s es t c he ompli a nme m e sa fi ous a nt nd nd nt s rvol . l iha ds s i ta s tc r on' niil ubmison was a lte t t c t He c pl ne a si e tr o he our. om ai d bout uns cii d vi a i ofli rght by prs ofi i l .H edi noti ntf a def nda si t pe fe oltons ls i s ion. fc a s d de iy ny e nt n he tte oft ca e I lt r lte s he me i d s il he s . n ae e tr , ntone ome ofi r by na a a lged,i ge r l fce s me nd le n ne a t r ,co pia e r a e t i om i l galm al ve balt e t, a f l e t r s e ms ns r cis elt d o nc ng e i, r hr a s nd aiur s o e pond t o gre nce .2 Riha ds n a s lse s ve a da e whe one ofie ha a lgedl s a d hi i va s n fc r d le y pr ye m c r o l o it d e r l t s wih ma e. W c r on t n s te a j1 3 f whih i ntfed o y Re Oni a a t c ha ds he ubmitd 98 onn c de ii nl d on s de e nt Thi frtn e f nda . s is m nded c ompli alege t tan ofi e had r m o d f ie s fom ant l d ha fc r e ve ood t m r Richardson v. Unknown Doc. 21 1 I an a ende compl nt Riha ds na Ske Onin Stt Prs 'ast defndant A c or ngl d ai , c r on mes ç d o ae ion' he e l n m . c di y, t c twildiec t clr t s tt et se iyon t doc ti plceofç he our l r t he e k o ubsiut hi ntt he ke n a l unknown. ' ' 2 R.iha ds n a kst c tt e m pthi 9om t r quie e t theexha ta ia e a i sr i c r o s he our o xe m he e r m nt ha us valbl dm nitatve rme isb fr tl galws i.Hei a vsdta ti rq rme ti sauo y Se 4 U.. 91 9 ea. e de eoe ii a ut n s d ie h ths e uie n s tttr . e 2 SC. 9 7 () Dockets.Justia.com ' Ri ha ds n' br kf s ta on M a 1 201 a on t s ba i,Riha ds n s c r o s ea a t r y y 4, 7, nd hi s s c r o oughtt ha t o ve he of e fr d.3 fc r ie Attzspoi i t l ui,t c te e e a o de g a i Ri r on t ry da t li nt n he aws t he our nt r d n r r r ntng cha ds hit ys o fl a ame d c ant i ntf ngpr rdee nt a ce ry sai hi j 1 cams ie n nde ompli , de iyi ope fùda s nd lal ttng s 983 li . The or r s c fc l a s d hi t tRed Oni wasnota pe s n t t c d be s d unde de pe ii aly dvie m ha on r o ha oul ue r j1 a t tt n nde c ants ul ma ac eesae ntofa1oft cli he 983 nd ha he me d ompli ho d ke omplt ttme l he ams wihe t brng i t lws t Theor rsaed: s d o i n he a ui. de t t t n nd d c mp an mu t ()ce ry ie tf p ro t)a d fn a ts;( ) he me e o lit s: a la l d n iy e s n s s ee d n t) b sa e f cs a tt a t bout s i aci ns t ra n by e h def nda ,pe s ly,i pecfc to mde tke ac e nt r onal n vo ain o lih r s n sc nsiuin ldg t;()saewh tijl Rih r o ilto f kc ad o ' o ttto a h s c tt a nt y c ads n r hass f r o f a shewils f ,a ar s tofe c de e ufé ed, r e r l ufer s e ul a h f ndan ' vi ai ofhi ts ol ton s rg t;a d ( )saewh tr le h s e s(.. n tr d ma e o ac ur o d r. ih s n d tt a eif e e k ie mo eay n g s r o t r e) I one de e nt has t ke unc tt i l ac i ns a i t Ri ha ds o m or f f nda a n ons iutona to ga ns c r on n e t n one oc aso Ri ha ds m us pr de c ha c i n, c r on t ovi omplt f c s a ee a t boute h o t e ac f hes e nt ,i de al hem a notsm pl ls t daes ve s n t i; y i y it he t . Or r3,ECF N o.1 de 7.Theor a s wa nedRihar on t tf llet fl a a nde der lo r c ds ha aitr o ie n me d c mplitwo l rs l i d s sa o ti c s wi o t eudc . o an ud e ut n imis l f h s a e t u prj ie h I rs ns t t e o d r Rih r o s b te a s c nd j 1 8 fr l tl s c n n epo e o h r e , c ads n u mitd e o 9 3 o m. n ls e o d i a e dc m nde ompli t he name onl Red Oni n St t Prs msa def nda a sa e t s m e an, d y o a e ion e nt nd t t d he a c am a l i boutf ie sbei r m o d fom hi ta on M a 1 Aga n,he as t ha t t ood t m ng e ve r s ry y 4. i ked o ve ha ' ofie fr d, a s as f rmone a y dn a . fc r e but lo ked o t r m ges Ri ha ds n ha a s s i t d a he doc l e t t t c t c t ue as a he c r o s l o ubm t e not r lm nt ha he our onsr s not r m oto t n e i n o m nd. He e,he a lge t tRe Ori n of i l a e c pii t vi ae prs r le s ha d lo fc a s r ons rng o ol t ion polci ,mite t i t ,a t n c i es sr a nma es nd he overup t i mic he r s onduc usng a G ue W a lof Sie s t i t Bl l l nt gil' G ltr tci s,'a co pia y wih c tpes sc,' t iay a tclq' nd ns r c t our ronnelnea Red Ori P1' M o. mi r lon. .s t Am e 4- ECF N o.20. Riha ds n lsse nt t thebele sha vi a e hi consiu i nd 5, c r o it ve s ha ive ve olt d s tt tonal 3 Riha ds n i adviedt tr nai ac r c i ofi e fom empl nti notaf m ofr le c r o s s hat e mi tng ore tonal tc r r oyme s or eif a albeu d rj1 8 v i l n e 9 3. a s ae c i ns i e n t r d ve c ds n a r ve rght : on i ol t d oc as o snc 2007,a ofk e di not gi R i har o a m e l tay,ga i s hi a ba m e ta put f i hi Koolad,orr m ove t c ke fo hi ta i J nua y m d al r y, ood n s -i e d he a r m s r y; n a r 2009,ar ofie pt hed t outi e ofhi c l wi l fc r mc he sd s e l ndow az cal d hi a l ec ofs f' ofi e s ld le m l e hi ; fc r pi ha ti m a tmes t sn t ta sotc r o li f r ,o e ca i hi t c hi ve red ny i o lm he r y l ove n ls mge s nc usng m o ut s t humb;on J 1 2009,a of rr f s d t gi Riha ds n a s w e ;on J y 26,2011 a une 8, n fce e u e o ve c r o ho r ul ,n o tc rG eieaeyse pe o t b c o (te ad o s s o rs o tyngt c u er mjt fi e t lb rtl tp d n he a k f lih r s n'l h we h e r i o a s hi o d f ldo t sar t lt ld ah' a do oh ro c so , fkesd dno alw l m t h l t e al wn he tis o l s e t ' n n t e c a ins o f r i t l l o od h i ; o i r i wh l g ig d wn tis t u b dlilu p rb c ae i ah mo e u lmn ne, o v r al al ie on o sar,G ble l p e a k r a n o s x a n r' r eb l r s ' y t e t ne t hn hi .1 a 6,1 1 hr a e d o nn m d. t 0, 2. l l. The co lt i r quied t dimis a a ton or ca m fld by a prs r a i t a tr s e r o s s ny c i li ie ione gans gove nme a e iy o ofi e i t c tde e mi st aci n orcai i fi ous m ai i , r nt l ntt r fc r f he our t r ne he to l m s rvol , lcous o fist saeacam o wh c rle ma beg a td. 2 . S. j 1 5 b ( ) To saea r al o tt li n ih eif y rn e 8U. C. 91 A( )1. tt c us o a to u e 1 8 ,a pan ifmus e tbls t a h h s be n d p i d o rg t a e f cin nd rj 9 3 litf t sa ih h t e a e e rve f ih s gua a ee by t Consiuto or lws o t Unied Stt s a t tt s de i ton r ule r nt d he tt i n a f he t a e nd ha hi prva i es t d fom c r onduc co mitd by a pe s aci t de c orofsa e lw . W es v.At ns 48 U. t m te r on tng m r ol tt a t ki , 7 S. 42( 988 . 1 ) Theo l d f n a tt a Rih r s n n me i h ss c n n n e j1 3 c mpliti n y ee d n h t c ad o n s n i e o d me d d 98 o an s Re On o Stt Prs nis l. I i welstldta asaec n o bes du d rj 1 8 .W i v. d i n ae io tef4 t s l e t h t tt n n t ue n e 9 3 l e l M ihi nDe tofStt Polc 491U. 58,71( 989)Ct jihe aStt norisof i sa tng c ga p' ae ie, S. 1 l et r ae t fcal ci i t rofki c pa ii ael ro 'lnde j1983. Thi nzealoa i t G r me a n hei t al a ctes r pes ns l r ' 3. s l s pples o i n ntl gove e iis t t a e c i r t r oft St t f r El ve h Ame e pur e . 1 a 70. ntte ha r onsde ed a ms he a e' o e nt ndm nt pos s' d. t ' 4 Rih r s nd e n trfrt a yidvd l fc ra ad fn a ta dd e n tls a ys c pes n s i c ad o o s o ee o n n iiua ofie s ee d n n o s o it n u h ro t) n tetteo tesc n a n e c mpan a rq ie S eFe R. v. 1 ()Cca in;Nameo Paris .. h il f h e o d me d d o lit s e urd. e d. Ci *. 0 a pto f te. . Th tt o tec mpan mu t a alh p ris . .) e il f h o lit s n me 1te at . .' e e ' 3 The e or co r c i r f e, r e tonalc nt r ,a e ii oper t by t Com monwe lh,a e no ç r ons' e e s s nttes aed he at r t ç s ' pe t tca bes d t rj 1 a Rihar on' camsagans Re Ozi mus bedimisd, ha n ue mde 983, nd c ds s li i t d lon t s se p ru n t j1 5 b ( ) u s a t o 91 A( )1. I a eve ,Riha ds n' c r ntal gato do no sae any aci na e ca m unde n ny nt c r o s ur e le i ns t tt to bl li r j 1 8 a an ta o .Hi va uea srin o ac ns ia y wi o ta y fcsa o ttea to s 9 3 g is ny ne s g se t s f o pr c , t u n a t b u h cin o h o idv d a o scas f i t saea y a to a l j1 8 cam. Hik ev Ci o Clr s u g f n ii u l f il, al o tt n cin b e 9 3 li n l . t f ak b r , v 81F.d41 , 21(t Ci.1 9 )( odngt a t saec n pr c cam, litf mus saefcs 3 6 4 4 h r 9 6 h li h t o tt o s ia y li p an if t tt a t t a wo d te s n bl la t t ifr n e t t( ee d n s po iiey o t cty c me t a h t ul t a o a y e d o he n e e c ha d fn a tq stv l r a il n o r mu l t e sa ig t ty t a c mp ih a c mmo a u lwf l pln'. Smi ry ma md rtndn o r o c o ls o n nd n a u a ' ) i l l, a liha ds has saed no c tt i na c am bas d on o t e s'al ge ve balc tc r on tt onsiuto l l i e fk r le d r omm e s a nt nd g su e ao e s eHe se v Le s 1 3 Fe . p' 1 9 1 9 (t Ci. 0 5 (iig Col n v et rs ln , e n le . wi, 5 d Ap x 7 , 7 4 h r 2 0 ) ctn ls. i Ct v 6 3 F.d 8 5 8 7 ( 0h Ci.1 7 ),o b s d o t er alg d f i r t r s o d t md , 0 2 2 , 2 1 t r 9 9) r a e n h i le e al e o e p n o u imaer q e t a g iv n ef nns Se Ad msv. c , 0F.d7 , 5( t Ci. 9 4 (t he n t e u ss nd re a c o . e n Rie 4 3 2 7 4h r 1 9 ) <T) ( Consiuton c e t s no e tte e t g va e pr e es or a e s t a s h pr e e tt i r a e n ilnA nt o de nc oc dur cc s o ny uc oc dur v ln ai etbihe b asae' ou trl sa ls d y tt y ). The Ei t Am e gh h ndme ,whi a i t t sa e t rt Due Pr e s Cl us oft nt ch pples o he t t s mde he oc s a e he Foure nt Am e e , G o e t i t fom i l ne team e a c tons whie te h ndm nt ç t c s nma es r pr nhlma r t nt nd ondii l i rs ne . W il msv. n n n 7 F.d75 7 ( t Ci.1 9 ) ç-j eCo siuin d e mp io d' li ' a Be imi , 7 3 6, 61 4h r 9 6 . Gfh n t to o s g t no ma t co f tbl prs ,'ho e r a c tons t t a e t e ti tve a e n t ndae m ora e ions' w ve , nd ondii ha r t srci nd ve r ha s ...a e pa tof t pe ly t t c i i lof e r pa f t i of e e a ns s i t ' rh r r he na t ha r m na f nde s y or he r f ns s gai t oc e y. ' Rho e v.Cha ma 4 2 U. 3 7 3 7 4 ( 98 ) I i wel etb ihe t t l ny t ds p n, 5 S. 3 , 4 - 9 1 1 . t s l sa ls d ha G l he o Inne es a y a wa on i lci n ofpan i ia e t Ei h Ame e . See W is v. l c s r nd nt nfito i mplc t s he ght ndm nt' ' lon S i r 5 U. 2 4 2 7( 9 )(n en l u tto mak a dctto so te ) et , 01 S. 9 , 9 1 91 itr a q o ain r s n iain mitd . e 4 To s san a u c nsi to a c n iins cam, a p io e mu t s w t a: ( ) u ti n n o tt in l o dto li u rs n r s ho h t 1 o j ci ey t d p i to wa s fiin l sro st a i d nid hm lh mii lcv l e b e tv l, he e rvain s u fce ty e iu h t t e e i G e n ma iii d t z me s r o lf ' ne e ste ' n ( )s b e tv l,t d fnd n p io o fcas a td wih a u e f ie s c siis' d 2 u j ciey he ee a t rs n fiil ce t -a G i r t i fe e t i ae he t o s f t ' Fn me v.Br nna 511 U. 825, 8 t be ae ndif r nce o nm t alh r a ey. del ' r r e n, S. 34 ( 9 4 (n en lq o ain maks o te ) F r a c nsiuin ly sg iia td p i ain t e 1 9 ) itr a u tto r mitd . o o ttto al infc n e rv to , h prs r m us s ione t how l i fc nt physc o e o i G gnii a s ial r m tonalhn m,or a gr ve rs o s h hn m, r a ik f uc r ' ' rs tngfom t c l dc to .Sha v.Smih,71F. 1 1 ( h Ci.1 . e uli r he halenge ondiins kka t 3d 62, 66 4t r 995) Riha ds n' c c r o s ompl i s a ant boutc ii a Red Oni do no sa e a co tmtonal ond tons t on t t t ny nsi i c am ,be a e he doe nots li c us s how how he s f r a t i fc ntphysc ore i hn m' ufe ed ny t gni a s ial motonal r ' fom t e c tons 1 Fis,mi sng a mea o a f ie on iol td oc asons i nota r hos ondii . d. r t s i l r ood t m s ae c i s s fce l s rousde i ton t gi rs t a c tt tona cli .Se e. ,W liev.Gr r ufi inty e i prva i o ve ie o onsiu i l a m e, g. lt eao y, 1F.d 26 ,2 9 (t Ci.1 9 )(fimig d src c u ts ds sa a f v luso imaes 3 7 6 4 h r 9 3 afr n itit o r' imis l s z oo f n t ' i cai t the r eve onl t meas pe da durng we ke ,bec us i ae al ged no l m ha ec i d y wo l r y i e nds a e nm t le sg iia tr s lng ij r ) Se o d e e t o g ma e ma c u e s me d s o o t pi o i nfc n e ut nu y . c n , v n h u h c y a s o ic mf r, zs n i ofi i l m a l wf l us i t r ga n co r a s ey i a o it cic l sa e . Se e. , fc as y a uly e t o e i ntol nd aft n ppr pra e r lm t nc s e, g. Soov. c y 7 4F.d 1 6 1 0(t Ci.1 4 ( l igt tçtheus o ma e ta g so t Dike , 4 2 2 0, 27 7h r 98 ) hodn ha G l e f c , e r a r g o he c m iala ntoft lkenatr whe r as na y nec s a y t pr ve rot ores pe o t t r he c ge he i tze n e o bl e s r o e nt i s ca r o s b u rc li a tprs n r d e n tc n ttt c u la il ma pu ihme f). Alh u h u d e e act n io es o s o o si e r e nd nrl n ns n r u to g a s d t do s Riha ds n ha notpr ded s fc e t dea l a dvie o o, c r o s ovi ufi i n t is boutt cicl sa eswhe he r lm t nc n o l e s s a d hi w ih m ac t s a e a c tt i lc ai i t sc e. fk r pr ye m t e o t t ny ons i ona l m n hi as m Fi ly,ma ofRihar o sc nal ny c ds n' ompl i sc ant once n i i nt t toc ured m or t n t r nc de s ha c r e ha wo yea sbe or hefld t sc e.Suc c am sa eba r d t rt a i a e sam eoflmia i , r f e ie hi as h l i r z e mde he pplc bl tt i t tons Va Co eAn j80 - 5 A)2 . A j 1 8 cam ta o c re i Vigni mu tb fldwi i . d n. .1 6 4( ( ) 9 3 li h t c u rd n r i a s e ie t n h 5 t ye r 9om t da e whe t pl i ifkne oft de e ntshn t li . Se Shet v. wo a s he t n he antf w he f nda ' nn o zm e lon An eo e 1 8 F.S pp 2 6 0 6 7 ( . Va 20 ) afd 49 F. p' 4 ( t Ci.20 2 R ln , 4 u . d 7 , 7 W D. . 01, f', Ap x 51 4h r 0 ) (mp bihe ) c r. e id 5 8U. 9 4 ( 0 ) W h n tec ur fn si ce rfo t fc o t u ls d , e td n e , 3 S. 6 20 3 . e h o t i d t la r m he a e f t c pl ntt tt pl i ifs cli s a e tme ba r d,t c tm a ml m a y dimi st he om ai ha he antf am r i r e he our y m dl s s he a to a f o o st e j 1 1 A( )1 . I .(p l ig e rirveso o 2 U. C.j 1 5 d ) cin s dv l u md r 9 5 b () d a p yn a l ri n f 8 S. e 91 ( ). Thus a cl i t t l i ha ds n m a be a tm ptng t brng i t s a ton bas d on e nt t , ny a m ha t c r o y te i o i n hi c i e ve s hat oc ure mor t nt ye sbeor hesl t j1 acin onM a 1 201 i tme- re c rd e ha wo ar f e ed Ms 983 to y 7, 7,s i bard a m us be di m i s a s h. nd t s s ed s uc Fo te ra o sae t e c u tds se lih r s n' c mp an wi o tp eu ie r h e s ns ttd, h o r imis s tc ad o s o lit t u rj dc , h pls a t t j1 1 A( )1, a f lu . Th Clr i drce t s n c pis o t i t u n o 9 5 b ( ) s dvoo s r e ek s ie td o e d o e f h s me or ndlm opi o a a ompa ng or rt pli if m a l ni n nd cc nyi de o a ntf . ENTER:Thi 48A d yo J y 2017. s a f ul, Unie Stt sDititJ t d a e src udge 6