Crawley v. Parsons et al, No. 7:2015cv00647 - Document 70 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 7/12/2017. (slt)
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CLERKSOFFI U.S. SI COUR) CE DI AT RoANoc , VA FI ED L I TH E UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR TH E W ESTERN DI STRI OF W R GI A CT NI ROANOKE DI SI VI ON J 12 2 1 UL 27 JULW . UD CLERK BY: ' n v c V. J. I A EL PA R SO N S,etaI, M CH . D ef endant s. D A W D CM W LEY , Pl nt f , ai i f V. M R .M I TCH EL L,e àl, t . Dee f ndant . s ) ) ) ) ) ) ) C i lA c i N o.7: 5- vvi ton 1 c 00647 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) D AV I CR AW LEY , D Pl ntf ai if, Ci lA c i n N o.7: c 00211 vi t o 16- v- M EM ORANDUM OPI ON NI By: Hon. ihae F.Ur ki M c l bans ChifUnied St e Dit itJudge e t ats src M EM OM NDUM O PI ON NI By: H on. ihaelF.Ur M c bans ki Chi f Uni e St e D i t i tJudge e t d at s s r c D a d Cr wl y,aVigi ai a eand a ad r nto t Hous ofYa h f ih,fl d vi a e r ni nm t n he e f he e hwe at ie t s acinspr K unde 42U. C.j1 3.Ther mai ngdeenda i c e7:5-vhe e to o r S. 98 e ni f ntn as 1 c 00647i s Cha li M i h l o teW aln Rig SaePrs n(: RS ', n t ed fn a t i c s 7:6 pan t el f h le s d e tt io : P' a d h e e d n s n a e 1 c W ) c 00211a eCha an M ic l;Le leFl ng,t W a de ofW RSP;He y Po on,a vr pl i t he l si emi he r n nr nt l Vign aDe a t n o Co rcin (VDOC' Re i n l mi srtr a Da i Ro is n r ii p rme t f re to s 1 ç ' go a Ad nitao ; nd v d bn o , ) t eVDOC' Chi fofCone tonsOper tonsl Pl i ifal ge t tt ede e nt vi a e h S e ci ai . antf le s ha hes f nda s olt d t Fis a Foure nt Am e e t oft Unie St t sConsiu i by pr ven i hi he r t nd te h ndm n s he t d a e tt ton e tng s Crawley v. Parsons et al Doc. 70 ' anif a as c mme e atidato a o ttesmesbe t te a an t n o tesme Plitfh d lo o nc d hr cin b u h a uj c matr g is ma y f h a dee nt i Cr wlv v. fnda s n a e Robi on.e al,No. 1 cvns t . 7:5- 00648.Robi o Flm i a anI tt tonalPr a s ns n, e ng, nd nsiu i op m M a a e CI M' ween me a dee d nsi 7:5c -0 48b t o Ch pli Mi h l Byame rn u n g r $P ' r a d s fn a t n 1 -v0 6 u n t a an t el ) c . moa d m o ni a o de e t r i 7: c 00648,hecou co l d t Robi o Flmi a t I we ee il pi on nd r r n eed n 15-vt rt ncude hat ns n, e ng, nd he PM r ntted t s mmayjdg n.Bytesmeme rn u o i o a od rta wa as e trdi 7:5c - 0 47 t o u r u me t h a moa d m pnin nd re h t s lo nee n 1 -v 0 6 ,he c u t o cu e ta Po tnwa as e tte t s mmayj g n .Th st ec u t a ara yFa tdsl r o r c n ld d h t no s lo n i d o u r ud me t u ,h o rh s le d ne l l mmay j g n t Ro i o , e n , n Po tni 7 1 -v 0 6 7a 7:5c -0 4 f rh smecamsalg d ud me t o bnsn Flmig a d no n :5c - 0 4 nd 1 -v0 6 t o te a li le e a ns t m a n i 7:6- v- 211.Neve t es 7:5- 00647 rmai pendi agans Chapli M ic l gai t he gai n 1 c 00 rhel s, 1 cve ned ng i t an thel. Dockets.Justia.com pa tci ton i t prs sobs r nc ofPa s ri Aprl201 and t Fe tofTa m a l s ri pa i n he ion' e va es s ove n i 5 he as be c e i se e be 201 2 n ptm r 5. 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A. 7: 5- v1 c 00647 Th c u t rv o syh dg a tds mmayj d me tt d fn a t Pa s n , n o , n e o r p e i u l a rn e u r u g n o ee d n s ro s Po t n a d Fl mi i ca e7:5- ve ng n s 1 c 00647 be a et y ha notvi aeda f de alrg ,l vi Cha an c us he d olt e r i ht ea ng pl i M ic l a t onl r mai ng def nda .Pl i ifc am st tCha an M ic l r f e t thel s he y e ni e nt antf l i ha pl i t he l e us d o honorhi r quesst the bei l d on t 201 Pa s rls i a co danc wihpolc whih s e t ha ncude he 5 s ove it n c r e t i y, c pr ve e Pli iffo r cevi Pas ove mea sorm a ng Pa s rr lt co mi s r e nt d a ntf r m e i ng s r l ki s ove -ea ed m s a y pur has . c es On Aprl9,201 Pli iffld a i or lc i 5, antf ie n nf ma ompli ,sa hl ant t t g: I t e mo t o M a lhq 201 a d Ap 3 d tr u h 1 t 2 5 l wa n h n h f rc 5 n dl r h o g 0h, 01 , s dici nae a ns a mbirrl de i dqofmy rghtt fe l e rie s rmi td gai t nd taiy prvel i o r ey xecs r lgi ei ous bei f be us of my c e f t Ya h. Afe s ndi le s ca e hos n aih, hwe tr e ng 2Pl ntf di noti ntf t Fe s ofTa r cl i t c ai if d de iy he a t bena es n he ompl ntbuti t d c l i t çolowai nsea aled t he i l up f f s. Heas cald i t çma up'Pa s rf s i a nitai greva s AAe defnda sfld amoi eat' ' lo le t he s ke- ' s ove ea t n dmi srtve i nce . r e nt ie ton frsmmayj d me tPli ifcaiidta rfrn e t t çolw-p' rR k -p'e s men teFe s o o u r u g n, antf lrfe h t eee c s o heç lo u 'o ma eu 'fat a th at f f Ta nace i Se em be 201 ber ls n pt r 5. a p o i tl )1 r q e ts t t eCh pli ( ic el b t e Au u t 2 4 p r xlmaey 2 e u sgq o h a an M th l ewe n ggs) 01 ) t rug M a gh) 2 5 a d t E- is fo my c t eo lq Ro e a1 h o h rc 01 , n wo mal rm oms lry s , l i tuci t Cha ljnt a myna t t Ya h' PASSOVER ls.1 nsr tng he plai o dd me o he hwe s it , n rmy c t eo g rc ie arpl. Theeo e i Ma lh 2 5 Iwa d n e o omsl r, e ev d e y q rf r n rc ) 01 s e id m y r lgi usprvieg t or rKos rie sa tc t t Ya h Pas o r ei o i l es o de he t m ta hed o he hwe s ve cee a i a lot pe mit t pa tcpae i my r i ous f ih c l br t d lbr ton nd ï r ted o rii t n elgi at e e a e Pa s v rme l fe c mpyngwih E rtn P o e u e(OP'q8 .(. so e a a tr o li t opeaig r c d r û ' 413 4 ç ) De e ntCha ai M ic l r s nde o Aprl1 201 a trPa s re d,m ii ç n' f nda pl n thel e po d n i 3, 5, fe s ove nde tng, ç y, so you we enoton t Lit' r he s . ' Pl i iffl d ar a gre nc m ii antf ie egulr i va e, tng: Th ra o my n meinto t els t p rii t i . . s o r(sbe a s ) e e sn n s ' n h it o a t pae n . Pa s ve i c u e c t e Cha lln a W RSP f is t a we r q e t o e is a d fis t h pla i t al o ns r e u s r mal, n al o a k o e e my rlg o a s ia l t wo s i Thi Ch p lln d en' c n wldg eiin s utbe o rhp. s a lai o s t pr de lt r tle f Ya w e wor hi r , nor e r ma r ovi ie a tr or h h s pe s ve ke ounds i t n he s r gai uniss a ofe rc n m a i uii sa utr lgi ma t s eg e ton t o ny f nde a ke nq re bo e i ous ter . Hi f iur t f l a polc i s e y t r as 1wasar ta iy de s al e o olow ny i y s oll he e on bir rl pdve of d pat iaig i . .Pa s v r a wh as M a gh 2 5 I wa s b e tt ri p tn n . so e, nd y lo rc q 01 c s u jc o dic i na i whe de e my rg t or rPa s rie s s rmi ton n nl d i ht o de s ove t m . W a de Fl mi de m e t g va Cmf mde 'a Pl ntf al ge i t a a r n e ng e d he de nce t ot d,' nd ai if le d n he ppe l t oft r gul rgre nce: he e a i va On ( c mbe 2 ,2 1 )a d ( rh 1 ,2 5 Iha Coms lr Ro e s n De e r 9 0 4 n Mac 6 01 ) d t eo s e d e is s cfc l if r n ( a li) M i hel t a d my nn t t e mal pe iial n o mig Ch p an t l o d y c me o h Pa s r ls be a e . .Cha ai M ic l wa r f i t r s s ove it c us . pl n t he l s e usng o e pond t my o rques. Pe 8 3 4. Pr dur,A.Acc s t Rei ous Se vce ,S.K.o e t r 41. ) oce e e s o lgi ri s - n pa 4,tsa e t Cha ai wilbepr de ac ge i tt s he pl n l ovi d omput ra a1sa r ofi e e nd 1 t nda d fc s p le i o d rt c ryo tt i (ijd te . Theeo e (s Co ms lrRo e u p is n r e o ar u her sc u is rf r , iq t eo s a s l ng a lo yi bouts ndi E- a l,o a e you now goi t s y t Cha ai e ng m is r r ng o a he pl n wan' p o i e a c mpu gjgj Yo c n c n a tComs lrRo e a o tmy s t r v d d o ter' ? u a o tc t eo s b u e f t a hi E- l t t Cha ai a fors nd s mais o he pl n boutt Pa s r he s ove . Pont n uphed W a de Fl mi sdecson,notngPl i ifsca m co d notbe s tnta e o l r n e ng' ii i antf li ul ubsa it d. TheVDOC is d M e o a s ue m r ndum /04- 5 on J r 26, / 201 mma y 2015, bo t VDOC' a ut he S Pasove obs r a s he ze i Aprl201 (heG sove M e r ndlm' ThePasove s r e v nce c dtld n i 5 t ç s r mo a l ). pa s r M e or ndlm de c i t pr n mi a r gul to f G wih, e sa cJ wih, m a l s rbed he ogr m ng nd e ai ns or ve s M s ini e s 3 Ya wio o s o Ya we a dPhld lhi Chzc o Go ( mae )wh aeo tepa sls h s u e f h h n ia ep a l h f d i ts o r n h s it r n f t er lg ons'a wa t pa tcpae i Pas ove holda ThePa s ve M e a l or hes ei i ' nd nt o rii t n s r i y. s o r mor ndlm rquie i t tde ii t o evePa s r(olma t i i e insknowni m ii e r d nmaes i srng o bs r sove t ke her ntnto n tng, icu i whc me l lnte d sr ,ot ( a d n o d sg e a la t3 d y p i r ote n ldng ih a p a h y e ie t he W r e j r e in e t e s 0 a s ro t h be nni ofPa s . Thei aeswho sg d up vi t W a de ordesg we e as gi ng s over' ' nm t i ne a he r n i nee r lo a l e t buy c r a n ç os rf Pa s r'f low d o e t i l he or s ove ' oods f o t c m i s r I a e w ho ale dy K r m he om s a y. nm t s ra we er evi Comm o Fa ea had sgne up f Pa s rwoul as r cevet s c a r ec i ng n r nd i d or s ove d lo e i he pe i l Pas ove m e l s r a. ThePas ove M e o a l wasf wa de t Chapli M ic l who is d li own s r m r ndlm or r d o a n thel, s ue ls m e t i t son J nua y 29,201 ilor ngt m oft Pas o rs r i e 'daesa tm e . mo o nma e a r 5, rf mi he he s ve e v c s t nd i s Copi ofboh me oswe et beposed i t housngunis a t t me os t sgnes t m r o t n he i t, nd he wo m , he i up f ms a co mi s r or rf mswe et beg ve t Housng Uni M a ge s Tr a m e t or , nd m s a y de or r o i n o i t na r . e t n c ms l r we et dt diti et f r t i aesa m ant i co esoft i es ot e o s r ol o srbut he o ms o nm t nd i an pi he nmat ' c plt d pa tcpai n r ques f nns om e e rii to e t o .TheSe r t r ofTr am e wasr uie t m ant i t ceay e t nt eq r d o i an he ls ofi aeswho fl d pM ii to f r sandt n f wa d t ls t t Cha an.I t s it nm t ie cpai n o m he or r he it o he pl i nma e we eno r quie t beon aM ase Pa sLitt or rkos rf rPas ove f r t e rd o t r s s o de he o s r oodsfom t r he c nr i s r or n s a y. Cha a nM ic l a r t theha pli t hel ve s ha ndedoutt Pas ove sgn- f m st i t si he s r i up or o nma e n s gr to lkePl i if a t tW RSP i aesco d s nd c e egai n, i antf, nd ha nm t ul e omplt dr que tf r t t r e e e s o ms o hei c ouns or , o t prs sI tt tona Pr n sM a el s t he ion' nsiu i l op m nage ,ort hi diecl Theprs s r o m r ty. ion' l tt i na Pr n sM a ge a st ts hasr vi w e al doc e sa ia et he a ns iuto l ogr m na r ver ha he e e d 1 um nt va l bl o r nd di no fnda r que tf by Pli ift pa tci t i Pas o rort or Kos rf Pas o r d ti e s onn antf o ri pa e n s ve o der he or s ve f oods Cha an M ic la r t thedi notr c i ar ue tfo Pl ntf o pa tcpaei . pli t hel ve s ha d e e ve eq s r m ai ift rii t n 4 t Pa s ve obs r nc Cha an M ic l not t thewoul s nd t i a eaf m t he s o r e va e. pl i t he l es ha d e he nm t or o co pl t w he he w oul r c ve t i a e' r que ta t the w oul a t ti a e' nnm e m ee n d e ei he nm t s e s nd ha d dd ha nm t s t t Pas ove pa tcpai ls onc her c i d t i t sc o he s r rii ton it e e eve he nma e' ompl t d f m .Cha an e e or pli M ic l alo a r t thehasno i ve e wih r q s f nnsf c mis r or r . t he l s ve s ha nvol m nt t e ue t o or om s a y de s B. 7; 6- v1 c 00211 Cas 7: 6- v- 211 a i ltga e c a m s a e 1 c 00 ga n ii t s l i bout2015 Pas o robs r a e a ns s ve e v nc gai t Cha a n M ic l,Fl mi Pont n,a Robi o a i me ey de i tveofca e 7: 5- vpli thel e ng, o nd ns n nd s r l rva i ss 1 c 006 and 7: 5- v- 48. Theonl not bl dif r nc be wee t s c esi a sng er f r nc 47 1 c 006 y a e fe e e t n he e as s i l e e e e t t Fe s ofTa m a l si Se e be 2015. o he a t be c e n ptm r Ro ns n is daM e a um onJme1 201 tte ç r Qua tr201 Rei ous bi o sue mornd t 2, 5,ild,Thid re 5 lgi Hol Da '(het-hid Qua trM e ',ti or rt a sleasa r z a t f m y ys't û r f re mo' in de o str tnda died nd mior ) polc ...r ai t t ThidQua tr201 rlgi hol da frMusi Nai ofIlm, iy eltve o he r re 5 ei ous y ys o lm, ton sa M o rs S inc Te l, sa ain, e s , e sn i J wih, h s,gn )Phld lh a o ih ce e mp e Ra tfra J wih M sin c e s Ya wit a d ia ep i Ch rh o Go of n eswhoaeo t pa sls f rt s r lgo s' Th Thr Qu re M e u c f d fe d r r n he s it o hee ei in . e id a tr mo ' di a ho ie s i s r i sf rYa s a o he J wih i a e t c e a e i e a i t d ut rz pecal e vce o hwit nd t r e s nm t s o elbr t , nt r la, he FeatofTa r cls butt ThidQua trM e di nota horzea s ca me lf t t s bena e , he r re mo d ut i ny pe il a or ha J wih holda Pl ntf al geshewast bl t pa tci t i t Fe s ofTa r l bec us e s i y. ai if le ma e o ri pa e n he a t be naces a e W RSP Food Se vc r c ve apM i i ton ls fom t Cha ai t tdi noti l hi r ies e ei d cpa i it r he pl n ha d ncude s nam e. Pl i iffl d a i o malc antf ie n nf r ompli on Se e r25,201 m ii çl t m ont of ant pt mbe 5, tng,çn he h Se gmber 201 Iwa ar taiy dele myE rt Ame ntrg t fe ye r iemy pte j 5 s birrl rid Fisq ndme iht o rel xecs r l i na aYa witj lwa n t r vd dtePa s v rf lo u f a tr ya t eo h rJ wsa ei o s h sl. s o p o ie h so e ol w p e s ta s h t e e t g W RS whc s b e t met d srmi ai na we1'A n n d f n a t epo e , oi f o P, ih u j cs o ic i n to s l. o - e e d n r s nd d n tng o d ' 5 s r i r le on t pa tcpa tls pr dedby t Cha an a t tPli ifsna ewa no e vce e id he rii n it ovi he pl i nd ha antf m s t on t ls . he i t Pli iffld ar gulrg iva ea utt Pàs ove ls,no t d s o rf l w up antf ie e a re nc bo he s r it t he t s ve olo pa f as ta ' de i i t i or c e t r y'i ntfed n he nf mal ompl i : ant Ch p an M i helh sabtaiyrf s gqt a d myna t t Pa s v rls. a li t l a r irrl e u ed o d c me o he so e it l ha e we t t r u h t e g iv n e r g r i ben a Ya wit ( u e o v n h o g h re a c e adng ig h s Ho s f Ya we )svea tme . Gre a c #0 26 a d 0 28 ,ao wi amz ro h h e rl i s iv n e 0 6 n 0 9 lng t h mbe f rq e ts,a d si Im b i g d n e my Fisj Ame d n rg tt fe l e u slq n tl ' en e id l rt n me t ih o r ey e r iemy r i ouspr ci ePas ove f as. xe cs elgi a tc s re t W a de Fl m i de m e t gre nc a utt Pas ove ls t ot d, tng: r n e ng e d he iva e bo he s r it mf mde no i Ar i tga i i o yotr c l nvesi ton nt l ompl i i c t Pa slss a Pr n Si n-n ant ndi aes s it nd op m g l She t a e es e ilt mai ai ofe e s r s nta o nt n f nder a co t biiy a s l be us d t c un a lt nd ha l e o c r and doc l e pM i i ton i a1 r lgi ont ol lm nt c pa i n 1 e i ous s vi es a pr n s er c nd ogr m . Cha an M ic l r porsr c ds s pl i the l e t e or how yo a e note ole i a r lgi u r nr ld n ny ei ous s r i . You we enoton t ls f raf as ta e vce r he it o e t r y. Pl i ifa a e uns c s ul on Nove r4,201 a lgi antf ppe l d uc es f ly mbe 5, le ng: Th W ad n ivetg to wee gi)fk . W RSP d e n' p o i es r ie f r e r e n siain r sc a e o s t r v d e vc s o m y r lgi Ya i t The e or t r s no s r c f m e t atend.... Al o, e i on. hw s . r f e. he e' e vi e or o t s a s tl me on 7/ 1 sa e by Ator y Ge r la sgned,s yi e r ne e te nt 29/ 4 tt d t ne ne a nd i a ng ve m a W RSP w o d bei o d t t1m Ya s. So why a tr4 g va sa a t ul nf nne ha ' hwit fe de nce nd l ui s tl m e , y nn e s ilha n' bee pl e o t sls t ts a e 1 m a aws t e te nt m m tl s t n ac d n hi i t ha t t s ' Y a it hw s . Po on uphe d W a den Fl m i sde e m i ton on De e be 23,201 nt l r e ng' t r na i cm r 5. Ther s oft cai si c s 7: c 00 a em e ey de i tveofc s 7: - ve t he l m n a e 16-v- 211 r r l rva i a es 15 c 00647 a 7: 5- vnd 1 c 00648. Pli ifco pl nst tW a de Flm i wasG nf med a ntf m ai ha r n e ng t or i be or ha 't tCha an M ic l wa r f sng t puthi on t Pa s rls a di not ng f e nd' ha pl i t he l s e u i o m he s ove it nd d hi t i t r e . Pl i t f c pl i t tPo on di notr q r W R SP t alow Pl i t f t or r o n e v ne a n if om a ns ha nt d e uie o l a n if o de Pa s rie s f m a out i ve r m adng Pon on a pa tci nti t Fis Am e s ove t m w n s de ndo , l t ri pa n he r t ndm e t n vi a i n. N one oft gr e nce i t r c d s ol to he i va s n he e or ugge t Fl m i s a Pon on' pe s l s s e ng' nd t s r ona i ve e be or Pas ove e d orRobi on' pe s na i ve e ata tm e. nvol m nt f e s r nde ns s r o l nvol m nt ny i 6 I I. Dee d n sfldmo in f rs mmayj dg n , r uigt tte aee tte t fn a t ie to s o u r u me t ag n ha h y r n ild o quaii i lfed mmuniy.Qualfedi lt per t Gg nme of il pe f mi dic einay t ii mmuriy mis lover nt fcas ror ng sr to r f n to s. .t b qs ile fo la ii f rcvl n g si o a a t erc nd c d e n t u cin . (o e h ed d r m iblt o i id ma e ns fr s h i o u t o s o y vi ae cea l esa ihed sam or o c tt to lrght ofwhih ar as bl pe s wo d ol t l ry t bls t t y r onsiu i na i s c e ona e r on ul h v kn wn. Hal w v. tz r l, 57U. 8 0 81 ( 9 2 ; e P i hetv Alo d 9 3F.d a e o ' ro Fiz e ad 4 ' S. 0 , 8 1 8 ) s e rt t . f r , 7 2 c 3 7 31 ( t Ci.1 9 )( ic s igt er q st lv l fa aysso t rg t.Th Fis 0 , 4 4h r 9 2 ds u sn h e uii e e o n l i f he ih ) e rt e Ame e ' Fr eExe c s Clus pr e t prs r fom t ea o bl btr nson asnce eyndm nts e r ie a e ot c s ione s ' mr s na e lde r i rl h l r l i u e ecs .Se . ..O' n v Esaeo S b z , 8 U. 3 2, 4849(98 ) ed ei o s x r ie e ea, Lo e . tt f ha a z 4 2 S. 4 3 - 1 7 9 g Tu n rv. aly, 2U. 7 , 9( 9 7 .Th Folte t Ame d n ' Eq l oe to Clu e r e S fe 48 S. 8 8 1 8 ) e t e n h r n me ts ua Pr tcin a s pr ecsprs r fom i di dic i na i Se e. ,W olfv. c me l 418U. 53 ot t ione s r nvi ous s rmi ton. ee g. f M Doz l, S. 9, 5 6( 9 4 ; o s nv Gar z t , 9F.d6 8 6 4( t Ci. 0 ) 5 1 7 ) M nio . ra h v 23 3 4 , 5 4h r 2 01. A pat i e tte t sl r ud me t f h p e dn s t d s ls dmaeil o fl, ry s n ild o l mma yj g n i t e la ig ,he ico e tras n ie a a a fdaviss w t tt r i no g nui diput a t a m aera f c . Fe R.Ci P. nd ny f t ho ha he e s e ne s e s o ny t il a t d. v. 5 () M aeil a t aet o ene e sr t etbiht eee nso ap ry' c u eo a to 6 a . tra fcs r h s c say o sa ls h lme t f a t s a s f cin. An es n v Lie t Lo b l .4 7U. 2 2 2 8( 9 6 .A g n n ds u eo mae ilfc d ro . b ry b v.nc, 7 S. 4 , 4 1 8 ) e uie ip t f tra a t e ssi,i viwi t r c d a a1r a o bl i e e e dr wnt r fom i alg mos xit f n e ng he e or nd l e s na e nf r nc s a he er n i ht t f vor bl t t non- ovi pa t ar as bl f tfnde c d r t r ave ditf t nona a e o he m ng ry, e ona e acr oul e u n r c or he m ovant I .= d 111. Cl i s i ca e 7: 6- v- 11 a a m n s 1 c 002 boutt Fe s ofTa m a e he a t be cl s Fo aFis Ame e feq e r iec am ,ac tmus decdet t e hol quesi n o r rt ndm nt r - xe cs l i our t i he hr s d to f whehe a pli ifsnc r y he dt a t r a ntf i e el l he vowedbelefa whehe t belefi,i apl i ifso i nd t r he i s n antf wn 7 s h meo t n s rlgo s Uni dS ae v. e g r 3 0U. 1 3 1 5( 9 ) Onyapes n l c e f hig , ei iu . t tts S e e , 8 S. 6 , 8 1 65 . l e ro a pr tc t ti bot snc r l he d a r t i r lgi bei fi pr e t W i c i v. aci e ha s h i e e y l nd oo ed n e i ous le s ot ced. s onsn Yo e, 0 U. 20 , 5 1 ( 9 2 . d r 4 6 S. 5 21 - 6 1 7 ) Pl ntf al t e t bls asnc r l hel r lgi ne d t obs r t Fe tof ai iff is o sa ih i e ey- d e i ous e o e ve he as Tabe na e i Se e be 201 The f c ot ri a esw ho a r t J w i h f ihspa tc pa e r cl s n pt m r 5. a t he nm t dhe e o e s a t ri i t d i t tc lbr ton doe notesa ih Pl ntY si vi l snc r a r lgi usne t n ha ee ai s t bls ai i ndi dua , i e e, nd e i o ed o c l br t t tholda t e e a e ha i y, oo.Se e. , e. g.Thomasv. viw Bd.ofI a Empl m e Se urt Re e ndina ov nt c iy Di.4 0U. 7 7 71 - 6( 9 )(e omiigac u t ho l n tmp t apa t u a rlg o s v, 5 S. 0 , 5 71 1 81 r c g zn o r s ud o i u e ri lr ei iu c n e c mmo t ar lgo ss c t apes n wh ma ie tf wi t ts c) s eas 4 U. C. e d o n o eii u e t o ro o y d n iy t ha e t; e lo 2 S. h j2 0 c5(e og znga idviu l eii u p a tc i n td fn db t ep a tc so oh r 00 c - rc nii n n i d a r l o s r cie s o ei e y h r cie f t e s g i t ec n e to teReiiusLa dUs a dI ttto aie Pes nsAc) n h o tx f h l o g n e n nsi in l d ro u z t. Furhe mor ,Pl n iff l t e t bls ho notpm ii tng i t Fe s ofTa m aces t r e aitf ais o sa ih w c pa i n he a t be l i Se e r201 c tt ed as t n i lbtr n.A ç ubsa i lbm de 'on r lgouse r ie n pt mbe 5 onsim ubsa ta lde E t nta s n' e i i xe c s o czsi iç u ljs bsa ta p e s r o a a hee t omo iyh sbe a ira dt v oaehs c l f tç ts u tnil r sl e n n d rn t d f i h v o n o i lt i r p z be i s or... or esape s t c lef, f c r on o hoos be we n f l ng t pr c pt ofhe r lgi n and e t e olowi he e e s r ei o f retn (o e n n alb n ft, nt eo eha d a da n o igo eo t ep e e t o h r o fii g g v r me tl e eis o h n n , n ba d nn n f h r c p s f e r l in . . nt eohe h n ' v lc v. e 47 F.d 1 4, 8 ( t Ci. 0 6 (n en l ei o . o h t r a d. g 'Lo ea e Le , 2 3 7 1 7 4h r 2 0 ) itr a q o ainso te ) Fo t a hoia t eTh r QuatrM e alwe J wihi mae t b u tto mitd . r h t l y,h id re mo lo d e s n ts o e d e us d t r wor s hoola pr mns a t y s ul be a f r d tm ef rpr ye a xc e & om f k, c nd ogr , nd he ho d fo de i o a r nd su y(ndvd a)d ngt ee tr p ro .Nos e ilme l.Sevc a t rz d Da 1a do t d i iiu l mi h n ie e id p ca as r ie uhoie , y n /r 2, ... nd no s r i esda 3- ' Th ,Pl i ifwasnotde i ofas c a m e lbe aus a e vc ys 7. us antf ' prved pe i l a c e none w a of e ed. Fur he m or ,Pl i ifacc l dge i hi g i va e a a on N ove be 4, s fr t r e a ntf lnow e d n s ' e nc ppe l r m r 2015 t tt r w a no m as e pa s ls f Y a i t be us t r w e e no gr H ous of , ha he e s t r s i t or hw s s ca e he e r oup e 8 Ya h s r ce .Pl i iff ist e t bls ho notpa tcpa i asaYa s,i a g oup hwe e vi s antf al o sa ih w ri i tng, hwit n r r lgi s r cewih non- hwit c tm t as t nta bur n t hi pe s lr lgi e i ous e vi t Ya ss onsi ed ubsa i l de o s r ona ei ous pr c ie.M or ve ,Pli tf doe notcai t tdtrngt Fe to Ta r c e hewa a tc eo r a n if s l m ha li he as f be na l s s pr ve e fom i vi ua pr yera s t orwa c e nt d r ndi d l a nd tz dy s ompeled et rt wor ort pm i i t i l ihe o k o cpa e n s hoolorpr n s c ogr m . I sl ,Pl i iff ist des rbea snc r l hed r i o nee t obs r t Fe tof n lm antf a l o c i i e e y- l elgi us d o e ve he as Ta m a l sa f ist e a nhow notpa tci tng wih i t so o he f ihsdurng t be c e nd a l o xpli ri pa i t nma e f t r a t i he holda c tt t d a s t nta bur n t hi f ih.Ac di y, f nda sa ee il dt i y onsiu e ubsa i l de o s at cor ngl De e nt r ntte o q lfe i mi a s mmayj g n f rt ecam a o theFe s o Ta en ce i c s uai d mmt t nd u r ud me t o h li b u t a t f b r a ls n a e i y 7: cv16- 00211. B. Re ani cam si c e 7:6- vm i ng li n as 1 c 00211agans Flm i Po on,a Robi o i t e ng, nt nd ns n Pl i ifa us sFl mi Po on,a Robi on ofvi ai t Fr eExe c s Clus of antf cc e e ng, nt nd ns oltng he e rie a e t Fis Ame m e a Eq lPr t c i Cl us oft Foure nt Am e he r t nd nt nd ua o e ton a e he te h ndme by no a l ng nt t lowi hi t pa tcpa ei t VDOC' Pa s ro er nc i Aprl201 alhough i a e o o he m o ri i t n he S s ove bs va e n i 5 t nm t s f t r J wihf ihspa tci t d.On M a c 1 201 t c ur gr t d t m oton f rs ma y e s at ri pa e r h 4, 7, he o t mle he i o um r j d me a u te es mecamsa ans d fn a t Flmiga dPo t ni c s 7 1 -v- 0 47 u g nt bo t h s a li g i t ee d ns e n n n o n a e :5 c 0 6 a ag ns de e nt Flm i a Robi on i c e 7: 5- 00648.The c t i t tt nd ai t f nda s e ng nd ns n as 1 cvour fnds ha he g a t fsl r j g n i fvo o Flmi , no a Ro n o i t s c s si e u ly rn o l mmay ud me t n a r f e ng Po tn, nd bis n n ho e a e s q al wa r nt i ca e7: 6- v- 211 r a ed n s 1 c 00 . The e i no hi i t r c d t s r s t ng n he e or o ugges t tFlm i Pont orRo ns ha a t ha e ng, on, bi on d ny pe s li ve e a tw he herPl i ifw oul be au horze t pm i pa e i Pa s ve or r ona nvol m nt bou t a ntf d t i do ci t n s o r t Fe tofTa na e . I f c ,Pli ifsgre nc s r l pl et blm eon Cha an he as ber cls n a t antf ' iva es qua e y ac he a pl i M ic la no o e s Pli ifspa sngr f r nc st c pli shem a t Fl mi and t hel nd ne le. antf s i e e e e o op a nt de o e ng 9 Po t naei s fiin t i o ej1 3la ii o t m.S e eg, h r f v I b l 5 6U.. n o r n u fce t o mp s 98 ib ly n he e . ..As c o t . q a, 5 S t 6 2 6 6( 0 9 .Th s p io a mi srtr ma n tb h l vc ro syla l t e j1 3 6 , 7 2 0 ) e e rs n d nitao s y o e ed ia iu l ib e md r 98 f f ii ofo he prs n sa f s h a t cam e f l e ofCha ai M ichelt r s or alngs t r i o t f, uc s he li d aiur pl n t l o e pond t o Col s l Ros se al,whih Pl i ifcai c us dhi nott bei l m eor e' m is c antf l ms a e m o ncuded o t 2015 n he P so e l t I (t e a evia iu l bit i ia p ia et . . 1 8 s is ap an if a s v r i . d.çBl c us c ro s i l y s n p lc bl o . j 9 3 u t, litf s l a i m us pl d e h Go r e - scilde e nt t ough t ofk i lsown i vi la tons t ea ac ve nm ntof a f nda , hr he t a ' ndi dua c i , ha vi a e t Cons iuto ., . I s Pli ifhasnoa tona ecli a i tFlmi s ol t d he tt i n , 3 n um, antf ) ci bl am gans e ng, Po t n o Ro is n a dt e aee t ldt q aii di ni a d sl r u g n . n o , r bn o , n h y r ni e o u lfe mmu t n l t y mmayj d me t C. Re ani cai i ca e 7: 6- vm i ng l ms n s s 1 c 00211a 7: 5- vnd 1 c 00647 a ns Cha an M ic l gai t pl i t hel a boutPas ove i Aprl201 s rn i 5 I c s 7: 5- vn a e 1 c 00647,t c t de e Cha ai M ic l' m o i f s he our had nid pl n thels ton ot umm a y r j d me tb c u ef rh rfcu l e lp n wa n c saya trc mp rn P an ifs u g n e a s u te a t a d veo me t s e e sr fe o ai g litf al ga i t Cha an M ic lsa fd t Cha a n M ic lhad fl a a fda tsai : le tons o pli t hel' fi avi. pli t hel ied n fi vi t tng,1 I ke p co esofa lofe rr quessr r ng pa tgpa in i holda obs r nce . 1di not e pi 1 f nde e t ega di rii to n i y e va s d r c vea r ques f nnsc e i Cr wly pa tci tng i Pa s r201 5 Pl ntf e ei ny e t o onc m ng a e ri pa i n s ove 5.' ai if c e e t the s itd ofe rr que t t Couns l rRos as ngt thebe i l d on ount r d ha ubm te f nde e ss o eo e ki ha ncude t Pas ove ls. Ac or ngt docz e t pr edby Pl ntf o he s r it c di o lm n s oduc ai if pposng t m oton f r i he i o s mma yj d me t Co n eo Ro ep r re l sn e i t Ch pli M i helsai t a u r u g n , u s lr s u po tdy e t mql o a an t l ttng h t s c Pl i ifwa e t sgn up f rPas o r antf nt d o i o s ve . 3Furhe , t t exentt tPl ntf' cl m a ns Flm i o Pon o r i on t i r pons t hi afe t r o he t ha ai ifs ai gai t e ng r t n eles her es es o s tr t -a tgre nc ,i i una ii Pl ntf hasR c tt i rgh t pa tcpaei gre ncepr eedi .' he fc iva es t s valng. ai if no onsi onal i t o rii t n iva m oc ngs' Ad msv Iie 4 F.d7 75(t Ci. 99 ) Lie s ,d eeinola ii u d rj1 8 frap io a .tc , 0 3 2, 4h r 1 4 . k wie th r s ibly n e 9 3 o rsn t t a i sr t ' r po et agre nc ora al' Br v.Va. e tofCom , o.6:7c dm nitaors es ns o iva e ppe . own ' D o' N 0 v33,2009W L 8 7459,a t *1 ( . Va Jn. , 0 9 .Flmig' a dPo tn' E fe-h -atd nil faFiv nc fl frso t f 3 W D. . a 9 2 0 ) e n s n no st trtefc e a o a e a e al a h r o s etbl hngj1 8 l bit ' De oav Ra , 7:2 v1 9 2 3WL 4 51 3 , t* ( . Va J l 2 , 1 ) sa i i s 9 3 i ly. pa l . v No. 1 c 3 , 01 a i ' 4 2 6 a 8 W D. .uy 2 20 3 ( ag n, J)(ii Bro svBe r,1 7F. p' 9 3 9 5(1 Ci. 0 ). S r e tM.. ct ng o k ad 6 Ap x 2 , 2 3- r20 6) d 10 Aferc i rng t se de e, heco tc l d t tPl i ifsca m agans t onsde i hi vi nc t ur oncude ha antf li i t Cha an M ic l n ot edt m o et n ba ea s ri nsgi n t ge ne is off c diput d pli t hel m mt o r ha r s e to ve he nui s ue a t s e by t pa te . The c tct d Pli ifsr que t t beplce ont Pas ove ls asbolt i he ris our ie antf' e ss o a d he s r it serng hi cli ofdic i nai n be ndt r l ofme e c l or ac us tons Re r ng s am s rmi to yo he eam r oncus y c a i . ga di Cha an M ic lsa me t tPl i ifdi nota k t r c vePas ove mea s t c t pl i t hel' ver nt ha antf d s o e ei s r l, he our f rherc ude t tt diput d que ton ofwhehe Cha an M ic l di ordi no r ceve u t oncl d ha he s e si t r pl i t hel d d te i Plitf sr q s i i pp o it f rrs lto o sl r u g n .Th c u t o e lsl anif e uet s na rprae o e ou in n l mma yj d me t e o r n td a ty t th c s wo l p o e dt j r tili Ch panM i helddn t eas p lme tl to ha te a e u d r c e o u y ra f a li t l i o 5l u p e na moin c f rsl r j d me t o lmma y u g n . Alho h Cha a n M ichelfl t ts e nt lm o i n a a tc d hi s c t ug pli t l ed ha uppl me a to nd ta he s e ond a fda t t s ond a fda ti lr l unc nged fom hi fr tafi vi. Theo y pe tne f vi, he ec fi vi s a ge y ha r s s fda t nl ri nt a to a et f lowi sa e e s ddii ns r he o l ng t t m nt : l Cr wly s ntr ques f r s Iwoul ha a d hi t t ls .... Ido no f a e e e t om , d ve dde m o he it t r alr ei ng a e alfom Com s l rRos r ga di Cr wly' r ques f ec l ec vi n m i r l eo e e r ng a e s e t or Pa s r lno l erha ac es t my 201 e l. Eve i Cot eorRos s ove . ong ve c s o 5 mais n f ms l e e a ld me,VDOC polc woul ha r quie Cr wl y t s nd i a r ue t m ie iy d ve e r d a e o e n eq s f m t m e whih hedi notdo.... Asa Cha nn,ldo nots r h outwayst or o , c d pl i ea c o de prs r fom t ki pa t i r lgi ny ione s r n ng r n ei ous pr n mi ogr m ng. I di no d t i e i l pr ve tCr wl y fo pa tcpai i Pa s r201 ntntonaly e n a e r m rii tng n s ove 6. Ther co d i no matral dif r ntnow wih t s cond a fdavi a c e r s t e i ly fe e t he e fi t s ompa e t whe rd o n t c u t adtelg l ndf cu l sue we ei r pe f rrs lto o s he o r si h e a a a ta is s r mp o r o e oui n n umma yj d me t r ug n bas o t fr ta fda t Fort r a onsar dy sa e i t c tspro m e o a lm ed n he is fi vi. he e s lea t t d n he our' i r m r nd l o i ina o d r ad s u eo maeil a tp e ld ss mmayj d me ta t wh t r p no nd r e , ip t f tra fc rcu e u r u g n s o ehe Cha an M ic lvi a e t Fis Am e pl i t hel olt d he r t ndme ' Fr eExe cieClus a t Foure nt nts e r s a e nd he te h Ame ndm e ' Eq Pr t ton Cl us by nota l ge y pr e s ng Pl i if s pur t nt s ual o ec i a e le dl oc s i a ntf ' pored a i to t pm ii t i Pa s ri Aprl201 n a or ncewih t c tspro pplcai n o cpae n s ove n i 5.I cc da t he our' i r d cso , p anM ic elsn t n ildt q l idi liya ds e ii n Cha li th l i o e tte o uai e mml t n umma yj d me tf r f n r ug n o c am sabo Pa s ri Aprl201 Ther m ani cai sa ns Cha an M ic lfom li ut s ove n i 5. e i ng l m gai t pl i t hel r c es7: 5- vas 1 c 00647 a 7: 6- vnd 1 c 00211wilbec oldae f tilpurua t Fede a Rul of l ons i td or ra s nt o rl e Ci lPr e le42( . vi oc dtr a) I . V Fo t ef r g igra o ,hec u t e isDee d n s moinsf rs mmayj d me t r h o e on e s ns t o r d n e fn a t' to o u r u g n a t t Fis a Fouree h Ame m e cai a i tCha ai M ic l a s o he rt nd t nt nd nt l ms ga ns pl n t he l boutPas ove i s rn Apr l201 butg a t t m otons i a 1o he r pe t . The r m a ni c a m s a i tCha ai i 5 r n s he i n l t r es c s e i ng l i ga ns pl n M ic l a ec olda e f ti li t Bi St neGa Di son. thel r ons i t d or ra n he g o p vii ENTER: Thi s l dyfu,07. aoJl21. y ,, *rA m .z ' .,1 .. . . . ChifUnie S a e s . J e td tts i udge 1 2 . . , .