Muhammad v. Smith et al, No. 7:2016cv00223 - Document 45 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 8/8/2017. (tvt)
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c-- sOF IEUS DS % l E FC .. IX AT RoANoc , VA FIED L At 28 2 1 S 27 I THE UM TED STATES DI N STRI CO URT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A ROANOKE DI SI VI ON ABD U L- A M ZA W A LIM UH AM M A D , H JUL Q I BY: D C A SE N O .7: 16CV 0022 3 Pl ntf , ai if M EM O R AND U M O PI I N N O HAPPY EARL SM I c AL. TH, , By: H on.Gl n E.Conr e ad U ni e St e Di t i tJudge t d at s s r c D e endant . f s AbdulHa z W a iM uhn ma a Vigi a i ae pr ee ng pr K ,fld t s cvi - m a l m d, r ni nm t oc di o ie hi i l rg sacin ptrua t 42 U. C.j1983. Li rly c t i Muha d' c ant he iht to ts nt o S. beal onsnzng mma s ompli , a s rsf u mi on d camsi hi c mp an ,algngt a:( )rca e a n to spef r d se t o r s ie li n s o lit le i h t 1 e tl x miain ro me j o h m c n tt td s x a a s ut ( )li p a e n o s iiewac wa rtlao y ()c ran n i o siue e u l s a l, 2 l lc me t n u cd th s eaitr ; 3 e ti s ca sfc to d cso we ema ewih u d e p o e s a ( d na o t e d r e ta ia l lsiiain e iins r d t o t u r c s, nd 4) e il f h ak s valb e tnton li e gl s sw a dei r t i f e e e,al i vi a i ofli c tmtonalrght . i ls ye as e s lbe a e ndif r nc 1 n olton ls onsi i i s M u mma i i re aed a Re Onin Stt Prs (1 d Onin',a hi, s c iy ha d s ncac r t t d o ae ion & Re o ' ) g e urt h fcl y i Po n ,Vign a o rtd b t e Vig na De a t n o Co rcins (C a it n u d r ii, peae y h r i i p rme t f re to ç i VDOC' ' ) whe et al ge vi ai nsoc ur e I li ve ii d c r he le d ol to c r d. n ls rfe ompl i ,M uha a s t f l w i ant mm d ues he olo ng VDOC a Re Oni ofi i s Fr d Sc li ,M a c Elm ,Ea lR.Ba ks l ,Ir e D. nd d on fcal: e hilngs r us n r r da e s a l Hn l n, co i Php s Pat Hals,Re lin De l(t e' ,Ar i J Galh r Geadn mit Vitra ip , ti re s belo e : 1) vl . l a, r lie o De ' i Ge Ba r AmeeB.Dunc n,Kel M .St wa t J Fn n,J s Be l y,T.Huf ,D.Tr nt ne ke , a ly e r, oe nni a on nte f e , Lt Gi e t Seg a t Cl t n De l (Gg .De 1' Ofie M uln , Of e M o r, Ofie . l r, r e n i o b n e t 1 e', fc r lis sc r o e fc r S ) Muhammad v. Smith et al Doc. 45 Be c r Of i e Br l he , f c r own,Of i e M a tn,O fi rFr e a K . .G i on,a M i hae C.Y ounc f c r ri fce e m n, D bs nd c l e (thenon- dia defnda s).Healo s Dr Ha EalSmih a Dr Cha lsOwe ,a G t me c l e nt' s ues . ppy r t nd . re ns physci n a an opt m e r s ,r s tve y,w ho pr ded hi m e c ca e a R e Oni n. 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St nd ds ofR e e a ar vi w A m oto t d s ist t t lga s fce ofa co pl nt Se ,e. ,Be lA t .Cop . i n o im s ess he e l ufi incy m ai . e :. l l v Two y 5 3 U. 5 4 5 3 6 ( 0 ) çT) e c mplitmus b d s se i i do sn t . mbl, 5 S. 4 , 5 - 3 20 7 . û h o an ( t e imis d f t e o a lge e le nough f c st sae acli t r i t ti plusbl on isf e. a r t no v. ohns a t o tt am o elef ha s a i e t ac ' 'Gir a a J on, 521F. 298,302 ( hCi.2008)(ntma quottonmaksa ctto omit ) l co uci 3d 4t r i e l ai r nd iain ted . n nd tng isr vi w,a c tmus vi w t f c si t lgh mos f vo a e t t pl ntf,bu û d not t e e our t e he a t n he i t t a r bl o he ai if t t nee a c p a t e t ra td ifr n e ,u ra o a l c ncuso ,o ag me t. I (n en l c e t s nz mwarn e n e e c s n e s n be o l ins r r u n s' d. itr a ' quoai maksa ctton o ted . tgée lconcusons eeme sofac eofacin,a tton r nd iai mit ) tl ga l i , l nt aus to nd 1 ec u t e o syd ne Mt mma sr q et a moin frp ei n r ij n tv rle. Th o rprviu l e id l ha d' e u ss nd to s o rl ay nu cie eif mi 2 ba eas e to de d off rherf c u le nc m e f i t c tt e wel- e f t'ho ve , r s ri ns voi u t a t a nha e nt al o onsim lpld ac s' we r a t ,ne d no be t ke a t e. Ne e Che olt Lt V.Co um e afaisc .I ,591 nd hus e t a n s nl m t vr e. d. ns r f r .om nc. F.d2 0 2 5( t Ci. 0 9 . 3 5 , 5 4h r 2 0 ) An a r o s mmay j g n i a p o rae Ift mo a ts ws ta te e i n wad f u r ud me t s p r p it l he v n ho h t h r s o i g n n ds u ea t a y maeilfc a d t e mo a ti e tte t j d me ta a matro e uie ip t s o n tra a t n h v n s n ild o u g n s te f lw. Fe R.Ci P.56() Fora pa t s e de e t r s a ge ne is ofmaei fct a ' d. ' v. a. ry' vi nc o aie nui sue tral a s o ce tt a od sl r j g n ,i mu tb t u h ta ar a o a l j r c u d rtun a u in o v i l mma y ud me t t s e t c h t e s n b e u y o l et' s v r itf rt en n mo n pat ' An e s n v. be t Lo b .I c,4 7U. 2 2 2 ( 9 6 . e dc o h o - vig ry. d ro Li ry b y n . 7 S. 4 , 48 1 8 ) ' I mn ng t s dee mi to Ghe c u' i r quie t viw t f t a dr w r a ona e n ki hi tr nai n,ç t ot t s e r d o e he ac s nd a e s bl i e e si a lghtmos f vor bl t t nonmovi pa y. Sha v.Stoud,1 F. 791 798 nf r nce n i t a a e o he ng rt ' ' w r 3 3d , ( h Ci.1 . 4t r 994) B. Cl i 1: Sexua A s a t am l s uls 1.M uhn a sAlegai ns mm d' l to O n N ove be 3, 2015, de e nt Bel he a Br w n e c t M uha m a t t m r f nda s c r nd o s ored m d o he m e c uni a trhe c pl ne ofbl dial t fe om ai d oody sool. I t tige r ,M uhn a s w E t s n he ra oom mm d a C KY lb ia tj l ' o t e c t e a d t l d fn a tDe lt a h d d no wa to c ns n t a u rc n el ' n h omtr n od ee d n e h t e i t n r o e t o y p o tt e n n t n.( mp . 3 , No 1) De ls i,ç'l e Dr S t a d e sta sn e r sae x miai Co l! 4 ECF . . e ad ç 1lt . mih d r s h t ic o 1 h i t ela p i r c r p y iin. (d) e s h e d rmay a e h sca ' I . ' Dr S t t l M u a d & o eh ad y u c n rainl I mu tg tt ter o o . mi od h mma ,t v r e r o r o vesto . q s e o h o t f h I whyyo le ha ngbl sool.Youdowa t tndoutwha' c usngyo srousmedial ugr j vi oody t s nt o i ts a i ur e i c c n iin rg t l ()d n' d a ytig a i g ts wo se,o i y u d ntalw t i t tk o dto ih . f 1 o t o n hn nd t e gq rlq r f o o ' lo h s o a e plc t d yl tee s n n e i wrtn me ia a a1a an whnig a d cyng a o tt a e o a , h r ' o e d n i g dc l t 1 g i i n n r i b u he l i bl ysool. 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(d) Dr S t rpl d,ç wa h d le d r v d h t h i n t a n na g d r sae' 1 . . mih e i Gt s ' e l n r lb tt a d e n tme n i' no s le o e fn d' (Z) Dr S t t e h d t o ma u h t o s o a ts t wo ln r n lme . J ' . mi h n a he h ofi r c fM tha a s ha t t font pule down hi boxe s be M uha a ove , fce s uf l mm d' nds o he r , l d s r , nt mm d r ç sa e b t b to ks rp ae l tl n (i t losn u (ilb to ks' a Go cbl t s g d oh u tc , e e tdy el g hm) o o e p h s u tc y nd t ri y ma i ' f s d mie fru t t miu e a d tit s c n s' Co . 3 ,ECF No.1) W h n d n , o o z d o p o wo n t s n hry e o d . '( mpl ! 4 . e oe Dr Smih s i ,ç e1y u d n' h v a e ag d p o tt o h ml lr d lfa eu ,no a . t ad ç l o o t a e n nlr e r sae r e orho a lr p r ny W rca ble ig' (Z) e tl e dn . J ' OnN o mbe 1 de e nt M a t a Fr e a e co td M uhn madt m e ca f a ve r 9, f nda s ri nd e m n s re n m o di l or n l meg nc v st'a Dr S t ' o d r (d. W he Mu n d sw KY j ly i te tig i r e y ii' t . mih s r e . I ) e n h mma a el n h ra e r o hed ma d dt b r fr e t h sc l a s i,1 wil tb s b e tdt sxu la sul a o m, e n e o e ea n d o i el nd ad & lno e u j ce o e a sa t l 1 s c n tme' (Z) Dr Smih si ,G b y s xu ly a s utd (o jo 1 / / 5 I wa a eo d i . J ' . t ad û od e al sa le y u n 13 1 . t s No me ial v r l ç ns ne p o e t e b y u. (I) M t a d rt re ta h h d n t dc l ebal o e td r c dl y o ' LL y y r ' l mma eo td h t e a o h c e e t t pr dur a di notwa a s cond r ct e m . Dr Smih s d,t f1do do i ons nt d o he oce e nd d nt e e al xa . t ai G l t whatar yougoi t doa ilj g one wilbeiveyou.No e ng o bout t' No j l le ? bodylke you. Youar j t i s e us ame n t ap y h c ' ( = Mu mma s i t a h wo l no G lna i pa t iaei . a s o a c e k. J ) ha d ad h t e u d t ç u trl ri p t n . '# vo y c ben sxu lya s utd. (4) Th d co h dM t n d c fe t t fo t G n e 'd wn ig e al sa le ' J- e o t r a l mma u fd o he r n ,t nk d' o 'h y hi p n s b n hm o rt tb e a t s a e gl )b to ks sai g ,tj o e t m c e ks s a t, e t i ve he a l, nd t s g d ls u tc , ttn g t o sn he h e mm i 4 u ( o lr qto tns . 1'lb a 1 te se . (4) Mu mma f l t e d co ' fng r p. Yj u te o e e tl e o a ir' J. ' ha d et h o trs i e s G r bn a d d g ig a i sa c ig f rg l ' f rmo et a t miue . (d. Dr S t t o ig n i gn s f e r hn o o d' o r h n wo n ts I ) . mi p h sae G e1 a an 1 tn no mo tt e ag me t o h m glr o a fae p a d n r ca ttd, û 1 g i i d W sae nlr e n r e o rh d l lru n o e tl ble ig' (d. e dn . I ) ' Dr Smih t n or r t tM tha ma be pl c i a m e c lobs r a i celt i he . t he de ed ha l m d a ed n di a e v ton l mtl ha abowe mo me ,s yi 1 ea1beiveyo &e ma pultngyo fc matrputi d l ve nt a ng 1 1 le W ulr q ni ai ur e al te tng bo d i i. ( .sAf a 1 ECF No 7 3. Th d co a d oh rsafme es c c e lo n t' P1' f, t , ' . - ) e o tr n t e tf mb r he k d M u n d t e s r t th h dno b e Gn e to al c tig (i s l btngt isd so h mma o n u e ha e a t e n ç tn in ly u t lmjef ii he n ie f i n t mo t a ds frh'od a blo t plc i l sso lt e f u dn s c s l-nlce ijlis uh n o o t't r w o d o a e n n t o ;h y o n o u h efititd n t e . i r ( .sAf , t1 ECFNo. - . Fieho r ltr Mu mma h dab we mo e n . Pl' l a , l 7 9) v u s ae, hn d a o l v me t 2. D e e nt 'Exha ton D e e e f nda s us i f ns Dr Smih a srst th i e tte t sl r j d me tal te cams a ans h m . t se t ha e s n ild o l mmay u g n t h li g i t i d s d be dimi s d be aus M uhn ma f ied t e houl s se c e m d a l o xhaus a i sr tve r m e e pr l t dm nitai e dis opery bef r slng t sc vi a ton a utt Nove r201 r tle m s Afe r viw oft r or o e i hi i l c i bo he mbe 5 eca xn . tr e e he ec d, t c ta e . he our gr es Th P io Lii ain Reo m Ac CTLRA',a ngohe t i s pr vd si 4 U. C. e rs n tg to fr t ' mo t r hng , o ie n 2 S. ) j1 9 ea t taprs n rc n o b i g acvla to c n e igprs n c ndto st i h h s 9 7 () ha io e n n t rn ii cin o c m n io o i n mtl e a i fr te used a ia e a nita i r m e es Thi e usi r r m e i t a t y.' is xha t val bl dmi sr tve e di . s xha ton equie nt s t nda or ' m Ros v.Blke U. ,1 6 S.Ct 1 5 ,1 5 (01 ) l t p le t ali mae s t a o t s a , S. 3 . 8 0 8 6 2 6 . t ç pis o l n t uis b u a pr s lf ,w he he t y i ve ge r lc r tm sanc s orpa tc a e s i on i e t r he nvol ne a i c l t e r i ul r pi odes a whe he t y , nd t r he alg e e sv f re o s meo h rwr n . re v Nusl,5 4 U. 5 6 5 2 ( 0 2 . To l e xc si e o c r o t e o g' tr . se 3 S. 1 , 3 2 0 ) e 'Po c mpywih j1 9 e a,a imaemus f lo e c se o t e tbih dgiva c p o e u e o l t 9 7 () n n t t o lw a h tp f he sa ls e le n e r c d r t tt f c lt pr dest prs ne s a mee a1 dea i swihi t tpr e le be or slng ha he a iiy ovi o io r nd t 1 dlne t n ha oc dtr f e i 5 h sj 1 8 a to S eW o d o dv. o 5 U. 81 9 -4 ( 0 6 (i dn imaest i l i 9 3 cin. e o f r NR , 48 S. , 0 9 2 0 ) fn ig n t ' mtmey g iv n ewa no l r p re h usi n' fa ia l a mi itaier me ist e j1 9 e a) re a c s t ç o e x a to 'o valbe d nsrtv e de md r 9 7 (). p Thedef nda sbea t bur n ofpr vi t a snua i de e et tM uha mad f ie e nt r he de o ng he f tve f ns ha m al d t e us a l bl ad i sr tve r medi r ar ng hi cai s be or flng s t J ne v. o xha t vaia e m nitai e es eg di s lm f e ii ui. o s Bo k, 4 U. 1 9 21 ( 0 7 . On ete h v d n s , u n dma y te c p sl r c 5 9 S. 9 , 2 2 0 ) c h y a e o e o M h mma y e s a e l mmay j d me tt e j 1 9 ea i h sae fcss o n ta te r me is u d rt e tbl h d u g n md r 9 7 () f e tts a t h wig h t h e de n e he sa i e s g iv n e p oc dze wee no û v ia l' t hi Ros, 1 6 S.Ct a 1 5 ( o ig t t re a c r e l r r t l alb e' o m. a s 3 . t 8 9 n tn ha cru tn e ma ig p io g v n e p o e u e u a alb e t l n t o tn a e). ic msa c s kn rs n de a c r c d rs n v ia l l l o fe ds ' wi Ge r ly, G t a i sr tve r m e i no c i r d t ha be n a ia e i a pds ne , ne a l t l dm ni ta i e dy s t onsde e o ve e va l bl f a o r t r ug no f ul ofhi own,w a pr ve e f o a ii hi s l of i. M oor v.Be te,51 ho h a t s s e nt d r m va lng m e f t' ' e nne t 7 F. 71 725( h Ci.2008) 3d 7, 4t r . Op rtn Pr c d r (OP' 8 6 1i t e etb ihe a miitai erme isp o e ur eaig o e u e G ' 6 . s h sa ls d d r sr tv e d e r c d e t ) l f i t s i VD OC f iiis a t ,i i t pr e e t y mus f l t co pl wih or nma e n aclte nd, hus t s he oc dur he t olow o m y t j1 9 ea . 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Onl one i s m a be a es e pe g i va e. I a r gul r g i va e i pr r y om a ns y s ue y ddr s d r r e nc f e a r e nc s ope l 6 a tm ey fl d,t wa de or hi de i e wili ve tga e a s nd t i t a Le l I nd i l ie he r n s sgne l n si t nd e he nma e ve r pons l t r pond ng ofi a de e mi s t g iva e t be unf unde f f l es e. f he es i fcil t r ne he re nc o o d, or u l e usi t i t mus a alt thol ng t Le lI,t r gi xha ton, he nma e t ppe ha di o ve l he e onalad i sr t r a i m nita o , nd n s m e ca e , o Leve 1 1 o sst l 1. I Cl m 1 Muhn d c e t tDr Smih ç e e si f c agans ( mlby n ai , mma ontnds ha . t t d xce sve ore i t hi us s x al a sul n hm (o o )a d b i g d l rtl idfe e tt ( iqs ft a d s ro e u l sa t g i s d my n en ei aey n ifr n o hs aey n eius y i be me ia n e s a v oaig Eil d e p o e s rg t/o n lw,b h s i e al bo y dc l e d , nd i ltn h s u r c s ih sc mmo a y i l g ly d l s ac ng a s zng me'wihout c e . ( e rhi nd eii ' t ons nt Compl ! 36. Unde t rgulr gre nce . ) r he e a iva pr dur s i OP 866. M uhn a had untl Dec mber 4,201 t fl a tmel r gul r oce e n 1, mm d i e 6, o ie i y e a gde nc alegi t t D r Sm ih ha vi a e hi dght on N ove be 3 by f r i hi t va e l ng ha . t d ol t d s s m r o c ng m o l r a r c a e m . He ha t i De e be 20 t fl a r a gre mde go e t l xn d mtl c m r o ie egulr ivanc a lgi Dr e le ng . Sm ih' vi a i ofhi rght on N o mbe 19. The de e nt 'e de e i t tM thnmm a t s oltons si s ve r f nda s vi nc s ha l d di notfl a r ul rgre nce a tt r c a e m i tonsby t ede dlne ,a he ofe s d ie ny eg a i va s bou he e t l xn na i hes a i s nd fr no e de e i diput Be a e hedi notf l t pr ed e ort tmelne ofOP 866. , vi nc n s e. c us d olow he oc ur s he i i s 1 M thn a d d notpr pe l e us a nita i r medis a uthi c l mm d i o ry xha t dmi sr tve e e bo s ompl i s a i tDr ant gans . Sm ih i Cl i 1 t n am . M t mm a s s iso do no pr s ntf c sde onsr tng t t r gul rgre nc l hn d' ubm s ins t e e a t m ta i hat he e a iva e pr edzewasuna ia et hi d i Nove be a Dec mbe 2015. I f c ,on N o mbe oc lr va lbl o m urng m r nd e r n at ve r 1 201 M uhn m a fl a i or c pli a 6, 5, m d ied n nf mal om a nt bout Dr Smih' o he m e ca decsons . t s t r di l ii r ga di hi c pl i s of bl d i li s ool . M uha m a t n f l d a r ul r gre e r ng s om a nt oo n ls t s m d he ie eg a i vanc on e t e i s s on Nove r 30, #ROSP- hes s ue mbe 15 REG- 49 whih wa de m e t f t de a 00 2, c s e d m om d nd t u c sf l a p ae .( eM e srDe lEx. a 5 8 ECF No. 2- ) No o t s fl gs ms c e sul p e ld Se se c. A, t - , y 4 2. ne f he e ii n r f rt t r t le m sonN o mbe 3 a 1 2015. e e o he ec a xn ve r nd 9, 7 M uha a c e t thepr l e use hi c am sa mm d ontnds ha opery xha t d s l i boutt r c a e m st r he e t l xa mde a P io Ra El n to Ac (TREA' e e to t t noma r g a g iva c d a l . rs n pe i ain t G mi ' xc p in o he r l e ulr re n e e di ) ne PREA i af de a s au ee c e t esa ih a z r t e a epolc f rm ion r pe, o de l p s e r l tt t na t d o tbls e o-olr nc i y o s a t ve o na i l sa r f punihi t e who r pe pds r ,a t i r a e a co a lt f r tona t nda ds or s ng hos a one s nd o nc e s c unt biiy o p io o t ast rpo t n prv n prs nrpe 2U. C. j1 6 2 1 6 9.I r s o s t te rs n fkil o e r a d e e t io a .4 S. j 5 0 - 5 0 n e p n e o h f de a saut ,t VDOC a ed OP 38. defni t e r l t t e he dopt 3 ng ypesofs la et ti aesa saf exua bus ha nm t nd t f ma rpor usng spaae pr e tvepr e ze ,i l ng aPREA holne ( eKi Af.Ex. y e t i e rt, otci oc dlr s ncudi ti . Se ng f A, No. 5. Oneo t s pr e tvepr dlr i t i tsha no de dlnet s t ECF 42- ) f he e otci oce zes s hatnmae ve a i o ubmi a r gulr g va e a e a de nc bout a lga i le tons sxu l a u e OP 3 .(V)E)1 () OP e a b s. 83I ( ()g ; 8 6 1VI( ( )c (-h r i n tme lmi o whe a o fn e ma s b t a g va c 6 .( )A)1( ) Ef e e s o i i t n û n n fe d r y u mi de n e rgadi a al ai ofsxua a e. e r ng n leg ton e l bus ' ). I t s c nnot dodge t r ulr greva nma e a he eg a i nce de i a be ft fom t PREA adlne nd ne i r he e e i m e el by usng t wo ds s xua a e ora s ul t des rbe a unwa ed c ac xc pton r y i he r e l bus s a t o c i ny nt ont t wih a sa fme be o conta or howe r Unde t VDOC' PREA pr dur ,s xuala e t tf m r r r ct , ve . r he S oce es e bus o clswh n, t o t h imaesc n e t t e ei tp e erto o t ea a o g ntlo nng ct r e wih u t e n t' o s n ,h r s l ln tain f h n l r e ia pe i , l ho ve si , aha fnge ...ha i unr lt d t ofii ldutesorwhe et saf me be we r lght by nd, i r t t s ea e o fc a i r he t f m r ( r c nr co ... a te itn t a s ,ao s ,o g aiy sx ld sr .... OP 3 .(1) o q o ta tr h s h ne t o bu e r u e r r tf e ua e ie ' ' 8311. The defnii of s xua a e i t PREA pr dtr e e sy e udesGi i nt t uc ng i ton e l bus n he oce le xpr s l xcl çnc de al o hi d i s c iy s r hes med c pe s urng e urt ea c , i al r onnelenga d i e de e gahe i orl tma em e c l ge n vi nc t rng egii t di a t e t e , or t he lh ca e pe s z e pe f m i body c viy s r he i or r t m a nt n r a m nt o a t r r o m l r or ng a t ea c s n de o i ai s curt and s e y w ihi a f c lt ' I e iy af t t n a iiy. d. ' Thepa te a e t tM uhnmmad fld aPREA r ulrg iva e o Fe u r 24,2016, ri s gr e ha ie eg a re nc n br a y # ROSP- 6REG- 0 2,c mpli ig t a h wa s b e td t a g a ae sx lb tey sx l 10 7 o ann h t e s u j ce o g rv td e ua atr , e ua 8 a sul,fr il s d my c r a k wld e' y Dr S t o No e e 3 a 1 ,2 5 ( e sa t o cbe o o , n n l no e g 'b . mi n v mb r nd 9 01 . S e h Com pl Ex. a 3, ECF N o. . , t The Le l 1 r s ve e pons sa es t nve tga i n: Pe RO SP e t t : ç s i to l r I siuin lI v siao Fn nn, hs gre n e wa d e dNO n ttto a n e t tr n i t i g iva c ) s e me n PREA. I e tg trFa nn g nv si ao n i de em i ttst beam e c lpr e e. Pe ROSP M e c lde rme ,yo c e e t t tr ned li o di a oc dur r di a pa t nt u ons nt d o wo difrnte mi to .Theei noe de et s fee xa nains r s vi nc o uppor yo algai .'J a 2.TheLe l 1 t ur le tons' ês t ve 1 - r s ns uphed t nzi t t #ROSP- 6-t 00072 i vol d a NOne po e l he lng ha 1 lEGn ve PREA i s and wa s ue s unf mde ot d. M uhnmmad a s rs t tt s PREA r ul r g iva e a hi a a s t r fom f ly s e t ha hi eg a re nc nd s ppe l he e r ul stsy t e e ha sin rq ie n i j1 9 ea f rh scamsa ans Dr S t The c t' aif h x u to e ur me t n 9 7 ( ) o i li g i t . mi h. out c nnota ee The Fe a y 24,201 r l rg i va e wasnotfl wihi t 30- y wi w a gr . bnlr 6 egu a re nc ied t n he d@ ndo f r r gul gr e nce a ut t i i nt of w li h he c pl i . M or ove , t l o e ar i va s bo he nc de s lc om a ns e r a dng M uha mad' alegai i t lghtm os f vor bl t hi ,he does no pr e e de e t t m s l tons n he i ta a e o m t es nt vi nc ha Dr Smih c . t onduc e t t r c a e t d he wo e t l xnms wih a tnt ntt a e a ous ,or gr tf s xual t ny ç e o bus , r e i aiy e desr ' a r quie f rhi a tonst m e tt PREA pr ed e' de i to ofs xua a e OP ie' s e r d o s ci o e he oc ur s fnii n e l bus . 38311. M u a d alg st a t e d t rh d n lgt t r ao t c nd tt e r ca .(1) h mma le e h t h oco a o e imae e s n o o uc h e tl i e m s bec us a r c nt PSA t s was no ma a M uhammad di not c e t t r c a xa a e ee et r l nd d ons nt o he e t l e m s He a s a lge t tt doc o kne t e m swoul c us M uhn a t s f r a xa . l o le s ha he t r w he xa d a e mm d o ufe n a r ee o i r pons be a eheha be n s xual a e i t pas. Eve tke ast , dve s m tonal es e c us d e e ly bus d n he t n a n rue t s ale to c nno s he e l gai ns n t uppor a r as bl i e enc t tt r c a e t e ona e nf r e ha he e t l xamswe e notl gii t r e tma e m e c pr ed z e or t t Dr Sm ih pe f di al oc lr s ha . t r onne t m w ih a i en i ns ofbe m i s xua l d he t ny nt t o co ng e ly a ous d orgr tf i s xua d ie . r e a i y ng e l es r s On t c r r Dr Sm ih' c he onta y, . t s onduc on Nove r 3 a 1 2015, a al ge i t mbe nd 9, s le d n M tha a s s isons cla l f lsouti t def ton ofs xua abus c l mm d' ubm s i , e ry al sde he mii e l e onduc t whih to c t PREA de i e e i n a i s Dr Sm ih pe f he adlne xc pto pple . . t ronne t r c a e m son t s da e i d he e t l xn he e t s n t c s ofhi E fcald i ' asM uhn a s a tndi physc a wih t sa e i e i he our e s t i i utes' of mm d' te ng ii n, t he t t d ntnton t n l o ta e lr e p o tt ,r ca be dn ,a /rs l-n u y a d f c sma puain a o ze u n n ag d r sae e tl le ig ndo efij r n e e ni lto s po e ile a tons f t bl M uha mad wasr poredl obs r i i hi sool. Thus t nta xpl na i or he ood m e t y e vng n s t s , M uhammad f is t pr e an ma e i l f t i diput s al o es nt y t ra ac n s e howi t t Dr Sm ih' aci ng ha . t s tons c tmt d s xuala ei a s ns oft tt r unde PREA e e i onsi e e bus n ny e e ha e m r xc pton. Ba e on t f e ng,t co t co l sd he or goi he ur ncudes t t Dr Sm ih i e ild t sl a y ha . t s ntte o lmm r j d me tb c us Mu a d dd n tp o ry e h u ta ia l a miitaierme isa t u g n e a e h mma i o r pel x a s valbe d n srtv e d e s o t onl cai s a i tt s def nda . M uhn a di notfl a r ul r g va e wihi t he y l m gans hi e nt mm d d ie eg a de nc t n he 30 day dea i unde OP 866. ast a ofhi cai sc e ni t Nove rr c ale dlne r 1 o ny s l m onc r ng he mbe e t xmns , a hi a lga i i t Fe u y 24,201 PREA gre nc di no qua iy f t PREA nd s le tons n he br ar 6 i va e d t lf or he e pton t t t de i .2 a us hi c am s t t t s e ms c ttze s xua as a t xce i o ha adlne s l i ha he e xn onsit d e l s ul, t , e e sve f c a il gals r h i vi a i oft Fouth Ame m e ,ora de i ton ofhi xc s i or e, n le ea c n olton he ' t nd nt prva i s rg t r f ete t nti vi a i oft Due Pr e sClus we eno pr ry r ie t pls i ht o e us r a me n olton he oc s a e r t ope l as d o i on of i swihi t de i oft e t bls d a a ia e a nita i r m e espr ed e scal t n he adlnes he sa ihe nd va lbl dmi sr tve e di oc ur a wil eds se wi p eu iel e j 1 9 ea . nd lb imis d t rj d c md r 9 7 () h 2 M uha m a as alges t ton Ja r 20, 201 he be n s ng & m d lo le ha nua y 6, ga endi TREA r gulr gre nc ' t e a iva es' o Bak d l a d Mesr tegiv nc c odn tr wh di n tp o est m. ( mp.!4 ) Th s ohe PREA r s ae n se, h re a e o riao , o d o r c s he Co l 5. e e t r greva sa eno i t r or I any e t M uhammad c no r l on t m i opposng Dr Smih' ar i nce r t n he ec d. n ven , an t ey he n i . t s gume nt t thef l t pr l exha ta nitatver medi ,snc t y wer fl outi t 30- y dea i f nonha aied o opery us dmi sr i e es i e he e ied sde he da dlne or PREA r gulrp i nce unde OP 8 1 e a eva s r 66.. 3. Dim is lofOt rDef nda st Cl m 1 s sa he e nt o ai The ot r de e nt ha move f dim is l of Cl i 1 f r f iur t sa e an he f nda s ve d or s s a am o al e o tt y a tona ej1 3cli Thec tc l t tt smotonmus begant 3 ci bl 98 am. our oncudes ha hi i t r ed. M tha m a fr t co e l m d i s nt nds t t D e l Bel her Br n, M a tn, a Fr m an f l t ha e , c , ow r i nd ee aied o i e ve t pr t c M uhn mad by pr ve i Dr Sm ih fom f r i Mm t t r nt r ne o o e t m e ntng . t r o cng o mde go unne es a y r c a e mswihouthi co e a t c pie t al w t e vi a i ofli c s r e t l xn t s ns nt nd hus ons r d o lo hes oltons ls dght Delbe ae i fe e e t a i ae' s ro m e c ne ds i a vi aton oft Ei h s. i r t ndif r nc o n nm t s e i us dial e s ol i he ght Am e e ts pr bii a i t c te a unus punihme . Se Esel v.Gn bl 429 ndm n ' ohi ton gans rz l nd ual s nt e t le m e, U. 9 ,1 4 0 ( 9 6 .Top o et ee n o d lb rt i dfe e e t p an ifmu tsae S. 7 0 - 5 1 7 ) r v he lme t f ei eae n ifrnc ,he litf s tt f c ss a t howi t ta pa tculrdef nda a t ly l w ofa dir gar d a e es i rs of ng ha ri a e nt c ual c ne nd s e de n xc sve ik s edous hn m t pl ntf she lh pr s nt d by a pr pos d c ls ofco r o ai if at e e e o e otr e nduc . Fn rv.Br z a t nne e m n, 51 U. 8 5 8 7( 9 4 .Nl s so o caswihn me ia tanigma lwf lyd f rt te 1 S. 2 , 3 1 9 ) z e r o il t o dc l ri n y a ul e e o h r a tndi physca s pr e sona e rie on que to a t t nec s iy o pr r te ng i in' of s i l xpe ts si ns bou he e st r ope pef r nc o ame ia pr c d r . S e S a k v.S t ,71F.d 1 2,1 6 ( t Ci.1 9 ) ro ma e f dc l o e u e e h k a mih 3 6 6 4h r 9 5 . Thus t c tcamotlnd a Ei ht Amendme cli a i i fom M uha a salegai , he our r i ny g h nt am rsng r mm d' l tons t tt s de e nt f l t sop Dr Sm ih fom pe f w i t r c a e m s a he di o ha he e f nda s aied o t . t ' r rol ng he e t l xa s d n Nove be 3 a 1 2015. m r nd 9, M uhammad' alegai ns of c ns r cy mus a s be dimi s s l to o pia t lo s s ed. St tng a c pia y ai ons r c ca m r quiesa lga i off c st t i pr n,r as bl la t t i e e e t tpu po td li e r le tons a t ha , f ove e ona y e d o he nf r nc ha r re co piao ss r d t s me ob e tvet ty t Ga ompls a c ns rtr ha e he n j ci o r o çcc ih ommo a t a 'lpln't n nd mlwf a ' o u 3 Thenon- c de e t 'moton c e t tt c tpr ousy R s sed'Cl m s1a 4 a t medial f ndan s i ontnds ha he our evi l dimis ' ai nd s o al ee d n se c p Dr S t a dDrOwe .( fs' M e S p 1 , No 3 . Thsapl n lcc mei ld fn a t x e t . mi n . ns Det.s m. u p. 1 ECF . 2) i r me ta l rt h s . The or r a is e e e November4,2016,de ed M uha de t sue, ntr d ni mmad' ate st a nd t compl nt i di not s tmpt o me he ai ' t d , dimisa cai 9om t i talc s s ny l ms he nii ompl nt howeve ,ordie tt clr t tr nat a defnda saspa te . ai , r r c he ek o e mi e ny e nt ris (e Or e 14 ECFNo 1 . Mo e v r i s mmaiigtecamsfo ta c mpan,h c u t d noatmpt S e d r -, . 8) ro e,n u rzn h li rm h t o litte o r ma e te t i ntf a1 defnda si iatd i e h cli a i f c,t n diece t cek t s r t i talcompli o de iy 1 e nt mplc e n ac am nd, n a t he r td he lr o eve he nii ant o gl ee a t teenna d.(d a 4. Ne et ls, o ra o t b e plie ,h c u t d t th moin n . d fnd ns h ri me 1 . t ) v rhees fr e sns o e x an d te o r Sn s ha te to t . t dimismus begrntd. o s s t a e v oaet eplitf f d rlrg t. Hikl v.Ciy o Clr b r ,81F.d 41 ,4 ( t Ci. i lt h an ifs e ea ih s n e t f aks u g 3 6 21 4h r 1 9 ) tRlrcs c lto a d c n e tr 'o c n l o y lbei o t d fn a t'a to a 9 6 . t at pe u ai n n o j cu e' r o cus r a l f he ee d ns cins s g l ng a lc pi a y' as M uha m a ha done he e ca t ons r c ' m d s r nnot sa e a ac i na e c a m , e pec aly w he t t n t o bl l i s i l n t acinsa ec pa eofimoce ti e eai #.a 422; me Che olt 591F. a 255. he to r a bl r n ntprtton.J- t Ne t vr e, 3d t M uhnmmad ne al ges t t de e nt El m ,Hn lon,Bar dal Fal i Be ly, xt le ha f nda s n mit ks e, m n, nte a Phi , dtrng t gdeva nd pps li he nce pr ee ngs vi a e hi r g s by f ii t i s i t or oc di , ol t d s i ht a lng o nve tga e c r c Dr Sm ih' mico uc . ore t . t s s nd t The e om iso , howe r do no i i a e a s s i ns ve , t mplc t ny c nsi in l p o e td lg t je ,eM,Li aR. v. c ad D. 41 U..61 ,61 ( 9 3 o tmto al r tce i h . e .. nd S. Rih r , 0 S 4 9 1 7 ) y ( o dn t tidv d ash v noprtce itrs i t ei etg to o p o e u ino oh r) h l ig ha n ii u l a e oe t d n ee t n h nv siain r r s c to f t e s. M tha ma salegai nst tt s def nda sf ie t f l w VDOC' gre ncepr dur sor l m d' l to ha he e e nt al d o olo S i va oce e PREA i si ton pr oc sa s do no i i t a c tt tona l pr ec e rghta t , nve tga i ot ol lo t mplcae ny onsiu i ly ot t d i nd, hus a en ta to beu d rj1 8 .Ricov. v o F ifx, 0 F.d 1 5 ,1 9( t Ci.1 9 ) r o cina l n e 9 3 c i Ct . f ara 9 7 2 4 9 46 4h r 9 0 (: sae 1w g a t mo e p o e t a dg t ta t e Co t uin wo l oh r s r q ie a :f tt a rn s r r c dl l h s h n h nsi to u d te wie e ur , 1 r t saesfit et a ieb t a lw i n tafd r l u p o e sis e' tt ' alr o bd y h t a s o e ea d e r c s su . l ). Fi ly,M thn m a a l ges t El m ,H n it n,B a ks l Fn n,B e l y,D e l a na l l m d le hat a m lo r da e, nni nte e , nd Pbp lh e tnEd hi wi p ysc lv oe e flertlao y ds iln r i ie trp rs i ps t r ae e m) t h ia i lnc , as eait r icp ia y ncd n e o t t h a r us lt ta f rm e t s c iy l ve 6' f hi us oft g iva e pr dur a ha nd ef a o r ns e o e urt e l ' or s e he re nc oce es nd ve tusc us dt p cfe ûnt y t h sFrtAme d n rg t. Co l !3 ) Th c mpan h a e ms e iid ç jt o i is i r n me t ihs' mp . 5. e o li t '( doesno pr e f t i s t es nt acs n uppo to t e cai s and co l or a l tonsofr t la i ca r f hes l m , ncus y legai e a iton nnot su ve a moin t dimis Adn v.lie,40 F. 7 74 ( h Ci.1 4) M o e r twi to o s s . ms tc 3d 2, 4t r 99 . r ove , a l ga i of ve ba ha as m e a tle t by prs of i s do not s a e a c tt to l le tons r l r s nt nd lr a s i on fc al t t ny ons i u i na cam.He se v. wi,1 3 Fe . p' 1 ,1 0( t Ci. 0 5 (iig Col v. md , 0 li n le Le s 5 d Ap x 78 8 4h r 2 0 ) ctn lns Ct y 6 3 i F. 825,827 (0t Ci. 1 2d 1 h r 979:. For t s vea sae r s ns t c twil ga t he e rl ttd ea o , he our l rnt he 12 d fn a t'mo in t ds s ( No 31 a t Cli 1a d n M u n d' moin f r ee d n s to o imis ECF . ) s o am nd e y h mma s to o s mmayj g n a t ti cam. u r ud me t s o h s li Cl i 2:Re a it r Sui i W a c am t la o y cde th 1 M uhn m a sA le tons . m d' l ga i On Fe u r 1 201 M uha a dei r d t M oor a M uli a PREA e r nc br a y 0, 6, mm d lve e o e nd lns me ge y giv n e ( 0 41 ) algn t a Dr S t h d s x al a s utd hm b pef r n r ca re a c # 01 5 , l ig h t . mi a e u ly sa le i y ro mig e tl e h e m son Nove r3 a 1 2015.M oor t k t ie t Se gea tClnt De ,who wa ne xn mbe nd 9, e oo he tm o r n i on el r d M lha madt thi al ga i a i tDr Smih we em a ng pe pl a y. z m ha s le tons gans . t r ki o e ngr Alo o Fe r ay 1 ,q aiid me tlhe l p o e so a (I lP' Tr n c me t s n b u r 0 u l e n a at r fsi n l E - ' e t n o f h QM l ) M uhn ma sdoo . M uha a r mi d Tr ntt the ha pr m ie t i e v e M uhn a m d' r mm d e nde e ha d o s d o nt r i w mm d a uta J nua y 20 PREA r gul rgre nc compl i ng t tt N ove r201 r c a e m s bo a r e a iva e ani ha he mbe 5 e t l xa b Dr Smihweesx l sa ls Trn tl Mu a d EI as t lqy u . .h tIas f a y . t r e ua a s ut. e t o d h mma ,G J lo og o . ta lo e r g d r t la i f you i you ke p on c i ng t ptr ue t s s xua a s ul/od y' agans Dr e a iton or f e ontnui o ls hi e l s a ts om ' i t . S t ( mp. g 5. mih. Co j4 ) Trn te s i t Mu mma ,t Oq 2 8 1 y u sn mea r q s f l saig 1 n e t h n ad o hn d E n // 6 o e t ( e uet o' ttn 1 m m e de i s ci lho i i l t nde i . So I a he e t put you o l m i e wa c xpe ncng ui da - m cda e nces' m r o n s- nut th s cdeprca ins' (d. M uhammad e ai d t Trntt tt rque tf m wa onl als uii e uto . I ) ' xpl ne o e ha he e s or s y it o hsme tl e l d a n s sa d s i,1A1 n tmed Ipa o l ligmy ef(n qIn n t f i na h at ig o e n ad : t o i o ln n c ln s l a d m o h ( i p a nngo e ig u l t e4 1 / 4 (uii e. (d) Trn s i,E t l y u lwa ar i o ln i n ndn p i h / 9 1 s cd l' 1 . e t ad t od o ke ' I s fad f rtlain f you. You j t si yougr goi t kilyols l.' (d. He rpo td t eaito or us ad le) ng o l tr ef' 1 ) e re hat Ba ks e had t d li t putM uha ma on s ci pr c utonsa s i ûYou a e a ds t r dal ol lm o m d ui de e a i nd a d, G r t k o y u s ft h at a welben Yo te fl t oma yrq e t, re a e , n n w wea1 o r aey e l nd l- ig. ugr) ii o n e u ss giv nc s a d o h ng 1 f e l i yo d n' g ty u s x a a sutg iv n e fld y ugr jg i g t k l y u s l. e l i f u o t e o r e u l sa l re a c s ie o Ge o n o il o r ef' ke ' (d) Trn s i t tt o d rh d ar a yb e m itnt p a eM ummma o a7 - o rh l 1 . e t ad ha he r e a le d e n te o lc l d n 2 h u od. Abo 1: p. . o Fe u r 1 Giber, M oo e, a M uli c m e a pl c ut 05 m n br a y 0, l t r nd lns a nd a ed M uhammad i a srp c l on s ci pr a i . The l tli na i t c l wih o y a n ti el ui de ec utons y ef lm ked n he e l t nl s ey s k a ma tes .W he Tr ntc m eby,M uhn ma a ke hi f ras f t blnke,hi af t moc nd tr s n e a m d s d m o aey n t s lg l tras a dar l o t ie pa e i tec l.Tr n si ,tk p ty n t wa nyo ' (d. e a maeil, n ol f o lt p r n h el e t ad & e t r i g o r u. I ) I ' Th te e i g a t e n x mo ig Mth mma r c ie hi rj lrCo n Fard e ta s a v n n nd h e t m n , la d e ev d s e u a mmo i it ry , r t rt n s f t utnsl a o d f s cde pr ca i . W he hi lxa i c us d hi t a he ha a ey e is ppr ve or ui i e utons n s a tve a e m o ha l ebowelm ove e s heha no s p t was li ha bef e e tng. He t d ox c r ve oos m nt, d oa o h ls nds or a i ol es hewast c d t se p,butdi notr eveabl nke ,hi l alm ae il , at l tpa rr l oo ol o l e d ec i a t s eg t ra s or oie pe ol. 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Thes def nda sha moved f r sl a y nt e e nt ve o lmm r ' J udgm e . nt 2.TheDe e nt 'Evi nc f nda s de e The def nda s c end t tM ul m a wa pl c on s cde pr c tons be aus of e nt ont ha mm d s a ed ui i e au i c e hi w zte s a e e sa be vi r a w a r l s d w he he w asc m er Tr nts a e : s i t n t t m nt nd ha o nd s e ea e n al . e t t s Re or r fe tt tofe rM uha mad s itd a Of e rReq s c ds e l c ha f nde m ubm te n f nde ue t fr t me tl e l saigta h ha b e h aigv ie teerymonijo om o na h at ttn h t e d e n e rn ocs h al r n f h Fe rlr 8 20 6 ( )sae ...t a he fl h sme tlhe lh wa rp dy b t y , 1 . He ttd a h t et i n a at s a l l de e i r tngandt thef ts cda a homi i lt nde i s ... t ro ai ha el ui i l nd c da e nc e . Bec us oft e sae e s a be us Ofe r M thn a bec m e a e hes t tm nt nd ca e f nde l mm d n moeertcb myy eto ig Id tr ne ta h n e e t b pa e o 2 r rai y u sinn , eemi d h t e ed d o e lcd n 4 hours ci pr a l f rhi own s ey a f rsa fss ey.... ui de ec utons o s aft nd o t f aft Re od rfe th th flo ngd y Fe ra 1 , 01 ,. . h mma c rs elc ta te olwi a , b uy 1 2 6 . Mu a d sae t th dd no a d h s n ve h d a y s ila tn e is ...( s ttd ha e i t n a e r a n ucd l e d nce . Hi) t ht we e or ni ed a c houg s r ga z nd omplt . Hi de e no wascam t ougho otr ee s m a r l hr ut l i t r to The e wa no a ut m e al heat dites a no s e y is n e aci n. r s c e nt lh sr s nd aft s ues obsr ed. Be us of t s I a horz d g mq t be r las d fo s cde ev ca e hi, ut ie hi o ee e r m uii pr ca i . e utons ( e tAf. !4 6) Trn d ne tligM u a dt a hefa e h wo l bertlae a ans Trn f! - z e t e is eln h mma h t e r d e u d eaitd g i t ort tBa ks l or r d M lhn m a splc nton s c depr ca i ns ha r da e de e z m d' a eme uii e uto . 3. Re a i ton Cl m t la i ai Prs ofi i l m a nott ke ac i t tvi a e a i ae' ç r tAm e ion fc a s y a tons ha olt n nm t s ç s Fi ndme rghtt nt i o b fe fo rt l to f r fln a l e n e' u d r t p io s e tbih d g iv n e e r e rm eai in o iig a va c ' n e he rs n' sa ls e 'e a c r p o e t e Bo k rv. C. p' o Co , 5 F.d 5 3 5 (t Ci. 01 ) Ont eo h rh n , r c dl . o e S. De t f m 8 5 3 3 , 41 4h r 2 7 . h t e a d r c am s of r t iton agans prs n i t mus be te t d wih he lhy s ptc s ,be us li eala i i t i o nma es t rae t a t ke iim ca e ma y a to b prs n ofcas ae t y d fni o Geaitr i t sns t t( e a ei q n cins y io fiil r t ei t n rtlaoy' n he e e ha t y r n b i h r s o s )t p io rmic nd t o oh rc nc r i be a i r. Co h a v. o s 7 F.d e p nge o rs ne s o uc' r t e o e nng h v o s c r n M ni, 3 3 ' 1 0,1 7 ( h Ci.1 ;Admnsv.Ri ,40 F. 72,74 ( h Ci.1 . çlo saea vai 31 31 4t r 996) ce 3d 4t r 994) t- tt ' ld cam f rrtlainu d rs cin 1 8 , p io e mu talg ()as e i c nsiuin lrg t li o eaito n e e to 9 3 a rs n r s le e 1 p cf o ttto a ih , k ( ) h d fn a tsitn t rtlaea an tt p io e f rh so he e e cs o t a rg t ()a 2 t e e e d n ' ne t o eait g is he rs n r o i r r x rie f h t ih , 3 r t it y a rea t a ( c uston. Snodgr sv.M e s r No.7:6CV00050,201 W L ealaor dves c, nd 4) a ai ' ' as s e, 1 7 9 5 9 , t* ( . Va M a .1 , 1 ) g fd No.1 - 3 0 2 7 W L 3 6 6 0 (t Ci. . 7 9 2 a 4 W D. . r 0 20 7 , f , 7 6 6 , 01 2 3 5 4h r Aug 1 201 (ntm a quotto maksa ctto o ted . , 7) i e l ain r nd iain mit ) A pli ifsas e ton t tt r t la or a twa t ke i r pons t t e r ie antf s ri ha he e a it y c s a n n es e o he xe c s ofaco tt tona l pr e t d rght whe s nsiu i ly ot c e i , n uppo td by s ci f c s i s fc e re pe fc a t , s ufi i nt t saeartlain cam. Ad msv lie 40F.d 7 ,7 (t Ci.1 9 ) Th o tt eaito li a . tc , 3 2 5 4h r 9 4. e fcsalj dmus warn c n e ta tecame rtlain wa itn e t at l e e t ra t o c m h t h li d eaito s ne d d o ha a c li efe ton t e r ie oft pl i i srg t ac es t c t. ve hllng f c he xe cs he antY i ht o c s he ours Am.Ci Lie t sUno v.W io c Ct ,9 9 F.d 7 0 78 -8 & n.6 (t v. b ri e in c mio v. 9 2 8 , 5 6 4h Ci.1 .Theprs rne dnots c e iey ore npa tal t t tle t r 993) ione e uc umb ntrl ve rily o he lra; i i s fce t t t r t la i wa i e d t lmi t prs r s dg of t s ufi int ha he e a iton s nt nde o i t he ione ' ht a c st t c t a wa r s na y cac a e t ha t te f c . Huds h c es o he ours nd s ea o bl lult d o ve ha f e t pet r Fi ns,584F. (345, 1 48(t Ci.19 ) v. cci l 2d 1 1 3 4h r 78 . Th mp o v Clr , 3 F. p' 2 7 2 (t Ci. 01 )(mp bihe ) o s n . ake 6 3 Ap x 0 , 08 4 h r 2 6 t u ls d . Ta ng t e de e i t lghtm os f vor bl t M thn a t c tco l ki he vi nc n he i t a a e o l mm d, he our ncudest hat h s rtlain cam a an t Tr n , Hu t a d Baks ae s r ie s mma y j d me t i eaito li g is e t fl n r d l u vv s u r u g n . S c fcal M uhn a ha pr e e f t s pe ii ly, mm d s es ntd acs uppori ar a ona ei e e et tTr nt Huf, tng e s bl nf r nc ha e , f a Ba ks l plce hi on s c de pr ca i t dic ag hi fo s ng Dr Sm ih ove nd r dae a d m uii e utons o s our e m r m ui . t r t r c al e m s The c t snds m a e il diput of f c r ga di t e de e nt he e t xn . our t ra s es a t e r ng hes f nda s' i t r e a i of M uha mad' Fe a y 8 r que t f r , t c e of hi Fe u r 1 n e pr t ton m s bnzr e s o m he ont nt s br a y 0 co r ai n wih Tr nt t r s ns t y or r d s cde pr a i ,a t r a ons t y nve s to t e , he ea o he de e ui i ec utons nd he e s he or r d M uhn a s r l as f o t e pr c utonswhe t y di Ba e o t e dipu es de e mm d' e e e ' m hos e a i r n he d. s d n hes s t , t c u t ld nys mmayj g n f r h s t red fn a t he o r wil e u r ud me t o t e e h e ee d n s Thecour fndsno ma e i d s e f c s ti t ral iput d a t howi t tGibe t M oor orM uli pl c d ng ha l r, e, lns a e M uhn ma on pr c i ns t r a it a ns hi . M ul ma alege t t t or r f m d e auto o etla e gai t m mm d l s ha he de or pr ca i nsc m e fo Tr nt by o de ofHuf and Ba ks e. He pr s nt no evi ncet tt e uto n rm e , r r f r dal ee s de ha he ot r de e nt t t s cli ha any a hort t or t pr c uto o t ale t c l he f nda s o hi am d ut iy o der he e a i ns r o tr he e l c n iinsf ra imae s b e tt t o ep e a to s I a dto Gib r M o r , ndM u l o dto o n n t u j c o h s rc ui n . n d iin, l e q o e a li ns c dlwf lydefrt Trntspr esi le riea t atndi QMHP on q si a ut oul a ul e o e ' of sona xpets s he te ng uetons bo t ne s iy f t l mi e wa c or ra t celc tonsi a hodze Se Shn ,71 he ce st or he s- nut t h de nd he l ondii t ut d. e kka F.da 1 6 Ac o dngy tec u t lg a ts mmayj dg n frt e et red fn a t, n 3 t 6 . c r i l ,h o r wil r n u r u me t o h s h e ee d n s a d wild n Mu mma s s mmay j d me to t rt l to c n e to i Cli 1 a t a1 l e y hn d' u r u g n n he eai in o tni n n am s o 1 a de e nt. f nda s 4.Li ng Condii Cl i vi tons am The c ta s fnds no ge ne m aera f c i diput on whih M uha a co d our lo i nui t il a t n s e c mm d ul p o ehi cam t a t ed fn a t s be tdhm t t o ttto a c n iin dligt s ft r v s li h t h e e d n s u j ce i o mc nsiuin l o dto s t n he aey r pr ca i nson Fe u r 1 a 11 201 The Ei h Am e e uto br a y 0 nd , 6. ght ndme ,whi h a i t t sa es nt c pples o he tt unde t Due Pr s Cl us oft Fouree h Ame m e ,R o e t i aesfom i r he oce s a e he t nt nd nt pr t c s nm t r nhum a ne te t n a d c ndto wll i rs n d' W iln v Be a n, 7 F.d 7 6 7 1( t Ci. r ame t n o i ns z e mp io e . l ms . nimi 7 3 5 , 6 4h r i i ' i 1 9 ) û- h Co t u in d e n t n aec mf ra ep io , h we r a dc n iin t a 9 6 . tf e nsi to o s o ma d t o o tbl rs ns' o ve, n o dto s h t ll t ' a e G esrci a e n ha s ...a e pa toft pe ly t tc i i lofe r pa f t i r t ti tve nd ve rh r r r he nat ha rm na f nde s y or her ofe e ag ns s it ' Rhode v.Cha n,45 U. 337,347- ( 981. I i wel fns s ai t ocey. ' s pma 2 S. 49 1 ) t s l e tbls d t t Go y t lnne s a y a wa on i lc i of pai i i a e t Ei h sa ihe ha çnl he l ce s r nd nt nfiton n mplc t s he ght Ame d n . Se W is n v.S ie,5 U. 29 2 7 ( 9 )(nena q oain mak a n me t' e lo ' etr 01 S. 4, 9 1 91 itr l u tt o r s nd ctto o te ) iains mitd . To sae s c a cam,M ummma mu t s o ta :() o j ciey t e d fn a t tt u h li l d s h w h t 1 be tv l, h ee d n s deai d hi l r c tons t tde i d hi of Ghe m i ma cvii d m e lr of lf ' t ne m mde ondii ha prve m l t ni l i lze asze ie s ne e ste 'a d ç se )a s b tn ilrs o s ro h r ' a d ( )s b e tv l,e c o t e c siis' n G ld u sa ta ik f eius a m' n 2 u j ciey a h f h m po ; ace wih i lbeae i ifrncet Els he lh o s ft ' Fa me,511U. a 8 Ata td t û i rt ndfee o liq at r aey.' r r de S. t 34. m i m lm ,M uhn m a m us s w G i lii mz phys c o e oto l ha m ' r s t d f o t ni l m d t ho & g a fc t s i al r m i na r ' e ule r m he c le ha lnged c tons Shn ondii . kka,71 F. a 1 3d t 66. He m us alo s t s how t te h de e ha ac f ndantwa s de i r tl i if r nt t te h onekne ofa dir ga de a e es i rs t hi he lh or lbe ae y nd fe e - ha ac w nd s e r d n xc sve ik o s a t s f t Se Fn m e ,511 U . a 8 a e y. e r r S. t 37. M thn ma pr e s no diput m ae i l f ts ppori eiherf e of t s sa r l m d es nt s ed tra ac u tng t ac t hi t nda d. Fis, he doe no sae f t s rt s t t t acs howi de i ton of lf s ba i ne s ii s The e de ng prva i ie' sc ce ste . vi nce esa ihest the wa i i a c l c o he i as f t s k,a r ceve r gt a l s he e t bls ha s nsde el, l t d n a e y moc nd e i d e z ry c dul d l m e l a am a tes f see ng. I r pons t t de e nt 'm o i M uhammad sa e t t a s nd tr s or l pi n es e o he f nda s ton, t t s ha he wasunc orabl col wiho a bl nke ,ha t e twih dit ha ,s f r d a hea he omf t y d t ut a t d o a t ry nds ufe e dac a ot rt mpor r dic o t,a de l d Gasnusand he ol f a ltl o ra mont ' nd he e a y s omf rs nd veope û i adc d or ite ve h' a trte icd n . ( .sM o .S mm. . ,ECF No 3 . Hed e n tct e i e c , we r fe h n i e t' Pl' t u J 4 ' . 4) o s o ie v d n e ho ve s howi t thi sc s r uie medialteam e or t t i was c us by t c lnge ng ha s ikne s eq r d c r t nt ha t a ed he hale d c to . ondii ns Se ond,M tha a has not ct d f t s c l mm d ie acs howi a de e nts kno e t t t ng ny f nda ' wl dge ha he c to pos d a e e sve rs t the woul s f r a s rous ha m swhie t rm e al ondii ns e n xc s i ik ha d ufe ny è i r l mde nt he t wac I d,t e c tonsa e de i d f rt i ae' s f t Eve i a oft alh th. ndee hes ondii r sgne o he nm t s a e y. n f ny he de e nt f ie t f l s m e VDOC polc e dudng t pr a i pe i s h vi a i f nda s a ld o olow o ii s he ec utons rod, uc oltons do notsaeco tt i lcamsaci bl unde j 1 tt nsiutona li tona e r 983. Rici 907 F. a 1 c o, 2d t 469. Fort he saed r s ns t c r c l st ta loft de e t t ea o , he ou t onc ude ha l he f ndan st Cl i 2 a ee ild t s t o am r ntte o umm a y r j d me ta amatro 1w o t ec n e to o u c n t ina c n i o s4 u g n s te f a n h o tni n f n o si o l o dt n . mt i 4 A Si Cli 1 M uha d' c us y lbei oft defndant'a tonsi Cli 2 asaEc piac ' n am , mma s oncl or a lng he e s c i n am çons r y' aeis fkin t sp r aj1 8 cam o ta te r .Hike 8 F.da 4 . r n ut e to u pot 9 3 li n h th o y n l, 1 3 t 2l D. Cli 3:Cls ii to Pr e e am a sfca in oc dur s 1. Ba ckgr m d ot Red Oni n ha i pl m e e a s e ton s e down pr r m ,s touti l a OP 830. . o s m e nt d egr ga i t p og a e n oc l A I i a En e tv - s d ho i p o rm ( t ce t sap t wa f ro fnd r t se - o t s n t c n ieba e usng r g a t ) rae ah y o fe es o tp d wn i ha fom Se lrt Le lGS'( grgai t l rs cu'y lvesi ama rt tmai ai publc r cziy ve G ' Se e ton) o owe e tt e l n i nne ha nt ns i, safa d o fn e s ft ' ( le t f ! 4 ECF No 3 - ;i En l A. 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Gib r Af. , ' . 2 1 ê, c. ) n n t es pr s t pr oci goa s at e h l ve of t pr r m , i l ng t s ve Chal nge Se i s e e , os al l ac e l he og n nc udi he e n le re wo kboo ,he i ei bl t ad nc i lvest ough Le lS a t e . a tonalprvie . r ks s lgi e o va e n e l hr ve nd o al ddii n i lges Ofi e s i t housng t t ta k e c i a e' pr e s t r t goas of hi fc r n he i mis r c a h nm t s ogr s owa d he l s a sgne se The r t hi be vi eve y we aspoor a ce a e,o good i e h ofs ve a s i d t p. y ae s ha or r ek , c ptbl r n ac e rl c t gode , s h a per o l hygi ne sa ng f co m t a r s ct Couns l r r t t ae s uc s s na e , t ndi or t , nd e pe . e o s a e he i ae' pr r pa tci ton e r wee as i nm t s og am ri pa i ve y k ncompl e, c m plt o postve e f t l et o ee, r ii for. n a to Le l S i t s a e t ha t i s c y l ve a se sa us r vi wed by t ddii n, ve nma e r o ve her e udt e l nd t p tt e e he I si in lClsiiai n Au h rt CtCA' a lat e e y nney d ys a d b a e tma n tt o a a sfc to m toi 1 ' t e s v r i t a n y n xe l y ) r viw t a e r ye . e e e m ve y r W he a i t c m plt t Chale Se c cul a e ua or dee t the n n nma e o ees he lnce des uni um nd val t s m ha ha ac e d is be vi a goa s i Le S, he wil be se d down t Se t iy Le l 6 s hive t ha or l l n vel l t ppe o c u t ve (1L6'.Atti p it o fcasa s s e c imaea a sg hi t o o tr eS p o rm ç ' S ) l s on , f il se s a h n t nd sin m o ne f h e L6 r g a l podsge r d t s f y r ntoducehi ,i phas ,i o a s i le r nm e t i e a twih ot r a e o a el ei r m n es nt oc a nvio nt o nt r c t he i a es a t s hi r adi s f r pos i e t a f r t Sec ziy Le l 5 a e nt ly,t ot r nm t nd e t s e ne s o s bl r ns e o trt ve nd, ve ua l o he non-e e ton s ti . Thes t e SL6 pods ae t Se tr l e ae Pod (G P' f s grgai etngs e hr e r he cle ntgrtd çSI ' or ) i aes who br a r es t r m an i s gr t housng; t Secle Ali M a nm t e k ul o e i n e egaed i he tr led nage nt me (çAM' Po f rimae v le a l t vci z to b oh r imae be a e o c g ive : S ' d o n ts un r be o itmiain y t e n t s c us f o nt ) i i pa r e or ot r f c or ; a t St p- ow n pod,f r i a es not a o i t f S1 or m im nt he a t s nd he e D o nm t ppr pra e or P SA M . 2. M uhn m a s A lega i m d' l tons M ul ma sCl i 3 f us son ii 90- y I r viw hea i wih Liut na Gibe t mm d' am oc e ls da CA e e rng t e e nt l r a Co el Gi on on Fe u r 8,201 W he t y as d i M thn m a had a sa e e , nd uns or bs br a y 6. n he ke f l m d tt m nt he t d t m t the a ii td c ol he ha ntcpae ompltng t Chale Se i by mi Feb ua y a wa e t e i he l nce res d- r r nd nt d o tanse t t SAM pod be us of hi me alhe lh code a hi sdai me cal r f r o he ca e s nt at nd s e tve di ton pr c i d f r i o ni The 1 r co me ton was howe r t t M thn a s ul es rbe o ns m a. CA e m ndai , ve , ha l mm d ho d rmani Le e S Go al n e p ro o sa l a j t n . ( mp . 5 ECF No 1) e i n v l t r o g r ei d f tb e dusme t' Co l! 6, f ' .. M ul mmm a fl d a i or c d ie n nf mal ompl i a t n a r l r gre nc aboutt I S ant nd he egu a iva e he CA' r i Uni M a ulng. t nage Dunca s r n poke wih hi a t m boutt gre nc on M a c 9,201 a a ke he i va e rh 6, nd s d i h wa t dt wi r w i. S e si ,çltwo td a y g o t k e p run i ta s ... f e ne o t a t h ad t l n' o n o d o e p u s ig t c u e hd g whe wer r a y t rla ey ut Se u y Le e 6 S p d (rt e Se Do p d wewil n 'e e d o ee s o o c dt v l AM o o h tp- wn o ) l n t u tlto g ' (I Mt a d r f s d t wih rw t e g iv n e a d a p ae b t o ni h u h. J ' D l mma e u e o t d a h re a c n p e ld, u h De e nt Yot e a Elm uphed t de son t ke p hi i Leve S f t tmebeng. f nda s mc nd a l he cii o e m n l or he i i M thamm a c e t tt e a tonsby Gibe t Gi o Dt n,Younc a Elm l d ont nds ha hes c i l r, bs n, mca e, nd a vi a e hi Four e nt A m e m e r g t o pr ed ald pr e s a a di c tons of ol t d s te h nd nt i ht t oc ur ue oc s nd voi ng ondii t c n e n ,a t pc la sg iia thad hi ' (d.a ! 5 ) Li r l c nsnzd he i o fn me t y ia nd in fc n r s p. I t 7. beal o t e , s ' y cai ng t tt s de e nt f ld t c i rhi sa e e org i va ei r co me ng not l mi ha he e f nda s aie o onsde s tt m nt re nc n e m ndi t tans erhi t t SA M pod ora ovi t tr c m e ton.5 o r f m o he ppr ng ha e om nda i 5 M uhammad alo me i û eaiton' i hi dic sons oft s cai , ast c tr ogni d i an s ntons ç tlai ' n s s us i r hi l m he our ec ze n eriro d r ( d r1 ECFNo 1 . I tec mpan isl ho v rMt mma d e n ta sr rtlaina a al r e. Or e , e . 8) n h o littet we e, l l ha d o s o seteaito s lg lte r frCli 3.( e Co . 5 ECFNo 1) Moe e,h do sn tsaedip tdfcsso n ta e a h o y o am S e mpl! 7, . . rov r e e o tt s ue at h wig h t tedfn at dcd do Ferlr 8t k e Mu a da Lee Sb cueo alwsio Fivnc.Th , e h eedns eie n bt y o ep h mma t v l ea s f a ut r ea e ush a fist sae ar t la i cl m r lt t t tcl sfcai de son orhi a al o tt e aiton ai eaed o ha as ii ton cii s ppeal oft tdecmon. SeeAda ,40 s ha i ms F.da 7 (o cu o yalgainso rtlaind n tsaea to a l j1 3ca n . 3 t 4 c n ls r l to f eait o o tt cin be 98 lh ) e o 20 3.De e ntsEvi nc f nda ' de e I s n uppor oft def nda s m o i n,Gibe tsa est tsnc ç he Cha lng Se is i a t he e nt ' to l r tt ha i e l t le e re s c nii ba e pr n ,ofe r who i urc r s a c i t ha be vi pr e , og tve s d ogr m f nde s nc ha ge nd ontnue o ve ha or obl ms a e c i r d t ha not l a ned ne t r onsde e o ve er w hought pa tr a s i s ls as t ug by t te ns nd ocal kil a ht he p o rm'a dma ber q ie t sa t v rwi tefrtwok o ( le t f !6 ECF No r g n ' n y e ur d o tr o e t h is r bo k. Gib r Af. , h . 3 - . Gib r sae t a by si a yo t wok o i no alwe , n s mei mae mu t 2 1) l e t tts h t pa sng n f he rbo ks s t l d a d o n ts s o r pe tt s re s ve a tm e be o e e ua o s fnd t y ha mase ed t be vi c nge e a he ei s e r l i s f r val t r i he ve t r he ha or ha s a s ls r quie t move t a Le l 6 saus Co tr c ds r fec t t pds ofi i s nd kil e r d o o ve t t . ur e or el t ha on fcal pr vi usy r quied M lhn m a t r pe tt Chal nge Se s be nni i M a 201 a he e o l e r z m d o e a he le de gi ng n y 4, nd s d t m uns c s ul ove a lged due pr es vi a i . Se M uha a v.M a he ,No. ue he uc es f ly r le oc s oltons e mm d t na 7:4CV0 5 9 2 7W L 3 5 2 , t*12 ( . Va J n 2 , 01 ) 1 0 2 , 01 9 2 5 a - W D. . a . 7 2 7 . AtM tha a s a a 1 r vi w ofhi good tme e r ng r t o Fe ua y 1 201 l mm d' mm l CA e e s i a ni a e n br r , 6, Gibe tr c l r e omm e d t the s ul r mai a t l s r t Le l4. I s doi Gibe t nde ha ho d e n t he owe t ae, ve n o ng, l r r le o r or s w i t durng t pr vi us ye r M uha ei d n ec ds ho ng hat i he e o a, mmad ha r ei d t d ec ve wo dicplna y c r s f t e t ni bodiy ha m a t mpe s i i r ha ge or hr a e ng l r nd n dng wih s c y de c s ha t e udt vi e , d d c e 40 poit on hi e r i c a sa s s m e ,ha r cevedpoorsat r viws a di not t or d s ns s n nng l s s e s nt d e i t us e e , nd d a h e eli n n a g as' ( l e t f ! 1 ) F rt e esmer a o , t u a d ss c rt c iv l n u l o l. Gib r Af. 2. o h s n e s ns a M h mma ' e u iy s ' sa us r vi w on Fe u y 8,Gibe tr c tt e e br ar l r e omm e d t the was notye r ady f Le l6 a nde ha te or ve nd n e e ato g rp ro o sa ea j t n ' (d. t! 1 . M t n d do sn td s u et e d d l n e ei d f tbl dusme t' I a 3) l mma e o ip t Ms l 6 h e de e. vi nc 6 Gibetsae t tM tha l r tts ha l mmad c ompltd Book 7 oft Chalnae Sei i e l M a c 2016> a hi ee he le res n ary r h nd s c el r c ouns or e omme d hi r ucin 9om Leve S i M a 2016 t be n t frtphas oft St Down pod. nde s ed to l n y o gi he ls e he epBeor hi r las ,howe r M uha f e s ee e ve, mmad r ei d new dicplnay c r f t e e ng bodiy ha m t any ec ve s i i r ha ges or hr atni l r o pe s a t e t ng t s t or ta fr bodiy wase o any pe s ron nd hr aeni o pi r nse l t n ron. Bas d on t e c ges ofk il e hes har , t as rcmmed dta h sa ln e i Lee S.I altrpedng Muhmma asrsta teedsi i F c re eo n e ht e ty o grn v l n ae la i , a d set h th s icpl hag s na weertl tr ( .sMo. l J 6 ECFNo 3 ) b t a n t v dt a ndtec mpan t a dt ssp rt r eai o y Pl a ' tSl mm. . , . 4 , u h s o mo e o me h o lito d hl e aae rt iton cai . eala i l m 4.No Pr t c e Li ry I e es o e t d be t nt r t Pr ed a due pr ce s cai s i t pds co e ha t c pone s Fis,t oc ur l o s l m n he on nt xt ve wo om nt . r t he c tm us de e mi whehe t i ae ha apr t tbl lbe t i e es i a di t m or our t t r ne t r he nm t s o eca e i ry nt r t n voi ng he e srnge c tonsofc i d co i m e i s gr a i I lm a v.Stri 791F. 51 ti nt ondii ontnue nfne nt n e eg ton. ncl a ilng, 3d 7, 5 6 (t Ci. 01 ) l t eimaeha n p oe tbelb ry itr s, h nh h sn fd r l i h 2 4 h r 2 6 . f h n t s o r tca l i e t ne et t e e a o e ea rg t t a pa tc a pr ed z a pr e to ,or i ot r w o ds no pr es i d . Se W ili on v. o ny r i ul r oc tr l ot c i ns n he r , oc s s ue e lcns Au tn, 45U. 2 9 2 ( 0 5 (G en e ra hteq sino wh t o e si d eo l i t si 5 S. 0 , 21 2 0 ) t e d e c h ueto f a pr c s s u n y f he W i mae etbih a c n t uinal p o e td l ry itr s ....) A saer g lto ma n ts sa ls o si to l r tce i t n ee t t y be ' . tt e uain y ' c e t a po e illbe t i t r ti a di a pa tc a s t o co to ,butt ti e e ti r ae t nta i ry n e es n voi ng riul r e f ndii ns ha nt r s s c tt i ly pr t ctd onl i t c to pr e G t pia a sgzii a ha ds p onsiutona l o e e y f he ondii ns es nt ç y c l nd i lfc nt r hi a c mpae t t e p ce c ndto o gh imae s p io s ne e' Sa dn v. n e,51 o rd o he x e td o i ns f t e n t'j rs n e tnc . n i Co n r 5 i ' U. 47 48 - 4 ( 9 5 .I ap oe tbl lb ry itrs e it,t e te c t'mu te lae S. 2, 3 8 1 9 ) f r tca e ie t ne et x ss h n h out s vau t whehe t i t r eve a quaepr e st pr e tt ti t r t I lm a ,791F. a 526. t r he nma e ec i d de t oc s o ot c ha n e es. ncl a 3d t I ot r ca e fld by Le l S i t i t se down pr m m , t s c zt has n he s s e ve nma es n he t p og hi olr c ude t ti t s do notha aco tt i l pr eced lbe t i e es i bei r l s d oncl d ha nma e ve nsiutonaly ot t i ry nt r t n ng eea e fom Le S, be us lvi c tons f r s h i a e do no quaiy a G t ca a r vel ca e i ng ondii o uc nm t s t lf s ç ypi l nd a sgrii a har hi 'unde Sa n. Se e:. Oba ayeA la v.Vigi a De t of Co1 . No. i tfc nt ds p' r ndi e, . , t i - lh r ni p' ', r 7:5 0 3 ,2 6 W L 5 5 0 ,a * 0 ( . Va S p .2 , 1 )(o e , ., f s bno 1 CV0 2 0 01 41 9 6 t 1 W D. . e t 8 20 6 J n s J) afd u m. Obaay - lhv Clr e No 1 - 41 , 01 W L 1 2 01 (t Ci. a 4, 01 ) Ac o dngy ti eAla . a k , . 6 7 3 2 7 8 8 8 4h r M y 2 7 . c r i l, Le lSi t ha t a tona ecam unde j1 3t ta pariulrpr e lalpr e ton ve nmaes ve G ci bl li no r 98 ha ny tc a oc dtr otci i c tt tonaly r quie dudng t OP 830. c a stc ton pr edi . l The co t s onsiu i l e r d he A l s ii a i oce ngs' d. ' ur r ac d t s m e c l i ns o M uhn m ad' due pr e s c ai i N o. 1 e he he n onc us o n m s oc s l m n 7: 4CV 00529. Ba e on t s md r as ng oft Obaai - l h de son a r lt d ca e ,7lke s , sd he ot e oni he t ye Ala cii nd ea e s s i wie t c tc ude i t pr e c et tM uhamm a hasno pr eced lbe t i er s i be ng he our oncl s n he es nt as ha d ot t i ry nt e t n i r l a e f o Le lS,bec us c tonst r a e no a ypi lco pa e t c tonsf c by e e s d ' m ve r a e ondii he e r t t ca m r d o ondii a ed i aesi t ge r prs n po a i W ihouta pr t c e lbe t i e e t he hasno f de al nm t n he ne al io pulton. t o e t d i ry nt r s , e r rg t pa tc a pr e les o o c e a t pe c r vi ws o hi cas ik a i sa ts i ht o riulr oc dtr r ut om s t he dodi e e f s l st ton t tz t r OP 830. Thus e n i M tha a c d pr t tt de e mde A. , ve f l mm d oul ove ha he f ndan s f ie t c i t a ld o onsder M uhn m a s sae e a gre nce i r ac ng or a ovi t Fe ta y 8 de ii n t m d' t tm nt nd i va n e hi ppr ng he brlr c so o r co me hi r tnton a Le l S,t s om iso do not i i t any c tt i ly e m nd s ee i t ve he e s i ns mplcae onsiutonal pr ecedrghta aenota tona eunde j1 3. M orove ,e n i t dee nt vi ae ot t i nd r ci bl r 98 e r ve f he fnda s oltd OP 830. or ot r VDOC polces i wha t consde e i maki t r de i i s h A he ii n t hey i rd n ng hei c son, uc vi a i ns o sa e lws a r gul to do not gi ds t a f der lc am aci bl t r olto f t t a nd e ai ns ve e o ny e a l i tona e mde j 1 8 . Rico 9 7 F. a 1 6 . Th s t d fn a t a ee t ldt s 9 3 c i , 0 2d t 4 9 u ,he ee d n s r n i e o umma yj g n a a t r ud me t s matro 1w o Cli 3, n M u a d' moinf rs mmayj d me t s b d n e a t te f a n am a d h mma s to o u r u g n mu t e e id s o t sc a r hi l in. E. Cl m 4: Ti e Eye G l s e ai nt d ass 1 M uha m a sA le tons . m d' l ga i Afe M uha a wa a tc d by a he i a ei J nua y 201 a hes f r d a he tr mm d s ta ke not r nm t n a r 3 nd uf e e ad ij r ,h b g n e p re cn d u l v so bu r dvlin a d e e b ifp do so bi d e s nu y e e a x ein i g o b e iin, lre so , n v n re e d f ln n s i oneorbo h e s l 201 a e s i ls di nos hi wih t n t ye . n 4, n ye pec ait ag ed m t t r s ns y s nstviy t hype - e or e ii t o al brghtlghtng a nat a lg i ' ( 1 i i i nd tl l ihtng. Compl! 65. Si et hea ij y,M uhn r ' . ) nc he d nur mmadhas 7 Se c ne al Dek v. Yo n e No 71 CV0 6 3, 01 WL 1 1 2 a * ( . Va Ma.1 2 7 ; e e r lv l u c , . :4 0 4 2 7 01 51 , t 9 W D. . r 4, 01 ) De oav Va De to Co , . 1 c 6 2( D. . p. , 6,Ca a v. ake No 7 1 c 6 ( . pa l . . p' f m No 7:4 v 9 W. Va Se t28 201) n da Clr , . :5 v 5 W D. . Va S p. , 6;Vea q e v. . p' o Co , .7:5 v1 7 ( . Va S p. 7, 01 ) Bat v. ak , . e t27 201) lz u z Va De t f m No 1 c 5 W D. . e t2 2 6 ; te Clre No 7:5 v1 8( . Va S p . 7 2 6 ; clv. ake No 7 1 c 5 ( . Va S p.2 , 6;Mu ui v . 1 c 5 W D. . e t 2 , 01 ) Vii Clr , . :5 v1 9 W D. . e t 7 201 ) k ra . Clre No. 1 c 7 ( . .Va S p.2 20 6;Banadv Clre No 7:5 v 6 ( . Va S p . 6 2 6; ak , 7:5 v12 W D . e t 7, 1 ) r r . ak , . l c 1 0 W D. . e t 2 , 01 ) Fas nv. ak , . 1 c 5 0( . . . e t26 20 6. io Clr e No 7:5 v 3 W D Va S p . , 1 ) 23 a s e de d f e nt m i a ne he dac t t he bei ve a e a a t by t brght lo xpe nce r que gr i a hes ha le s r ggr vaed he i lg i i hi c l a Red Oni f rm os oft da l 201 a s i itdignos d hi wih ihtng n s e l t on o t he y. n 5, pecals a e m t pos - onc son s om e and r c m e t c us i yndr e om nded G lo i a m a s um oxi ' f t ç r ntn nd net gne i de ' or he h a a h p i (d. Be a eo Muh mma sh so yo kd e p o lms ho v r h c n o e d c e an. J ) c us f a d' it r f in y r b e , we e, e n n t s f l tket eandm a ot rpai media i f hi mi anes a e y a hes ny he n c tons or s gr i . On Fe a y 22,201 M thn a ha an a nt e wih Dr Owe ,an opt m e rs . bnz r 6, l mm d d ppoi m nt t . ns o tit Afe e ani t smedialhit y,he t d Dr Owe t thi c r nte gl s espr s rpton tr xpl i ng hi c sor ol . ns ha s ure ye a s e ci i wa f r20 pe ce tnt d l ns st tdi notbl k o e s o r nt i e e e ha d oc ut nough lghtt l s en hi hea c pan. i o es s da he i He ake Dr Owe t p e c e Gh ma mt n u to g e tn al we ' (d) 2 t 2 s d . ns o rs db t e xi l mo n f ry it lo d' L= , 3 o 9 t m p r e t( . t S mm. . , No 3 ) u a dcamst ta ohe Re Oz o i mae e c n P1 Mo . u J 8 ECF . 4 .M h mma li ha n t r d l n n t i ha be n pr de wih 23pe c nttnt d lns s d e ovi d t re i e e e. Dr Owe s si ,G se n p o lm r m iln jt eo d r f rt e ma i l n t o . n ad t e o r be e tig h r es o h xmtm momt f I g e tn f ry u. (d. Th n, ec c dM u mma se e a d o d r d t / p im h rz na ry it o o ' l ) e h he ke ha d' y s n r ee t 2 rs o io tl ' 1 a dv ria l st h l wi 'teèo bl vso (d)W h nMu mma rc ie Msgas s n et li o ep t 'h u e iin. l. e ha d e ev d lse c ne h i M a c 201 t y we e o y 20 pe c nt tnt d. He fld a i o l c n rh 6, he r nl re i e ie n nf nna ompl n ,a t ait nd he doc orss c ea y,Pa t Ha l s r s nde G .Owe pr s rbed you t a t ' e rtr ti res , e po d: ç Dr ns e c i he mountoftntt i hat bou hi s ue h f l y u n e e ' (d. Mt mma s r ulr gdevance a t t s i s w as deem ed e et o e d d. I ) l ' hn d' eg a lf m ounde and hi a d, s ppea w a uns c s ul l s uc es f . l Cl i 4,M thn a s Dr Owe f rde i r t i fe e et li s rousm e c n am l mm d ues . ns o lbe a e ndif r nc o ls e i dial needs. H e al s H arl s and Fr Schilngs VD OC H ealh Servi Di ect . These so ues es ed li , t ces r or de e n s ha fl m otonst di m i s f nda t ve ied i o s s. 2.No Ei ht Am e e Vi a i g h ndm nt ol ton ç elbe a e i if r nc t a i t s s dous medial ne ds c tt t c e a r i r t nd fe e e o n nma e' e c e onsiu es nz l nd t s a plih ntmd rt Ei hhAme me t' J c o v. g te ,7 5F.d 1 0 1 8( t mu u l ns me t e he g t nd n . a ks n Li hs y 7 3 7 , 7 4h ' Ci. 01 )(iigEsel v. mb e 4 9U..9 ,1 4 (9 6 ) rt t ei maemus s o t t r 2 4 ctn tle Gn l, 2 S 7 0 1 7 ).Fis, h n t t h w ha t eme ia c n iina is ewa o j ci ey sro s t a i,çn t t a be nda n s db a h dc l o d to t su s b e tv l ei u - h t s ç e ha h s e ig o e y o physca a m a tng te t nto o t ti s o oust te n a 1 y pe s woul ea iy i in s nda i r a me r ne ha s o bvi ha ve a r on d sl r c g ie te ne e st f ra d co ' atn in. I o v S r v ,5 5 F. 2 5 2 ( t Ci. e o nz h c siy o o trs te to ' k . h e e 3 3d 2 , 41 4h r ' 20 8 (nena q o ai n mak o te ) Se o d, o p o e d l rt i ifr n e t ei mae 0 ) itr l u tto r s mitd . c n t r v ei ae ndfee c , h n t be m us s t how t tt de e nthad t t l ...knowl dge ofbot t i t s s rousm e ca ha he f nda û ua ac e h he nma e' e i di l c ndto a dt ee c si rs p s db teo fca ' gwn a to o i cin' n rs o d d o i n n h x e sve ik o e y h f ils o ) cin r na to 'a d e p n e i t ea o bl t t trs J c on,775 F. a 1 (ii Fame ,511U. a 837) TMs mr s na y o ha ik. a ks 3d t 78 ctng r r S. t . c mp n n r q rs p o f o itn b y n mee n g ie c ,ew r i j g n ,i d e tn o o e t e uie r o f n e t e o d r e lg n e l s n ud me t na v re t ove sg s or dia ee nt a riht, s gr me s boutt prs rs 'e t ntpln. 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