Tibbs v. Wang et al, No. 7:2017cv00178 - Document 25 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 12/22/2017. (tvt)
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CLERK' OFFI U,. ST COUU S CE S DI . AT RCANOKE, VA fi. 1 :ti( '-è2 i) DE2 2 5 2 1 27 I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRICT COURT FO R TH E W ESTERN D I STR I O F VI G I A CT R NI ROANOKE DI I ON V SI J I ,- D UL sy; A LBER T L.TI S, BB Pl i if a nt f , Ci lA c i N o.7: c 001 vi t on 17- v- 78 V. M EM O R AND U M O PI O N M L. ANG,e al, W t . By: Defendant s. Hon.M i hae F.Ur c l bans ki Chi fUnied St e Di t i tJudge e t at s s r c Al r L.Ti ,aVigi a i t pr e ng pr K ,fl d ave ii compl i ptr ua be t bbs r ni nma e oc edi o ie rfed ant ts nt t 42U. C.j 1 Pli ifna sa defnda sDr L. ang,hef iiydocora Gr n o S. 983. antf me s e nt . W t aclt t t ee Ro kCo rcin l n e Cr re Ro k'; o haMa s n u g t Gre a c Co r iao a c re t a Ce tr e n c ' S p i se b r ,he iv n e o dn t r t o ) Gr e Roc a K.Cr en k; nd owde , heW e t m Regina Ombuds rt se o l man f rt Vigi aDe m e o o he r ni pM nt f / Co rcin (VDOC' .Plitf alg sta Dr W a gwa d lb rtl l ifrn t l epan re to s ç < ' an if le e h t . n s ei eaey- fee t o ç ) nd ne i a M a s nbur a Cr nd s e g nd owde de e hi a c st t prs gre nc pr e s De e an s r ni d m c es o he ion iva e oc s . f nd t fl motonsf s ied i or umm a y, a Pli ifr po ed,mn ngt m at rrpef diposton. r nd a ntf es nd ki he te i or s ii l Afe rv e n ter c r , h c u t rn sDe e d n s moin f rs mmayj d me t tr e iwig h e o d t e o r ga t fn a t' to s o u r u g n . 1. NA. . Dr W a fr te mi d Pli iff rghtkne pa n on M a 25, 5.Pl i ift t d . ng is xn ne >ntf or i e i y 201 antf ese postve f rs li a ne tvef t f l wi t ss M c ur a st s f at a i t ii o we lng nd ga i or he olo ng e i : M r y' e t or e . n he r lPli ifas tl ar y t ana we tatt c tha nota h i d i a or nc wih FedeglRul antf lo ied epl o ns r h he our d utbrze n cc da e t 'r es o CiiP o e ue7 a()a d1 ()1( .Co s q e t ta rpyd e no c y ttt apla i ta i alwe f vl r c d r ()7 n 2 a()C) n e u nl h t e l o s t o siue e dng h ts lo d y, undert Fe r Rul ofCi lPr ed eora fr d lbealc tuci a t c tdoe notc i ri.ée he deal es vi oc ur fo de i r onsr ton, nd heiour s onsde t e Tibbs v. Wang et al F dR. vP.t)Mc iv UntdSae, 0 U.. 0 , 1 (9 3 C( e a ê ee sg etdta e . Ci. 7a; Nel . i tts5 8 S l6 13 19 ) t h v n vr u g s h t e W) e Doc. 25 pr edur r esi or na yci lltgai s dbe i epr t s a t e us mit sby t ewhopr e oc al ul n di r vi ii ton houl ntr eed o s o xc e sakç hos oc ed wi o t o hsl'(leaina d d f on t n mbe o te l;o r a v.a e 9 F.d1 ,1 9 1 (t Ci. t u c u e. atrt d e ; o toe u r mitdlJ u d n J b , 51 2 08 0 - 0 6h r h ' o 191 ( l n ta apoK liatin tnildt s ca cnieaint e cs afi r t flo a 9 )hodig ht r iln s o ett o peilo sdrto o xue al e o olw t e u srihfr r p o e la rq rme th tqlypes ncnc mp e e a e sl a alwy r; e as S erlv tag towad r c dz le ule n ta ,a ro a o rh nd s aiy s a e) se lo h r-l . r i Hod rNo 1 0 4 9 2 3U. DitLEXI 1 0 7 , t*1201 WL 1 31 9 , t*1( Az J n 2 , 01 ) le, . 2-0 8 , 01 S. s. 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Dee a t tldmoin f rs mmayj g n .A p ryi e tte t sl r fnd n s ie to s o u r ud me t a t s n i d o l l mmay j d me ti t pla ig ,h ds ls dmaeil o fl, n a ya d vt s o t th r i n u g n f he e dn s te ico e tras n ie a d n v a is h w ha te e s o g n n dip t a t a ymaeil a t Fe R. v. 5 () M ae ilfcsaet s n c s ay e uie s u e s o n tra f c. d. Ci P. 6 a . tra a t r ho e e e sr t e tbls t ee e sofapa t sc us ofaci n.Ande s v.Li ly Lo o sa ih he lm nt ry' a e to r on be' bby.I . 477U . t nc, S. 2 248( 986) A g nui diput ofmaei f te ssi,i viwi t rcor a a1 42, 1 . e ne s e tral ac xit f n e ng he e d nd l r a ona ei e e esdr t r fom i algh mos f vo a et t non- ovi pa t a e s bl nf r nc awn he e r n i t t a r bl o he m ng ry, r a ona efc-i rc drtinaveditf t non- nt J= Themovi pa t hast e s bl a tfnde oul elr r c or he mova . #. ng ry he bur n ofs wi - lha i,poi i outt t diti tco t t tt r i a a e of de ho ng ç t s ntng l o he src ur - ha he e s n bs nce e de et s vi nc o uppor t nonm o ngpa t sc e. Ce o e Cop . Ca r t,477 U. 31 325 t he vi ry' as ' l t x ' v. te t S. 7, ! ( 986 .I t mova s tsist sbur n,he t no mova mus s f t s ii fcst 1 ) f he nt aife hi de t n he n- nt t et orh pecfc a t hat d ons r t t e s e e ofa ge ne dipu e off tf t i l 1 a 322- t e e em ta e he xi t nc nui s t ac or r a . d. t 24. G r M u u p re s c lt n . .sno e o g t d fa as mma yj d me tmo in. En sv. ns p o td pe uai . i t n u h o ee t u r u g n to ' ni o ' 3 Na'As ' o Bus & Ed c Ra i. n .5 F.d5 , 2( t Ci. 9 5 . A p ryi e t ldt tl sn f . u . do l c, 3 3 5 6 4h r 1 9 ) a t s ni e o t s mma yj d me ti t erc r a awhoec u dn tla arto a tiro fc t fn i fv r u r u g n f h e od s l o l o e d ain lre f a t o id n a o o ten n- v n .W il msv Grfi , 5 F.d 8 , 2 ( t Ci.1 91.A plitf c n o f h o mo a t li a . ifn 9 2 2 20 8 3 4h r 9 ) an if n n t u ear s o s t amo inf rs s e p n e o to o umma yj d me tt a n o c re t c mp an c aln e b r u g n o me d r o rc a o lit h le g d y temoin frsl r j d me t o nng rv Mc vt, 5 F.d3 4 3 6( t Ci. 0 9 . h to o l mmay u g n .Cla i e . De it5 5 3 2 , 3 4 h r 2 0 ) A. De e nt a guet tPl ntf f ie t e us a ia ea i sr tve r medisa f nda s r ha ai if al d o xha t va lbl dm nita i e e s rquie by42U. C.j1997 a.Thec t r sa grnt Dee nt motonsfr e rd S. e() our agee nd a s fnda s' i o s mmayj d me t u r u g n. The e usi r quiem e i m a t y a Ea i st a li a e s t a tprs xha ton'e r nt s nda or nd çpple o l nm t uis bou i on lf g ' Po trv Nusl, 3 U. 51 , 2 5 2 ( 0 ) % r p rç h u to d ma s ie .' re . se 5 4 S. 6 5 4, 3 20 2 . t o e x a si n e nd q p c omplanc wih a ag nc sde dlne a ot rc iialpr ed a r l à' W oodf d v. co, i e t n e y' a i s nd he rtc oc ur l u e . ' or N 548U. 81,90( ) W he aprs pr de a a nitai gre ncepr ed e t S. 2006 . n ion ovi s n dmi srtve iva oc ur ,he i a e m us fl a gr e nce r i i a pa tc arc a m and ptr ue i t o h a 1a ia e l vel nm t t ie i va a sng ri ul l i ls t hr ug l va l bl e s o a p a t ç o el e h us. I .Dio v. a , 91F.d48 , 0 91(t Ci. 0 ) f p e l o ç p ry x a t' d; x n Pa e 2 3 / 49 - 7h r 20 2 . pr ' 5 çAl a miitai rme y i n tc n ie e t h v b e a ia l i ap io e ,h o g n t n d n srtve e d s o o sd r d o a e e n valbe f rs n r t r u h o l f ul ofhi own, pr ve e fo a lnghi e fofi. M oor v. r te 51 F. 71 a t s was e nt d r m vaii ms l t' ' e Be me t, 7 3d 7, 7 5( t Ci. 0 8 .çW l e prs no fcasprv n imae fo u igt a mi itaie 1 4h r 2 0 ) t h n io fiil e e t n ts r m sn he d nsrtv l pr es ... t pr es t te s son pa rbe om e una ia e i r alt ' K a v. e 458 oc s , he oc s ha xi t pe c s va l bl n e iy. ' ba St pp, F. 678,684( hCi. ) deenda hast bur nt pr a i t sf l et 3d 7t r 2006 .A f nt he de o ove n nmae' aiur o e us a lbl a nitai rmedis J ne v. k,549U. 1 21 ( xha t vaia e dmi srtve e e . o s Boc S. 99, 6 2007) Onc a . e de enda pr e : e de e ofa f iur t e us ,t bur n ofpr s fst t pl i ift f nt es nt vi nc a l e o xha t he de oof hit o he a ntf o 4 s how,by apr ponde a oft evi nce t te usi oc ur e ora i sr tver di s e r nce he de , ha xha ton c r d dm nita i eme e we euna ia et ough no f ul oft pli if Se e. ,Tuc lv. ove ,660 F. 1 r val bl hr a t he antf . e. g. ke Gr r 3d 249, 1 4( 0h Ci. 01 ) 25 1 t r 2 1. VDOC De t n Opeai Pr e e($ ' 866. çofende Gre nc Pr e e' parme t rtng oc dur çOP' ) 1,G f r iva e oc dur y ' pr de t ad i sr tve r m e e f i a est r s ve c pl i t ,a ala i s r tve ovi s he m ni t a i e di s or nm t o e ol om a n s ppe dm ni ta i de sons a c l ngepolc e a pr e es cii , nd hale ii s nd oc dur .Thepr es pr de c r c i l oc s ovi s or e tona ad i sr t smea t i ntf potntalpr e sa i ne s ar c r tt epr e i a m nitaor ns o de iy e i oblm nd, f ce s y, orec hos obl ms n tme y mam e . 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Eve i hehad e use a ia ea nita i r m e e , her cor r f t sacai nf xha t d va lbl dmi sr tve e di s t e d e u e l m t Dr W ange bie de i r t i fe e et as i m e c lne d ort tM a s nbur o hat . xhi t d lbe a e ndif r nc o erous di a e ha s e g r Cr owde unlw f l de e hi a ce st t prs gre nc pr e s r a uly ni d m c s o he ion iva e oc s . 1. D r W ang . A pl n ifm us s w t ta de e nta t wih delbe at i fe e et as rous aitf t ho ha f nda ced t i r e ndif r nc o e i m e ca ne t sa eacl m t rt Ei h Am e e f t unc tt i na de a o di l ed o tt ai mde he ght ndm nt or he onsiuto l ni l f me ca asit e.W etv. ki ,487U. 42,48( 988) Esel v.Gn e 429U. 97,1 di l ssanc s At ns S. 1 ; tle mbl, S. 04 ( 9 6 ; r rv Do el , 2F.d2 0 2 2( t Ci.1 9 ) Deieaei ifrnc rq ie a 1 7 ) Co me . nn ly 4 3 2 , 2 4h r 9 4 . lb rt ndfee e e ur s s a e ac ort ha bee pe s ly a a e off c si i a i a s t nta r s ofs r oushar , t t t o ve n r ona l w r a t nd c tng ubs a i l ik ei m dtea trmus ha ea tal r c g ie t ee itnc o s hars Fame v Brn a , 1 h co t v cu l e o nz d h xse e f uc it. r r . e n n 51 y U. 8 5 8 8( 9 4 .û lb rt id fee c ma bed mo srtdb ete a t a itn o S. 2 , 3 1 9 ) ç i eae n ifrn e y e n tae y i r ct ln e t r De h z 6 r c ls dse ad. M i irv Be l ,8 6F.d8 ,8 ( t Ci.1 9 ) s epa s e r lLe e ke s irg r ' l e . o' 9 2 48 51 4h r 9 0 ; e - nih x e. e ' t n v. e ea d 3 2F.d29 3 3(t Ci. 0 )(: h e d n emu ts o t a t o fca i Clv ln , 7 3 4, 0 4 h r 20 4 $TJ e vie c s h w h the fiiln ( q e to s be tveyrc g z dt a hi a to weeGn p r p it i lg to ta rs .'.ç u sin u j ci l e o nie h t s cins r ia p o rae n i h f h t ik') 1 ' A de e nta t r kl sy by dir r ng as t nta rs ofda rt ti e t rkrown t t f nda c s ec es l sega di ubsa il ik nge ha s ihe l o he de e nto whi h wo d bea e t ar as bl pbron i t de e ntsposton. f nda r c ul ppar nt o e ona e s n he f nda ' ii ' ' M ite ,896 F. a 851 52. A he lh c r pr vi rm a bedelbe ae y i f e e whe t lir 2d t at a e o de y i r t l ndif r nt n he t e t e pr de i s gr s y i om pe e ,i qua e,o exc s ve ast s k t r a m nt ovi d s o os l nc t nt nade t r es i o hoc he co ci nce ori i ol r bl t f ns e s nt e a e o unda e a f ines . l a 851. A s rous m edi alne d i a m nt l a r s d. t ei c e s co tont tç be n dignos d by aphyscin a m a tngte t ntoronet ti s ndii ha < has e a e i a s nda i r a me ha s o obvi t te n a1 y pe s wo d e iy r c ni et ne s iy f adoc orsa t ton. I ous ha ve a r on ul asl e og z he ce st or t ' ten i ' ko ' v.Shrve,535F. 225,241( h Ci.2008) e 3d 4t r . D r W ang e l t Pl i if s c pl i soflneepa n, r o m e c i c lt s st . va ua ed a ntf om a nt c i pe f r d lni a e t o de e m i t pr s nceora e ofmor s rousco tons or r d X r ys a e r s d t r ne he e e bs nce e ei ndii , de e a , nd xe cie me ia j g n t a pan a da t-n lmmao yprs rp in aet a p o raete t n fr dc lud me t h t i n niifa t r e cito s r he p r p it rame t o Pl ntf s oseoa t ii . Pl i i fha notpr s nt an m e c le de e t s ai i f t rhrt s a ntf s e e ed y di a vi nc o uppor hi t s s culton t ts ge y i nee d,a Pl ntf dia ee nta pe a i ha ur r s de nd ai ifs s gr me boutt co s ofte t nt he ur e r a me d e no saea51 3cam.W rg tv Coln , 6 F.d8 , 4 (t Ci. 9 5 .Dr W a o s t tt 98 li ih . l s 7 6 2 41 8 9 4h r 1 8 ) . ng i e ai t tPl i ifspr e r d s ge y hasahi r t off iu ea woul onl bec i r d xpl ns ha antf ef re ur r gh a e al r nd d y onsde e a t r s g fc ta fe i nii an dvanc m e o apa i nts os e r hrts w hi h ha notye oc ur e t Pl i if e nt f te ' t oa t ii , c d t c r d o a ntf ba ed on t t X r .Tot e e Pl i ifdia e ,cli sofm e ca m apr tc a s he wo ays he xt nt antf s gr es am di l l aci e nd ne ie dignossaeas nota tona evi j 1 glg nt a i r lo ci bl a 983.Esel,429U. a 1 - J onv. tle S. t 0506; ohns Oui ne ,1 F. 1 16869 ( h Ci.1 )( i t tte tngdocor mus a t lydrw no s 45 3d 64, - 4t r 998 notng ha rai t s t cual a 7 t i e e et ta i ae' s he nf r nc ha n nm t s ympt m ssg f t pr enc ofapa tc a c ton a t ta o i niy he es e ri ulr ondii nd ha f iur t d a s h a i e e em a pr e acli f ne i nc butnota cai unde t a l e o r w uc n nf r nc y es nt am or glge e lm r he EihhAme d n) Ac o dn l Dr W a i e t ldt sl r u g n . gt n me t. c r igy, . ng s ni e o l t mma yj d me t M a s nbur a Cr s e g nd owde r Thea lga i a i tM as e g a Cr le tons gans s nbur nd owde se onl fom t i i ve e i t r tm y r her nvol m nt n he pr s greva pr es . Thus i on i nce oc s , tealg to ld n tsaea a to a l cam u e j1 8 . h l ains o o tt n ci n b e li nd r 9 3 e Pl ntf smpl hasS consiutonalrghtt pa tcpa ei g i va pr ee ngs' Adn sv. ai if i y ç no tt i i o ri i t n re nce oc di . ' m Rie 4 F.d7 , 5(t Ci.1 9 ) Eve i, r u n o Ma s n u ga d Cr wd rv oae c , 0 3 2 7 4h r 9 4 . n f a c e d , se b i n o e i ltd greva e pr e eswhiepr es i hi r ulrgre nce ac am t tprs n ofi i l ha i nc oc dur l oc sng s eg a iva , l i ha io fc as ve notf l d t i own i pe ntpolc e o pr e tesalodoesnotsae ac tt i na olowe her nde nde ii s r oc dtr s t t onsiuto l cam.S eUni dS ae v. c r s 4 0U. 7 , 5 5 ( 9 9 ; c i v. t. fFara li e t tts Ca ee , 4 S. 41 7 2- 5 1 7 ) Rico Cny o ifx, e 9 7F.d 1 9 1 9(t Ci. 9 0 ( o dn ta i sae1w g a t mo ep o e u a rg t t a 0 2 45 , 46 4 h r 1 9 ) h l ig h t f tt a rn s r r c d rl ih s h n teCo si to r q rs asaesfiu et a ieb t ta i n tafd rl u p o e sis e . h n tt in e uie , tt ' alz o bd y ha lw s o e e a d e r c s su ) u Ac o d n l, a s n ur a dCr wd raee t ldt s mmayj d me t c r i gy M s e b g n o e r ni e o u r u g n . t 11 1. Fo tefr g igr a o ,hec u t rn sDe e d t' to sf rs mmayj d me t r h o e on e s ns t o r ga t f n M s moin o u r u g n . ENTER: Tli ls da ofDe mbe , 7. y ce r 201 / +/ ' r . znr j Chi fU nie St s Di t i tJ e td a s rc udge 8 *