Woodhouse v. Duncan et al, No. 7:2017cv00129 - Document 69 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 12/22/2017. (tvt)
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CLERK' PFFI U,S. SQ S C; DI AT ROANOKE, A V FI LED I THE UN I N TED STATESDI TRI COURT S CT 2E2 2 5 2 1 27 FO R TH E. ESTE RN D ISTRICT OF W RGI M J I c o W N PLA RO AN O K E D I SI N W O B Y; VI CEN T I, O N T N AM W O O D H O U SE Pl ntf y ai if Ci lAcdon N o.7:7- 001 d 1 CV- 29 UN I T AGER DU N CAN eta1, . n h i k#'#z s , p J 4 a çt s J t erJ Jf d /and.#-' cpaie, . ;/ J i D ef endant s. ' By: H on.M i chaelF.U r bansd l Chi fUnie S a esDit tJ e td tt sdc udge M E M O RAN D U M O PI I N N O Vi entLa ontW oodhous aVigi ai a epr ee ng p o ,com m e d t s nc m e, r ni nm t oc di z . q nce bi . cvia do pu s ntt 4 U. C. 1 3 Cu rnt pe i beo et ec tr i i l c n rua o 2 S. j 98 . re l ndng f r h ozt s y W ood us ' mot f rp ei nayij ton ECF No 9 i whc W ood us ho es i o r l r nunci , on mi . ,n ih ho e c pl i ofli l t ' pl em e i s gr ga housng,t ea sfom i at s a f r om ans ns ong-et ac nt n e e don m i hr t r nm e , nd ea ofs xua as a tby prs ofiil .W oodhous fld li orgi lc pli on Aprl3, e l s ul i on fca s e le ls i na om ant i 201 na ni D unc U ti M a ge ;l s r W a de ofRed O ni Swi y, ni M a ge ; 7, r ng n, nt na r fie , t n on; ne U t na r a sxt en ot rpzs ofii l a def nda si 10t t i ofiila i vi l nd i e he ion fc as s e nt n 3 h hez fca nd ndi dua c pa iisl I hi c mp nntW oo hous a slsaclm f pr l nayij d r l ft a ct . n s o li , d e se' li or ei r tunc ve ei o e t mi e o d rdee da st ta frli fo sg e ai h usn a Re Onin S aePrs (< d r e f n nt o t nse nm r m e r g ton o i g t d o t t ion < Re On o ' t t pr e é ho i u ta Diwy Co r ci a Ce e rDi1 n'.ECF î n' o he otc ve usng ni t l n re ton l ntz < l ' l l wy ) Woodhouse v. Duncan et al Doc. 69 N o.1.W oodhous s e nty f f s pa a eD eca ai i Suppor ofPli fs e ubs que l ûed our e r t lr tons n t andf' M oéo f rPr l ia yI u ton ECF Nos 9 1 , , 0 a t ec ur c nsnzst s n o ei n r njnci , m . , 6 29 3 , nd h o t o t e hi 1The f tzlale ac ta lgadonsunde l ng W oodhous sc ryi e' ompli w e ea y s ant r bl umm a d i t r por a dze n he e t nd r c mme a onis db t ma srt jd . eECF No. 2 a 1 Theealgainsr manlr ey e o nd d sue y he gitae u ge Se 4 , t -8. s l to e i ag l e unc ng d d s ieW oo u ess s q nt fldobe do . c r igy t c r wi a optt ha e e pt dho s ' ub e ue l l jc ns Ac o dn l,he ou t l d he y e l ma itaej g ' s mmayoft fcs gsrt ud es u r he a t. Dockets.Justia.com ' , ! c m a amot f rp ei na yi u t n.Themoto wa r fre t Un tdStts bi s i o r l r njnci on mi o in s e er d o ie a e Ma taeJ d Pa l MedeSag ntfrarp ta r c /srt u ge mea a re o e or nd e omme ai p s nto2 nd t urua t 8 on U. C. 6 6 $() ,whoh l ah ai o Ma 1 , 0 7 Se ECF No .1 & 2 S. j 3 9 17) ed e lng n y 7 2 1 . e s 0 2. I h rr po ta t c mme to is d o une3 20 7 J g S r e t n e e r nd e o ndain,sue nl 0, 1 , ud e ag n rc e omme e d nyngW o hou esmoto frprl nayi u ton.ECF No. . nd d e i od s' in o ei r njnci mi 42 J g S r e tf u t t ood us fie t de taet a hei l eyt s ft ud e ag n o nd ha W ho e ald o monsr t h t s i l o ufe k iz pa a eham i t a e c ofprl ana yi u dv r le, nd a c dngy te rbl r n he bs n e ei i r njnc e eif a c or i l n rc e omme d t a hi modo f rpt l n r i jnc bed ne d. t1 I t J e nde h t s n o ei a y nu éon e id.I a 0. n he un mi 30,2017 Re ta Rec nm e ton,is afe t e de ir hea i on M a 1 201 por nd or nda i s ued t r he vi nta y rng y 7, 7, J g S r ntc ncu d: ud e age o lde Att she rng,W oodhous a nit d t thewasnoti da r hi a i e dr te ha n nge ofi u y b a y ot e i t snc he ha be n r t ne t njr y n h z nmae i e d e eur d o s gr ga i housng. W hie he s i t he f a e as a t by e e ton i l ad hat e r d s ul c r tona ofke ,W oodhous a te t t he ha ne r or ec i l f rs e dmit d ha d ve be en a s ule by cor ec i l of e s whie hous i s a td r tona fc r l ed n s gr ga i a Re O ni e e ton t d on. W oodhous a s t dfed t he e lo es i hat f a e t t hi m ent lhe t woul condnue t detror t i e r d ha s a alh d o ei ae n s g e ain hou i . The pat s ei pr l znay i jnc i e r g to sng ry e kng ei i r nu t n ve r lef m us j ei t how t t ir pa a e ha m he f ce i t hat he r e r bl r a s n he a e e of r i i T ihe r m ot nor q c a bs nc elef s f t r e e ne pe uléve,but a t l c ua a d i ne . Die lr e Lt . Br a t r u h M e .Co . n mmi nt' tx sk l d v. e k h o ' d , 95 F.d 8 2 8 1 ( t Ci.1 9 ) W oo ous ha ma e no 2 2 0 , 1 4h t 9 1 . dh e s d s hs uc hoW ng. Re ta Re o e ai ECF No. a 9 Onl l 1 , 1 , o ho ef e tmey poz nd c mm nd t on, 42 t . uy 3 20 7 W od us l d i l l o e to t t r po ta r c bjcins o he e z nd e omme a a a k dt c ur t r jc t ma ita e nd éon, nd s e he o t o ee t he gsr t jdg ' fndn f rfi et r ct c ran f css r itd b W oo ous t r u h l s u es i igs o al o e iç e ti a t ub n te y ur dh e h o g ' l i de lr to a tsi ny P1sOb .ECF No 4 Fo t r a o stf rh beo t ca ains nd e t mo . . j 7 , . 6. r he e s ns e o t lm he 2 c ur wil ver l W ood us' o e do a a o t ma itaejdg ' rp ti is o t lo rue ho es bjc ns nd d pt he gsrt u es e or n t e l e y. ntr t l Rul 7 $)oft Fe rl, lsofCi l ocduepemisapat t f ev a fl e2 he dea Rue viPr e z r t ry o f r e nd ie s s clc wrte o e to 7t ama itaej d ' pr pos dfndng a r c mme a ns pe i , itn bjcins' o gsrt u ges o e i i s nd e o nd éo i wiln f re n da ofb i g sr e wih ac pyoft r p t S eas 2 U. C. t i ou te ys en e v d t o l he e or. e lo 8 S. j 6 9 1.Th Fou t Ciczth sh l t ta obe tn pat mus dos f t s f e t 36 $() e rh rli a ed ha n jcig ry t o ' h ufkin wi s cfct s a r a on byt ae tt dsrc c ur oft ett g ou f rt obe to ' pe iiiy o s e s a l o lr he itit o t h rz r nd o he jcin. e ' UntdSae v. i et, 8F. 61 ,6 (t Ci. 0 7, etde e 1 7S. . 0 2 ie tts M d te 47 3d 6 22 4h t2 0 )c r. nid, 2 Ct3 3 (0 7 . 20) To c l ot r s woul de ea t pur e of r qlii oncude he wie d f t he pos e atng o e tons W ewoud bepe- tig apat t a pe la yis bjci . l t tn mi ry o p a n sue t twa be o e t ma itae jdg ,r g r ls oft e na u e ha s f r he gsr t u e e a de s l t r a a d s o ofobe éo ma e t t ma itae jdg ' r po t n c pe jc ns d o he g sz t u es e r. Eiher t diti c tw oul t ha t r viw e y is t he srct our d hen ve o e e ver s ue ik t ma itae j g ' pr e , hn n s a r he g stt ud es oposd dig nd r conune éons ot c t of a e nda our s ppeas woul be z t d t l d equie o r viw is t tt diti cour ne r c i r .I e t r e e s ues ha he szct t ve onsde ed. n ihe c s ,jdiilr s r e wo d bewa td p t d stc c r' a e u ca e ou c s ul se nd he itit ou t s e f ci ne s ba e on hep fo ma itae j g swoad be fe t s s d ve l r m gsr t ud e l l uhde nzne r i d. ' J. Thedsrc c ur mus d trnieX no a ypo t oft ema itaej g ' r po t I L itit o t t ee r n vo n ri on ' gsrt ud es e r h a r c r me ai t whih apr pe o e to h sb e ma . ' dsrc c ur ma nd e o n nd ton o c o r bjci n a e n de Vhe itit o t y a c pt zjc, mo f t r c mme e diposton r c ieflt re i e e o z t r c e , ee tor diy he e o nd d s ii ; e ev l he v d nc ; r e u n r tematrt t maitaej g wihi tucins' d. Ci P. 27 3) cot 2 h te o he gsrt ud e t nsr to . 'Fe R. v. 7 $()a c d 8 U.. j6 4 1. ' nea o e to t a meeyr ie aea g me sp e e e t t S C. 361 ) f rl bjcins h t rl etr t r u nt r s ntd o he $4 Ge 3 maitaej g lc t s cf t rqurdund rRue7 ,a dha t smeefc a a gstt ud e ak he pei y e ie ki e l 2 n ve he a fe t s fizet o e to a awave ofs c obeton. Moonv. alr o bjc, r s ' i r u h jci ' t ' BWX Tehs,nc, 4 F. u c .l .7 7 S pp. 2d 8 , 2 ( . Va 2 1 )(iigVe e v. tu , 3 F. u 2 8 1 8 ( D. . 27 8 9 W D. . 0 0 ctn n Ast e 5 9 S pp. d 4 , 45 W. Va 20 8) afd, 9 F. x 2 8 (t Ci. 1 ) s eas Tho sv. n, 7 U.. 4 ,1 4 0 ), f' 4 8 App' 6 4 h r 20 2 ; e lo ma . 4 4 S 1 0 5 Ar (9 5 rfrhesa' do sn rq iet j g t rviw a is e. no i noo jci 1 8 ) rj tt e ot e ur he ud e o e e n su d vo f betons ue . : . a e:1d. . r e7 ) Fut z o e t ta o yêpe tag me szie beo et ma itaejdg ae rhe, bjci h t nl e a r u nt asd f r he gsrt u e z öns c nsd r dg ne a o jc onst t e ieyoft r po t n r cp ndain.S eVe , o i e e e r l b e é o he ntr t he e r a d e f mme to e ne 539 F.Supp. at845. Ast cout not d i V e : 2d he t e n ne Alowi a ltga t obt i d. novo r vi w of he entt ca e l ng ii nt o an q e e r ie s . by me ey r f r ti a e rirbre a a o e to ma el r l eo matng n ale if s n bjcin kgs t i ta r e e e t t m a s r t us ls . The f i of he niil ef r nc o he gita e ee s unctons t diti t c t a e efe i l duplc t a bot ta he stc out r f ctvey i a qd s h le m a it a e a t ditit couz pe f m i i lt s . Tli g sr t nd he stc t r ot dentca a ks ls d pl ain oftme a e f twa ts j iilz s u c sr t r u i to c i nd foz se udca e o t e ahe t n s vi t m ,and r c r t t t pur es of t ha a ng he uns onta y o he pos he M ag sr t sA c . it a e t J a 8 6(ls brc t i oii l (iigHo r v. e ' ofHe1h& Hu nSev.9 2 . t 4 frt akes n rgna) ctn wad S c i at ma r s, 3 F.d 5 5 5 9 (t Ci. 9 ).A p an f rieae hi p e i usyrie a g me t wi 2 0 , 0 6h r 1 91) liéf who etr t s s r v o l as d r u n s l l notb gve f hes c nd bt a t a l I s e s' l . I t a , sr -t dbre wi be e i n f e o ie t he pp e l e k . d nse d hi efl if l t he ' e l te td a ag ne a o e to wl c h st smee f c a afi r t obe t I t ae s e r l bjcin, l h a he a fe t s al e o jc. d. i u II . W o hou el d d f urobjc od s o ge o e donst t er po t t of tc c nc r t e o h e r,' wo wlih o en h ma itaejdg ' rctdo oft fc s W ll t efttt o e éo aes e ii e u h gstt u es e ia n he a t. le h ts wo bjc ns r p cfc no g i t war 71 novo rviw,ti cea t tW oodhous smpl diagr swih t ma stt o rant . . e e i s l r ha e i y s ee t he gitae . 4 j d ' r c mme ai a pont t n hig maeil dfe e t a wha t r po t u ges e o nd ton nd i s o ot n tral ifr nt h n t he e r y aza yc i tda tjce le d onsdee nd ee td. l hi frtobe ton W oo o eclmst ttemaitaej g fi dt'o i t n s ls jci , dh us li ha h gstt ud e al oc nsde e t f urDe lr to i S po tofPr l n r I u d n, No . ,1 , 9 3 .Tli he o ca ains n up r ei a y njnc o ECF s 9 6 2 , 0 zs mi a gu entf isa t r por c r tyi r m al s he e t or ec l ncom pr t a loft D eca atons pe éne f c s a es l he lr i ' r nt a t r ga di W oodhous ' m e a il s ,ha dslpsi s gr ga e r ng es nt l lne s r li n e e don,a a t m pt t beplce i nd te s o a dn pr e i c t ot ctve usody. ECF N o. a 2,442 t 6. W oo ous ' s c obe éo a g e t tt ema itaej gefi d t t ct T ia dh es e ond jc n r u s ha h gsrt ud al o e ie f tl e v i or aéon' c nf m ' once ni hi t tm ony t the wa s xual a physcal a s t d by Uni r ng s esi ha s e l nd y i ly s aule t M ana Swi y a Ca an Fr i who i nota nam e def ndant wliehous d a ger ne nd pt i anklp, s d e , ll e t W alnsli eStt Prs n be a s t eofiil now wo k a Re Or on.PlsObj ECF l tdg a e io c u e hos fcas e z t d l i . . ' , N o. a 1.W hiei i t ue t tCa an Fr nk i i notm e bne i t r t i i 46 t l t s r ha pt i a ln s nt d n he epor, t s i m a e i l Att m oéon he rng he d on M a 17,201 W oodhous cla l t tfed t t m t ra. he ai l y 7, e e ry esi ha h wa no sx l asèle b Ca anFrnki snc ben ho e a Re Onin, ndt e s t e ual sa td y pti a l i e ig usd t d o a he y n tm et thewasas a t d by bot ofii l occ r oncei 201 a W alnsm dge. O r l i ha s ule h fc as uz ed n 2 t le a Az u n a Mot Hr . t13 Thema itaejd i e dr ctss h fcso pa e7of g me t t . g a :2. gstt u ge nd e e ie uc a t n g he r por,i ntf i W oodhous ' 201 c pli unde t Prs Ra El i ton Act r e t de iyng es 2 pm ant t he ion pe i na i m a i tSwi y a Tt eeot ofii l whe hewashous d a W alnsIi ' Furhe , gans ne nd fhr her fc as n e t le tdge.' t r t em a itaej g ds use ho S n yno wo k a Re Onon.ECF No. 2 a 7 h gsr t ud e ic s s w wi e w r s t d i 4 t. Ac o d n l, hema itaej g ' r po t e ie t maeilfcst a W oo us cnms c r i gy t gsrt ud es e r r cts he tta a t h t dho e li we e nota e s r ddr s ed. Th r mand rofW o ho eso e to c e st ma ita ej g ' ee i e od us ' bjc ins onc m he gst t ud es c i r ton oft f ct i fndi t tW oodhous ha nots onsde a i he a s n i ng ha e s hown hei lkel t s f s i y o ufet irpa a eh t I hst id o e ton, oo us tk sis ewih t s ntnc o pa e7 te t bl am. n i ht bjci W dho e a e su t he e e e n g oftemaitaej g 'rpo twhihsae:T o ho e si t a c re to lofc r h gsrt ud es e r, c tts TA od usj ad h t o rcina fies ha t a e dhi wih f t t b a g a ar s l ofhm f i s i.Hedi no , we r d ve tne m t u a e e dn s s e u t i lng ut l d t ho ve , i ntf t e i vi l or t éf t a oft c r um sa ss r de iy hes ndi duas es y o ny he ic tnce ur oundi t s alge ng he e le d t e t. P1sOb.ECF No. a 1 W oo ous asrsta tema itaej g 'rpo t hras' . j ' ' , 46 t . dh e set h t h gsrt ud es e r i i r ctbec us Swi y t d li ç tdo you t nk wilha s ncoz e a e ne ol nm f wha hi l ppen whe t sl ws ti n hi a ui s o e .. wil h w y dei r t i ifr nc . P1sObj ECF No. a 1 Thi sae nt v r .1 l s o ou l ae nd fee e' . . be ' ' , 46 t . s t tme i i u f e t pr vd abai frp ei nayi u t tl fa t smpl fc zmans sns fkint o o ie ss o rl r njnci ei s he i e a t e i mi ve e t tsnc li tanse t Red Ori W oodhous hasnotbee a s uled by a cor e ha i e ns r fr o lon, e n sa t ny r cdona l ofi e a i pz e e f om as a t fom ot ri at whiei s gr ga ed housng. fc r nd s ot ct d r s uls r he nm es l n e e t i I l sf rh o e to W oo ou esr se t twhl i s g e a n a Re Onon n n ou t bj' in, dh s te s s ha i n e tg éo t d i , i c e h rmansa rs f rT u u ebe t s s x a a sulsa rs ofs cde'PlsObj ECF e e i t ik o f t r a i , e u l sa t nd ik uii . . . f ng ' ' , . N o.46 a 1. i t e f a sar e iey s ul i asW oodhous hasnote renc d t Agan, hes e r e ntr l pec atve e xpe i e a as a t byprs ofii ssnc hi tansert Re Ori Furhe , oodhous s ny s uls ion fcal i e s r f o d lon. t r W e' aze ha m sofbeng as a t d by ot rprs i a e i s hce l addt s d w hie ged r i s ule he i on nm t s s uf inty es e l hous d i s g e i a t st ofhousng pr cl sa i e a ton wih ot ti a e . e n e r gaton, s hi ype i e ude ny nt r c i t he nm t s I o d rt o an prl n r i ncierle, o ho emus ma eace rs o ngof n r e o bti ei a y t tv eif W od us mi ju t k la h wi i iaeir paa ei jr Trl er q ie ir paa eh r mus ben ihe r mo en mme t re rbl nu p fl h e ur d re rbl a m t et r e t or s c a i buta t la i m i nt' Die I r e Lt v. e kt ou h M e ca Co . 952 pe ultve, c ua nd m ne .: r x s a l d. Br a hr di l , F.d 8 2 8 2 (t Ci. g l t e n lq otto a ctto o it d .Ast ma itae 2 0 , 1 4 h t l g li r a u ains nd iains nlte ) nt he gsr t j g c re t c cude W oo ous h sfi dt d mo taea yi daeirpa a l ud e o r cl on l d, dh e a al o e nstt n mme it te r b e y e i u ys fce t wa t n pt l n r i u év t l f njr ufiint o ta t ei a y njnc e ei . mi e 1 1. 1 Thec t ha r ve dt ma itaej g ' t or ug r po t a wela o ut s e iwe he g srt ud es h o h e r, s l s W o ho eso eéo t t zpor, ndfnd noer :i t maitaej g ' f i od us' bjc ns o he e ta i s ro n he gsz t ud es mdng t t o ho ei no e tte t aprl n r i jnci n or rf rac lr t g a a ha W od us s t n ild o ei a y nu ton.l de o ozt o rnt mi pr l na yi u ton, mo nt s s o ()h wi l eys c e on t emeis ()he ei r njnci a va mu t h w 1 e l i l uc e d h rt, 2 mi lk wil ufe ir pa a l ham i t a e c o t i ci ()t baa c o e ute l s fr re r b e r n he bs n e f he t t 3 he ln e f q iis jun on; weg i hi fvo ; nd()sc rl fwo l bei t pu i itzs.Witrv. t rl ihs n s a r a 4 u h ei ud n he bl neet ne Naaa e c e s Re ot c sDee eCo i, nc. 5 U. 7 2 (0 8 .Becaus W oodhousei agto s z e fns unelI .5 5 S. , 0 2 0 ) r K léga ,t c uti r r d t lbe al c t e li a gu e s G or v.Le ke 574 i nt he ot s equie o i r ly onsru ls r m nt. don e , . F. 1 47 11 ( h Ci. 9 8 .Ho ve , p ei na yi uncin i a e ta dia y 2d 1 , 51 4t r 1 7 ) we r a r l r nj to s n x ror n r mi r m edy a am ova s e ng s h t m ed c t i a s t nta bur n.Se M unafv. e nd nt e ki uc e y a res ubsa il de e Ge e 5 3U.. 7 6 9 9 (0 ) oo ous c n s w no fcst e tb ih t thei r n. 5 S 6 4, 8 - 0 2 08 .W dh e a ho a t o sa ls ha s e ldt a ij cinun rteftrpatts, ndhsobetonsdon i o m afn n néte o n nun to de h ol- r eta i jci otnfr dig ç ntayt t a i t ma itaej g ' r po ta d r c o rr o h tn he gst t ud es e r n e omme to Be a eh s ndain. c us i ob e éon smpl ma et ba ea srin t a hei l eyt s friz pa a l hl' heha jc s i y k he r se to h t s i l o ufe te r b e t k m, s fie t ma as wi gt thei e te t i j cier l f Ac orl gy t c t ald o ke ho n ha s né ld o nun t ei v e c ci l,he ou t n AD O PTS t r tand r c m e i ECF N o.42,i isentt t ,and D EN I S he epor e om ndaton, n t ie y E W o ho esmot f rprl n'yi u éon ECF No. . od us ' i o ei a njnc , on mi r 9 An appr it O r rwilbe e e ed.. opra e de l nt r / * . wolq w Ent r e ed: * 4g 4 A.. . r 4 . sr v x M iha lF.Ur ns c e ba ki Chi U nied St esDi ti a l g ..... ef t at src yd ç..7u t - ,, 8