Lee v. Clarke, No. 7:2016cv00413 - Document 20 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief United States District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 6/28/2017. (tvt)
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nlFRKS OFFI U. DI CE S. SX AT ROANOKE, VA FI LED I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI CO URT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF W RGI A CT NI ROANOKE DI SI W ON W I A M H EN R Y LEE, LLI J 28 2 1 Ld 27 JULI ' 'D A BY: CA SE N O .7: 6CV 00413 1 Pett oner, ii M EM O M N D U M O PI I N N O H A R O LD CLA R K E,D I EC TO R R By: H on.G l E.Conr en ad Chi U ni e St e D i t i tJudge ef t d at s s r c R e po nt s nde . W iln He y Lee a Vigi a i ae pr e di pr K ,fld t speii f a m i of lim m. , r ni nm t oc e ng o ie hi tton or t ha sc pus ptrua t 28U. C.j2254,c le ng t vai t ofhi c me nto a bea or , ls nt o S. halngi he ldiy s onf me n 2 2j d me tb t ePityv ni Comt Cic i Co r. Re po e tfld amo in t d s s 01 u g n y h ts la a t y r ut u t s nd n ie to o imis ii hi t s i or s ii l e he ec d h Le ' j2254 petton,and t sm ater i rpe f diposton. Upon reviw oft r or , t e es c tgr nt r ponde ' motont dimi st pe ii a un i ey andpr e aly def ule our a s es nts i o s s he tton s tm l oc dur l a t d. 1 . Fac ualand Proc dur Bac t e al kzro und OnJ n 4 2 2 t Pts la i Co t Cic i Co r e trdj d me tc n itngLe u e , 01 ,he ityv n a uny rut u t ne e u g n o vci e oft e co t off l drvi a trbe ng de a ed aha t ofe r s c ofe e ddvi hr e un s e ony i ng fe i clr biual f nde , e ond f ns , ng unde t i l nc ,t r ofe e i fveyea s a r f a t s bmi t t si f bl aco , r he nfue e hid f ns n i r , nd e us l o u t o e tng or ood l hol sc e ond ofe e On M a 30,201 Le wa s n e d t f ure ye s a sx m ont of f ns . y 2, e s e t nce o o ten ar nd i hs i rs n n wihnney a ss s n e ( s No . 20 0 3 , 20 01 3 CR1 0 01 4, mp io me t t i e r u pe d d. Ca e s CR1 0 0 7 CR1 0 1 , 2 0 1 Lee v. Clarke Doc. 20 CR1 200011 CR1 5, 200011 ) 6. 1 Th c utn tte Le o rs o d n' moin a rq ied by Ros bor v. Gars n 5 F.d3 9 (t e o e o r oi d e f ep n e ts t s e ur i o rio , 28 2 0 4h Ci 1 7 )a dwan dLe t tud n mih b g a tdfrters o d n i h ddno rs ndt t moinb n 9 5 n r e e haj gme t g t e rne o h ep n e t f e i t epo o he to y flng afi t orot r doc nt t c r ditr po nts e denc ort ot wie ex an hi cli . Le ii tdavis he ume s o onta c es nde ' vi e o her s pli s ams e ne rr ponded. Howe r t tme alote f hi r s e hase r d,ma ng t materrpe f t c ve es ve , he i l td or s e pons xpie ki he t i or he omfs co i r ton. nsde ai Dockets.Justia.com . 0n a ppea,Le c le d hi convitonson t s fcincy oft e de e t t Cour l e ha lnge s ci he uf e he vi nc o he t o Ap e l o Vigni.Th a pelt c u t e e t a pe lo De e e 6 2 2 ( d r Le f p as f r i a e p lae o r d nid he p a n c mb r , 01 , Or e, e v.Commonwe 1h ofVa.Re r No.1 1 3,( .Ct App.De 6,201 ,a Leedi not at , co d 063- 2- Va . c. 2) nd d a a f rhe . ppe l u t r On Se e r21,2015,Lee fl d a pe ii f a m ' ofha a c pus i t Supr pt mbe ie tton or i t be s or n he eme Co tofVigi a a s ri t f l ng c am sf rr i f ur r ni , s e tng he olowi l i o ele : Co e f ie t c ac,i e v e o s uns l al d o ont t ntr i w r ubpoe a ai wines . na n lbi t s Comslc lu e wi t eCo n at sAto n ya dtilud e t e o ld d t h mmo we lh' tr e n ra j g . h 3. Thetilud efie t b b t i a t l n d sn ee td ra j g ald o e oh mp ri a d iitr se . a 4. Couns lil galy a ndo d Le on a a . e le l ba ne e ppe l Thep tto wa ds se a t i l p ru n t Vign aCo e j8015 ( ( ) a d eiin s imis d s mtmey u s a t o r ii d . - 4 A)2 , n t eS p e Co r o Vigni d nidrhe rn o Fe r ay4, 6 ( d r Le v Clr . r h u r me u t f r i a e e e ai g n b u r 201 . Or e, e . ake Di. De t o Cor o Va, c r No. 51 41 ( . c 2 2 5) p'. f r. f .Re o d 1 4 , Va De . , 01 ). On Se e r2,201 Le fldt i tntj2254peii Le sgr ptmbe 6, e ie he nsa tton. e' oundsf flngt s or ii hi pe ii a e a f l : tton r s olows Cl i 1 Cot e f ie t i tga ea s am : ms l al d o nvesi t nd ubpoe ke albiwine st t tf a ti l na y i t s o esiy t ra . Cl m 2: Couns lcolude wih t pr ec or ai e l d t he os ut . Cl i 3:Couns lf l d t pr ry a s a de e Le am e aie o ope l dvie nd f nd e. Res ponde has fl d a m o i t dimis a gu ng t tLe s cai s a e untm e y fld nt ie ton o s s , r i ha e' l m r i l ie a sm ula ous y e us e a de a t d.The c ta ee ,a e ai d be ow . nd i t ne l xha t d nd f ule our gr s s xpl ne l 2 I. I D i c s on s us i A . Ti elness m i Un e t An i ro im a dEfe tv De t Pe at Ac CW EDPA',ao - e rsaue d r he tt r rs n fcie ah n ly t e ' ney a tt t ) o lmiain a pl swh n ap ro i c so y p ru n t aj g n o a saec ur flsa f i tto s p i e e e s n n u t d u s a t o ud me t f tt o t ie fd r l eiinf ram i o ha e sc r us 28U. C. 2 44 d ()A- , l 3 c o t eRuls e e a p tto o t f b a op . S. j 2 ( )1 ( D) Ru e () f h e Gove ngj2254Pr ee ngs2 Ge r ly, t speid be nst nm fom t daeonwhiht mi oc di . ne a l hi ro gi o r he t c he j g n o c n cin b c me fn lwh n t ea alblt o dr c rviw i e h use . S e ud me t f o vito e o s i a, e h v ia ii f ie t e e s x a td e y 2 U. C.j2 4 ( )1 ( . Ho v r t e tme d dn wlc a t r pel sld'sae h b a 8 S. 2 4 d ( )A) we e , h i u g l h t o ry e ' tt a e s i p peiini p n i i no c u tdtwad tel tt n p ro .2 U. C. 2 4 d () tto s e dng s t o n e o r s h i ai s e id 8 S. j 2 4()2 . mi o Le ' pei o i ce ry t i l t r j2 4 ( )1( . Die t r v e o h s es tt n s la l mtmey mde i 2 4 d ( )A) r c e iw f i c ci concude a hi f de a habe tme coc be n t r o J nua y 7,201 t ry onvi tons l d, nd s e r l as i l k ga o un, n a r 3, hit d y atrt e Couto Ap e l o Vigra d n e l sa p a 9o j d me to De e e 6 a s fe h t' f p as f r il e id l p e l m u g n n c mb r , i i 2 2 S e S p. . . e5 6 (lo ng3 d y fo d t o j d me tt n t a a pe l. 01 . e u Ct Va Rul A: alwi 0 a s r m ae f u g n o oe n p a) Leet n fld a sa e ha a peii n i t Supr m e Co tofVigi a on Se e r21 201 he ie tt be s tto n he e ur r ni pt mbe , 5. Th sae h be s c u td s se Le ' cam a u tmey p ru n t Vign a Co e j 801 e tt a a o r imis d es li s ni l , u s a t o r ii d .6 4 A)2 . Be a s t saeh be s c u tf u d Le ' pei o t b u tmey a d t ee o e 5 ( () c u e he tt a a o r o n e s t in o e ni l, n h rf r t 2 Un e j2 4 ( )1, teo ey a p ro o l tto frfl gah b a p tto u de j2 5 b gist d r 2 4 d() h n -e r eid f i ain o ii mi n a e s eiin n r 2 4 e n o l n o t lts off rdae ' n he ae t ou ts: u ( ted t o whc tej d me tbe a tn l y tec n lso ofdrc rve o A) h ae n ih h u g n c me i a b h o cu in ie t e iw r t e rton oft tmef s e ng s h r ew; he xpia i he i or e ki uc evi ( ted t o whihtei e i n t fl g a a piaince tdb Saea to i B) h ae n c h mp dme t o ii n p l to rae y tt cin n n c vi aton of t Consiuton or lws of t lnie Stt i rmoved,i t a i nt was ol i he tt i a he l td aes s e f he pplca pr ntd fom flng bys Stt a i eve e r ii uch ae cton; ( te d t o whc tec ntmto lrg tas re wa iiil rc nz d b te C) h ae n ih h o si ina ih setd s ntal eog ie y h y Supr me Cot i t rght ha be ne y r ognied by t Supr me Co t and made e ut f he i s en wl ec z he e ur rtoa i y a iabl t c e on colaer rvi or er ctvel pplc e o as s lt al e ew; ( ted t o whc tefcu lpe iaeo tecam o camsp ee tdc udha e D) h ae n ih h a ta rdct f h li r li rsne o l v bee dic e tlought e r ieofduedii e. n s overd lr he xe cs lgenc 3 i ope l fl t slng a pe nc of t pe ii di nott lt f de alflng pe i mpr ry ied, he i nd nde y he tton d ol he e r ii rod unde j2244( ( . Mor ove,unde j2244( ( )A) Le sone- a flng pe e rd on r d)2) e r r d)1( , e' ye r ii dod xpie J nua y 7,201 mor t n t yea sbe or he fl t i t ntf r ha speii a r 4, e ha wo r f e ed he nsa ede al bea ttoh. Le ha n t se tdt t i j2 5 p tto i t l l e t eohe t e s bscinso e s o a sre ha h s 2 4 ei n s i y md r h t r hre u e to f i me j2 4 ( a d,h s t c tr fn sn b ssf rs c ag me t.Le ' c s a dp tto don t 2 4 *, n t u ,he olt i d o a i o u h r u n s e s a e n eiin o i iaeany saecrae i mplc t tt- e td mpedi ntt hi pr e ai oft c rntcai s ast ti j me o s esntton he ure l m o o rgger 2244( ( )B) Hi c e as doe no i vean ne l l ofc tt tona 1w de lr i a d)1 ( . s as lo s t nvol y w ' e onsiui l a caed n u r e l decded a r toa tve y a iabl decson oft Urie St t Supr me Cour,s as ec nty i nd e r c i l pplc e ii he lt d aes e t o t i v k j2 4 ( )1( . La t e e to g Le watd f rt ep ndn Vign aStt Ba o n o e 2 4 d ( )C) sl v n h u h e ie o h e ig r ii ae r y, c ompli t concude on J y 7,201 be or flng hi sa e ha a pe ii hi a t ne s a nt o l ul 4 f e ii s t t be s tton, s tor y' m iconduc co d ha be n dicove e tlo h d dii nce be or t t dae,a doe not s t ul ve e s r d l ug ue lge r f e ha t nd s iV0 j 2 4 ( )1( . Ac o dn l ,Le ' fd r lh be s cam i tmeb re l ls he n ke 2 4 d ( )D)3 c r ig y es e ea a a li s i - ard l e s n de onsr t t tt co ts ul e t bl t lt o - a sa u eoflmia i ,Rous v.Lee m taes ha he ur ho d quia y ol he ne ye r t t t i t tons e , 3 F. d 2 8 2 6( t Ci. 0 ) 9 3 . 3 , 4 4h r 20 3 . Lees e e tbl t lngba e on t tm epe i be we t da ehefld ac e ks quia e oli s d he i rod t en he t ie ompli ant wih t Vigi a St t Ba a t da e t tt i si to c ude A pe ii ri ' nl t he r ni ae r nd he t ha he nve tgai n oncl d. ttone s o y e il d t e tbl t lng i he de onsr t s bo h t t he has be dii nt i pu s ng hi ntte o quia e oli f m ta e t ha en lge n r ui s rght a t ta e r or na y cr l t nceca e hi untmel flng.H ola v.Fl i 560 i s nd ha n xta di r iclmsa us d s i y ii lnd orda, U. 6 1 6 9( 01 ) ei v siain o teba c mpan wa pe dn bewe n Aug t2 3 S. 3 , 4 2 0 .Th n etg to f h r o lit s n ig t e us 01 3 Ther cei oft Vigi aStt Barsdeer i tont c ms lha a ndone Le di no cha t e pt he r ni a e ' t m nai hat ot e d ba d e d t nge he fct llnds pe ofhi c e. M uc e rir c elf ld t c a ua a ca s as h a le , ouns aie o ommuniaet Le t hi peiin f appe wih c t o e hat s tto or al t t Vigi a Cour ofAppe s wa de e on De mbe 6,201 AAe notr cevi any communiaton f r he r ni t al s nid ce r 2. r e i ng c i o mont ,Lee t n c ace t Pityl ni Coun y Cic tCo tClr s Ofke a r ei d no i on J y 1 hs he ont td he ts va a t rui ur e k' t nd ec ve tce ul 2, 201 t tt peii wa de e Thus t dae ofJ y 7,201 ca 3 ha he tton s nid. , he t ul 4 nnotconsi et Gacualpr c t 'oft tmt he f t ediae' he cai pr s nt when Lee ha ar dy dicove e t f c of c els a l ms e e ed d lea s r d he a t ouns ' bandonme a t tme he fld hi nt t he i ie s c mpan t teVignaSaeBa.Se . ..Owe v Bo d 2 F. d3 6 3 9(t Ci. 0 )(( h tig ri o lit o h r ii tt r e ea, ns . y , 35 3 5 , 5 7h r20 0 $T)e rg e n 1 j2 4 d()D)i (cu lo i ue )ds o eyo tecam' Tatll rdc ty n trc g iino tefcs lg l 2 4()1( s a ta r mp td ic v r f h li s fct p e iae' o e o nto f h at'e a a sg iia c .) infc n e' . ' 4 a J y 201 a ye upo is c uson, je (j not f l a s a e ha as pe ii untl nd ul 4, nd t n t oncl i 4 a e jd ie t t be tton i Se e r21 201 Leedi notdii nty plruehi rght whe hea l d ne ry t eeyea s pt mbe , 5. d lge l zs si s n lowe a l hr r t e a e be we n hi c cton a flng hi s e ha as ca m,and t n ne ry a ye r a t r o l ps t e s onvi i nd ii s Gt be li he a l a fe t tt fl hi un i ey f r lha aspe ii M o e r Lee make no s wi t the wa ha o ie s tm l ede a be tton. r ove , s ho ng ha s t bl t fl hi sa eha aspe ii i medit l a trher c ved notc t tt pe ng ba ma e o ie s t t be tton m a ey fe e ei ie ha he ndi r co pl ntha be n r s ve Acc di y,t pe ng ba c m pl i di notpr ve Le fom m ai d e e ol d. or ngl he ndi r o ant d e nt e r tm ey s e ng f de a ha a r le , a t ,e t bl t lng doesnota y. i l e ki e r l be s ei f nd hus quia e oli ppl 5 Fort r a onssa e t c tco l he e s tt d, he our ncudest tt r po n ' m oton t dim ismus ha he es nde ts i o s s t begrntd.Leefie t fl hi peii wihi t tmelmisma tdby j22444 a fis a e ald o ie s tton t n he i i t ndae d) nd al t de onsr t a gr o m ta e ny ound o whih t lng i wa r nt d.An a oprae or r wilen e t s n c oli s ra e ppr i t de l t r hi da y. The Cl k i die t d t s c e oft s m e or ndum opi on a a companyi er s r c e o end opi s hi m a ni nd c ng or rt pe ii ne . de o tto r ENTER:Thi 1 d yo Jme 2 7. s h a f t , 01 ChifUnie St t sDititJ e e t d a e src udg 4 The Vigi a Stt Ba dei ed a ' blc r i nd wihout tr ' f c els f lle t r ni ae r lver t i eprma pu t e ms' or ouns ' aitr o communiat wih Le r r ng t sausofhi a lfom t Pityl ni Couny Cic tCour orhi f rher c e t e egadi he tt s ppea r he ts va a t r ui t s ut appelt optons lae i . s Nonehels , e i Le coul i t e s ven f e d nvokeequiabl t lng,hei notenttedt r i bec us hi cai a e t e oli s il o elef a e s l ms r ?oe ual bre . A saepio e mute huthsa albesaerme iso dmo srt teasneo rcdrl ard y tt rsn r s x as i vial tt e de r e ntae h be c r lefcie eso s c rme isb fr se igfd rlh b a rlelse28U. C.j2 5 48, nd:tj b r e o n fe t n s f u h e de eoe e kn e ea a e s eit e v S. 2 41 a .jj u d n f ( e p o n ta acam i e ha se le wi teh be sp tto e ' Brad v Pret 1 4 F.d 61 ,61 (t Ci. rvig h t li s x u td is t h a a eiin n' e r . ut, 3 3 5 9 4h r h 1 9 ) Tome th e h u to rq ie n, p io rmuts e rviw o hi cam i tehg etsaec u t t 9 8. e te x a sin e urme ta rsne s e k e e n s li n h ih s tt o r wi h j rs ito t rve i tr รน hete drc a p a o p s-o vcinpo e dng .S eBa e v Coc rm 2 0F. uidcin o e iw t ho g i r ie t p e l r o tc n ito rc e i s e k r . roa 2 h 3 2 6 28 (t Ci.2 0 )(ing O' lv n v Bo rk l 5 6 U. 8 8 8 2 ( 9 9) Th lg lt o isa d d 7 , 8 4h r 0 0 ct i Sul a . ec e. 2 S. 3 , 4 1 9 ). e e a he re n i f t ale tonspr s nt i f r lco tmus bet s me a t e pr e e atlas onc t t hi tsat acual lgai e e ed n ede a ur t he a s hos es ntd e t e o he ghes t e c ut Ba r2 0F.da 28 (in Gryv Neh ra d 51 U..1 2 1 (9 6 Be a s Le flda u tmey o r. ke, 2 3 t 8 ct g a ! teln , 8 S 5 , 61 1 9 :. cu e e i n n i l i e saeh be sp tto ,te S p e Co r o Vignan v rh dteo p ru t t aj diaeo temei o te tt a a eiin h u rme u t f r ii e e a h p o tni o du c t n h rt f h y s cl m s M o eove ,Lee i ba r fom r sng t s m e cai s i a s co sae ha aspeiin now,pur ua t ai . r r s red r aii he a l m n e nd tt be tto s nt o Vi na Co e j 80l6 4( ( ) 80 - 5 ( ( . Ac odn l Le ' camsae smutn o sy e h use a d r i d j . -5 A)2, .16 4B)2) c r igy, es li r i la e u l x a td n gi defule andt ,hei pr ed al bare fom f de al bea r if a td, hus s oc ur ly r d r e r ha s ele . 5