Formica v. Clarke, No. 7:2016cv00342 - Document 34 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 7/10/2017. (slt)
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Formica v. Clarke Doc. 34 cL fxsoi l us DlrcoUr sz' yce s. A R A 61 ,A T oN V I TH E U N I ED STATE S D I N T STR I CO U RT CT FIED L FOR THE W ESTERN DI TRI OFW RGI I S CT NA ROAN O U M I AEL J S CH O EPH FORM I CA, D I SION W JUL 12, 2017 CLEax J LA C. i B . , CAS N 0. 1 CY0 3 E 7:6 0 E P CE K LR Pet t onet ii y < H ARO LD W .CI RI A CE, Res pondent . M O RA N D U M O PI IO N N By:H on.M i chaelF.Ur bansd l Cli fUnie S a e Di ti t ud ae t d t t s src J ge OnJ e 2 2 7 t e c ut de e Pe ion rsWrtofHa a Co a d de l d un , 01 , h o t nid t i e ' i t be s mus n ci ne t i s a c t ca e of a a a lt Fo- i v. Clz , N o. 7:6CV00342 2017 W L o s ue erz t ppe l biis ca a ke 1 , 2 8 9 W . Va J 2 2 7 . 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C. 1 F.S pp.3 5 9 5 ( D.Va . . nt L. , 7 u d 3 , 41 E. l . 2 4 ( u ig Unt d S ae v.S nt l Foo ,9 9 F.S pp.9 5 9 7 ( D. .1 9 ). 01 ) q otn ie tts nihhed ds 6 u 7 , 7 E. Va 9 7) Tb s sa a d i nar wl c nsr e ,a a Rul 5 ()moéo i Ta e ta z i a y r me y i tnd t s to y o tu d s e 9e n s f n x to d n r e d f w hi s d be us s rngl ' Pac.I .Co. Am .N a ' Fie l .Co. 1 F. 396,403 ch houl ed pa i p'' ns v. tl t ns , 48 3d (t Ci. 9 3 (uo g 1 Wdg te a.Fe r l a éc a d Pr e r j28 01 a 1 4 (d 4h r 1 9 ) q e 1 h t l dea Pr c e n oc du e 1 ., t 2 2 , e 1 9 );s eDur i v. l r 4 4 F. up 8 9 8 9 ( D. .1 7 )( hae rma be d. 9 5) e kn Ta o , 4 S p. 7 , 8 E. Va 9 7 f tve y V Dockets.Justia.com t p pos ofRue5 e i s ud no bespposd t ti i i e d t gv a t pp he ur e l 9() t ho l t u e ha t s ntnde o ie n mha y lé a on a i na c nc t s yt eld e' . ig nt e ddéo l ha e o wa h ' g .) u ' Peétone c nm s t t c ztha e r d by holqtg t thi peddon i tm e bar e i r l i hat he olt s r e fi ha s n s i - r d. H e a s rs t thei e ild t e zt bl t lng oft s a ut oflm iatonsbe us offt s e t ha s ntte o qlia e oli he t t e i t i ca e fhe m a tz of til de ens couns l ' nnsealng lgal a ce i or ec l l a c gniade ra f e eots il ci e dvi , nc r t ega dvi e, f a ze pr ie a Pe r udtlnt onas s nd ddonerscii ' llgence. 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Peii r f is t ct a ne e de e or a c e a t t s d. t ttone al o ie ny w vi nc ny as lw ha uppors hi t s pr oposdon t hewasdii i hat lgentr ga ci li f r lha asf e rlng ls ede a be ing. M ea nwhie t Supr m e l, he e Cour of t Uried St t s has onl t c i d Tdue cii nc 'i c e an c r lm sa es t he zt ae y e opnze f llge e' n e t i ic7 t nc , s h a whe a cnm a fl a def c uc s n li nt ted e dve pl di dltng t sa u or pe i whe e t ea ng li he t t t y rod, r he c m a has a ével put ued flng t pr r f m s des t beng a ndoned by couns l hi nt c y s li he ope or pie i ba e, a whee t e c lia tha be n i uc d o t k d by hsa v r afsmic nd ti t nd r h omp an n s e nd e r dc e i d esr s o uc n o 2 al e t flng de i t pas . See e . 1w.,v.D e ' ofVe e a Afa t ,498 U. 89, low d he li adlne o s . , 1 11 1 t t r ns f is S. 9 (9 0 (iigBad n Cnt W ec meCt. Br wn, 6U..1 7 1 1(9 $) Holnd 6 1 9 ) ctn lwi p lo rv. o 46 S 4 , 5 1 8 ; l a v.Flrd ,5 0 U. 6 1 6 3 (01 ) Fl- r f q tbe t ln i no warne ft t oia 6 S. 3 , 5 2 0. lt , r uia l ol g s t ra td o a the e i a d n vait cnm o e usbl ne lc .' Hol nd 5 0 U..a 6 3 (uo i 1wi 49 r e rey li f xc a e ge t' ' l , 6 S t 3 q tng r n, 8 a U. a 9 ) Th , ti rh snots wnta h wa Hl e i lsfd rlfi . S. t 6. us Peione a t ho h t e s ig ntn l e ea ing i i l Pe ddone as s a e t t ftl ha ds ps of t l iatons of prs '' e e t t lo t t s ha fle r hi he i t i m ion' w t he e r or na y c t um sance t pr ve e hi Hm ey flng. H ow e r For ia has not xt a di r ic t hat e nt d s l si ve , m c alge nor de ons r t d a hi be le d m ta e nyt ng yond orlnay prs lm ia ci l ion i t dons Se Ra iez v. . e mt Yae, 71F.d9 3 9 (t Ci. 0 9 rorln r prs l tdo o èe ne'jac q ts 5 3 9 , 98 9h t2 0 ) f c ay ion i a ns n ddo rs c es i mi t t 1w l t t a d c pir(tieuni t d na at g t rofa c s t li pe s a lg l o he a i a' n o e q z l he e il lo ehe c e s o l ron l e a b y t ke s pa r)wee net e fx r o dnay no ma i f pe s r ih r e ta t i r ' r de t i sbl'f li t fl l spei n i a mposi e ot nm o te l tdo n i Hm ey m a r Gi n e n t m os c m on da t da s c uiy t t l nne . ve ve he t om y-o- y e t t esdcdons i prs n i on, c ncudn o he wiewou dpe i t e c pdont s l w t r 1.) o l ig t r s l = t he x e o wal he ue? . o ' The ef e,Pe i r or étoner hasnotpr ty de onsr t t he e r i e due dii nc ope l m t aed hat xe c s d lge e a t e r or na y ext z l czc s a es pr ve e t tm ey flng of hi f de a nd hat xta di r e na i um t nc e nt d he i l li s e rl ha aspe be ddon. A st c tpr vi l he d,Pe he our e ousy l ddone ' i prs rs m ioned s a ts a li l k of t tz nd ls ac knowl edge a boutl ga pr s do nots e l oce s uppor gr ntng s h e r ordi t r i . Se H a rs t a i uc xta nay elef e r i v. clns n, 09F.d3 5 3 (t Ci. 0 0. Hutli o 2 3 2 , 30 4h z 2 0 ) Flrhe ,a c r a e ofappe a lt i r r d t a a t deza of a m odon t x t r e dhc t albiiy s equie o ppe l he ri l o atro a n aj g nti a h be sc s .Thec u td nist pe ne ac r ia eof le r me d ud me n a a a e o r e e he ddo r e éfc t a aa it,b cus juit ofraonwozdnotf t c t tsr s u n o p d e' ppelbly e a e t ss es i t l i he oz ' eoléo f e don rs nd r m oton f r onsde a i or ec i r don t be de t bl o ba a e. 3 Ac o dn l,t c lr DEN I t mo natro a ndt j g ntECF No. c r igy he ozt ES he do le z me he ud me , 15.'' c tf t rD EN I S a c r at ofa aa lt lhe our urhe E e éhc e ppe lbiip ENTER: i Iê da of uy 2 7 Ths y J l, 01 . / / r2.- #.*,*-7w ' '7 r * ChifU nie St t iti t udge e t d a es stc 4