Witcher v. Clarke, No. 7:2016cv00335 - Document 14 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 16-335. (slt)
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eLERK' oFFl u. .pls cour : ce s s . AT DANVI E, LL vA FL : IE MA 13 2 1 Y 27 I TH E U N I N TED STATE S D I STR I C O U R T CT FO R T H E W ESTER N DISTR I OF V I G I I CT R N A R O A NO K E DI I O N V SI M ARTI NEZ 0 . I W TCHER, JJ c D iL' r E C L )h ; q M BY: Epu' l v E CA SE N O .7: 16CV 00335 Pe ii r tt one , V. M EM O R AN DU M O PIN IO N H AROLD W .CLARK E, By:H on.Jac on L. i e ks K sr Seni U nied St es D itri Judge or t at s ct R es pondent . M a tne 0 . W ic r a Vi gi a i a e pr ee ng pr m , ha s i t d a pl di ri z t he , r ni nm t oc di o s ubm te ea ng e ild C ntte I EF FROM A J RELI UDGM ENT AND ORDER PURSUANT TO RULE 60B( ,' 4)' s e ng t vac t a 2004 c ci n i t Pityl ni Count Cic tCour. Be us W ic r s e ki o a e onvi to n he ts va a y r ui t ca e t he ' algai a a whol s ug t voi t sae c tc i na j me unde whih he i le tons s e o ht o d he tt our rmi l udg nt r c s c r nty i a c a e t co ' doc t d hi pladi a a peii f a m i ofha a c pus ure l nc r er t d, he ul t ke e s e ng s tton or t be s or , purua t 28 U. C.j 2254. Two wee alrhi frtplAdi W ic ras s te ml s nt o S. ks fe s is e ng, the lo ubmitd acualj225 peiin. Re ponde fld amoto t dimis a W ic rr ponde ma ng t 4 tto s nt ie in o s s , nd the es d, ki t ma tr rpe f r d s ii he te i o iposton. Afe r vi w of t r or 1g a t m oto t d s is t tr e e he ec d, r nt he i n o im s he m oton a peii n. i nd tto 1 . Bac kgro und l 2004, W ic r was c ced of am e sam or bur a y,t co mt of r bbe y, n t he onvi t r d t t y gl r wo t s o r maiiusbo i ij r ,a dt rec u t o us o afr am i t c mmiso o afln Th lco dl nu y n h e o n s f e f ie r n he o sin f eo y. e y Pi tyl ni Coun y Cic t Co t s nt nc hi t f ts va a t r ui ur e e ed m o oMy- g - r -m pr s nm e . The ei ht yea s i i o nt Witcher v. Clarke Doc. 14 V i g ni Co ' of Appe l a tr e hi c r i a ul t a s fi m d s onvi to ,and t V i g ni Supr m e Coul r f e c i ns he r i a e ' e us d t revi . A fer f lng t recei habeas r i i t s at court he f l a feder habeas petton ew t aii o ve elef n he t e , ied al ii whih J d e J me Tl k ds se i 2 0 wi u p eu ie f rf i r t c mpl wih te c u g a s z imis d n 01 t t rj d c o al e o o y t h r ho u c n iin l ii o d r o dto a fl r e .On J y 1 2 6 W ic e fld amoin u d rRu e6 ()4 s edn ng ul 4, 01 , th r ie to n e l 0b ( ) e l g Dockets.Justia.com t o e tl hsame sauo yb r lr c n ci na v i a djzidcin lyd fci eb c u e o v rum i r d tt tr u g ay o vito s o d n l s ito al e e tv e a s r t ti l c t çfa le l snzk o t ç g tme' ee e of t i cm e ' wihout he ra our lr udtl nty t c ut he ni hti lm nt he ndi t nt' t a hoiy.Addii ly,W iche fldaj2254peii wihfvegr mds ut rt tonal t r ie tton t i ot : ( )Th Rih r o ' ttme t we ei o sse t 1 e c ads ns sae ns r nc n itn . ( )Th tilc u to l sr c o tGn ter g ti ' a d d d n tr -rag W ic ro te 2 e ra o r ny tu k u l h l h t ' n i o e ari n the n h i i me n e di cme . m nde ndi t nt ( The o fc rha hi he iht on bec us i wa r ni atd no be us i wasdak 3) fie d s adlg s a e t s ai ng l t ca e t r out i . sde ( )The d u l j o r y ca e wa viltd b t e j d e wh n t j dg alwe a 4 o b e e pad lus s oae y h u g e he u e lo d n mne ndment t t he r i e hi e f whe t pr e i di no wa t as f an ha a s d ms l n he os cuton d t nt o k or a e m ndm e . nt ( )M r.Rihads saedi t Vitm I tRe tt ts ha nophysc lijzisbut 5 s c r on tt n he ci mpac por ha he d ia nlre a ti lt s ii d t ts r ce ved bnls s f o W ic rw hi h w a a f aud e s a e e . t r a e tf e ha he e i ie r m t he c s r ul nt t t m nt I I. D i cussi s on a Rue6 M o in . l 0*) to No W ic e r le o Rue 6 ()o t eFe e a Ru e o Cii P o e u e a a t o i w, th r eis n l 0b f h d r l ls f vl r c d r s u h rt y f ran o de f om t sco 't r ve s hi c c i i t Pityl ni Count Ci c tCo ut o r r r hi ul o e r e s onvi tons n he ts va a t y r ui t ' . Lo rfd r lc u t,l t i o e d n tha ej rs ito t c n u ta elt rve we e e a o rs i h s n , o o v u idcin o o d c pp lae e iw ke o a y saec u ts u me t Pl lrv. o r ,1 F.d 7 8 7 ( t Ci.1 9 ) J rs ito f n tt o r' j dg n . ye M o e 29 3 2 , 31 4h r 9 7 . u idcin f r a p lae rviw o sae c u tj d me t le e cusv l wih s p ro sae c u t a d o p elt e e f tt o r u g ns is x l iey t u e ir tt o rs n , uli tl wih t Unie St esSupr me Cour. I ;28 U. C.j 1 tmaey, t he td at e t d. S. 257;b s e Pl e ,1 ut e ylr 29 F.d a 7 2 (e o nii g lwe fd r lc u t'j rs ito t r ve fna j g n so sae 3 t 3 rc g zn o r e e a o rs u idcin o e iw i l ud me t f tt c t i f rlha ascor ) ours n edea be pus. 2 W ic e as ha n g o n f rdr c r l ffo asaec u tu g n u d rRu e6 ( ) th r lo s o r u d o ie t ei r m tt o rj d me t n e l 0 b . e TheFede a RulsofCi lPr e e by t i own t r ,o y çgo l t pr edur i a1cvi rl e vi oc dur , he r e ms nl l ve' he oc e n l i l n a tonsa pr e ngsi t Unie St t diti tc t .... Fe R.Ci P.1 Ther f e ci nd oce di n he t d aes src ours ' d. ' v. . e or , t s nzes cn he e l nnotpr de a ve ce by whih a ltga ma s e r le fom a sa e c t ovi hi l c ii nt y e k ei f r ny t t our r i whas ve ,ci na orci l1 W ic rma onl us Rul 60( t atc E omedee ti ulng toe r rmi l vi. the y y e e b) o ta k ç s fc n te itg i o t f d r lh e spr c e n s' I .a 5 2 (mp a i a d d . 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W ic rdoe nota s r acolr bl s t he s set o a e howi ofa t i ng cual nnoce e unde t Sc up sa r s a t ope t t nc r he hl tnda d o s o n ha gae y t consdeaton ofhi de a td cams W ic doe notcie Sc up orM coui n v.Per ns 1 S.Ct twa o i ri s f ule li . ther s t hl cci ki , 33 . l 2 (01 ) h d e no pe e ta yn w c mp lige ie c u a albl a til ro a pe la dh o l ma e 9 4 2 3 , e o s t rsn n e o eln vd n e n v i e t ra o n p a, n e ny k s a c n l o ysae nfrg r ig hsin c n e S ePe'' j2 4 P t 1 ,1 ( No 5 (ûj s rcnl fu d o cusr ttme t e adn i n o e c . e trs 25 e. 5 7 ECF . ) < u t e e t o n 1 y outaboutt s ero s i my c s and ho f ly,lwilbe alowed t m ove f wa d w ih my a in i t scou he e r r n ae pe ul l l o or r t cto n hi rt bec us lvebe n tyi f t ls 1 ye st pr my i enc t any cou tt twoul lsen t m e' Alo, a e ' e r ng or he a t 0 ar o ove nnoc e o r ha d it o .' s t e ealow m et tl a W rtofH a asCor i t f de alco ts 1c n pr m y im oc et t c ta ç as l pl o 5e i be pus n he e r ur o a ove r enc o he our nd g h met myc i rnl) seas , r e v. eo ,2 8F.d 1 2 1 3n.0(t Ci. 0 0 (mdngta a oo o hl e ' ; e lo Bu k t Anc lne 0 3 7 , 8 1 4h r 2 0 ) f i h t s d ' 3 b J2 5 Peio . 2 4 tt n i Re r es ofW ic rsRul 60( moton,hi j225 peii i tmebar Unde j gadl s the ' e b) i s 4 tton s i - red. r 2 4 ( )1 , p tto e mu tfl h sfd r lh be sp tto wihn o e y a fo t elts o 2 4 d ( ) a ei n r s ie i e ea a a eiin t i n e r ' m h ae t f i r wh n: 1 hi c n cinb c meûn lb t c n l in o die trv e o tee piain o t e e ( ) s o vito e a a y he o cuso f rc e iw r h x rto f h tmef rs e ig s c rviw, 2 a yilga saece td i e i n t fl gwa rmo e , 3 i o e kn u h e e ( ) n le l tt rae mp dme t o ii n s e v d () t Unie Stt s Supr m e Coul r og ze a ne r toa tve y a i d c tm tona rght or he t d a e e ' ec ni d t w, er c i l pple onsi i l i , ( t fcua pr di t oft cli c d ha be n dic vee tlough d dii nc . 28 4) he a t l e cae he am oul ve e s o rd lr ue lge e U. C.j2244( ( ) S. d)1. A pe ii ttoner c G ol' t f de a ha a s a ut of lm ia i i t o w a : s am o y an ç l' he e r l be s t t e t i t ton n w ys t t r t lng and e t bl t lng. St ut y t lng occ s w he a pettone fl s a s a e ha a oli quia e oli at or oli ur n ii r ie t t be s pe ii wihi t f de a sa t eoflm iai n pe i The f der lha assa u e oflmia i i tton t n he e r l t tl t i tto rod. e a be t t t i t ton s t e t l d frte d rto o te saeha e sp o e dng h n ol o h u ain f h tt b a r c e i .28U. C.j2 4 ( )2 . Eq tbl e S. 2 4 d ( ) ui e a t ligo c r o l i apeiine s o ( ( )t theh sbe np ru n h srg t dlg nl a d oln c u s ny f t o r h ws : 1 ha t C a e u s i g i ih s i e ty, n i ( t t s me e ror nay crumsa sood i hi wa a pr ve e tmey flng.' 2) ha o xta di r ic tnce t n s y' nd e ntd i l ii ' Holn v Flrd ,5 0U. 6 , 4 ( 1 )(uoi Pa ev Di g il , 4 , S. 0 , 8 l d . o ia 6 S. 31 6 9 20 0 q tng c . 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