Melton v. Clarke, No. 7:2016cv00541 - Document 24 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 10/11/2017. (tvt)
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CLERK' OFFI t . .DI &OURT : CE JS ST. AT ROANOKE, ' VA FI ED L 02T 112 1 27 I TH E UN I N TED STATE S D I RI CO U RT ST CT FO R TH E W E STE RN D I RICT O F W RG I I ST N A R OAN OU D I SIO N W D EN N Y C.M E LTO N , Pet t oner ii , J BK U L ,CL ERK L ERK CASE N O .7:6CV00541 1 M E M O RAN D U M O PI ION N H ARO LD W .CI, ARU , Res pondent . By:H on.M i haelF.U r c bansd l Chi fUnie S at sDi ti t udge e t d t e s rc J D enny C.M elon,a Vig ni i a e pr edi prq . ,fld t speùton f awrtof t r i a nm t oce ng K le hi i or i - - ha a c us pu s a t 2 U.. j22 41c aln i g t vail yofhi c nine nto be s om , z u nt o 8 SC. 5 , h l g n he l i e ct s o me n a jdg ntb t Haia Cou y Cic tCo t Re po n fld a mo n t d s ls u me y he l x nt rui ut. s nde t l f e do o in is Met s j 2 5 p tt a Met n fi d t r s d,ma ng t matr rpe f z l on' 2 4 e ion, nd lo al o e pon i e ki he te i o diposton. Afe r vi w oft t cor t cour concudest tM et s pe ii i tm e s ii tr e e he e d, he t l ha lon' tton s i ba r a s es i ,t qlii g t m odon t cinas t begr nt d. r ed nd ucc sve e ntt he a o ls is o a e Backgr ound On J ne 1 ,1 9 ,a j y c n ce Met o f tde z e mu de a us o a u 1 9 9 ut o vit d lon f us- g e t r nd e f 1 fr r i t e c nas i ofm ur r The H aia Count Cic tCour s enc d M elon tea m n l om ison a de . lf x y t ui t ent e t t 1 yea si prs o 02 r n ion. By c ouns , M et a el lon ppeae t t Vigi a Cour of Appeas but t c t ld o he r ni t l, he our dir s ed hi pe ii on Febr r 3,2000 a Aprl26,2000. M e t appe e agan,but snis s ttons ua y nd i lon ald i Melton v. Clarke Doc. 24 t Supr m e Cokt of Vig ni r f e li pe ii on Augus 1 2000,a de e ii he e lt r i a e us d ns tton t 7, nd nid as pe ii f r tng on Se e be 15,2000. M et di nota tton or ehea i pt m t lon d ppea t t Supr m e Cour l o he e t 1Metn oiial atmptd t feawrto h b a c musptsa tt 2 U.. j 2 4 ,b ttec u t l l nl t e o t o g y e l i f aes o t u n o 8 SC. 2 1 u h o r r rc aatrzdhsplio a aj2 5 . eh rceie i e é n s 2 4 t Dockets.Justia.com oft Unie St es t r or ,hi c cton be m e fna on D ec be 15,2000. Sup.Ct he t d at ; he ef e s onvi i ca i l em r . R.1 ( tto f rawrtofc r r r i tmeywhe fld wil rie yd y atre r ofa 3 Peiin o i e éo ai s i l n t e t ln t a s fe nty n a or rd n i g ds r to r z v e ) de e yn ic eina y e im . On J ne 21 20 2 M et n f e a j2 4 peiin f r awrto ha a c r . On u , 0 , lo z d 25 tto o i f be s o pusz Fe ua y 28,2003, t c zt dinns e t pe ii a untm ey. M et v.Youn ,N o. br r he otr s is d he tton s i l lon 7:2 0 5 ( . Va Fe 2 ,2 3 . The dititc r ltr d snis d a m o i f t 0 CV0 7 9 W D. . b. 8 00 ) src ou t ae il s e ton o r onsde a i a t Fourh Cicui Cour ofA ppe sde e M et sa a . ec i r ton, nd he t r t t al nid lon' ppe l Ove a dec lt r M et fl a sa e ha as pe i on Augus 5 2015 i t r ' ade a e , lon ted t t be téon t , n he H aia Count Cic t Cour . The ct ui cour dir s e t pe ii a untm ey on lf x y t ui t ic t t snis d he tton s i l Augus 10,2016,a M e t ci nota a . t nd lon ld ppe l O n Se e be 23,2016,M et fl d t c r nt pe ii algi t e cli s of pt m r lon le he ut e tton, le ng hr e nm c ter or alofwhi h hepr e ed t t Supr m e Cour ofVigni on diec a our r , l c es nt o he e t ti a t t ppea: l The ti lc t e r d by r usng t g a t def ns m oéon t s rke a t r was ra our z e ef i o r nt he e e o ti s he e i ufki nte denc t c c t de e ns f e vi e o onvit he f ndantofm kr rand us ofa fr qt durng zde e le . m i am ur r de ; The til c t e r d by f ii t gr nt a nns ra whe a wine s i c t t ra our r e alng o a i ti l n t s ndia ed he % ' def nda s d hewant t 1. tueeot rpe e;a e nt ai ' ed o al l l he opl nd The ti lc t e r by f ii t gr nt a nzsta whe e a wines t sii d t t ra ouz r ed alng o a iti l r t s e tfe hat he d f n n wa i ji o a c r e ofpose son o a f e r a trben ac n it d e e da t s n al n hag s si f t a m fe i g o v ce t f on. el l I. Ti em Bar 2M et d d notfl a sa ehabe spe ii be oz hi 2 f de a pe n. lon i le t t a tton f e s 002 e r l ddo Unde teAnttrors Efed De t Pe lyAc ( rh i ez im fc ve ah nat t AEDPA) ao -erpei , ney a rod oflm ia i f f de a ha scoz r fom t l es of i t ton or e r l bea pus uns r he at t : ( t e dae on wlih t j g ntbe a fna b t c lso of A) h t l he ud me c me i l y he oncu in c diec r vi w ort e r ton oft tm e f s edng s h r viw; r te e he xpia i he i or e l uc e e ( t d t o whih t i cm e t fl g a a plc to c e td b B) he ae n c he mpel nt o ln n p iain r ae y i i St t a i i vi aton of t Cons iuton or lws of t Unied St t s i a e cton n ol i he tt i a he t ae s r m ove i t a i ntwa pr ve e fom flng by s St t a ton; e d, f he pplca s e nt d r li uch a e c i ( t d t on whc t c ttzina zg a s re wa il il C) he ae ih he onsi to l iht s e td s rtal a i y r c ni d by t Supr m e Cour ,i t rght ha be ne y r cogni ed by e og ze he e t f he i s en wl e z t Supr m e Cour a m ade z t tvey a ia e t c es on c l t r l he e t nd etoac i l pplc bl o as ola e a revi ;or ew . ( t d t o whih t e fc t l pr diae of t cnm o cams D) he ae n c h a ta e ct z he ll r li pr ent c d ha bee dic r d t ough t e r ie ofduedii nc es ed oul ve n s ove e hr he xe cs lge e. 28U. C. 2 4 d () S. j 2 4()1 . A pe ii z c < ol t f de a ha a s a ut oflm ia i i t wa :sa t or ttone an f p' he e r l be s t t e i t ton n wo ys t tz y t t t l a e t e t lng. St ut y t lng oc ut whe a pe ii r fls a s a e habea oli nd quiabl oli ng at or oli c s n ttone le tt s pe ii wihi t f der lha slm ia i pe i The f z lha a satze oflm iaéon tton t n he e a bea i t ton rod. ede a be s t tt i t i t n t ld f r t e d a q- t sae h be s pr c e ig 2 U. C.j 2 4 d () s he ol o l uréo of he t t a a o e dn . 8 S. é a 2 4()2 . Eq tbl t lng o y oc u swh n a peiine s wsf()t the ha be n p sz hs uia e ol nl c r e i tto r ho T 1 ha f s e urtng i i rg s dl e ty a () t t s iht ig n l, nd 2 ha ome e ta dia y ct u tnc sood i ls wa ' a d i x ror n r ic msa e t n a y n i P e ntd tmey fl g. Hol nd v.Fl rd ,5 O U..6 1 6 (01 ) ( u ig Pa e v. r ve e i l ii ' n ' l a o i a 6 S 3 , 49 2 0 q otn c Di lemo, 4 , l 4 8 41 ( 0 ). Gu il 5 4 U.. 0 , 8 20 5) La ty,t Supr m e Cour ha al s l he e t s lowed f f de a r viw ofuntm ey pe ii when or e r l e e i l ttons t pei o rm a e ac lr bl cnm o a t a i oc n eu e M c g i v. r i ,1 3 he tt ne k s oo a e li f cu l nn e c nd r ouign Pekns 3 i S. . 9 4 ( 1 ) Ho ve , o a a ma i c nc pei o Ct 1 2 20 3 . we r f r n c lnno e e tt n i g o be c e i e s h a cnm r q r spe i rt s ppo tli alg do o t l t dbl, uc li e uie t éone o u r l l a ns f s e cons iutona e r wih ne rla l :/ id whet r i be exc pa or tt i l ror t w eihe pf pi/ he t ul t y s i ndfc e de e, t us worhy e wines a ount, or c i l physc l c e i vi nc r t t ye t s cc s réca ia e de e t twasnotpr s nt d a t l Bec us s h e de ei obvi l vi nc - ha e e e t da . a e uc vi nc s ousy una ia ei t vatmaoiyofc ss camso atzlinocnc aerrl valbl n he s jrt ae, li f caa n e e r aey s es f . ucc s ul Sc l v. l ,5 3 U.. 8 3 4 ( 9 5 (mpha i a e ) h u Deo 1 S 29 , 2 1 9 ) e ss dd d . M elon' diec r viw pr e ngs ende on D ec m be 15,2000,whe he f ied t t s t te e oce di d e r n al o a a t Supr m e Cour ofVigi as decson t t Supr m e Cour oft Unied St es ppe l he e t r ni' ii o he e t he t at wi n ni t da s Theeor, e j2 44 ,t sa eofl tto e pie 3 5da s t hi ney y . rf e und r 2 4 he tmt i ains x td 6 y mi lt r on D ec m be 15,2001. M et di not fl t c r pe ii untlSe e be 23, ae , e r lon d le he urent tton i pt m r 2016,m oz t n a dec a t rt lnlt tonspe i had e r d. e ha ade fe he i ia i rod xpie Mo e ve , lon c n t l t fdea ha a l té pei be a e()hedd r o r Met a not ol he e rl be s i a ons tod c us 1 mi i no fl asaeha a pei n wihi t o -e ,f d r lha a l tto pei d 3a () t l tt be s t e éo t n he ney a e e a be s i ain lo , qd 2 r mi hehasnots n t thi pe i i e ild t e tbl t lnp4 how ha s éton s ntte o quia e oli La t ,M et c n te c e hi u i ei s u e M c g i be a ehe h snot sl lon a no x us s nt l s nd r ouign c us y m ne a pr fr d a fne ? e ul t y s int e de e tus worhy e wines a ount , or ofe e ny f w' xc pa or ce xc vi nc , t t t ye t s cc s c iia physc le dence de qns t dng a col a e c/m ofa tz li rtc l i a vi m ta or bl li ca a nnoc ence . The e or ,none ofM elon' cai s a e e us f om t f de a tm e- r a t rf e t s l m r xc ed r he e r l i ba , nd he cour c t annotr vi w t m e isofhi cam s e e he rt s li . 1 . Successve Petton 11 i ii The AED PA a s srcty lm ie t consde a i of s cond br s ce sve ha s lo ti l i t d he i r ton e uc s i bça pei ns S el r W il ms 4 4 F.d 2 3, 3 (t Ci. 0 )(br ae o ot e o nds téo . e n e la , 4 3 3 2 5 4 h t 2 06 a o t d n h r u i 3M et di fl a sa e ha a pedton i t cr u tc ti 201 butM et ha not s wn t tt ne lon d t t t be s e i n he ic i our n 5, lon s ho ha he w p dd nrst tefd rl a e sco kl e j2 4 ()1; eadestecrut o z ds se lsp t na u i l. e o ees h e ea h b a lc md z 2 4d ()rgr ls,h ic ic ut imisd l ei s nt y i do me An mfmeysaeh b a pe to cn o tltefd rlhae ssameo l tt s 2 U.. j2 4 ()2 (tt f l tt a e s din a n t ol h e ea b a tt f i ai . 8 SC. 2 4d4) Sae i mi on h b a p dinmutb po el fe t tltel té nsp ro ) aes et o s e rp r i d o olh i a o eid . yl mi 4M e t m e ey s a e t tfne f dve a ssa e ofc e ' m a sli pe i n tm e y H e ofe sno e de e lon r l t t s ha f fec i si tnc ouns l' ke zs dto i l . fr vi nc t s r hi c l or alga o uppo t s onc us y le don; t r f r ,M e t f is t s he e o e lon al o how t t he pur ue li rght d l nty or t a ha s d ts i s ii l ge hat ny e e na c r um sa epr ve e hi tm ey fl xt z l ic tnc e nt d s i l ing. i 4 by I r Gr ,8 0 F.d 1 (t Ci. 1 ). Ge r l ,c rsmus dil s a y s c nd o - n e a 5 3 39 4 h r 20 7) ne al ou t t snis n e o r y s c si camswih p eudc t tweepr vou l a j diae o t me is 2 U.. j uc e sve li t t j ie ha r e i sy d u c t d n he rt. 8 SC. 2 4 $;se as Vi a ue av. t d S ae , 46F.d 5 , 0 (d Ci. 0 ) Un i l s i 2 4q e lo l n v Uni tts 3 3 5 6 2 t 2 03 . tmei s s l e ne c i r d a a j iai o t e meis u e st de ii wa er e us fhedimis l onsdee n dudc ton n h rt, nls he cson s ron o : f s sa t ofaj2 5pe 25 ééona uni l u e AEDPA prsnt af r n n a ic rbl' rt s tmey nd r e e s pema e t nd n ua e ba o f de a r viw oft m e isoft cam .7 I a 61. e rle e he rt he 1i '5 d. t Addii ly, a pe ii r c tona l ttone annot brng f w' cni s i a s ond or s ce sve i f ' lm n ne ec uc s i pe ééon unl s t a i ntr eve per ison fom t a opta e c t ofa a sby es he pplca ec i s m s i r he ppr it our ppe l s wig t a ()t cam r l son ane p e i l u valbl,a r toa t ey a pl d ho n h t 1 he li ei e w, r vousy na i e nd et ci l p i a v e r l ofc t ui lo fd r llw,o ()i t f caa p e c t f tt cam c ul no ue onsi tona r e e a a r 2 f he a tzl t diae o he li o d t t ha be n dic r d pr vi l t ough t e r ie of due dii ve e s ove e e ousy hr he xe cs lgence a t f ct , nd he a s unde l ng t cnm ,i pz n,woul s fce l e t bls by ce r a c ncng e de ryi he li f ove d ufii nty s a ih la nd onvi i vi nce 1 t t no r s bl f ti r woul ha f ha ea ona e ac fnde d ve ound t a i nt guit of t unde li he pplca ly he ry ng ofe e 28U. C. 22 4 $. fns. S. j 4 9 At t t es d,M et s pe ii doe not s ts y t r quiem e s of 28 U. C. he hr hol lon' tton s a if he e r nt S. j2 4()2( ,2 44 $() o a yoftes c si peiin e c pto . Fis,Metn fis 24 b ()A) 2 6 3, r n h uc esve tto x e ins tt lo al und rj2 4( 3 be a ehef dhi frtpeiini 2 0 a h snotrci dpenlsin e 24 $() cus ie s is tto n 0 2 nd a eeve r isb ( fom t Fotrh Cic tt fl a s esi wrt Sec r he z t t ui o ie ucc sve i. ond,li petton doe not s if t ls ii s ats y he 5fl te ey n meial sc nd p t o i a T c nd o scesv 'p tin wihn temenn o te fq v t u zcl e o ei n s s o r u c sie eio ti l a ig f h glo y d e t z AEDPA. I r Wiims4 4F.da 2 5 Peio st taeno c nsd sdscesv icud :()i ap ù ini fs ' n e la , 4 3 t 3 . tin ha z t o iee u c sie n l e 1 f e to s l t ' l t r ds se wiz u p eu ieo tc nclgo d,sc a fi r t e h u tsaerme is ()fac ' wa n trp a imisd to t rjdc n eh ia run s u h s al e o x a s tt e de,2 i bf s o ie t l u m tet ofh frt eio , u ha wh nan w pe d nc aln e a itz e igjd me to whe ape d n rse s h i me te t p tin s c s e e d o h l g s n n ev nn u g n r n d o e ek s t e t feaFodv W an ih, 7 U..3 9 (9 6 me tln o ee yc mya ()wh n ap o russamo n ol l r . iwr t4 7 S 9 1 8) na ic mp tnc bi nd 3 e dsne e do pus nt o2 U.. j2 5 o j2 5 t rgi ar h t apel S e e .I r Wiims ? 4F.da 2 5(ic sig tua t 8 SC. 2 5 r 2 4 o ean i t o p a. e . n e la , 4 3 t 3 dsusn g tc nclgo n s;I z Gr ,8 0 F.d a 1 2 (ic sn n w peio fr itre lg j g n) Pa el v. e h la ru d) n d a 5 3 t 4 dsusig e t n o nev nn ud me t; n ti d Qu rema ,5 1U.. 3 (0 7 (ic si FpJmo o f ric mp tn e;l r Go d r,1 0F.d4 5 4 8(t atr n 5 S 9 0 2 0 ) dsu s ng r é ns o n o ee c) n e d ad 7 3 3 , 3 4h Ci. 9 9 (ic sigpe é n rsed gt rgi ar tt a p a u d rj2 5 )Ev ns S t, 2 F.d3 6(t Ci. r 1 9 ) dsusn é o e eln o ean kh o p el n e 2 59 a v. mi 2 0 3 0 4h r h 2 0 )(x a t ezve o al x e d n ) 0 0 eh usi e iw f le cp o s. v . ' ' . ! rq ie nsofj2 4 $()be a ehi camsaeno bae onane rto ci fdea e utme t 2 4q 2 cus s li r t sd w, er a t e il ve lw orn wl dic ve e e i e c . Tht , u el srdimis dM et si i lpeiin f z a e y s o r d v d n e6 id J dg o e s se lon' néa tto o u i ei s i 2 0 . J g l s rs ds sa wa noter o ;t r f r ,t e pei n i nt l s n 0 3 ud e fie ' imis l s m ne rone us he eo e h téo s s c si a no s bjc t a y e c pton. uc e sve nd t u e t o n x e 7 I . V Fort r as sat d,t cour GR AN T S t m oton t dir s . M et speii he e ons t e he t he i o sni s lon' tton i tm e ba r a s esi A n appr it or tvrl e e t sda s i - r ed nd ucc sve. opra e de il nt r hi y. The Clr i diec e t s nd c e oft sm e oz e k s t t d o e opi s hi m andum opi on a ac pa i ni nd com ny ng or t M e t a t c der o lon nd o ouns lofr coz f Res e e d or pondent Furhe ,fnci t tpe i r . t r i lng ha étone ha f ie t m a a s t ils s ald o ke ubsanta howi oft de a ofa cons iu i lzghta r quied by ng he nil tt tona i s e r 28U. C. 2 3()1, criiaeofa aa lyi. .NI S. j 25 c()a etfc t ppelbiy IDE ED. i SNTER:r i / dyo oco e,07 'hs / a f tbr2 1. / /- : J /. > ChifUnt dStts itit ud e e ie a e src l g 6M e t r ie alt e ofli c am sdlrngli cie ta a . lon a s d l hr e ls l i l i ls l c ppe l r 7M e t s c c n be a e fna i 2 lon' onvido c m i l t 000,t f de a ha as sa tt of l ia i e pied. ne y r lt r i z he e r l be t tze i t tons x r o ea a e , n m 2 0 , n Metnddp tt hsVs j2 5 pe d n1 12 0 . 0 1 a d l i o fl i t 2 4 d o mt 0 2 o e 1 ) 6