Dillard v. Edmonds, No. 7:2016cv00458 - Document 12 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 9/26/2017. (tvt)
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eLER/: OF CEu. . sm counT FI s Dl . AT DANVI E, LL vA FIED L I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DJ STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A RQANOKE DI SI VI ON TY R O NE D EO N D I LLA R D , SEP 26 2 1 ' 27 J k c. L % ct K u w nuD é B:jPTCE vpEUYLR h i C A SE N O .7: 16CV 00458 Pe ii r t tone , M EM ORANDUM OPI ON NI By:H on.Jacks L.K i er on s Se orU nied St e D i t i Judge ni t at s s r ct LARRY T. EDM ONPS , R espondent . Tyr De Dil r a Vigi a i t pr e ng pr K ,fl d a peii f ra wrtof one on la d, r ni nma e oce di o e tton o i h b a c pu ,p rua tt 28U. C.j2 4,c aln i t evai i o h sc nfn me to a a e s o s us n o S. 25 h le gng h ldt f i o i e n n y j g n i te Ap matx Co n y Cic i Co l frpo ss in o c c iewih te itn t ud me t n h po to u t rut u' o se so f o an t h ne t o t diti e a a t r ors e ntofe e. Re ponde fl d a m o i t dim is a Dilr srbut s hid ubs que f ns s nt ie ton o s s , nd la d r ponde 1m a ng t m a trrpe f rdiposton. Afe r viw oft r or Igr ntt m o i es d, ki he te i o s ii tr e e he ec d, a he ton t dim isml dimist peii o s s d s s he tton. 1. ProceduralH i t s ory Dilr pl a g ly t pos es i ofc i wih t i e tt diti e a at r o la d e ded uit ? s son ocane t he nt n o srbut s hid r s b e u n of n e a d o J n r 1 , 4 t etilc u t nee ' a j d me t s n e cng u s q e t fe s , n n a uay 6 201 , h ra o r e tr d in l u g n , e tn i hi t tn- nd- - l ye r i prs Dil d il amoton t r c i ri t cic tc t but m o e a ahaf a s n ion. lar ed i o e onsde n he r ui our, di no a d t ppea . l On N o mbe 5 201 Dil r fl a sa e ha a pe ii i t cr ui c t t c t ve r , 4, la d ed tt be s tton n he ic t our; he our de e hi pe ii on Augus 1 201 nid s tton t 9, 5.On Dec m be 8 201 Dil r a a e t t Su e e r , 5, la d ppe l d o he pr me Dillard v. Edmonds Doc. 12 Co tofVigi a bu t c tdimis d hi a a on J 3, 6,f rf iur t tm ey fl t ur r ni , t he our s s e s ppe l une 201 o al e o i l ie he notc ofa lunderVa Sup.Ct R.5: a,a be us Dilr sasi nt ofer wee ie ppea . . 9() nd ca e la d' sgnme s ror r lDilr tes la d t ponde 'wih c esofdoc e sale y doc t hi peii slgalm e or ndum , hi r d' t opi um nt r ad keed: s tton' e m a s e bi,a Re ponden ' frte bi. Howeve,he alo i ude an unsgne guit pl a a or ro t xhi t nd s ts is xhi t r s ncl d i d ly ea nd n de m he Appom at Cic tCour m odiyi t daeoft fna or rofhi cic tco tsaehabe peiin a al ng tox r ui t f ng he t he i l de s r ui ur tt as tto nd lowi framoint staietej d me t o t o e sd h u g n. o Dockets.Justia.com i u fce tu d rVa S p.Ct R.5 1 ()1(i) On Oco r7 2 6 te S p e Co r o ns f in n e . u . :7 c( )ii. tbe , 01 , h u rme u t f Vigi ade e Dil r speii n f rr he rngbe aus i wa a s untm ey fld. r ni ni d la d' tto o e a i c e t s lo i l ie I. I Cl m s ai On Se e r 1 201 Dilr fl d t c r ntpeii aleg ng t ttilc t elwas pt mbe 9, 6, la d ie he ure tton, l i ha ra o ms i f e tve f r ne f c i o : Fa lng t a s and a ton apl aofe ;a ii o dvie c e f r nd 2. Fa lng t a s Dil r oft c r a s nt nci r nge t whih hewa pl a ng ii o dvie la d' he ha ge nd e e ng a o c s e di étit! jll). 111. Ti em Bar D il r s cl i s a e tm e ba r d. U nde t Ant- e r i m Ef e tve D ea h Pe t A c la d' a m r i - r e r he it r ors fci t naly t ( AEDPA) ao - arpei oflmiai f fdea habe sc pusnmsfom t lts of , neye rod i tton or e r l a or r he ae t : ( te d t o wh c tej d me tb c me tn lb t e c n l in o A) h ae n ih h u g n e a s a y h o cuso f die tr viw ort e r ton oft tm ef rs ki s h r viw; rc e e he xpia i he i o ee ng uc e e ( t dae ù whih t i di ntt flng a a iato ce td by B) he t n c he mpe me o ii n pplc in rae St t a ton i vi ai of t Consiuton or lws of t Unied St t s i ae c i n ol ton he tt i a he t ae s r m ove i t a i a waspr ve e fom flng by s h St t a ton; e d, f he pplc nt e ntd r i uc a e c i ( t e d t o wh c t e c n ttto l rg t a s re wa i iily C) h ae n ih h o siuina ih setd s ntal r c ze by t Supr me Co t i t rgh hasbee ne y r ogni d by t e ogni d he e ur, f he i t n wl ec ze he Supr m eCour a mader toa tvey ap i bl t c eson colae a r vi w;or e t nd er ci l plca e o as lt r l e e ( te' ae o whih t ç f cu l p e iae o t cam o cams D) h d t n c h a t a r dc t f he li r li pr s nt d c d ha be n dic r t o h t e r ie ofduedii nc e e e oul ve e s ove ed hr ug he xe c s lge e. 28U.. j2 4 ( )1. SC. 2 4 d ( ) Addii l a pe ii rc n tol' t f r ha assa t oflmia i i t wa : tonaly, ttone a s l' he ede al be t m e i t ton n wo ys t sau oy tlig a d e utb e t lng S cin 2 4 ( 2 tls t f d rllmiain p ro tttr oln n q ia l ol . e to 2 4 *() ol he e ea i tto e id i d i t tm ei whi h $apr ry fl d a ia i f Stt pos- onviton oro he cola e a urng he i n c t ope l ie pplc ton or a e tc c i t r lt r l r ve . . sp ndn ' Eq ia l t l n o c r o l i apei o rs o $( )t th h sb e e iw . i e ig. utb e ol g c u s ny f tt ne h ws ç 1 ha e a e n ' i i 1 p runghi rg t dlg n l, nd()t a s mee ta r iaycrl tnc so di h swa a u s i s ihs iie ty a 2 h t o xr o dn r icz a e to n i y' nd ms p e ne tmey ûln . Ho ln v.Flrd ,5 0 U. 6 ,6 9 ( 0 ( u t P c v. rve td i l i g' la d ' o ia 6 S. 31 4 201 ) q oi a e ng Di cil , 4 U. 4 8 41 ( 0 5 ) Gu l mo 5 4, S. 0 , 8 2 0 ). e Th crutc u tsfn l u g n wa e trd o J n a y 1 ,2 4 a Di ad dd n t e ic i o r' i a j d me t s n ee n a u r 6 01 nd l r i o l a pe l Th r f r , i j d me tb c fn lo Fe r r 1 , 01 ,h ryd y atrt e tyo p a. e eo e h s u g n e mne i a n b uay 5 2 4 tit a s fe he nr f j d me t Va S p.Ct R.5 6 ( tc o a pe lmu tb fld wi i t it d y o fn l u g n . . Ju . A: Noie f p a s e ie t n hry a s f ia h j d me t) Go z lzv Th lr 5 5U. 1 4 1 ( 01 )( ligt a, nd rj2 4 ( )1( , u g n .; n ae . ae , 6 S. 3 , 49 2 2 hodn h t u e 2 4 d ( )A) t ej g n be o sfn ls e t t f rpls igdr c r ve i gh S p e Co r) o h ud me t c me i a l n he i o t un ie t e iw n te u r me u t, r wh me r i saec u t e pr s'.' ilr tu h d o ey a ( 6 d y )fo Fe r r 1 , 4 t tl hs n tt o r, x ie' D lad h s a n e r 3 5 a s rm b uay 4 201 o qe i ) j2254peii tton. By t tme Dilr tm ey fld hi sa ehabe spe ii onN o mber11 201 268 da he i la d i l e s tt a tton ve , 4, ys o t saut oflmiai had nm . Afe t cr ui c tde e Dilr spe ii n o Augus f he t t e i t tons tr he ic t our nid la d' tto n t 1 201 Dilr ha t ry da t tm ey fl a notce of a alt t Supr m e Cour of 9, 5, la d d hit ys o i l se i ppe o he e t Vigi a;ho r ni weve ,he f ie t do s a t saut of lm ia i be n t r agan on r a ld o o, nd he t t e i ttons ga o un i Se e be 18,201 Dil r sf de a ha aslmia i perod e r d ni t s ve dayslt r ptm r 5. la d' e r l be i t tons i xpie ne y- e n ae, o D ec m be 25, 2015. D il r di not fl hi c r nt pe ii untl Sept m be 1 201 n e r la d d ie s ur e tton i e r 9, 6. Ac o n igf rtli u e j2 4 ( )1( , 3 d ysh dea e . c u tn o o l nd r 2 4 d ( )A) 6 5 a a lps d ng Dilr cai st hi sa e ha sa a t l d t f de alha assa ut oflmiai la d l m hat s tt bea ppe l ole he e r be tt e i t tons u d rj2 4 d () h we e , i a pe lwa n t o ryhldl h S p e Co r o Vigna n e 2 4()2 ; o v r h s p a s o prpel e t e u rme u t f r i i f ound hi a a untmel u rVa Sup.Ct R.5: a a hi a sgnme so er i ufi e s ppe l i y nde . . 9() nd s s i nt f ror ns fcint t rVa Sup.Ct R.5:7( ( (i) I hi r pons ,Dilr i l s a çAg e d Or rf mde . . 1 c)1)ii. n s es e lad ncude n ç r e de or Le t Fie aNotc o Appe lPurua tt Vigni Code j 8. - 'whih modii hi ave o l ie f a s n o ri a 01428, c 7 fed s cr ui c tha sfna or rda e fo Augus 18,201 t Ocobe 6,2015. Even i t c r ic t our bea i l de t r m t 5 o t r f he ou t r ogni s t m odi ec ze he ied da e, t tm e f an a a woul ha e r t ry da f om t he i or ppe l d ve xpied hi t ys r 3 Ocober6,201 on Nove be 5, 5;Dil r di no a t 5, m r 201 la d d t ppea un i De e be .The ef e a t l tl c m r r or , t he ve y lt s,t f de alha ssaut oflmia i be n t nm a n on Nove r5,201 a r a e t he e r bea t t e i ttons ga o gai mbe 5, nd w oul ha e r on Fe a y 1 201 d ve xpied bnz r 0, 6. Lasl Dilr ha nots wn t tt sa u e of lm iai ns s d be eq tbl t ld. ty, la d s ho ha he tt t i tto houl uia y ole He ha nots s hown r s bl dii nc i pur ui hi rght c i rng hi r peaed mi s d ea ona e lge e n s ng s i s onsde i s e t se de i s a heha notal ge t ta e r r na y cr m sa e pr vent hi tm ey flng. adlne , nd s le d ha ny xtao di r iol t nc e ed s i l ii Furhe ,S g r e oft lw i no a ba i f e t bl t lng. See Unie St t s v.Sos , t r l no anc i he a s t ss or quia e oli ' ' td ae a 3 4F.d5 7 51 ( t Ci. 0 4 (o lclgc s s. 6 3 0 , 2 4h r 2 0 ) c le tn ae ) I . V Exhaus i and Pr e alD e aul ton oc dur f t ç Aqfd r lc u t y n tga tawrto h b a c r u t ap tto e i saec so y $ e ea o r ma o rn g i f a e s o p s o eiin r n tt u t d unl st peii ne hasfrte use hi saer medisby pr s ntng hi cli st t li t es he tto r is xha t d s t t e e ee i s am o he lghes sae c t' Ba r v. Cor orn, 220 F. 276, 288 ( h Ci. 2000 (ii 28 U. C. tt our. ' ke c a 3d 4t r ) ctng S. j2 5 ( ( ) O' u l n v.Bo r k l 5 6 U. 8 8 8 8 ( 9 9) To me tt e e h usin 2 4b)1; S li va e c e, 2 S. 3 , 4 1 9 ). e h x a to r quiem e ,a pe ii r ç us ha pr s nt d t t sa e c tbot t ope a i f c s a t e r nt ttone t t ve e e e o he t t our h he r tve a t nd he m c nr li lg lp icpls' s v. c ln ,3 0F.d 4 7 5 - 2 ( t Ci.2 0 )(nena o tol e a rn i e . ng 'Ka i An eo e 0 3 8 , 010 4h r 0 2 itr l quotto maksa cttonomitd) $ cai t thasnotbe n pr e e t t hihes sae ain r nd iai te .ç l m ha A e esntd o he g t tt c tne rhe e sma be te e a e use i i i c e rt tt cl m woul be p oc dur l our ve t l s y r atd s xha td f t s l a ha he ai d r e aly ba r unde sa elw i t peii ra tmpt d t pr e i t t sa ec t' Bac r 220 F. red r t t a f he ttone te e o es nt t o he t t our. le , ' 3d a 2 8(iigGryv Neh ra , 1 U..1 2 1 ( 9 6 ) t 8 ctn a . t elnd 5 8 S 5 , 61 1 9 ). Alo,çljha speii ri bard fom s e ng f r r viw ofa cam t was s ça bea ttone s re r e ki edeal e e li hat pr e e t a s a e c ' and ( l ry a e pr s l de ed o t i pe nt a ua e sa e es nt d o t t oul t c ea l nd x e s y' ni n he nde nde , deq t t t g o n o p o e u a d f ut'Be n tv. eo e 9 F.d 1 3 ,1 4 (t Ci.1 9 )(ing r u d f r c d r l e a l. n e Anc ln , 2 3 3 6 3 3 4 h r 9 6 ct ' i Harsv.Re d,48 U. 255,26 (98 9.A pr durlr ei a quaeçi i i r ulry or ri e 9 S. 3 1 9( oce a ul s de t tf t s eg al 4 c n itn l a p id b te saec ut'a id pe d n dfi d e n t( e e dg o af d rl o sse ty p le y h tt o l ' nd n e n e t ' t o s o d p n ) n e ea i c n ttto a nlng' Ye tsv. meo e 1 6F.d 2 5 2 0 ( t Ci.1 9 )(uoig Akev o si in l l .' at Al ln , 6 3 5 , 6 4h r 9 9 q tn u i ' . Oklh ma 47 U. 6 , ( 98 ). Untd S ae S p e Co th sln hedt tasae a o , 0 S. 8 75 1 5 )The ie tts u rme ur a o g l ha tt p io e ' h b a camsma n tb e trane b afd r l o r ç n( )C saec u t(a q rs n rs a e s li y o e n eti d y e ea c u ts whe 1 a tt o r h s d cie t a d e s (h s jcamsb c u e t p io e h d f ie t me ta saepr c d r l e l d o d rs to e li e a s he rs n r a ald o e tt o e u a n rq ie n v a d ( )ç saej d me trsso id pe d n a d a e u t sae p o e t a e urme t' n 2 t tt u g n e t n n e n e t n d q ae tt r c dl l he r g o n s' M a lsv.Th ma ,5 5U. 2 6 2 0 ( 01 )( u tngW ak rv. a t ,5 2 U. r u d .' pe ' o s 6 S. 6 , 8 2 2 q oi l e M ri 6 S. n 3 7 31 ( 01 ).A p o e u a r l i a e u t Gfi i r g lryo c nsse t a p id b t 0 , 6 2 1) r c d r l ue s d q ae t t s e ual r o itnl p le y he i y saec ut'a d id p nd n çfi d e n tGe n )o afd r l o t u in l uig.'Ye ts tt o l ' n n e e e tG t o s o d pe dg n e ea c nsi to a r l ' a t i t n ' v Ang ln ,1 6 F.d 2 5 26 ( t Ci.1 9 )( u t Ak v.Oklh ma 4 0 U..6 ,75 . eo e 6 3 5 , 0 4h r 9 9 q oi ng e ao , 7 S 8 ( 98 ) 1 5). Dil r f ie t tme y r i ehi cli sbe or t Supr m e Cour ofVigi a t r f e la d a ld o i l a s s am f e he e t r ni ; he e or , h scams ae ( )smutn o sy e h u td a d d ful d u d r Ba e a d ()p o e u al i li r 1 i l e u l x a se n ea t n e k r n 2 r c d r l a e y d ful du e Va S p.Ct R, 9a . F rh r t Su rme Co r o Vigna as f t h s ea t nd r . u . 5:() u te, he p e e u t f r ii lo omd i cli s de a t d be a e hi a sgnme s of ero we e i ufi e unde Va. Sup.Ct R. am f ule c us s s i nt r r r ns tcint r . 5 1 ()ii. Boh Rue 5:() a d Rue 5:7 c(i a e i e e de t a d a e u t sae :7 c(i) t l 9a n l 1 ()ii r nd p n n n d q ae tt ) pr e a r lsc tt i pr durldeful. Se W iev.W ilnms 98 F. 1 1 ( h oc durl ue onsiutng oce a a t e s li , 2 2d 42, 44 4t Ci.1 9 )( 1 5:()i i d p n e ta a e u t saeba . M u le v.Ang ln ,1 1 F.d r 9 4 Ru e 9a s n e e d n nd d q ae tt r) elr eo e 8 3 5 7 5 4 (t Ci. 9 9 ( e5:7c (i)i a id pe d n a da e uaesaeb r) 5 , 8 4 h r 1 9 ) Rul 1 ()i s n n e n e t n d q t tt a .. i S f a c ai i de a t t n pe ii r m us f i on t t c a m unl s he c n s t l l m s f uled, he ttone t al ha l i es a how t t ha c u ea p eu ie o af n a n a mic ni g o j tc mih e c ehsd f ut' Belv a s nd rj d c r ' d me tl s a a e f usie g t x us i ea l. l . u ' Tr e 41 F. u p. 6 7, 7 ( . Va 2 0 )(ii Fih rv. eo e 1 3F.d 8 5 8 4 u , 3 S p 2d 5 6 6 W D. . 0 6 ct ng s e Anc ln , 6 3 3 , 4 ( h Ci. 1 ). The ç a e' pr ng rquies a peii r t de 4t r 998) s us ' o e r c ttone o monsrt t tt r wer tae ha hee e 5 % b e tv f co s' e tl lt hi d fn e whc i e e hi fo rii hi cam a a s j cie a tr, x ema o s ee s , ih mp d d m r m asng s li t n o ' e rirsa e M u ry v Care,47 U. 47 , 8 ( 9 6 . TheG eudc ' p o g r q ie a a le tg . ra . rir 7 S. 8 48 1 8 ) l j ie' r n e ur s pr pe ii rt s ttone o how t tt ale d c tt i lvi a i n wor t hi a t la s t nta ha he lge onsiutona olto ked o s c ua nd ubsa il di ad nt ,i e tng hi e i e t i lw ih e r r of a c tt i s va age nf c i s ntr ra t y o ons iutonalm a m de. 1 M ea gni d. nwhie, l t e fmd me tl mic rig o j sie e c p in rq rs a peiin r t p o e h s a t a h b a n a s ara e f u tc x e to e uie t o e . o r v i cu l t i e .Sc upv. l 51 U. 298 339- ( 995) nnoc nce hl Deo, 3 S. , 40 1 . Dilr d e n t alg c u e a p eu ie o a f n n na mic n a e o j sie lad o s o le e a s nd rj dc r u d me tl sa i g f u tc ; h e or ed ddr s e i l xc e or s f ul nd i - rz e ke t er f e, I ne not a es pot nta e us s f hi de a t a tm e ba . Se Bur tv. An eo e 2 F.d 1 2,1 3 n.0 ( t Ci.20 0 ( odng ta,a p tto e be r b r e t g l n , 08 3 7 8 1 4h r 0 ) h li h t s eiin r a s u d n o r iec u ea dprj ieo a t a in c n e ac u t e dno c n ie et e i no a sre b as a s n eudc r cu l n o e c , o r n e t o sd r ih r f t se td y peii r. ttone) V. For t f egoi r s ns I gr nt Res he or ng eé o , a ponde ' m oto t dim is a dimis t nts i n o s s nd s s he peii f r a wrt o ha s c pus Bas d upo my indi t tPe ii rha notma t tton o i f bea or . e n ng ha ttone s de he r quiie s t ils ng ofa de a ofa c tt ina rghta rquie by 28 U. C.j e st ubsanta howi nil onsi o l i s e r d m S. 2253($,acettcaeofa aa lt i de e ( ris t ppe lbiiy s nid. ENTER: hs dd yo spe e, 0 7 T iW a f etmbr2 1. a Se i rU nie a e D it i tJ o t d t s s rc udge 2A f n a na mic nigeo jsiecnas e c s t t - a.S eMc ichv Pekis 1 3S. . u d me tl sa a fu tc a lo x u e he i b r e ouc i . r n , 3 Ct me 124( 1) 9 20 3 . 6