Muhammad v. Mathena, No. 7:2014cv00529 - Document 216 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Chief United States District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 1/27/2017. (tvt)
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. 1 . . nI ' OF CEU.. S. FiKS FI S DITCOUW AT ROANOKE' VA FI LED I THE UNI STATESDI TRI COURT N TED S CT FOR TH E W ESTERN DI STRI O F VI CT RGI A NI R O AN O K E D I SI N W O ABDULHAM ZA W ALIM UHAM M AD, ) ) Pli if antf, ) v. ) ) ) RANDALL CHARI, M ATHENA, ES ) ET AL. , ) ) Dee fndants. t) ) J 27 2 1 A8 27 a uuA . B Y; ,L CASE NO.7: 14CV00529 M EM ORANDUM OPI ON NI ( ptngRe tandRec Ado i por omme i ndaton) By:GlnE.Conrad e ChifUnie St e Dit c Judge e td ats srit Thi prs rcvi rg sacin unde 42 U. C.j198 wa r er t Unie Stts s ione i l iht to r S. 3 s efred o td ae M a itaeJ d eJ e C. p u e 2 U. C.j6 6b ()o t is s J d eHo p ha gsrt u g o l Ho pe nd r 8 S. 3 () 1 n wo sue . u g p e s n w is e o e rp r a d r c mme d to ( No.2 8 fn ig ta t e d fnd n s ae o su d n e o t n e o n ain ECF 0 ) i dn h t h ee a t r e tte t s mma yj d me to Cli 1 (s po' 1) a d a s c nd rp r ( No.2 7 n i d o u r u g n n am ç l ' n l Re t e o e o t ECF 0) fndi t ts iton ofe de er a e t Clin 5 occ e a r c me ng a a oprae ng ha pola i vi nc elt d o ai un'd nd e om ndi n ppr it s n to a til(le o t1'. Thedee d n sh v fld n o j cins Th p o K panif a cin t ra Gk p r 1' û ) fn a t a e ie o be to . e r li tf, Abd - mz W aiMl mma ,h sfld o jcinst Re o t1( No .2 9 a d 21 )a d ulHn a l z ha d a ie be to o p r ECF s 0 n 2 n Re o t1 ( No. 0 . Heha as fld mo in s e igj d me ti h sfv ro Cli 5 P r 1 ECF 21 )1 s lo ie to s e kn u g n n i a o n am a d s e igt pu s ea i e n e ts ol to cam ( No 21 a 21 ) Afe c nd ci g n e kn o ru n nd pe d n p i in li ECF . 0 nd 3 . tr o u tn a a X n v r ve o te r p rs Mu mma s o j cinste eo a hi oh rmoins a o o e iw f h e o t, ha d' be to h r t nd s t e to , nd p rie tpo t n o t e rc r i a c r a c wih j6 6 b ( ) t e c u twilo e ze te e t n ri s f h e o d n c o d n e t 3 ( )1, h o r l v m l h n o Muhammad v. Mathena o j cins a o terp rs a d d nyM t a d spe dn mo in . be to , d pth e o t, n e l mma ' n ig to s h Doc. 216 Th ma itaej g ' rp r u d rj6 6 b ( )B)ma so l ar c mme d to t t i e gsrt ud es e o t n e 3 ( )1( ke n y e o n ain o hs c t M ahe v.W e r 423 U. 261 270- ( 976) Fe R.Ci P.7 The c ti our. t ws be , S. , 71 1 . d. v. 2. our s 1 Alh u hMt a d d e no ttet ss b sin a a o j cint tema itaej d esrp r o to g l mma o s t i hi u miso s n be to o h gsrt u g ' e o t n h l s iton,hec rt tue i a s h;i e s nce M uhammadcontndst hei e ild t aha s rs ncin f polai t ou consr s t s uc n s e , e hat s ntte o r he a to or s itont nt s tonsr c m e polai ha he anci e om ndedi t r por. n he e t Dockets.Justia.com . c ag d wih macn a X no deemiain o a y p rin o t ma itae j d es h re t l g i vo tr n to f n o t s f he gsrt u g ' o rc mme d to t wh c as e ii o j cin i ma e 2 U. C. 6 6 b ( )C) e o n ain o ih p cfc b e to s d . 8 S. j 3 ( )1( . Re r 1 Summ a y J m e on Cli 1 po t : r udg nt am Mt mma i a imae a Re Onin Sae Prs n (Re On o '. Mu mma s l ha d s n n t t d o tt io C d in' G ) ha d' c mplit a n n e ( No .1a d 1 ) alg d i Cli 1ta Dee d n sDa Ke ly, o an , s me d d ECF s n 3 , l e n am h t fn a t y, ge e a M ahe vi aed hi pr e za d pr es rght r l t d t a I tt i lCl s ik ai n nd t na ol t s oc dtr l ue oc s i s e a e o n nsiutona a sf to Au h rt (û ' h a ig o M a 21 20 4. P e o sy t ec u t e e ds sa o ti p r t o iy GCA' e rn n y , 1 rviu l, h o r d nid imis l f h s a t I ) o Cli 1 b tg a td t ed fn a t a s c n o p ru t t s e s mmayj g n . ( e f am , u rn e h e e d n s e o d p o tni o e k u r ud me t Se y ECFNo.1 69. 68- ) Re tI r omm e ûndi t tt de e por ec nds ng ha he f ndan s l sfc ton de i i o M a 21, t 'cas ii ai c sons n y 201 a dtrng a s e 4, nd li ubs quentappe l di notde i M uha a ofa pr eced lbe t i e es a, d prve mm d ot t i ry nt r t wih u d e p o e s On e a imae i ca sfe t Le e S (o gtr a mi srtv to t u r c s. c n n t s ls iid o v l ln -e m, d nitaie s grgai ,t obt n arduci i t tca sfc ton t rt prs n' vol ar s gr ton e e ton) o ai e ton n ha lsiiai mde he io s unt y, e egai r duc i se down pr a ,he mus m ee ce t n r quie é s i l ng c e ton t pogr m t t rai e r m nt , nc udi ompl to oft ei n he Cha lnge Se s wo kboo . M uhn mad c le de r ks m omplt d t s s re a wa brefy r cl sfe t e e hi e i s nd s i l e as ii d o Le l 6,t fr t se i ta ii ni f o s r ga e c v ne e t a ge r l populto ve he is tp n r nsto ng r m eg e t d o m nt o ne a ai n s ti I Jme 201 M uhn a i t 'd s ver ldicplna y c r a wa r c a sfe t e tng. n t 3, mm d ncm e e a s i i r ha ges nd s e l s i d o Le lS. By M a 201 c r -r f e g m ont ,M uhn a de a d r duci t Leve ve y 4, ha ge fee or i ht hs mm d m nde e ton o l 6 a n. The I de e m i ton wast de t s r duc i bas d on M uhn ma sf lle t gai CA t r na i o ny hi e ton, e m d' aitr o r do t Cha l ng Se i a t rhi r c a s fc ton t Le lS. M thn m a c ai ed t tt s e e he le e res fe s e l s ii a i o ve l m d lm ha he t pdown polc di notr quie a s ond c pl ton oft Cha l nce Se i a t t hi f iur t iy d e r ec om e i he le res nd ha s a l e o me tt sr quie ntoft vol a y s e down polc c d notbea vai r as t r f e t e hi e r me he unt r tpi y oul ld e on o e us he r duc i fom Le lS. e ton r ve Th p risa r et a t Vigni De a t n o Co r cins(VDOC' p lc rq iig e a t g e h the r i a p rme t f re to û e G ' o iy e u rn ) l r viw ofi t s's gr to sa tse r ni t da c ea e apot nta lbe t i e es i CA e e nma e e egai n t tz ve y ne y ys r t s e i l i ry nt r t n a di ta f rt o r tnton i Le lS a is C e a r e c to ofc i ment' voi ng r nse o, r ee i n, ve nd t t mor dve s ondii ns onfne . ' ( p r 1 a 6 (uoi W i n o v.Ausi, 5 5 U. 20 2 ( 0 :. Th r p r Re o t , t ) q tng l s n ki tn 4 S. 9, 21 20 5 e eot r c me e om nds fndi of f t a c l i ns of 1 w t t M tha mad di not ha a i ngs ac nd oncuso a ha l m d ve c tt to ly pr e t d lbe t i e es i beng r l as t t ge r lpo a i bec us he onsiu i nal ot c e i ry nt r t n i e e ed o he ne a pulton a e di nots w t tt c tons he e re ed i Le lS pr s nt d a y c a sgnii a d ho ha he ondii xpe inc n ve e e e t pi al nd i fc nt . n r ha ds p c r hi ompa e t t ex c e c ndii ofhi prs s nt nce2 Se Sandi v.Conne , r d o he pe t d o tons s ion e e . e 51 U. 4 2 48 - 4 ( 9 5 . I t atmaie t e rp r as fn t tt e p o e u a 5 S. 7 , 3 8 1 9 ) n he le tv , h e o t lo ids ha h r c d rl pr t to M uhn a r eved me c tt i na r quie e s o eci ns mm d ec i t onsiuto l e r m nt. l h so jcins M u a dlr ey rieae agt n sh h sp e iusy rie . Th n i be to , h mma ag l etrts r t t e a r vo l as d e me c tha rvi d,7qnovo,t agu nt a t rco d,a fndsno f t alorlgalbass our s e ewe . . he r me s nd he e r nd i acu e i 3 c di y h hee f rrj cig o a n ig te fn ig a d c n lso s o t e rp r. A c or ngl , t e r o ee tn r me dn h dn s n o cu in f h e o t c u twi o e zet eo j ci n , d p Re r 1 a g a tt d fn a t'sl r j d me t o r l v m l h be to s a o t po t , nd rn he e e d n s l l mmay u g n moton ast Cl i 1 i o am . 2 Ther po tas not t tt efndi a c usonsae c it twihr ce decsonsbyt Hon. e r lo es ha hes i ngs nd oncl i r onssen t e nt ii he Jme P.o e , i dSae Ditit u g i ti dsrc.( pot , t89 (iig, . , p oav VicnaDe t a s J n s Unt tts src J d e n hs itit Re r 1a - ) ct eg.De a l . r ii o' e n o Cor, . 1 CV00 9 201 W L5 5 0 ( . Va S pt28 2 6) f r.No 7:4 6 2, 6 41 9 3 W D. . e . , 01 ). 3I hso j cinb it Mu mma alg sfrtetrtt t t es fr Rtpc lh r s p'i Le e S n i be to re ha d le e o h is i ha h ufes ay ia adhi' n v l me be us he c nnotpa tcpae i p ou r lgi s r i s i vi ai ofhi rghtt fee e cs ofhi r lgius ca e a rii t n p ei ous e vce , n olton s i o r xerie s ei o beif .M uha d ha notmovedt a nd hi pr dur duepr s cam wih t euns n alegains a le s mma s o me s oce al oce s li t hes wor l to , nd tec u t sn j tfcto frs c a a n me t tti lt sa eo teliain.Moe ve, h mma fis h o r Gnd o usiiain o u h n me d n a hs ae tg f h ig to t r o rMu a d al t s t tt i lt t pr ctc gr up worhi whie i Le S i a dif e t n r srci on gr o how ha he nabiiy o a ie o s p l n vel s ny fernt ha e titons oup worhi t t a y durng a ge r popul i i t s t s p ha ppl i neal aton nmae' empor r a sgn e t s e e c meme f a y s i m nt o egrgatd onf nt or ad nitai r as ns. Thus he f l t s a gr mi sr tve e o , ais o how ny ound her on whih t f t tLe S c tonsmee t e c o md ha vel ondii t he aypi lha ds p sa ar unde Sa n s ast gi rs t ac tttonaly pr e e lbery i e es. 51 U. a t ca r hi tnd d r ndi o o ve ie o onsiui l otctd i t ntr t 5 S. t 483 84. - I Re tI :Spola i ofCl m 5Vi o por I i ton ai de l Cl m 5,M tha a al ge t ton J nua y 5,201 De e nt C. s p a JW . n ai l mm d le d ha a r 3, f nda s Biho nd . Coyl f ie t i e v ne whe I a e D e r c Br t he phys c ly a t c e a l d o nt r e n nm t rik a c r i a l ta ked hi a tr t y ha m f e he d be n r las d f r c eai n. M uha a c am e t tBihop a tmpt d t i e v ne butCoyl e ee e or e r to mm d l i d ha s te e o nt r e , e g a d Biho by t m i ta t d hi t ltt beai c i r bbe s p he s nd ol m o e he tng ontnue. Bihop ha de e a s s nid ny it re e e fom Co e. He ha c e d t tBr t he a M uhn a we e sg i a t t n e f r nc r yl s ont nde ha a c r nd mm d r htng nd ha t ofk e s a co di t t i tai ng,wat d t i e ve un i addii na ofi r a ve t he t r , c r ng o her r ni ie o ntr ne tl to l fce s ni d o hep. Ba e on t m a e l diput s be we n t s a oun s t c t de e s l sd he t da s e t e he e cc t , he our ni d umm a y r j d me t u g n. M t a d iiily came t t t re o t as ( c e Hal a M ah na l mma ntal li d ha h e fkil M oue n, l, nd te ) h i e i l de toye s vela e cn r f a oft J nua y 201 i de t hi r li nt ntonaly sr d ur il nc me a oot ge he a r 3 nci nt o nde ls ltga i n e f r s H e s ug t r c r m one a y da a s f om t s i vi ua s a t i pos ii to f o t . o ht o e ove t r m ge r he e ndi d l nd o m e s i ton- s d s nci nso t Cl i 5 de e nt. The c tr f re t e s i to i s s polai ba e a to n he am f nda s our e e r d hes polai n s ue t J o udgeHoppe, whoor e brefng fom t pa tesa c nd t d a e de ir hea i der d i i ' he ri nd o uc e n vi nta y rng. r Re r 1 r fe t t f l ng f c ua fndi r l t t s i ton. Asa r s toft po t 1 e l c s he olowi a t l i ngs e aed o polai e ul he ale c ton wih Br the ,of i sc r d a co c e M uhn mad on a i tt i lc r tr ai t ac r fcal ha ge nd nvit d m n nsiutona ha ge ofsg i As e ry a J nua y a Fe ua y 201 M uha ad as d ofi a st r vi w a htng. a l s a r nd br r 3, mm ke fcil o e e nd pr e ve s v la e c m e a f age oft aler a i wih Br t he . Durng hi a a oft es r ur eil nc a r oot he t c ton t a c r i s ppe l he fg i c r e,t wa de s desg e r vi we s h f age bu f und i i oncl i ast i htng ha g he r n' i ne e e d uc oot , t o t nc usve o M thnm m ad' actons and de ed t appeal I i t di ed t aft t gr e l s i ni he . t s m sput hat er he i vance appeal , uùde ar i pr c ie t r c d ove pa tf t ge a r outne a tc o e or r s oo a boute r ni t da r ga dl s ofi a e ve y ne y ys e r e s nm t r quess f pr e v ton,t J ua y 5,201 f t ge wa r or d o r a l t At t e t or es r ai he an r 3, oo a s ec de ve nd os. he 4 e i n ir h a ig i t sc s , hn dr q e tdta t c u tnsn c t ej r a tilha vde tay e rn n hi a e Mu mma e u se h t he o r i t zt h u y t ra t t i c d i e t tt contnt o t m isngvi o we e a r et t Cl i 5 de e nt . t oul nf r ha he e s f he s i de r dve s o he am f nda s The r por c udes fom t e de t tt misng vi o f t e wa r e ntt e t oncl r he vi nce ha he s i de oo ag s elva o M uha a s Cli 5,a t tofki l ne i nty br a he a dut t pr s r i. Ther por mm d' a m nd ha f as glge l e c d y o e e ve t e t f t r co l ,howe r t t M uhammad has no s pa a e c us of a ton unde f de alo urhe ncudes ve , ha e rt a e ci r e r r sae1w f mo tr da ge agans M coue M ahe ,a Halrlt t s itonoft tt a or nea y ma s i t en, t na nd l eaed o polai he f o a e Th r p r as fnd t a at o g t d fnd n st Cli 5 ( s o a Co l) o tg . e e o t lo i s h t lh u h he ee a t o am Bih p nd y e pe s ly co mit no m ic r ona l m ted s ônduc r lt d t t f iur t r t i t de ie f t e, t e ae o he a l e o e an he sr d oo ag i putton t t e de e nt ofo he ofi i l ne i nts iton i ne es a y t a d unf i m a i o hes f nda s t r fc as' glge pola i s c s r o voi ar p eu iet M u a d. rj dc o h mma Und rRu e 3 ()2 o t Fe rlRue o Ci i Pr c d r ,t c u tma i os e l 7 e( ) f he dea ls f vl o e u e he o r y mp e c ran t e ti ypes of s nci ns ç y upo fndi t t t pa t a t d wih t i t nt t de i a to û onl n i ng ha he ry c e t he n e o prve a he pa t of t i or ai n' us i t ltga i .. ..' The e s c a s nc i f not r ry he nf m to s e n he ii ton ' s pe i l a tons or itni n l s o ito i cu e i osto o Sa p eu to j ta t l s if r to wa n e to a p lain n ld mp iin f G r s mpin h t he o t n o mai n s g u fv r be't t e d fnd ns o ds s a o d fulj d me t L. On te c nr r ,û po n a o a l' o h ee a t, r imis l r ea t u g n . d u s h o tay G n u fn i gp eudc t a ohe p ry fo gù ne to a)l s o t e if r to ,(h c u' ma id n rj ie o n t r a t ' m u i tn in l o s f h n o main t e o l y r q o d rme sze n g e trt a n c sa yt c r t ep eu ie' Ru e3 ()1 . r e a l s o rae h n e e sr o u e h rj d c . l 7 e () r ' Th r p r n tsta Mu mma h sn tb e irpaa l p eu ie b t el s o te e e o t o e h t ha d a o e n re rb y rj d c d y h o s f h vi o f age Evi nc i t r co d i caest tt f agedi noti l a o a cr a e de oot . de e n he e r ndi t ha he oot d nc ude udi nd e t s t ce t i y t t t f a e n s e t de e nt ' c m ra nt ha he oot ge ve how d he f nda s onduc d i M u m m a s t ur ng ha d' at r to wih Br t he . Alhoug t f a m o e lkey s le cai p t a c r t h he oot ge r i l howed M uhn a so c mm d' wn onduc t t s e e e ,he c n pr s n t si ony,i l ng hi o on t s is wihoutt f t e. o om xt nt a e e t e tm nc udi s wn, hi s ue t he oo ag 5 Uli ael t r po tr c tm t y, he e r e omm e t t as a oprae y m e ur d s nc i f r t neglge nds ha , ppr i tl as e a tons o he i nt s i ton oft f a pola i he oot ge, t Cour s ul f bi t Def nda s fo puti o e denc r ltng t t he t ho d or d he e nt r m tng n vi e ea i o he fc of Muha at mmad' dici i c ge a co ci (o t e e s h s s plnmy har s nd nviton t he xtnt uc e ie c wo l oh r s b a misbe o t t e a t a c n e t o t e v d o vd n e u d t e wie e d si l) r o h cu l o tn s f h i e i ef i ldngt e m itn d cso rj cig M u a d' d s iln r a p a . t l, ncu i h te e iin ee tn s h mma s icpi ay p e l I a dto t e Co r s ul i tu ttej r t a a rc r i g o te J n ay 5 n d iin, h u t ho d nsr c h u y h t e od n f h a u r at r a i was made M uhn a r sed t t i be pr s r ed,but i wa le c ton , mm d eque t ha t eev t s s bsq e ty l s tr u h no futo M u a d s a te j r r s o l no u e u nl ot ho g a l f h mma ', nd h u o s h ud t a s me t t t lc o c ro o aig o j cie e ie c t emie su ha he a k f o r b rtn b e tv vd n e md r n s M tha mad' ve so ofe nt s r l m s rin ve s uroundi t Eght ng he . ( p r1 ) Re o t 9. Th d fn a t d n to j c t t e eprpo e sn to s Mu mma as h sma en e ee d n s o o b e t o h s o s d a cin . ha d lo a d o pa t ua ie o j cin t te c re me s o t e f cu lfn i s a d lg lc ncuso ,a ri lrz d b e to o h o rc s f h a ta idng n e a o l ins s c r fe td i te rpo t Gln te a e e o a tmey Gld o j ci n a d stc c u tne d no elce n h e r. 1 ) h bsnc f i l e be to , it t o r e t ( i c onduc a denovo r viw,buti t a mus onl s tsy is l t tt r i no cla e o on t t e e nse d t y a if te f ha he e s e r n'r he f c o t r or i or er t ac e t r omm e ton. Dim ond v. Col al Lie & a e f he ec d n d o c pt he ec nda i ' ' n oni f Ac ie tI s Co, 6F.d 3 0 31 (t Ci. 0 )(n ena q oainmak o te lBa e o cd n n . .41 3 1 , 5 4h r 2 05 itr l u tto r s mitd . s d n t e fndi a c l i ns a fndi no c e re r ,t c twilado t e pori of hos ngs nd oncuso , nd ng l a ror he our l pt hes tons t r po t he e r . As saed,t c tc tu M uha a s s pa a e m oton r a di s la i a a tt he our onsr es mm d' e r t i eg r ng po iton s n o j cin t t erpo q s e i ahas rs l to s n to ,b sd o n wl r ie alg to be to o h e r e kng rhe poi in a cin a e n e y as d le ains a a o tJ h W art ,f r ra ssa twad n a Re Or o ( No 21 . Tl ss b sin, b u o n lah o me sitn r e t d l n. ECF . 3) z u miso i i tte S o i n f r c i a i t r ns a e ' a s pa a e s i ton c a m , sa es t t t il d G t o or e onsder ton o ei t t ' m e r t pola i li t t ha he s iton wa i e i na . Acc di t M uhn a s t wor m o i n,a tr W alah be me pola i s nt nto l or ng o mm d' ms n to fe r t ca wa d n a Ri rNo t Co rcin lCe tr (Rie No t ' h wa alg dy tnniae f r r e t ve rh re to a n e ç v r rh', e s le e l e n td o l ) or rng de t u ton of vi o f t e r l t d t a us of f c a ns a i a e. M uhn m a de i sr c i de oo ag e a e o e or e gai t n nm t m d 6 a s rs t tt ste de e'wara si s e t ha hi svi nc ' r nt mposton ofa ha s r s iton s nc i t n t r por ii r he pola i a ton ha he e t r c me . Howe r M uhn a ofe s no ot r a s i e e de e i s ppor of hi e om nds ve , mm d f r he , dmi sbl vi nc n u t s co l or a s rin t tt s iton a Re Oni wasi e i l M orove ,t c ut i #q ncus y s eto ha he polai t d on ntntona. e r he ot n . . novo r vi w of t r por a t r o d, doe not fnd a f t l or lgal ba i f r t s e e he e t nd he ec r s s ny ac ua e ss o hi c n e to Ac o dngy t c u twilo e zeM u a d' o j ci n a o tt erpo t a o tnin. c r i l , he o r l v m l h mma s b e to , d p h e r, nd i pos t r om m e d s i ton s nc i a t ti lon Cl i 5. m e he ec nde pola i a tons t he r a am M uha a as s e t pur ue a s pa a e cli f da mm d lo e ks o s e r t am or mage agans M a he s i t t na, M c e and W alah,ba e on t algai t tt s dee nt i e i ly de toyed oue n, rt s d he le ton ha he e fnda s ntntonal sr vi o f t ge a Red Oni n i 201 The r po tfndsno lga ba i unde f de a o sat 1 w de oo a t o n 3. e r e l ss r e rl r t e a f a s pa a e s iton cli a i t ofi a s who f ld t pr s r e de or e r t pola i am gans fcil aie o e e ve vi nce. Se e. , e, g. Sle tiv.Ge M oo sCo .271F.d 5 3 5 0 (t Ci.20 )(G ) iet e s l to o i sr v n. t r p , 3 8 , 9 4 h r 01 CW h1 h poi in f ( a e de e m a gi rs t co ti vi nc y ve ie o ur mpos s nci ns ...t a t ofs i ton do nott ms l s ed a to he c s pola i he eve gv rs i cvi c s st s bsa tv camso d fn e .) Ba sv. 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