Tully v. Clarke, No. 7:2016cv00296 - Document 28 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 5/5/2017. (tvt)
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cl - s oFll u s ol c couR sRr zcs l' s. . r A R A 6K ,A T o N iv FI LED Pt 22 2 1 27 I TH E U N I D STATE S D ISTRI CO U RT J N TE CT U FO R TH E W E STERN D ISTRICT 0 F W RGI I ; N AY R OAN O R D I SION W D TH O M AS TU LLY , Pett onet ii , V. H ARO LD W .CI RK E, A Res pondent . ) ) ) ) ) ) ) UL ' E c Rx CL ERK CASE N O .7:6CV 00296 1 M E M O RAN D U M O PI I N N O By:H on.M i chaelF.U r bansl d Unie St t sDi ti t udge t d a e s rc J Thom as Tuly,a Viprl i a e pr e lng prq . Sld t s pe l r 'la nm t oc eci ' & e hi édon f a wrt of q, or i - - ha a c mus p s a tt 2 U.. j2 5 , haln ig t evaiiyofhi c i e n o a be s o , uru n o 8 SC. 2 4 c l gn h l t e d s onfn me t n j g ntb t Frd rc Co nt Cic tCo t Rep e fe amo n t ds s ud me y he e eik u y rui ur. s ond nt l d l éo o imis Tul ' j 2 5 pe n,a Tul r s nde ma ig t ma trrpe f rd s iin. Afe l s 2 4 déo nd l e po d, kn he te i o iposto y y tr r viw of t r c d,t cout concudes t t Tuly' pe e e he e or he ' t l ha l s ddon i s es i , pr dur ly s ucc sve oce al def uled,a wihoutm e i,r quii t m oton t dim ist be g a e a t nd t rt e tng he i o s s o r nt d. Backgr ound I 2007,t Fr dc Count Cicui Cour c n he ede k y r t t onvi t d Tuly ofbt ki a e e i ce l ea ng nd nt rng wih i e t com m i as a t a ba t r ,m a ii wounci mi de e nor as a t a t nt nt o t s ul nd te y lcous lng, s m a s ul nd ba tr ,a t c u s ofmaii l c usng bo l ij y b a c us c s tnc . Th te y nd wo o nt l ousy a i c di nur y a é ubsa e e y cr ui couz s nt nc d hi t t nt ic t t e e e m o we y fve y r i prs ea s m ionm e . Tul a aed li nt l ppe l ns y c c onvi dons butt sat a la e c t de e li a , he t e ppe lt our s ni d as ppeas Tuly t n fld t pe l. l he le wo ddons Tully v. Clarke Doc. 28 f awrtofha sc us butt Vig ni Supr m e Cour deni d lot pe or i bea om , he r i a e t e l . ddons a wela h ,s l s a pe ééon f ar he i Tuly t fl a f de a ha asa i i t Ease n D iti tof or e arng. l hen led e r l be cton n he t r s tc Vigni,whih t cour deni i 2011. ri a c he t ed n Dockets.Justia.com Ye r lt r i 2015,Tuly fld a t r sa e habe s pe a s ae , n l le hid t t a ddon i t Fr de ik Count n he e rc y Ciczt Cour, cli i t t t Com m onweat wihhed e pa or e de e and r li t nm ng ha he lh t l xcul t y vi nc knowi y pr s nt d f le t s ony r a e t li da e ' sa e ent a t lt t a f e ngl e e e as e dm elt d o zs ught rs t t m t da ha f d r s t nc 'i a phot a ofhe ar a s r was<1gues bl f om my m om orm e. ubsa e' n ogr ph r m nd hit < s ood r ' ' Tr 437. 38. Tul ar s t bec us t Com m onwe t ci not colec a f ol c l l gue hat a e he y a1h ld l t ny f ogi a bi e de e'a t s ene,no f e i a l i wa e rperor ed on Tuly' da e ' s t or vi nc ' t he c or nsc nayss s ve f m l s ught zs hit n- ; t r or , t t Hm ony s d not ha bee a ted, a t Com m onwe t t m he ef ç he es houl ve n dmit nd he a1h wihh l e ie c by ()n ts g t s tnc a ()noti ot n Tul ta t t ed vd n e 1 ot eén he ubsa e nd 2 nf mig l h t he y s t ubsancew a ne r t sed. The c t ui cour f s ve e t ic t t ound t clm s def uled a wihoutm e i. he li a t nd t tt TheVigi aSupr m e Cout r us d li a a . t ni e t ef e ls ppe l Tuly t n fld t pr e pet l he le he es nt don,r ii t s m e cni s as i hi 2015 s a e a sng he a lm n s tt ha a pe i be s tdon. I éal t c t e e e a or r de i t r ponde ' m odon t ni ly, he out nt r d n de ny ng he es nts o diniswiho prj iese i t ha eTul rq s pemison fom t Fo t Cic t sns t ut eudc ekng o v l e uet r si z he urh rui y t feas c esvepei nu r2 U.. j2 4 $() Ther s nd n s plme e t o i u c si tdo nde 8 SC. 2 49 2 . l epo e t up e ntd he mod t d s s ,a a g e t t()t peiin i i e d s c e sv ,()t e camsa e on o imis nd z u s ha 1 he tto s nd e u c sie 2 h li r p o e rl dea le , n ()tec msaewih mei. r c du al futd a d 3 l bi r tout zt y z I I. St andar ofRe ew ds vi A uz-az,Peiin i ô''' tto - ô .r 4r TheAnd er zs a Efe dv De t Pe lyAc of1 9 ( tro im nd fc e ah nat t 9 6 AEDPA)stcl l t tit i s y mi t c i r don ofs cond ors esi ha aspetdons Se I t W ila s 444 F. 233, he onsde a e ucc sve be i . e n e lim , 3d 2 5 ( t Ci.2 0 ) (br ae on ot e o ds b I r Gz ,8 0 F.d 1 9 (t Ci. 3 4 h r 0 6 a o td h r un n e a 5 3 3 4h r 2 7) Ge zl ,t c u tmus dsniswih p eudc a y sc nd o s c si cnms 01 ). neal he o r y t ir s t zj ie n e o r uc esve li p e iu l a j iae o te meis 28 U. C.j 2 4 $;seas Via e v.Untd rvo sy dudc td n h rt. S. 2 49 e lo l nu va l iç S ae , 6 F.d 5 ,6 (d Ci.2 3 .Ad do l ,ape ne c nno b ig f w' c ms tts 34 3 5 0 2 r 00 ) di nal y ddo r a t tn f ' hi ne i a s ond oz s es i pe i n ec ucc sve tdon unl s t a iant r c i pe= ison fom t es he pplc e eves si t he a r prae c ur ofa pe l b s wig t t() t cnm rl son a ne p e i l pp o it o t p as y ho n ha 1 he li ei e w, rvous y u valbe a tto ci l a le rl o c étdo lo fd tla o ()i tefcu l na i l, nd er a t y ppid ue f ons t na r e ea lw, r 2 f h a ta a ve z pr c e f t cnm coul notha be n dic r d pt vi l t ough t e t ie of ediat or he li d ve e s ove e e ousy hr he xe cs due Hii lgence a t f t unde li t cai ,i pr , nd he ac s ry ng he l m f oven,w oul s f enty esa ih by d ufki l t bls cla a c ncng e de e t tno r as bl f ct e r nd onvi i vi nc ha e ona e a fnde woul ha f r d ve ound t a i a he pplc nt /11 ofteun ryn o fns.2 U.. j2 4 q 11 h delig fe e 8 SC. 2 4 $. H owe r tnote r nlm e i al s c ve , t ve y l rc ly e ond pe ééon i a Tec s s ond or s esi 'pe ucc sve ddon wihi t m ea ng oft AED PA.' J r W o a s 444 F. a 235. Pe t n he ni he ' n e m , 3d t ddonst ta e not ha r c nsdee s c si i l e () i a pe n i frt ds se wiho p eu c o o i rd uc e s ncud : 1 f ve ddo s ls imisd t ut rjdie n tc ia go s s h a fi et e a tsaerme is ()i acnm wa n rpea t ehncl r und , uc s al o xh us tt e de, 2 f li s ot i t he ur t oft & s pei n,s h a whe a jd me ti ev ne bewen te t o ha a i me he t tdo uc s n u g n ntr e s t e h ' w be s pe i a d t n w a pl a nc aln e t n w jd me ,o whe ape ne se t dt n he e p i éo h le g s he e u g nt r n ddo r eks o ons c feaFor v W an iht 4 7U..3 9(98 )me tlic mpee ycnm,a ()whe a i l d . iwr , 7 S 9 1 6 na n o tnc li nd 3 n prs ne u e a modo pu s n t 28 U.. j 2 5 o j 2 4 t rgan argh t a pe l io r s s n rua t o SC. 25 r 25 o e i i t o p a. S e eg, nz Wibms 4 4F.da 23 (ic sngtc ia gou ) I r Gr ,8 0F.d e r ..l e l , 4 3 t 5 dsusi e hnc l r nds; n e a 5 3 a 1 2 ( ic sn ne pe n f ri e v nig j g nt;Pa t v.Qu ema ,5 1 U. t 4 ds usig w ddo o ntr e n ud me ) ned m r n 5 S. 9 0 ( 0 7 (ic sng For moto f ri c mpe e c ) l r Godd r ,1 0 F.d 4 5 4 8 3 2 0 ) d susi d i ns o n o tn e; n e ad 7 3 3 , 3 ( h Ci.1 9 ( ic sn pe one s e i t rgan azg tt a a u rj22 5 ; a 4t r 99 ) ds usig éé r e kng o e i i h o ppe l nde 5 ) Ev ns v. r ih 2 F.d 3 6 (t Ci. 0 0 (x usier v e ofal xc pto ) S nt , 20 3 0 4 h r 2 0 ) e ha tv e iw le e ins. 3 Adddo l ,heFozt Cic tha hedta Brd v. i nal t lrh rui s l h t a M y lnd 3 3U..8 (9 31 a , 7 S 3 1 6) cnm s i fs ce sve'ha s pe i li n <uc s i ' bea tdons r qlie c rii a e xr e tfc don fom t cour ofa a s I r he t ppe l. n Ev ns tedititc ur ha a jdctdapirfd rl be spe no temeis W he a ,h src o t d du iae ro e ea ha a édo n h rt. n t pe ii r wihout s ki ce fc ton fom t Fourh Ciczt fld a s ond ha a he ttone , t ee ng M i a i r he t r ti, le ec be s Pe dont ti l e aBr d com, hectui c r ofa pe l h i: t ha ncud d a li t ic t ou t p as ed To e e gh pe ine' B g- csm fo terq ie nt ofj2 4 x mpt te dto rs - -y li t m h e urme s j ld 2 4$) w oul t tt s a ut y s he e a r rCongr s 'lm iadonson s cond d hwar he t t or c m nd ende es i t e or s es i petéons a n'liy i a wi r nge of c s . I ucc sve i Alt n de a a es ndee i wotl d, t ld ope t f r l c t t a l s t of algedl ne y dicove ed c qm s n he ede a out s o l or s le y wl s r li wih trqltn pe donest s w 1 1c us a prj ie tou e liig d r o ho 3 1 a e nd eudc . 0t Eva , 0F. a 3 . Thec ur ofa asc nd d ftheei a c cigyn r a o ns 22 3d t 242 o t ppe l o nue , fl r s c orln l o e s n g nott c un g td rs no a udctdfrtpe i a li on a ol fata' dd o o t peione' w-dj iae ts éton sls e nd rl iiilpe on j yt whe c i rn li p ee atmptt fea> d cnm. .=a 3 5 n onsdeig ls rsnt te o l l l1 ' L t 2 . ' 'd 8. Prcd rl w/ oeu a D# r . f ha s pe < A bea ddone i ba r d f om s e ng f de a r vi w of a cli t t wa r s re r e ki e r l e e nm ha s pr ç ed t a s a e cour a tl a l a e es l deni on t i pe es nt o t t t nd c e ry nd xpz sy' ed he nde ndent a , dequat e saego ofp ocdu a dea t'Be ne v. eone 9 F.d 1 3 ,1 4 (t Ci. 9 6 tt r und r e rl ful. n t An l , 2 3 3 6 3 3 4h r 1 9 ) ' (ing Harsv.Re d 4 9 U. 2 5 2 3 (9 9) A pr e u a t ei a q t ffi i cé ti e , 8 S. 5 , 6 1 8 ). oc d rl ul s de uae T t s i r ary or conssenty a i by t sa e c q' a i pende f f i doe not e l it l ppled he t t our ' nd nde nt f t i s 1M d rq ie p öe uost dsls maeilecz t yeie c i teg v mme t p ssin t tz eurs r sc tr o ico e tr x tpaor vd n e n h o e n' oses o le a l s o defns . 37 U . a 8 I or rf ac dt dona vildon t ha oc ure t e i nc s ese mus be e e 3 S. t 7. n de or ons u l oa o ve c r d, he vde e uppz s d t mae let rt gtl orpunihme .L= tda ihe o ut ' s nt d. 2Ot rcrut h v ad e a tesmec ncuin Se Qu z d v Srt 6 4F.d 5 4 5 02 (d Ci. he ic i a e r v d t h a o lso . e e aa . rlh, 2 3 1 , 2 -2 2 r s i 2 1)(e lrn pe d n rwi aR-d cnm t sdsyterq ie nso j2 4 $)3( )To lnsv S c De ' 0 0 rql ig d o e t r-y li o a f h e urme t f 2 4 ()C); m r . e' i h g i t o Co ,5 7F.d1 5 ,1 5 -0(1hCi.2 0 )@e cuim)(it g ihn F dcqmsfo Rc.yclmsbea s f =. 5 3 2 7 2 96 1 t r 0 9 r t a dsi asig or li rm a. li cu e n u d Thev oa o o c ns t é n lrg t a sre i ( a y c mso cm i a al a ' lo s n e cn a a ezp f r f ild n f o d u o a ih s se td n Br d q bi c t f t l tt r e tn ig nd r ie o t , za icu ini afzt e d nlio n o v Drte4 2F.d9 1 9 1(t Ci. 0 6 rl l h o tepantx o AF A n lso n is p d o ' l h s n . ek , 4 3 0 , 1 5h r2 0) f i t fh li e t f DP ng a o caea we mus c l t ta s c sve pe nd ur slw, t oncpde ha uc esi ddone uri a R-dy c m ma notr l s ey upon t r gng r - bi q y ey oll he uli e m e isoft .- J-: bini o d rt d mo srt d eHl e c u d rj2 4 ( 27)wheetep t ne wa tmat rt he B A Jc r n r e o e n tae u ig n e n e 2 41 ) d i 94 r h ezo r s nodc d pr ra of t e it nc of t f c ta pr i a e a of t f c ua pr dia e' tli a e pot néa e c pa or e eti l he x se e he a tz l ed c t nd he a t l e c t s ztm t e l x ul t y rlv n e'. ee a c .) ' 4 f pe o afdea c ns ina rznp' Ye tsv.Ang ne 1 6 F.d 25 ,2 0 (t de ndg n e rl o dmto l ti ' a' l ' t do , 6 3 5 6 4h Ci.1 9)( od Akev.Oklho ,4 0U..6 , (9 5) f facnm i dea le ,t n r 9 9 qu ng a ma 7 S 8 75 1 8 ). t li s futd he l pe ne mus fi on t t cnm ute s he c n s w ta c us a prj ie o a déo r t al ha li n s l a ho h t a e nd eudc r fn me a micrigeofjs erihte c eli dea t' Bel Trz,4 3F.S pp. d u da ntl sara u dc ng x us ls ful. lv. t 1 ' e u 2 6 7 6 6( . Va 20 6 (iigFihe v. eo , 6 F.d8 ,8 4(t Ci.1 8)3 5 , 7 W D. . 0 ) ctn s r An lne 1 3 3 35 4 4h r 99 ). Va Co j 80 - 5 st o t ha a tmig r q tme s i Vigna c uts . de .1 6 4 es ut he be s i n e uie nt n ri i o t. Unde j801 6 4( () ape r . - 5 A)2 , déonmu fb b o h wi n oney a a trt fn lds i n s e t ug t t hi e r fe he i a iposéo oft diec a a ort Hm e f flng s h appe lha expie wl he ri lt z Unde he r t ppe l he or ii uc a s r d, ùc ve s a e . r j80 -5 7)2,t pei nmu tc nti alalg d a fcst tt pei ne k ws .16 4 () he tdo s o an l l a ons nd a t ha he t t no e éo a ta t Hmeoffl g. 80h j 8016 4A)2 nd 80 -5 ()ae a q t a d bou t he ii n t j . - 5 ( ()a .16 47)2 r de uae n i pe nt s a e lw pr edut lgr nde nde t t a oc a ounds t t pr cude t vi w of t m e is of a f de al ha e l e e he rt e t pe ééon. S eS a r w v. rcor De ' ofCore d ,4 9 F. u 2 5 4 5 7 8 ( D. e ro Die t t r c ons 3 S pp. d 8 , 8 - 8 E. Va 20 6 ( .Co j 80 - 4( () i a a e u t nd ù d p nd nt b r à a k à v. . 0 ) Va de .1 65 A)2 s n d q a ea A e e e a ); 4 c a An eone 1 1F. 4 2 4 - 6 (t Ci.1 9 )( .Co j80 - 47)2 i a a q t l , 3 3d 4 , 454 4h r 9 7 Va de .165 () s n de uae a d i e n ntba.. n nd pe de .) r Fu t r Sa t n v Par a , 20 SE.d 6 0 ( . 1 7 ) i a a q t a d rhe , l o . ri n 5 . 2 8 Va 9 4 s n de uae n i pe nde ndents a e pr dur lbart a ie when a pe i r c d ha r ie a is a t t oce a hat rs s dtone oul ve as d n s ue t tila o dr c a a,b tfi d t d s S eVi on v. t ,4 F.d 41 ,41 ( h ra nd n ie t ppe l u al o o o. e ns e Trz 36 3 2 7 4t e Ci. 0 )( ri a i a a q t a di e nde ba ). r 20 6 Par n s n de uae n nd pe nt r M eisT/ r r rt f #/ l z 3'' Unie SttsS e Cour ha alwed f fde a r ve ofuntmey a orpr e al def le Ihe td ae upr me t s lo or e r l e iw i l nd/ oc durly autd p tin wh ntep d n rma e ac lrbecom o ata i o e c u e Mc ignv. ekn,1 3S Ct1 2 eio s e h e do e k s oo a l ll f c' lnn cn e nd z oug i P ris 3 . . 9 4 t ' u (0 3 a S hu v Deo 5 3U.. 9 (9 5.Ho v rTul ma e nos hcnm i hsc re t t o a n h ha 2 1) nd c l . l, 1 S 2 8 1 9 ) we e, l k s uc li n i urn pei n a d e d y d a ama ino e c c m a j iae i is frtfd rlha es ad n. 'hu ,Tul h s fi d t s w ta a n c l n cn e bi dudctd n l ls e ea b a c o I s l a al o ho h t i y e 6 a na micrig ofusc e c sshsd futa tec ut lno a d eslsa ta lno e c . md me tl sar e j d e x u e i ea l nd h o zwi t d zs z ctl' cn e a l i zn 5 To obt i f z lha asr lef a pe i rm us de onsz e t the i f n c t nn ede a be ei , étone t m tut ha s t us ody i i voa noft Co étdo orlwsotte d soft UntdStts' 2 U. C. 2 5 $. n ildo he ns u n a ta e he ie ae. 8 S. j 2 4( ' Un r2 U.. j2 5 ,h we r t fd rlh be sc r ma no g a awrto ha a de 8 SC. 2 44 o ve,he e ea a a ou t y t rnt i f be s c musb s d o a y cam t tasaec u tde i d o t me isunls t a a j ia n: o a e n n li ha tt o t cde n he rt e s h t dudc do ()Reutd i a d cson t t wa c ntay t ot ivol d a unrao be 1 s le n e ii ha s o rr o, n ve n e s na l a iadon of ce pplc , lady e t bls d Fede a lw, as de e i by t Supr m e s a ihe rl a t v ned he e Cout oft Unied St t ;or ' he t t a es ()Re utd i a d cso t a wa ba e on a un e s na e deemi do o t 2 s le n e ii n h t s s d n r a o bl t r na n f he f ct i lghtoft e de e pr s nt d i t St t cour pr ee ng. a sn i he vi nc e e e n he a e t oc di 2 U. C.j2 4 ;seas Wil msv.Ta lr 5 U. 3 2 4 3 1 (0 0. t hee a 8 S. 25 $) e lo la i o , 29 S. 6 , 0 - 3 2 0 ) t r, s W he e,t s a e c tsa ia r he t t our' pplc don ofgove ni f de a 1w i c le d,i m us be s n t z ng e r l a s halnge t t how o be n o y ez ne us b o e dv l u e s na e' Yabor g v.Ge t,5 0 U..1 5 ot nl r o o , ut bjc ey nr a o bl. r ou h ? nty 4 S , ' ( 0 3 . Un r t s sa a d Tg) sae c r' d tt na n t t a cqm lc mei 20) de hi tnd r , t tt ou t ee- éo ha a s mi li a ks rt p e l sfd rlha a rl fs lnga fi- n d jdssc l a teon tec re t s rcude e ea be s ei o o s armide u t oud ge e h o rcnes oft sae c ur' d cson. Harngon v.m c e,5 2 U..8 ,1 1 ( 1 ) (mid g he tt o ts e ii ' ri t ' htr 6 S 6 0 20 1 o t n i ena q ai ) ntz l uott . ons 1 1. Anal i 1 ys s 4.Su cs fWz r ceuè - àb ., A t t t es d,Tuly' pe bn does not s ds y t r quie ent of 28 U. C. he hr hol l s dt a f he e r m s S. j 2 4 ()A) 2 4 $() ora y oftes c si pe n e e ns Fis, l fis j 2 4$)2 ( , 2 49 3, n h uc esve déo xcpdo . rtTul al y und rj2 4 ()A)be a ehsc ze tcamsd notrl on an w,rto ci r l of e 2 4$)2 ( c us i u zn li o ey e er a t ue ve c s t na lw t twa prvo l t valbl. Tul as fi u e j 2 4 $() on dtdo l a ha s e iusy ma i e z a l lo al nd r 2 49 3 y s 6 be aus he f d hi f tha aspei c e ze s rs be lion i 2010 a di notr que ta horza n nd d e s ut i don f om t r he Fotrh Cic t Cotr of A ppeas bef e flng t c r nt pe zt t ui zt l or li he ur e ddon. A ddi donal t de l m r y, Eva ,Tuly' r lance on a Bt cnm t ct umve t s es i pe bn r quie enti ns l s ei ad li o ic nt he ucc sve dt e t m n j2 4 $()i un vql p4Lat ,t s c esvepe ne e nsd n a pl t Tul' 2 49 3 s a in i sl he u c si ddo xcpdo o ot p y o l s y y c m s t Ea t n D iti ofVigi a dimi s hi ft tf a pe ii on t m ert as hi : he ser stct t ni s s ed s ts eder l tton he is p ocdu al dea le u rVa Co j80165 () hsc msweerpea t tmeo r e rl futd nde . de . - 47)2, i bi y r i t he i f flng li ft t f de a ha s petdon be us t unde li f ct xit d a t Hm e t t li ls ts e r l bea i ca e he tyng a se se t he ha Tuly El hi f tf r lha aspe l ed s us ede a be ddon,a he i nots e ng t r i a rghtt a a nd s e ki o egan i o ppe l u rj2 4 nde 25 . Tuly a gue t thi fdic r ' t tt Com m onw e lh net rgoi c t nor l r s ha s f s ove y' ha he at ihe ned usody t t d t s tnce cons tt s < w e denc ' H owe r t Fourh Cic t hed i ese he ubsa étze f ne vi e. ' ve , he t t ui l n Unie Sae v.Hartn,75 F.d 2 8 (t Ci.2 1 )ta a n meial sc nd fdea td tts iso 4 3 5 4h r 0 4 h t p rc l e o e rl y ha a p dd s oud ony bec nsd td p op run rj 2 4 $() wh n fhe fcs be s e on h l l o iee r e de 2 49 2 7) e f at t r l d o by t e mo ntse ig geif #' n td'lwh n t e nu zc l & s mod wa ei n h va e kn r l j J o xl e h mei al t on s e e # k y fld a d a jdiae . 1 a 26 (mphai a e ) Tul' d ug trstsi ya te le n du c td' d. t 2 e ' ss dd d. l s a he' etmon nd h y f c t tt Com m onwe lh di note rgan cusody oforpe f t f e i t s supon li a t ha he at d ve i t r o. or nsc e t ' m as da ught rsa m a cot ng oc ur e a orbef etil The ef e Tuly' cur a gum e s e ' r nd l hi c rd t or ra . r or , l s t ent r nt a li M odon f Lea t Am e a e una ii t f ct unde li hi cli s e se nd ns or ve o nd r volng: he a s tyng s nm xit d p irt fi a da jdia onoflsi ta fd rl be spe n. ro he zng n du c d z niile ea ha a ddo i ' 4'h c u t o l ds s Tul'p t nwi o tp eu iea rq ielm i rciea to a o fo te I e o r c ud imis l s ezo t u rjdc nd e ur'i o eev uh dzd n tm h ' y h n Fo rh Cic i Ho v r b cu eTul' p t nd e n st f terq ie nso j2 44 () i d futdo ut zut we e, ea s l s ezo o s ot ai y h e urme t f 2 @ 3, s eal n . y s e oh rgo n , n ut tl iwi u mei,h c u t ' ds s wi peu iei teitrsso js ea jdca te ru dsa d lmaey s t t rtte o r wl imis t rjdc n h neet fudc nd u iil i ho l l h e dinc . xpe e y 7 Furhe ,pt vi c t f t r e ous our s ound Tul sha asc nm sasm e il sa t e de e of l y' be l i ttes nd he vi nc hi gtitt be s t nta. For e m pl ,t Fr rc Count Cic tCout f s zl o ubsa il xa e he ede ik y z ui t ound Tul s l y' cur e cqm s f cm al unf r nt li a l y ounded,a t Unie St t Diti t Cout f t Ease n nd he t d a es stc ' or he t tr D iti ofVigila e s rct r ri xhaus y r e d t i ul t y e de i Tul s i da f de al dvel eviwe he nc pa or vi nce n l ni l e r y' ha aspe i The Ea t n Dit thel t tt e dence ofTuly' guttw a sgni ant be dton. ser sdc d ha he vi l s ' s i Ec , l a t tTu l' t si ny wa t i y E n ce il. Tul v. o o 2 1 U. Dit nd ha l s e tmo y s f mpl l ot r db e' l J hns n, 01 S. s. s ' y LEXI 1 0 2 a * 4 3 ( D. .Fe 22 2 1 ( e c lr rv e d e i e e fo f t S 8 6 , t 2 - 2 E. Va b , 01 ) Th ozt e iwe v d nc r m: ou wine s t Tuly' a t ck, a f tr s t s es o l s ta us- e pondi polc ofie , a f e i e t r ga di ng ie fc r or nsc xpe t e r ng pe r s a ,rc r d pho cl fom ji i wlc Tul a r te ma ha l g a d ppe pzy e o de ne al r al n l h l dni d n ndi n s i y t n ki li Li a H os ns t de ens ' ti l a p x e s as wel as TuEy' cnm of a tz l cqng s ki , he f es ra r m nt, l s li caa i c nc ).Thec tc lde t t izl htoft ee i e e a awh e Tul' cnm fis nno e e our oncu s ha, t i g h v d nc s ol, l s li al y und rj2 4 $() be a e h ha no de tae t tt fca prdc t fr hs e 2 44 2 7) c us e s t monsttd ha he a t ml e iae o i cnm sw a undic r e t ough t e r ie of due dii nc and he ha alo f ied t li s s ove abl hr he xe c s lge e, s s al o pr ove, by c e r a c ncng e de e t t but f alged c dm dona e z , no l a nd onvi i vi nc , ha , ot le ons l r or z as bl f t e ona e ac hnde woul ha f r d ve ound hi guit . m ly The c t c l s t t none of t e e i al wi f s esi peédons our oncude ha he xc ptons lo ng ot ucc sve a pl a Tul ha no sésidt rq rme t ofj 22 4 $()o 2 4 $() p y nd l s t a fe he e uie ns j 4 4 2 r 24 4 3. y 8.Prcd rl hut oeua Dl l . The Fr de i k Count Cic t Cour f e rc y r ui t ound Tuly' cuz c/m s def uled unde l s t ent li a t r l0t j 80 -5 A)2 a 80165 () n h j .16 4( () nd . - 47)2 .Und rj80 -5 A)2,Tul fi be a ete e .16 4( () l al cus h y s fna diposton ofhi diec a i l s ii s r t ppea ende i 2009;t r or ,t pr r fm e f 61ng a l d n he ef e he ope i or i sa e ha a pe ii e t t be s tton nded i 2010. H e di not fl t c r ac i i sa e c ' undl n d le he urent ton n t t out t 8 2 5 Tul do sn sdsyterq zme sofj8. - 5 7)2, ihe.Att t oft 01 . l e ot a f h e uie nt y 016 4 () et r he i me he flng ofli fr tsa e ha aspe ii i 2009,t f t unde li hi c r c m se s e ii ls ts t t be tton n he ac s ry ng s urent bi xit d a we e known t Tuly or coul ha bee cicove e wih due dii nd r o l d ve n ts r d t l gence. The e or r f e, Tul ' pe don i d bl dea td u e Va Co j 80 - 5 a d i n s bjc t fde a ls d y s ou y fule nd r . de .1 6 4 n s ot u e t o e z l rve a e as wi ofcus a d p eul e l ha notde tae c us be a s e iw bsnt ho ng a e n rjci .Tul s c y monsrtd a e c u e he hasnotofe e a i or a r ga di why he wa una e t fl hi ha spe f r d ny nf m éon e r ng s bl o le s bea déon i n at l ma r a d heh snotprve p eudc bea eheha fi dt pr fe e i nc i y nne, n me a o n rj ie cus s al o ofr vde e e t twoul de onsr t t t butf t alged c dt i lvi adon,t out om e oft ha d m t a e ha , ot he le ons utona ol he c he ti l oul ha be dif r nt ta w d ve en f e e . Alo,whe te sae ha a o t rjce Tul ' c re cnms i 2 5 te s n h tt be sc ur eetd l s u tnt li n 01 , h y Fr dc Count Cic tColr f ede k y t ui zt ound hi cnm sde a t d unde Pa r an:f ul c d ha s li f ule r ri v l oul ve y de l veoped e de a ti lr gq di t Com m onweat s f iur y ha f e i t s i vi nce t ra e z ng he lh' al e o ve or nsc e tng d eon t e f d s tnc .' Tul v. ak , CL1 - 2 , t3 ( . r Ct Au 4, 0 5 on h r ubsa e' l Clr e No. 5 1 8 a Vk Ci. . g. 2 1 ) e ' ( No 1 ,Ata h.1 .Th c r a r e wih t saeha a c r' a ay i,a Tu l ECF . 8 tc ) e ou t g e s t he tt be s ou ts n lss nd l y h snotp o ns f e cus o prjdieta wo de c elsd fut a r ve ufkint a e r eu c h t ul x us n ea l. i Th r fz,be a e Tul ha nots wn cus a p eudc o a r sara e of eeo e cus l s y ho a e nd rj ie r nicrig j éc t e c e l s dea t,Tu ys c ms ae bar d fo fd rl rviw und t t us e o x us l fuls z ' bi r re r m e e a e e i e he i e nde a a q t saep oc d rl'lsVa Codej 8016 4A)2, . - 47)2, nd pe nt nd de uae tt r e u a z e . u j . - 5 ( () 80165 () and Pari n. rga C: M m k s 9 I Tuly' 2015 s a e ha as pe ii t Fr rc Count Cic t Cour hed t t n ls t t be tton, he ede i k y t ui t l ha Tul' c m t tt Co l s bi ha he mmon at wihh l > y we lh t ed maeila kzwi l prsntdfle tra nd to ngy ee e as t tm ony i wihoutm e i: esi s t rt N otlng i t r cor s li n he e d uppor sTul s s c a i t t r s tncewas t l pe ulton hat he ed ubsa y' s et ng ot r t n t bl ofone,or10t ofhi vi tm s U nde t e om hi he ha he ood 7 h, s ci . r hes cru sa e ,Yu l c nno s w t e alg d Te y ds o r d' v d n ewa ic m tnc s l a t ho h l e n wl ic ve e e i e c s y e e c l tr,s pp esd,o maeilund r> d . Lie s,hec n ts w x upao y u r se r tra e k wie a no ho t tt vi tm ' quaii a we w a f le m uc l st tt Com m onweat ha he c i s lfed ns r s as , h es ha he lh w a a r ofs f lip Thus Tuly' cnm sa ewihoutf t lba i . s wa e uch ast , l s li r t ac ua ss Tul v.Clt ,No.CL1 -2 ,a 2 3( No.1 ,Ata h.1. Thec ur a re wiht l ake 51 8 t - ECF 8 tc ) o t g e s t he s a eha asc t t be oun' a l i. s nayss Fis,Tuly f is t plusbl a écul e whatt s t rt l al o a i y r at he ubsance c d ha be n;he c oul ve e annot c l t t is f e i e de w oul ha bee e ul t y wihout f m a s oncude ha t or nsc vi nce d ve n xc pa or t ac l uppor . t Sec ond,he hasnots hown t tt Com m onw e lh s ha he at uppr s ed t m a e i lby f ii t t ke e s he t za alng o a c t or pe f m f e i t s usody r or or nsc e dng on t m a e il. Lasl he has notpr he t ra s ty, oven t t li ha ls da g e' tsi o y a o t e lc off e i t s g ha a y e fc on li c vc on or u htrs e t n nd/ r h a k otnsc e dn d n fe t zs on ié m sntncn S e S t v Phiis 4 U. 20 ,2 (9 2 (e uii a s o ng of e e ig. e mih . l , 55 S. 9 20 1 8 ) rq rng h wi l maeil yi a fle tsi o y cnm) Co i ei g t s bsa da e i e c ofl sguta trai n as e t n li . nsd rn he u tn l v d n e n t' nd t m i l t stc r quie e s of f r lha a lw ,Tuly' concus y algaéons a e una ii he ti t e r m nt ede a be s a ls l or le r valng. The e or t cour fndsTuly' cni saswihoutm e i,be us Tuly ha f ied t pr ve r f e, he ti l s lm t rt ca e l s al o o hi alga s le dons a t sa e c ts de ii was not contay t oz a uzr as , nd he t t our' c son r l o, n ze onabl e a ia pplc éon of f de a lw,a wasnota unr s bl de e m i , e r l a nd n ea ona e t t naéon off t. ac s 1 V. Fort r as sa ed,t c tGRAN T S t m oéon t dinns . Tuly' peédon i he e ons t t he our he o s is ls s s c e sv ,hscnmsa epr c d al d futd,a heha no s wn c us a d p eu c u c sie i li r o e url e a le nd y s t ho a e n t jdie 1 0 e i hi def uls Re r es ,hi cbi s ar wihoutm e . An a oprae or r wil xcusng s a t . ga dl s s m e t dt ppr i t de l e e t sda nt z hi y. The Clr i die t t s copi soft sm e ot ndum opi on a ac om pa i e k s t c ed o end e hi m a ni nd c ny ng or rt Tuly a t c de o l nd o ouns lofr or f Res e ec d or pondent Furhe ,fndi t tpe . t r i ng ha déone ha r s f ie t m a a s t ls ald o ke ubsanda howi oft de a ofa c ttzi lrghta r quied by 28 ng he nil onsi tona i a se r U.. j2 5 c() acr aeofa e lblyi DENI SC. 2 3()1, edhct pp aa ii s t ED. ENTER: i y Ths da of a, 01 . y M y2 7 , , 4 / rxmr,p.f y uy . , z p. x. r Unt dS aq Dit t ud e ie t ts sdc l g 11