Moore v. Baker et al, No. 7:2016cv00533 - Document 47 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 12/15/2017. (slt)
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CL S OFF CE U. .Dl . COURT ERK' I S sT AT ROANOlE,VA < FI LED I THE UNI N TED S TATES DI STRI COPRT CT FO R TH E W E STER N DI RI O F W R G I I ST CT N A R O A N O K E D I SIO N W MI CHAEL M OORE, DE: 15 2 1 27 JU BY: .U , ER CL ci lActonNo.7:6-v- 5:!P YCL vi i 1 c 00 uT ERK Pl ntf , ai if M EM O M N DU M O PI O N NI G EM LD I E BAK ER ,e al, N t . D e endant . f s By: H on.M i hae F.U r c l bansd l Chi fUnie St e Dit i tJudge e t d at s s r c M i ha lM oor a J w ih i a e pr ee ng pr > ,c m e d t s a ton ptr ua t c e e, e s nm t oc di o q om nce hi c i ts nt o - 4 U. 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Ha lw v. ta r l, 5 U. 8 0, 1 ( 98 ) On ea e s n b e es n ul a e no ' ro Fiz e ad 4 7 S. 0 '8 8 1 2 . c ' de e antr i e t qualfe i muniy def ns ,apl i ifbe z t bur n t s t ta f nd a s s he ii d m t e e antf a s he de o how ha dee n ' c fnda ts onduc vi aedt pli ifsrgh.Br ntv. ut 99 F. 108 1 ( h Ci. t olt he antf i t ya M h, 4 2d 2, 086 4t r 19 ) 9 3. A p ryi e tte t s mmayj d me ti t pe dng ,h ds ls dmae il o fl, a t s n ild o u r u g n f he la i s te ico e tras n ie a a a fda t s nd ny fi vis how t tt r i no ge ne diput ast a ma e i lf t Fe R. v. ha he é s nui s e o ny t ra ac . d. Ci P. 5 () M ae ilfcsaet s ne e s r t e tbiht ee n so apa t sc u eo a to . 6 a . tra a t r ho e c say o sa ls he lme t f ry' a s f cin An e s nv. b ryLo b . n .4 7U. 2 2, 8( 9 6 .A g n i ds ueo maeilfc d ro Lie t b y I c, 7 S. 4 24 1 8 ) e une ip t f tra a t e ssi,i viwi t i co dand a 1r as bl i e e esdr wn t r fom i alg mos xit f n e ng he e r l e ona e nf r nc a he e r n i ht t f vor bl t t nona a e o he movi pa t ar a ona e f c -i rco d r t n a ve di tf t no ng ry, e s bl a tfnde ul eur r c or he n- mova .L- Themovi pa t ha t bur nofs ng- Shati,poi i outt t ditit nt ds , ng ry s he de howi ç s ntng t o he src c t t tt r i a a e e ofe de et s our - ha he e s n bs nc vi nc o uppor t nonmovi pa t sc e. 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Ot rt n antf es he e cc ai ns s rm na i a l nd oncusons he ha i ki t t r çe pr eci n' a ç t n h Am e e ' antf ha notalege a nvo ng he e m tqual ot to ' nd ç ee t Four ndm nt'Pl i if s l d ny f c sfo whih i c d bede e mi d t tsmia l sm ae i vi uasa ebei teaed at rm c t oul t r ne ha i l ry- i td ndi d l r ng r t dif r nty,norha heylege a f t fom whih i c dbei e e t tde e n sha fe e l s l d ny acs r c t oul nf n'd ha f nda t d de i r tl dic i i t d a i thi on t ba i ofhi r i on.Ac di y,De enda sa e lbe ae y s rm na e gans m he ss s elgi cor ngl f nt r e tte t q aiidi nt a ds mma yj d me tf rtee u l r tcincams4 n ild o u lfe mmu iy n u r u g n o h q a p o e to li . I . V The pa te a ee t tt R LUI c a m s a e m oot D a a s a e no a a ia e ri s gr ha he PA l i r . m ge r t n va l bl rme yt e RLUI Se So smo v Te a , 6 U. 27 , 3( 1 )(r hiiigd ma e e d md r PA. e sa n . x s 5 3 S. 7 29 20 1 p o btn n g s camsa an tsaeo fcasi tero fca c p ct) Re d l nv. u e 5 9F.d 1 2 1 9 li g is tt fiil n h i fiil a a iy ; n ema Ro s , 6 3 8 , 8 4I t a ende c pli , Pl ntf doesno s cii alyr f r nc t Foure nt Ame d om ant ai if n he m t pe tc l e e e e he te h ndme ' Due nts Pr es Cl e apr t td lbe t i e e t orapr e edpr pe t i e e t Pli ifssmpl ciatont t oc s aus , oece i ry ntr s, otct o ry ntr s. antf' i e t i o he F u te t Ame d n fi t saeavilto o d ep o es Cf P it v Clre 7 0F.d2 5 2 8(t Ci. o renh n me t al o tt oain f u r c s. . reo . ak , 8 3 4 , 4 4h r s 2 I )s e ec, mbv, 5 U. a 5 5(oigIb l a dc n lso aen t u fce t oflil lme t o a 0 5 ;e . ..Two l 5 0 S. t 5 n t a es n o cu in r o s fiin t uflee ns f n cam) Plitf' rla c i tea n e c mplit ntep r s t ei rt idfee c 'i e u l u a al g li . anifs ein e n h me d d o an o h hae i l ae n ifrn e's q al n v in d be y i a i ufi en t saeac itttonalcai . nd ns tci t o tt orsiui lm 5 ( t Ci. 0 9 (mnef ridv d lc p ct ) Plitf h sara ybe na p o dfrCo n 4h r 2 0 ) s o n iiua a a iy . an if a le d e p r ve o mmo Fa et a co moda ehi snce er i i usnee f aKos rdit Co e nty,a de a a or r o o m t s i r elg o d or he e . ns que l ny clr t y r i i Pli ifsf vorhe e- t tPli ifs ul beadde t Com mon Fa e- woul notha elef n antf a r ha antf ho d do r d ve ap a tc li a t nPli tf srg t a dwo l n t e rs i a ywa t eij r h o ii él rcia mp c o anif ih s n u d o rd e s n n y h nu y e rgn ly a s re S eSi nsv. tdM o t. Lo nI v.LLC, 3 F.d7 4 7 3( t Ci. 1 s etd. e mmo Unie rg & a n . 6 4 3 5 , 6 4h r 201 ) (e o nzn acam i mo tdwh nt ecama t e eve t erle hes ug tt o ti tr ug rc g iig li s o e e h li n r c i s h eif o h o b an h o h t cam) Ac o dn l ,h RIUI camsaed s se a mo t he li . c r ig y t e , PA li r imisd s o . hnimaesrg tt r l iuse rieu d rt eFis Ame d n m u tb b ln e wih n t ' ih o ei o xecs n e h rt n me t' s e aa c d t g aprs si tt i lhe dsofs c iy,d s i i ,a ge r la nita i Cute v. ion' nsiutona e e urt i cplne nd ne a dmi sr ton. tr W ikns n 5 4U. 7 9 7 2 ( 0 ) O' n v Esaeo S b z , 8 U. 3 2, 484 li o , 4 S. 0 , 2 20 5 ; Lo e . tt f ha a z 4 2 S. 4 3 - 9 ( 9 7 .A tu tnil t d n'o rlgo se e cs o c r u d rt eFis Ame me t fi 1 8 ) t bsa ta bl e ' n ei iu x r ie c u s n e h rt nd n i t s r G u gls b tn il e sleo a a h r n t mo iyhi b h vira dt vilt h sb l f, t ts u sa ta prkt n n d e e t o df s e a o n o oae i ei s p r e or... or esape s t c f c r on o hoos be we n f l wi t pr e sofhe r lgi a f f tng e t e olo ng he ec pt r ei on nd oreii g r me al be s ont oneha a aba gove n nt j nest, he nd, nd ndoni oneoft pr e sofhe r lgin ... ng he ec pt r ei o ' ac o teoh rh nd'5 Lovel ev Le , 7 F.d 1 4,1g (t Ci. 0 6 .A c re to a p lc n h te a . e 4 2 3 7 8 4h r 2 0 ) o rcin l oiy 7 . orpr c i t ts t ntal bur nsa i t sFis Am e a tce ha ubsà i ly de n nma e' rt ndme rg i vai i i i nt i ht s ld f t s r a ona yr l edt l tm a epe o c li e e t . Loveac ,472 F. a 1 W hehe a e s bl eat o egii t nol gi a ntr ss l e 3d t 99. t r r g lto i r a o a l r ïtdd pe d o e uain s e s n by eae e n s n: () ( l ehe te e i a G ai, rto a c l cin'bewe n t e p io 1 W h t r h r s ' l ain l ome to ' t e h rs n v d r ul ton or a ton a t i e es as e t d by t go r m e t or whe he eg a i c i nd he nt r t s r e he ve n n , t r t si e eti t o r e ast r nde t polc ar tar o irtonal' ( hi ntr s s ç emot o e r he iy bir y r rai '; 2) s w he he ç le na i m e ns oh e r i i t rght . . r m a n ope t pr s t r t t r tve a f xe c sng he i a . e i n o ion 5 The c ta s mes f pu pos s oft s opi on t tPli ifs desr f a Kos r diti a pe s l our s u or r e hi ni ha antf' ie or he e s r ona pr c i t i bot snce ey hel a r e i r i ousbei . See e. , tr 5 U. at725. a tce hat s h i r l d nd ootd n elgi lef . g.Cute , 44 S. 6 i a e , a i r t t a ks br dl whe he i t wer de i ofa 1 nm t s' n nquiy ha s ' oa y t r nma es e prved l f m s ofr lgi e r s or whehe t y we e abl t pa tcpa e i o he or ei ous xe cie t r he r e o rii t n t r o s r a c so t erfih ()wh ti a tt ed srd a c mmo ain wo l b e v n e ' h i at ; 3 a mp c h e ie c o d to ud f ha o s cliy saf i ts a t al ai ofprs n r ozce ;a ( ve n e trt tf, nmae , nd he loc ton io es lr s nd 4) w he he t r exi t a G t r he e s ny t o , e s ale na i s' t t c l ge obvi us a y t r tve ' o he halen d r gul t o or a ton, w hi h m a s e ai n ci c y ugges t t i i ç r a ona e but i t ha t s ç not e s bl , s E ta la e g eae rs o s t p io c n e . i e d n xa g rtd e p n e o rs n o c ms ns 1 a 2 0(iigTu ne v Saly, 2U.. 8 8 - 2( 9 7) s eOve tnv. z et, 3 U. d. t 0 ctn r r . fe 48 S 7 , 9 9 1 8 ); e ro Ba z ta 5 9 S. 1 , 3 ( 0 )(e o nzn t p io rh st eb r e t d s r v t v ldt o aprs n 26 1 2 20 3 r c g iig he rs ne a h u d n o ip o e he aiiy f io r g lto p ru n t t eTu ra ayss. e u ain u s a t o h me n l i) Pl ntf f ist e t bls t tBa rsfr tde so t de t Comm onFa ea ià i ai if al o sa ih ha ke ' is ciin o ny he r pplc ton wa n t ain l rltdt lgtmaeg v r me tn ee t. ç P rs n o fcasma s b rto al eae o e ii t o e n n itr ss6 ç jio fiil y y ( ' i .x - a oprael quesi whet raprs rsr lgi iy,a s red a abassf ar ue t d ppr i t y ton he ione ' el ost s e t s i or eq se a om m oda i i a he i .' Cute ,544 U . a 725 n. 3. The e i a l c lc cc ton s ut nt c ' tr S. t 1 r s ogi a onne ton ci be wee t polc ofr quii Co mon Fa e a i a st de onsr t snc rt a r to ng t n he iy e rng m r pplc nt o m ta e i e iy nd ai ni lmie r olrysa i td es zc mongi ts Se Ttr r 48 U. a 8 90( tngt l cofarguai nmae . e tne , 2 S. t 9- noi he ogi e lton mus bes r mot a t r nde t polc abir y orir tona a t bevi a i t Fis t o e e s o e r he iy r tar ra i l s o ol tng he r t Ame me ) nd nt. 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