Adams v. Fleming, No. 7:2016cv00445 - Document 33 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 7/12/2017. (slt)
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CLERK' OFFI E t.s. 9l COURT S C ) sT. D ATRGANOKE,VA FI UED I T H E U N I D STATE S D ISTRI CO U RT N TE CT FO R TH E W ESTE RN D ISTRICT O F W RGI I N A RO AN O K E D I SI N VI O DOM I QUE HERM AN ADAM S ) NI , Peiine, tto r ) ) v. ) ) LES E J. LI FLEM I G, N ) Re po nt s nde . ) J 12 2 1 UL 27 J c. uu D ac RK, g LERK . CASE N O .7:6CV00445 1 M EM O RAN D U M O PI IO N N By:H on.M i chaelY.U r bansl d Chi fUnie St t Diti tJ e t d a es s rc udge D onnni H e m a Ada s a Vig ri i a e pê edi pt K ,fl t s pett i que r n m , r iza nm t oce ng q led hi ibn . f r a wrtofha a c m us p s a t 28 U.. j 2 4 c aln i t v ldt o a o i be s o , uru nt o SC. 25 , h l gng he ai iy f e W ale m dge St e Pts dicplna y he rng, algi t he was de lns at ion s i i r ai le ng hat pdved of lbe t i ry i ee t wiho d pr c s.Re po e tfld amo t cit s Ada ' 2 5 pe on ntr ss t ut ue o e s s nd n ie éon o lsnis ms j 2 4 éé , a A da sr s nd m e ponded,m aki t m ate rpe f diposton. A fe t viw oft t c d, ng he t r i or s ii tt e e he e oz t c tconcudest tAda s petton i pr dt ly defule tm e- z d,pn tal not he out l ha m ' ii s oce ual a t d, i bar e rily cogz'a e on f r lha s r viw,and tli at y wihoutm e i,r xrng t m odon t uz bl ede a bea e e ltm el t rt eqlii he o dinls t be gr nt d. s is o a e 1. Backgr ound On M a 2 20 4 a J ne3 2 4, alnsRig S aePts s n e e Ada t y 3, 1 nd u , 01 W l e d e t t ion e fnc d ms o s gr ton and a pa da l s of good-i e c e t afe fndi hi gtit of hghdng, e ega i r l os tm r dis tr i ng m zly a g a td a sul a d maii swo i / a ig bo l ijr t c ni s Thewa d n g r vae sa t n l ou undng c usn di nu y o a ne . m c y re Adams v. Fleming Doc. 33 d ne hi a a o J ne 26 2 4. On Se e r 21 ' 01 ,Ada fld t czr nt e id s ppe l n u , 01 ptmbe ,2 6 ms le he lre pe i tdon,algi t t dicplna y he i t ts nt nc li t s gr ga le ng hat he s i i r atng ha e e ed nm o e e éon vi a ed hi olt s c dtzbna rght. Shorl t r afe ,t cour s m a iy dir s e t petton wihout ons tt l i s ty he e t r he t um rl snis d he ii t Dockets.Justia.com prjdie be a s Ada 'c msdd noti c t ln h ofli ic rea n. Va ae eu c, c u e ms bi i mpat he e gt l n acréo s c td M e . Ad m sv. e an , 71 CV0 4 ,1 2 ( . Va S p. , 1 ) ECF No. 1 m Op. a Fln i No. :6 0 45 - W D. . e 29 20 6 , 2. On O c ober19,2016, da sm ove t a e whih t c tgr nt d. The e tr t A m d o m nd, c he our a e r afe , . t rs he e ponde m oved t dil s . Ada s r ponde t t m oéon,a t n m ove t nt o snis m es d o he nd he d o a e li peéton f a s cond tm e. The t s m nd ls i or e i e ponde fld a m odon opposng t nt le i he a e m ndm e as untm ey a f ie. Ada s r s nt i l nd utl m e ponded t t m oéon,a ki t c t t o hat s ng he our o c t e hi s cond m oéon t a end a a fpr onsnz s e o m s f oduc don f D icove y M oton' pur ua t or s r i ' s nt o Rul 34 oft Fe r lRulsofCi lPr edur e he de a e vi oc e. I I. Cl m ai A da sr iesonecli : m as nm 1. A da s was de ze due pr s of 1w a li dicplna y pr edi , m rid oce s a t zs s i i r oce ngs s ii ly whe t I étz pecfcal n he ns tdona D icplna y H e rng O fi e ci not l si i r ai fc r ld gve hi a es t s urt s vela e vi os t c aned e pa or i m cc s o ec iy ut ilnc de hat ont i xcul t y e i e e i vilto ofBr d v. lnd 3 3U. 8 (9 3 . v d nc ,n o ain a Ma a , 7 S. 3 1 6 ) 1 1. I 1 ncogni e I sue zabl s A spa tofli cli ,Ada sas e t t t uncons adona wihhol ng ofe dence r ls nm m s r s hat he dtz l t di vi r tled i a de oton i c a slve t tafec e li a lt t ea n good- i e c edisi t eszt n m i n l s e l ha f t d ns biiy o r tm r t n he f t e Att ttes d, m s a gu e i notc za e on f r lha st viw : utz . r he lt hol Ada ' r m nt s ogni bl ede a bea e e (h n e j i a p io ts l a on,v ra i of dal t ut , c n e i c a g s n rs ne ' oc d a itons i o i ha g s n y ne c di ns of c i e nt ( l i a mi itai s g e ai ) a 'he on éo onfn me i udng d nsrt e r g t , nd t nc ve on de a of prvie - m ate s wlih e r prs r c n a i t a e nil i lges tr lc ve y ione a ndcpa e r c e plt by li orgi ls nt nc t prs ont m a ed zs i na e e e o ion- a e nec s iy f dons of t es arl unc 1Th c u t iia cs sa rl du nWi isn v Dotn, 4 U..7 ,8 (0 5 (odn ta ha es e o r' nd l lz sl ei po l n o . so 5 4 S 4 1 2 0 ) h lig h t b a s ini e k c rsmu tfo us o ten e t e sr ta saep io esu eo l ha a cmu (rsmi rsae zme iswhe out s f c g n h e d o nu e h t tt rs n r s ny bes o s o i l tt) e de n f a te se t i l ae ted zdo o t i c n e n--i e drcl tru ha i u c n c mp ln s e ir h y ek o t i t h ua n f her o G me t- t r iet ho g n t n do o el g pede wad eh y j i rlaeo idrcl tzu hajdca d tr n é nt n c sai i l st l a in s o teSaesc so y) ee s rn iet ho g u iil eemia o l e esry mpi he mlwfles f h tt' utd '. y ut l e l 2 prs r m a ge ent t t m us be lf t t bt d dic eton of prs i one na m ha t e t o he oa s r i ion a i s r t st e bl t m t m ana prs s f l a efe i l dnanita or o na e he o ge i ons a ey nd f ctvey. De a i v. o s ,1 F.S p.2 31 ,3 - ( D. .2 0 ) a fd 1 Fe . x 9 Blso J hn on 28 up d 5 2829 E. Va 0 0 , f' 3 d App' 6 (t Ci.20 1 . M o e s e i l ,<nmae do no ha a pr t ce l ry i e e ti 4h t 0 ) r p cf l f t s ka y i t ve o e td i t ntt s n be e r ng a s c fc r e of good conduc tm e. The efe of a ca sf a a ni pe ii at ti f ct ls ik don c nge on t ha he a lt t e r good- i e c e ti t s cul i t c ét e a de i éon ofa pr e ed biiy o a n tm r di s oo pe atve o ons ut prva ot ct lb ry i tr s. Ha t v.Pe ro ie t n e e t' mme ? a s n,20 5 W L 4 7 36 a * ( D.Va Fe .3,2 5 1 6 5 , t 1 W. . b 01 ) ( e n l ctto r m o e ) (ii De ai , 1 8 F. S p 2 a 3 9 . The eo e i r a iai n e v d ctng Blso 2 nt u p. d t 2 ) rfr, casi ton lve and f ur good- r t a ston z t ar not copzza e on ha as l sûca i e l ut e c edi cquiii a e e i bl be revi w . e I V. St andar ofRe e ds vi w 4.Exh uto a dPrcd rl a l asin n oeua Df ut . .. fl. f d r lc lr m a no g a a wrtof ha a c m us t a pe T î e e a ozt y t r nt i gj be s o o ééone i sae r n tt c t ull s t pe i r ha ft te used hi s a e z m e lesby pr s ntng li cnm s usody aes he dtone s ts xha t s t t e ci e e i ns li t t el he tsae c ur. k rv.Co c a ,2 0 F.d 2 , 8 (t Ci. 0 )(i g 28 o l ùg s tt o t' e a ;Ba r or n 2 3 76 28 4. r 20 0 cdn h U.. j2 44 1;O'ulva v.Bo rk l 5 6 U. 8 8 8 8 (9 9) To met t SC. 25 $() S l n i ec e, 2 S. 3 , 4 1 9 ). e he e usi r t m e , a pe ii r çm us ha pr e e t t sat cour 10t t xha ton equie nt ttone f t ve es nt d o he t e t 3 h he ope a i f ct a t contoli lga prncpl . K a iv. n e one 300 F. 48 501 02 r tve a s nd he r lng e l i i es' ' s A l , 3d 7, - (t Ci. 0 )( en lq tto maksa cttononitd .. cnm t tha no ben 4h r 20 2 i r a uoain r nd iai nte ) . li ha s t e nt h pr e e t t li tsa e c tne rhees m a be te t d a e us e i i i ce t t es nt d o he zghes t t our ve t l s y r a e s xha t d f t s lar ha t cni w oul bepr dur ly ba r d unde s a e1w i t peétone a tm pt d t pr ent he l m d oce al r e r t t a f he i r te e o es i t t e sae c ut' Ba r 2 F.d a 28 (ii Gr v.Nehelnd 51 U. 1 2 1 t o h tt ot . ke, 20 3 t 8 ct ' ng a t ra , 8 S. 5 , 61 ( 9 6) 1 9 ). 3 Tl a c m i def uled,t n pedtone m us f i on t t c lm unls he c s <f bi s a t he i r t al ha l i es an how ta c u ea p eucc o afnd me a nic rigeo jsienihte u eli d fut' h t a s nd rj l e r u a ntl nsala f u tc ag xc s as ea l. i ' Belv. u ,41 F. u 2 6 7 6 6 ( D. . 0 )(ing Fihe v. g l ne 1 3 F. l Tr e 3 S pp. d 5 , 7 W. Va 2 06 cé s r An eo , 6 3d 8 ,8 4 (t Ci.1 8) Thef a e' on r q ie apeiine t d mo taet a t r 35 4 4 h r 99 ). f us 'pr g e u rs tto t o e nsrt h t he e c weeK bjc vefcoz, e tr lt lsdee e whc i d d lm fom rii hscnm r f e d at s' xena o z fns, ih mpe e n r asng i li o ' i i a a e rirsa . Mt a v.Care,4 7 U. 4 ,48 (9 6 . The < eu c 'pt ng t n al tge ur e rir 7 S. 78 8 1 8 ) < 'die' o pzl r quies a pettone t s e r ii r o how t t t alged consiutona vi aton wor t hi a m a ha he le tt i l ol i ked o s c l and s t nta dia nt ge i ec ubs a il s dva a , nf dng li entr t l wih e r of a cons iuéona zs ie da t r or tt l ma niu . L Me n i ,t un me a r s ara e ofj t ee c pdo r q ie a g t de i a wh l hef dn ntl nic rig e usi x e n e ur s c pettone t pr hi ac ta i ii r o ove s tzl nnoce e. nc B Sttt t Dk ' lr . auef z/ b l a' t # . Un rteAné-et rs Efeév De t Pe lyAc ( de h troim fc e ah nat t AEDPA) ao -e rpeid , ney a to oflm ia i f f r ha a com usm nsfom t l es of i t ton or ede al be s r he at t : ( t d t o wh c t j g ntbe a fna by t c l i of A) he ae n ih he ud me c me i l he oncuson die tr viw ozt e t éon oft tm e f s e ng s r viw ; rc e e he xpia he i or e ki uch e e ( t d t o whih t e i dme tt fl g a a lc do c e t d b B) he a e n c h mpe i n o in n ppia n r ae y i St e a i i vi a at cton n ol don of t Cons aton or lws of t Unie St t i he dtzi a he t d a es s r m oved,i t a e f he pphca waspr ve e fom flng by s h St t a éon; nt e nt d r li uc a e c ( t dae o wl c t e c nsi z a rg a s re wa i iil C) he t n l h h o tt don l iht set d s ntal i a y r cog ze by t Supr m e Coul ,i t rghthasbe ne y r cogni d by e ni d he e ' f he i t en wl e ze t Supr e Cour a m ade r r c i l a ia e t c es on c lt r he em t nd etoa tvey pplc bl o as ola e al r vi w ;or e e ( t dae on wl h t fc u l p e c t o t cnm o cnms D) he t ùc he a t a r diae f he li r li pr e e c d ha bee dicove ed t ough t e r ie ofdue Hii nc es nt d oul ve n s r hr he xe c s lge e. 28U.. j2 4 d () SC. 2 4()1. Und rj 2 4 apeiine c n fol't fd r lha a sa t e o l tt i t e 2 4, tto r a f l he e e a be s tt t f i a bn n wo t ' z mi wa :sam t y t lng a e t bl t lng. St m t y t lng oc ur whe ape ii r fls a ys t or oli nd quia e oli a or oli c s n ttone te 4 sat ha s peddon w i n t f de a s a t of lm iai pe i t e bea t hi he e r l t m e i t ton rod. The f de a ha as e r l be satze oflm ia t tt i t éon i t t l f t dur ton oft sat ha spr ee ng. 28 U . C. s hen oled or he a i he t e bea oc di S. j 2 4 d () Eq tb e t lng oc u s o l i ape ine s ws <() t t he h s be n 2 4()2 . uia l ol i c r n y f éto r ho < 1 ha f a e purunghi rg t dl e l,a ()t ts mee ta dia yct lmsa c soodi li wa ' s i s i h s ig nt nd 2 ha o x ror n r icl t n e t n ls y i y a p e ntd t l fi ' Holndv.Flrd ,5 0U..6 1 6 9 (01 )(uoi Pa ev. nd rve e i y lnp' l me l a oia 6 S 3 , 4 2 0 q tng c Di l l ,5 4, S 40 ,41 (0 ). 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D M el n. s Prort r voki vesed good tm e c e t,t D uePr es Clus oft Fotree h i o e ng t i r dis he oc s a e he zt nt Ame dme e ls a p dt r t t f l wi p oc s:() a i tilt una; () n nt ndte e bne o he ol ng r e s 1 n mpn ta db l 2 o 5 wrte no ieoft e c a g spro t t e he rn ;()a oppo t nt t c l win se a itn tc h h r e i r o h aig 3 n rt iy o al t e s s nd z p e e do ume a y e i nc ;()ad fo a fl w i t o sa fr pr s nté e i t r s nt c ntr v de e 4 i r m el nmae r tf e e e a v f he o is s a e c lx a () awrte sae n b t e fc fnde de ci ng t e i nc sue r omp e ; nd 5 itn ttme t y h a t i r s rbi he v de e r le upon a t r as f t l dicplna y ac e id nd he e ons ot adng s i i r don. Col s v.W as n t 2012 W L e hi on, 4 35 ,a * ( D.Va Fe 1 ,2 1 )(ii W of v.Mc nnel 41 U. 5 ,5 37 4 43 t 2 E. . b. 0 0 2 ct ng lf Do l 8 S. 39 6 -1 , (9 4 ) 1 7 ). To esa ih a BLZ - vi a t bls d -y ol don, < c c e def nt m us m a e ch of t e < onvit d a enda t ke a hr e .- s owi gs () t e i nc a is i f vo a l t t a c e et r be a e i i h n : 1 he vde e t sue s f r b e o he c us d, ihe c us t s a e tpao y o be a e i i i a hig; () t S ae s pr s e t e e i e c ,Tihe xcz t r , r c us t s mpe c n ' 2 he t t up e s d h v d n e et r l wilul o i d re l'a ()f eu c . .e ue ' S i rv.S te,5 2U..5 , l l r na vetnt ; nd 3 prjdie . ns d.' knne wizr 6 S 21 f y y ' 5 ( 0 )(uo g S dc lrv. e ne 5 7 U.. 6 , 1 8 (9 ). 36 2 11 q dn t ke Gr e , 2 S 2 3 28 - 2 1 99) V. D i cuss on s i 4.Prcd rl a l oeua Df ut .: Adam s ne r pr s nt d hi cbi i t Supr m e Cour ofVigml , a ove t ve e e e s m n he e t r ' ' nd a r wo ye r ha pa s d snce t dicplnat hea i a s e nt s nt ncng. The e or t a s ve s e i he s i i y rng nd ubs que e e i r f e, he c nm c d notnow be br l i oul oughtt t sat cour unde Vigi ass a t ofl ia i ,Va. o he t e t r t ni ' t m e i t tons m Co j801 6 4A)2 .The eo e Ada ' li i e ha td a dea td u e Ba r de . - 5 ( () r f r , ms cam s x use nd fule nd r ke . Ada a g e t tlsde a l i e c e be a eVa Co j8. - 5 f e no ha e ms r u s ha ' fut s x us d c us . de 01 6 4 < s t v l i do ar medy/e e e xc pdon f prs r t chalnge unconsi i ldecsonsby a i dt dona or iones o le tmtona ii n ns u l dicpi r he rn ofie d i agqi d ui lds iln r he rn i ap io s ti ' si l y ai gs fc r urng n ns t tona icp ia y a ig n ts n et na np' Pe '' Pe . ,ECF No.1 we r Vigt'' ha a c pu j ididon i l e T a e i t s t5 r .Ho ve, rll s be s or s urs c ncud s f s s n 't a c whi h a or r ent r i t pe c n de e ed n he déone ' f vor ...wil as a m a t r of 1w a s a ng rs a l, te a nd t ndi 6 aone die t i c t d t do ofapeiine ' c i e nt ' Caz l v. oh o 27 l , t cl mpa t he u a n y tto rs onfn me . rol J ns n, 8 ' Va 6 3 6 3 6 5 S. 2 6 7 6 2 ( 0 ) Th , a pe i rs c l ng t te . 8 , 9 , 8 E.d 4 , 5 20 9. us ét ' hal e o h one e uncons tona l s of vesed ém e c e t i c z e on Vigi a sa e ha as r vi w, dm i l os t - z di s ogniabl r ni t t be e e be us t pe i ri fdet ned wihoutlw f a hort ' 1 ca e he ùtone s f ai t a ul ut ip' d. The e or Ada s cnm i pr edur ly de a t d,and he f ist dem ons t t ca e r f e, m ' li s oc al f ule al o ta e us a pz j ie nd eudc . B. Stt t p--i// r a ue -/.l t/ l l / z' d . W alns Ri St t Pr s f le dge a e ion ound Ada s gu ly a t wa de deni li a m it nd he r n ed 's ppea i l ln 2014. Adam s di notfl t pr entac i untl2016. Furt r Ada s i note i bl f d le he es ton i he , m s lgi e or t lng:he ne r fld a sat ha as pe don,he doe not s ts y a of t exc ptona oli ve te t e be t s a if ny he e i l crumsa c su e j2 4 d ()2 a heha n ofe e pr t a h pu s d l srg s ic tn e nd r 2 4()1, nd s ot fr d oof h t e rue n iht i Hii nty ort ta cr um s a e pz vent d li tm ey flng. l l ge ha ny ic t nc e e ns i l li The e or A da s pe i i tm e- r ed. r f e, m ' éton s i ba r G A cua I noe c t l n cn e Ada s f is t m a a col a e cni of ac ua i m al o ke or bl l m t l nnoce e t w oul e us hi nc hat d xc e s pe ii s def ul a tm e ba . I t a of ofe tton' a t nd i - r ns e d f dng r labl s i ndfc r por s a hda t,or ei e c e i e t , f vis ot r i r nty c edi e e de e,he m ake c l or sa e e s s h a :The i ac u ly he nhe e l r bl vi nc s oncus y t t m nt uc s f s t a l i c nt nno e fghtng wih a pe s i i t ny r on, m aii lcous wou l / a e bodl i t y ncng c us i i njr y z calnes ri /Doc a mas a a a e a sul upon anon ofe r' PetrsPe.15 ECF ni l, nd ggrvatd s a t fnde . ' '' t , N o.1. H owe r li m a s fs r ve , ls ny el- e dng deca a i do notf . t ba i ofa f lz tons ot he ss m undam e a ntl 2A da s alge t tt Com m onwe lh ofVig ni c eaed a t c dtz li d m e by wihhol i m l s ha he e at r i a r t n m ons tdona mpe i nt t d ng e ul t y e de e fvorbl t hi Ho ve ,whehe t Co xc paor vi nc a a e o m. we r t r he mmonwe lh a at nd/or pzs ofiil wihhed ion fcas t l e denc i ir e nt t Ada s a lt t fl a f r lha a pe vi e s relva o m ' bi y o te ede a be s ddon,a i t not a a 'a i pe m e t t i nd s hus n ct l m di nt ha u p e e tdhsfigu d rj2 5 ()1@) rv ne i sn n e 2 4d() . l 7 mic rigeofj tc . K pe mi s h s l-e vn tsi y t s f wo d s tt ba sa ra usie3 < r t uc efsr ig e t To mon o ufke ul e he r fo 1w t tv ru l e r gcaa i oc n e cnma wou d pa stlo h i. Kue e v. s o ha it al vey a tzl nn e c q li nt l s lr ug t' y ' nz l Al n 8 0 F. up 2 1 6 ,11 ( D. a 2 09 ( uo ig Hu r v.Pi ha ,3 F.d l , 0 S p. d 1 2 81 N. Al. 0 ) q tn bba d nc k 78 3 e 3 3 3 0(r cr2 O). 3 , 4 3d i. O 4j Furhe , da s fm e t m pe ve son ofe s doe notsgnii a l dif rf om t t r A m 'i sa d ri vent s i fc nty fe r he s a e ent a fndi of t c r tona of e s t r vi wi prs a hoddes and t t m s nd i ngs : he or ec i l hc r , he e e ng ion ut , Unie S ae M a itae J dg S r n . Ad m s r a l al t t t a atr ain wih td tt s gsrt u e age t4 a e di c s ha n le c to t y mi a ot e i t oc u r d, ore t a of esr s e a hei ure i ure d rn t e n h r nmae c re c r ci l hc r epond d, nd nc r d nj is u ig h on i i nt H e a s ac nc de . lo knowl edgest tt e pi t t wasuncea a t c m e asm a sm ctone ha l c a e a l r nd he a r l i d a sve a po nt. P1sMot f rRe o . - , msv Hor ,71 CV0 6 ( . Va Ap . t e rl i s . ' . o c ns 1 9 Adn . ne :5 01 8 W D. . r 5 20 7 ,ECF No.8 . Re a de sofis swih t vi os Ada ha n p ofe e ne , 1) 3 g r ls sue t he de , ms s ot r fr d w a rl be e de e s o n t thei inocntof ()srkng Ome (he cni ) () nd ei l vi nc h wig ha a s n e : 1 tii n t a ne, 2 a s ulng1 9Ofie Hor , n ()fg i wih a pes . sa t <- fc r ne a d 3 iht i ng t ny ron Re r ng t c r of stl O m e Ada s r us d t a know ldge t the ha ga di he ha ge tidng n, m ef e o c e ha d ha me t do , thedd tsiyt t K sOme jr e a d a g d g a )fo h srg r d he g bu i e tf ha,f a n ek d nd r g e Ad ms r m i iht sde hi lf n' i untrl s ung t r Om e ' Fi lngsofFa a Concusonsof i , s e t t nvol a iy w m owa ds n.' nci ct nd l i La 2 Ada v. ne No 7:5 0 6 qun 9 20 6 , No. 3 w , ms Hoz , . 1 CV0 1 8 . , 1 ) ECF 5. Hone ho ve,e t dta f nwa ijzd b Ada stl ghi ' 1 a 7 z , we r tsi h tf ûe ome s nu e y ms ti dn m. d. t . : Afe Hor r c i d me ia atndo f rl so ij yc u e b t e sufl wih Ad ms tr ne e eve dc l te n o l wn nur a s d y h c fe t a , i he t ft hen <ook O m e t t ve erna in,who doc l e e t tO m e ha s elng i t n o he t i ra lm nt d ha n d w li n he 3Ho n tv Satn 3 3F. u . 1 2 1 4 ( D. . 9 2 ( ' aealg é n' fac ndtd n l ildo d e' . lyo , 4 S pp 1 4 , 1 5 W. Va 1 7 ) A f z l a o 'o o s,u o avoa n t b e ' c n o b teb sso h b a rl f . a n t e h ai f a e s ei . e) 4J d e S re t p eie o e Ad ms rltd 4 U.. j 1 8 po eHn . Ada v Hone No u g ag n rsd d v r a ' eae 2 SC. 9 3 rc e ig ms . r , . 71 CV0 6 ( D. .u . , 0 6. :5 01 8 W. VaJ n 9 2 1) 8 l tm a la ys a e ' H or f t r t s ii d t :f s w Ada s hi Om e i tls a e ef xilr r a. ' ne urhe e tfe hat f a he m t n n li r a sve a tme whi Ome ha a l o g a s. L . La ty Ho nes i t th ha f od e rli s l e n d hod f Ad m j ' d sl, r ad ha e d f l ' a t Ada st cet sop litngt dop' J xat5. m wi o t ltl he 'd Re r ng t c r ofas ao ng a c r céonalof r A da s cni s t the w a ga di he ha ge st or e hce , m l m ha s not f cng H or a O m e a t r or c d notha as a t d t m . H owe r t ai ne nd n, nd he ef e oul ve s ule he ve , he he dng ofk e f a i r ound t t ac or ng t t vi o,A da s was f c ng H or a O m e ha , c di o he de m ai ne nd n wh n Ome i tal e a e e n niil ng g d.Mo e ve , a 'i u isoc t e t t e fontpa tofli y r o r Ad ms njre cur d o h r r ls body,whi woul notha occ r had hebee fcng a y fom Hor a Om e I z ch d ve ured n a i wa r ne nd n. . d a 8. H or sat d t t Ada s c i d t r it and sr ggl e t ne t e ha m ontnue o ess t u e ven afe H or t tr ne ook A da st t gr m d,a tmtT m s s t t hed H or on li l tf en' 6a a t m pt d m o he ot nd l f Ada c a c ne ls ef or l nd te e m t p h a p' Ans 4 Ada v.Ho ne No.7:5 0 6 ( D.Va J 6 2 5,ECF o us wa ' . , ms z , 1 CV0 1 8 W. . ul , 01 ) N o.18. Re adig t c r eoff tn a y pes n,Hot tsiid ta f l rn fo g r n he hag khig n ro ne etfe h t f i a r m colns Adam s a Ada s pur ued Coli a t s t C Yar Ada s s i t t t vi s nd m s lns c os he d. m a d ha he deo hows ta he cu htu t Col a d satd f ig a an wih 1i .. js beor i s ws h t a g p o li n tre khtn g i t 3m .u t f e t ho ns Ome e a i jAd m s' Fi i sofFa ta Co l i nsofLa 7 Ada sv.Ho n , n ng gg ng a . ndng ' c nd ncuso w , m re No.7:5 0 6 gu 9 20 6 ,ECF No. 5 Laty Ofie Rolns who wa as 1 CV0 1 8 n. , 1 ) 3. sl, fc r l , i s lo rs i t t f ,Tpeiial ts id ta whe hea r a he t i ts hesw epondng o he kht f cfc l eéfe h t n pp o c d he nmae, a s y A dam s s i i a Coli . I a 8. w ng ng t lns' d. t ' 5I emaili teu e jwb n ae, a t n s a de e. 'h xl s h pp ra o e zanerhe o e n y s ' a 6f f ral fteo fn esweesc rd Ho rpotdt mel a a drcie tet n frtei ut st f t lo h fe d r r eue , me e re o ccl n e ev d rame t o h t i o Ae i j e hsam. Ho n 'af3 Ad ms Hon , . :5 01 8( D. .u. , 0 5, No 1 . i r ' r es f. , a v. re No 71 CV0 6 W. VaJ l8 2 1 )ECF . 8 ' 9 l s n uppor of hi ar m e ,A da s sm pl s a e t tt s vela vi os pr t s gu nt m i y t t s ha he ut ilnce de ove hi im oc nce H o e r he has notale a ne a r la e e de e t diput t s t e . w ve , lged ny w nd eibl vi nc o s e he c rc or e donal ofk e s a fda t and t tm ony, or t fndi of t i ta dicplna y f r ' fi vis esi he i ngs he niil s i i r c ommite t wade a J d e S r e t He ha n s wn t a Ho ne o Ome s te , he r n, nd u g ag n . s ot ho h t r r n' i j re we e c us d by s me ne o s mehig es or un = i d t sz re a nt is r a e z o o r o t n le de ne he tmmais nd t tm ony t rlng t s vela e vi os wih r la e conta y e de . A c a es i ega ci he ur ilnc de t eibl r r vi nce m l inocnc rq ie pr ofof ata incne Ad ms sl-evn sae nsaenotpr r n e e e urs o f cul n oec; a ' efsrig ttme t r ope e de unde Scau . vi nce r ll z da s f is t a ge s fce ne a r ibl f ct t m a a col a e c nm of k na a o ze ufi int w nd ela e a s o ke or bl l i a ta i ctz l nnoce e t e e hi pe i s pr e a de azta untm ei s ;t r or ,hi nc o xcus s dton' oc dur l f tl nd i lne s he ef e s cni i ba r d fom f de a r viw . l m s re r e rl e e D M et n. s Re dl s ofli cnm ' pr edur ldef ul a tm e ba ,t c twilbre l dic s gar e s ls li s oc a a t nd i - z he our l i fy s us t m e is he rt . The cax ofAda 'j 2 4 pei n le i t t r pr ng ofW o f' du p oc s lz ms 25 tdo is n he hid o lfs e r e s r quie e s t oppor uniy t c l wi es e a pr s ntdocum ent r e de . Fis, e t m nt : he t t o al m s s nd e e a y vi nce; r t at lhough A da s r que t d wines e ,he di not s ni t pr r f m t t H ea m e se t ss d ubr t he ope or o he dngs O f r t r f e, li i biiy t pr s nt Mdt s es r uled d/ec fona è fiure t hce ; he e or ls na lt o e e ne s es t dy r ds a o f l pr edur . Se olow oc e cond,he r equesed doc e a y e de ,butvi t pesofi e na t um nt t vi nce deo a nt r l sr ela e f a t ilnc oot ge, s howi c m e a l a i , blnd s s a c r c ng a r oc tons i pot, nd ot e dona of r l hce 7 A s t r qu z m e o , Ada s doe not ofe a pr tl t t ti ma was not i rt l f a e o e ie nt ne m s f r ny oof la he rbt l mpa i . % r a a lga ' of c dt le dons' ons udona e r a e nots fc e g ot ds f ha asr le ;t pe ne m us pr f r e de t l r or r uf i nt r m or be ei f he ddo z t ofe vi nce o sp o tlscnms Nik ro v. e 9 1F.d1 2 ,1 3 (t Ci.1 9 ) Re ades t wad nrve dteiii u p r z li . c esn Le , 7 2 1 5 1 5 4h r 9 2. g rls,he r e eiwe h ntl i a he rng a s a e li r a ons f a e i wih t de ii A d a i nd t t d zs e s or gr e ng t he c son. ams doe notalge orf c tal s s l e a tz l uppor a vi l éons y t ny o a r ga di r qu t me st f , fv t r f e t c twilnota es t m . e r ng e i e nt wo, our or ie; he e or , he our l ddz s he . 10 1s ns srtg O tn rprsntmao scpiy c nc r f prs n of il. Thus t : po e tae y fe e ee e jr eltt o ens or io hcas , he dicplna y c m it di notvi at Ada s due pr s rght i de ng ac es t t s i i r om tee d ol e m ' oce s i s n nyi c s o he t ;t com m it e de e i t t t s e la e t pes w oul not e zpa e A da s apes he te t = ned ha he urv il nc a d xckl t m ; i t ad,t vi ns e he deos s upppr e a fnci t he wasguly. The dicplna y he i ofi r t d i lng hat it s i i r arng fce e ven sat f c di t t s urt ca e a 1 9 H a er H or ' t tm ony wa ve y t ed: f or ng o he ec iy m r , <ac ndl nes esi s r a ur t .' D ic plna yH rg Appea 4,ECF N o. cc a e'8 s i i r ' l 44. The ef e Ada s c m f is be a e he ha notde onsr t d t thi due pr es r or , m ' bi al c us s m ta e ha s oc s orBr rght we evi at d. ad i s r ol e VI. Pendi M otons ng i Ad m sh sfld oratmptd t f1, m o inst a h iea o c mpe d s o e y a a l , te e o 1 9 to o ut orz nd/ r o l ic v r e e unde t Fe r lRulsofCi lPr dur Rul 34 and Rul 37. r he de a e vi oce e e e A da ss e dicove y oft M a 20,2014 s elancevi m e ks s r he y urv il deosi t C Ya d. I li n he r n ns m odon,her l supo Br c ei e n a . v.Gr ml ,5 U..8 9 (9 7 ,sa g t thewi bea l t a e 20 S 9 1 9 ) t O ha l be o l de ons r t t the i endted t r le i t f t a e f l de l d. H owe r A da shas m ta e ha s l o eif f he ac s t uly veope ve , m ar a y s e t s r el n e tpe i hi r lt d j1 8 pr c e n a he ha no alg d le d e n he u v ia c a s n s eae 9 3 o e dig nd l s tl e e s c hc f ct dem ons r i t tt vi os a e e ul or Ils c us y sa e ent a pe i a s tatng ha he de r xc pat p -i oncl or t t m s nd tm e- t pe sa e entofe nt ar nots fc e e de e t gz nta dic r m ot of i sam d t t m ve s e ufii nt vi nc o a s ove y bn s r el nc f otge t a ()Ada ha at a y ha a c s t i h srltd j 1 8 a éon u v il e o a h t 1 a ms s le d d c e s o n i eae 9 3 c , 8'' he zng of r c Ihe a i fce on6r d t t t suvela e f ag de c e A da s s ngng a t dog,but t me ha he t i nc oot e pi t d l m wi i t he he i ge quaiy wa notgood e ma lt s nough t de e m i whih pa toft l m a wa sz k. Di cplna y H rg Appe l7. o t z ne c r he ni l s tuc si i r ' a ECF No.l.Tna ct n l eh aigohcr si ta teofnd r yh v b e i asta o wh r h wa n ta r o z f dli ,t ern f ej ad h t l fe e ma a e en n itd n ee e s o wae f 4 l io h z z wha wa ha ni a ound hi be a e t ofe r ha gone i o s vva m ode. O fe t s ppe ng r m c us he f nde d nt ur i l f nderA da sa r e wih t t m g e d t ha sae nt' LL ttme . ( ' 9Ada si dal fld am oéo t a e buthel t rca i d t the orl want d dico r a doesnotwi h m ni l te y n o m nd, a e lrhe ha ly e s ve y nd s t ame hi peddon. Re rle s i c t u d a a modo t a e t m oto w o d ha be n de e a untm ey, o nd s ga c s , f ons r e s l n o m nd, he in ul ve e ni d s i l unne e s y a d ia c s ar , nd uplc dve. ef he ' es a ()t tha ata yben d tt ne t notbee upao y Ther ore,t coultdeni nd 2 ha s le d e eemi d o xc l tr . Ada s m oton. m ' i A! 1 I. Fort r as sat t cot G RAN TS t m oéon t dinls .A da s peééon he e ons t ed, he ut he o s is m ' i pr edur ly de aule tm e ba r d,pat lyi s oc a l f t d, i - r e dal ncogni bl on ha asr viw ,a lli a ey za e be e e nd atm t l wihoutm e i. Ada s pe ng m otonsa e D EN I D . An a oprat or rwile e t rt m ' ndi i r E ppr i e de l nt r t sda hi y. The Cl t i diec e t s nd c esoft sm em or ndum opi on a a om pa i e k s r t d o e opi hi a ni nd cc ny ng or r t Ada s a t c de o m nd o ouns lofr cot f Res e e d or ponde . Flrher fndi t tpeddoner nt zt , i ng ha hasf ied t m a a s t nda s al o ke ubs a l howi oft denilofacons tona rghtasr quied by ng he a dm i l i e r 28U. C. 2 5 c () ac r iaeo a pe lblt i DENI S. j 2 3()1 , edfc t f p aa ii s y ED. EN T ER:Tli zs /%'d yo J l, 0 7 a fuy 2 1 . , # 1 Jj 'k pt b:-g' 1t-rr v o ' . :. . . . . . . . . -> .- . - ChifUn tdS a e Ditit ud e e ie t ts src l g 12